Results for 'Jack A. Wilson'

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  1.  82
    Ontological Butchery: Organism Concepts and Biological Generalizations.Jack A. Wilson - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):311.
    Biology lacks a central organism concept that unambiguously marks the distinction between organism and non-organism because the most important questions about organisms do not depend on this concept. I argue that the two main ways to discover useful biological generalizations about multicellular organization--the study of homology within multicellular lineages and of convergent evolution across lineages in which multicellularity has been independently established--do not require what would have to be a stipulative sharpening of an organism concept.
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  2.  1
    Philosophy of Biology, Psychology, and Neuroscience-The Organism in Philosophical Focus-Ontological Butchery: Organism Concepts and Biological Generalizations.Manfred D. Laubichier & Jack A. Wilson - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):S301-S311.
    Biology lacks a central organism concept that unambiguously marks the distinction between organism and non-organism because the most important questions about organisms do not depend on this concept. I argue that the two main ways to discover useful biological generalizations about multicellular organization—the study of homology within multicellular lineages and of convergent evolution across lineages in which multicellularity has been independently established—do not require what would have to be a stipulative sharpening of an organism concept.
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  3. The Turing Guide.Jack Copeland, Jonathan Bowen, Robin Wilson & Mark Sprevak (eds.) - 2017 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This volume celebrates the various facets of Alan Turing (1912–1954), the British mathematician and computing pioneer, widely considered as the father of computer science. It is aimed at the general reader, with additional notes and references for those who wish to explore the life and work of Turing more deeply. -/- The book is divided into eight parts, covering different aspects of Turing’s life and work. -/- Part I presents various biographical aspects of Turing, some from a personal point of (...)
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  4.  85
    Biological Individuality: The Identity and Persistence of Living Entities.Jack Wilson - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    What makes a biological entity an individual? Jack Wilson shows that past philosophers have failed to explicate the conditions an entity must satisfy to be a living individual. He explores the reason for this failure and explains why we should limit ourselves to examples involving real organisms rather than thought experiments. This book explores and resolves paradoxes that arise when one applies past notions of individuality to biological examples beyond the conventional range and presents an analysis of identity (...)
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  5.  17
    To Be Continued ... A Review of -- Do Lemmings Commit Suicide: Beautiful Hypotheses and Ugly Facts. [REVIEW]Jack Wilson - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (4):615-619.
  6.  7
    Peer Review Versus Editorial Review and Their Role in Innovative Science.Nicole Zwiren, Glenn Zuraw, Ian Young, Michael A. Woodley, Jennifer Finocchio Wolfe, Nick Wilson, Peter Weinberger, Manuel Weinberger, Christoph Wagner, Georg von Wintzigerode, Matt Vogel, Alex Villasenor, Shiloh Vermaak, Carlos A. Vega, Leo Varela, Tine van der Maas, Jennie van der Byl, Paul Vahur, Nicole Turner, Michaela Trimmel, Siro I. Trevisanato, Jack Tozer, Alison Tomlinson, Laura Thompson, David Tavares, Amhayes Tadesse, Johann Summhammer, Mike Sullivan, Carl Stryg, Christina Streli, James Stratford, Gilles St-Pierre, Karri Stokely, Joe Stokely, Reinhard Stindl, Martin Steppan, Johannes H. Sterba, Konstantin Steinhoff, Wolfgang Steinhauser, Marjorie Elizabeth Steakley, Chrislie J. Starr-Casanova, Mels Sonko, Werner F. Sommer, Daphne Anne Sole, Jildou Slofstra, John R. Skoyles, Florian Six, Sibusio Sithole, Beldeu Singh, Jolanta Siller-Matula, Kyle Shields, David Seppi, Laura Seegers, David Scott, Thomas Schwarzgruber, Clemens Sauerzopf, Jairaj Sanand, Markus Salletmaier & Sackl - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (5):359-376.
    Peer review is a widely accepted instrument for raising the quality of science. Peer review limits the enormous unstructured influx of information and the sheer amount of dubious data, which in its absence would plunge science into chaos. In particular, peer review offers the benefit of eliminating papers that suffer from poor craftsmanship or methodological shortcomings, especially in the experimental sciences. However, we believe that peer review is not always appropriate for the evaluation of controversial hypothetical science. We argue that (...)
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  7.  61
    The Accidental Altruist.Jack Wilson - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (1):71-91.
    Operational definitions of biological altruism in terms of actual fitness exchanges will not work because they include accidental acts as altruistic and exclude altruistic acts that have gone awry. I argue that the definition of biological altruism should contain an analogue of the role intention plays in psychological altruism. I consider two possibilities for this analogue, selected effect functions and the proximate causes and effects of behavior. I argue that the selected-effect function account will not work because it confuses the (...)
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  8. Book Review: Edgar Hennecke's New Testament Apocrypha, Edited by Wilhelm Schneemelcher. English Translation Edited by R. McL. Wilson. Volume II: Writings Relating to the Apostles; Apocalypses and Related Subjects with Index to Volumes I and II. The Westminster Press, Philadelphia, 1965. 851 Pp. $10.00. [REVIEW]Jack Finegan - 1967 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 21 (2):210-211.
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  9.  3
    An Introduction to Metaphysics.Jack S. Crumley Ii - 2021 - Broadview Press.
    _An Introduction to Metaphysics_ offers an engrossing survey of central metaphysical topics, including truth, universals, the nature of mind, personal identity, free will, time, and the existence of God. The book is pitched at an intermediate undergraduate level and is suitable for students without background knowledge in these areas. Topically organized, it examines a variety of historical and contemporary positions relevant to each of the included themes. Memorable and amusing drawings by Gillian Wilson are interspersed throughout the text to (...)
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  10. Book Review: Make-Believe Media: Reviewed by Jack A. Nelson. [REVIEW]Jack A. Nelson & Deni Elliott - 1992 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 7 (3):188 – 189.
     
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  11. Adam Ferguson and Ethical Integrity: The Man and His Prescriptions for the Moral Life.Jack A. Hill - 2016 - Lexington Books.
    Part biography and part constructive ethical inquiry, this book is an original interpretation of the Scottish philosopher Adam Ferguson’s ethical method and view of ethical integrity, with an emphasis on his Analysis, Institutes, and Principles.
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  12.  67
    Revolutions: A Very Short Introduction.Jack A. Goldstone - 2013 - Oup Usa.
    Revolutions have shaped world politics for the last three hundred years. This volume shows why revolutions occur, how they unfold, and where they created democracies and dictatorships. Jack A. Goldstone presents the history of revolutions from America and France to the collapse of the Soviet Union, 'People Power' revolutions, and the Arab revolts.
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  13.  4
    Feedback Theory of How Joint Receptors Regulate the Timing and Positioning of a Limb.Jack A. Adams - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (6):504-523.
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  14. Re-Enchanting the Academy.A. Voss & S. Wilson (eds.) - 2017 - Rubedo Press.
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  15. The Rise of the West—or Not? A Revision to Socio-Economic History.Jack A. Goldstone - 2000 - Sociological Theory 18 (2):175-194.
    The debate over the "Rise of the West" has generally been over which factor or factors-cultural, geoographic, or material-in European history led Europe to diverge from the World's pre-industrial civilizations. This article aims to shift the terms of the debate by arguing that there were no causal factors that made Europe's industrialization inevitable or even likely. Rather, most of Europe would not and could not move toward industrialization any more than China or India or Japan. Rather, a very accidental combination (...)
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  16.  11
    A Closed-Loop Theory of Paired-Associate Verbal Learning.Jack A. Adams & Norman W. Bray - 1970 - Psychological Review 77 (5):385-405.
  17.  31
    A Source of Decrement in Psychomotor Performance.Jack A. Adams - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (6):390.
  18. History & Mathematics: Political Demography and Global Ageing.Leonid Grinin, Jack A. Goldstone & Andrey V. Korotayev (eds.) - 2015 - Uchitel Publishing House.
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  19.  3
    A Federal Tax Credit to Encourage Employers to Offer Health Coverage.Jack A. Meyer & Elliot K. Wicks - 2001 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 38 (2):202-213.
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  20.  66
    Putting Values and Institutions Back Into the Theory of Strategic Action Fields.Jack A. Goldstone & Bert Useem - 2012 - Sociological Theory 30 (1):37-47.
    Neil Fligstein and Doug McAdam have presented a new theory of how collective action creates the structure and dynamics of societies. At issue is the behavior of social movements, organizations, states, political parties, and interest groups. They argue that all of these phenomena are produced by social actors (which may be individuals or groups) involved in strategic action. This allows Fligstein and McAdam to advance a unified theory of "strategic action fields." This article takes issue with aspects of Fligstein and (...)
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  21.  36
    More Social Movements or Fewer? Beyond Political Opportunity Structures to Relational Fields.Jack A. Goldstone - 2004 - Theory and Society 33 (3/4):333-365.
  22.  30
    Using the "Ethical Environment" Paradigm to Teach Business Ethics: The Case of the Maquiladoras. [REVIEW]Jack A. Raisner - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (12-13):1331-1346.
    The "ethical environment of business" provides a constructive frame of reference for business ethics instruction. As illustrated by a suggested role play about foreign sweatshops, it provides a realistic, problem-solving context for the study of moral and ethical ideas. Once ethical behavior is viewed through this paradigm, students can better see how business policies are shaped by ethics and prepare themselves to react to their own ethical environment.
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  23. The Intent of the Critic.Donald A. Stauffer, Edmund Wilson, Norman Foerster, John Crowe Ransom & W. H. Auden - 1941 - Princeton University Press.
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  24.  6
    A 'Bias' Gene?Jack A. Heinemann - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (11):1081-1082.
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  25. Ethics in the Global Village: Moral Insights for the Post 9-11 U.S.A.Jack A. Hill - 2008
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  26. Turchin, Peter. 2016. Ages of Discord: A Structural Demographic Analysis of American History. [REVIEW]Jack A. Goldstone - 2018 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 2 (1):137-142.
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  27.  16
    Psychomotor Response Acquisition and Transfer as a Function of Control-Indicator Relationships.Jack A. Adams - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (1):10.
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  28.  11
    Psychomotor Performance as a Function of Intertrial Rest Interval.Jack A. Adams - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (2):131.
  29.  8
    The Effect of Pacing on the Learning of a Psychomotor Response.Jack A. Adams - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (2):101.
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  30.  44
    Closed-Loop Theory and Long-Term Retention.Jack A. Adams, Philip H. Marshall & Norman W. Bray - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):242-250.
  31.  39
    Response Feedback and Motor Learning.Jack A. Adams, Ernest T. Goetz & Phillip H. Marshall - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (3):391.
  32.  30
    Piagetian Epistemology: Equilibration and the Teaching of Science.Jack A. Rowell - 1989 - Synthese 80 (1):141 - 162.
    That Piagetian epistemology has the dynamics of knowledge growth as its core consideration predetermines a need to consider it as potentially applicable to teaching. This paper addresses that need by first outlining the Piagetian theory of equilibration and then applying it to the construction of methods of teaching science.
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  33.  26
    Spatial and Temporal Uncertainty as Determinants of Vigilance Behavior.Jack A. Adams & Lawrence R. Boulter - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (2):127.
  34. Honderich, T., "A Theory of Determinism: The Mind, Neuroscience and Life-Hopes". [REVIEW]A. Jack - 1989 - Mind 98:642.
  35.  42
    Ideology, Cultural Frameworks, and the Process of Revolution.Jack A. Goldstone - 1991 - Theory and Society 20 (4):405-453.
  36.  4
    Raising Awareness of Uncertainty: A Useful Addendum to Courses in the History and Philosophy of Science for Science Teachers?Jack A. Rowell & Judith M. Pollard - 1995 - Science & Education 4 (1):87-97.
  37.  41
    Short-Term Memory for Motor Responses.Jack A. Adams & Sanne Dijkstra - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (2):314.
  38.  24
    Marx's Reading of Adam Ferguson and the Idea of Progress.Jack A. Hill - 2013 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 11 (2):167-190.
    Karl Marx misappropriated Ferguson's thought even though he championed the Scot's remarks on the division of labor. The argument is developed by examining Marx's specific quotations of Ferguson in literary context and by critiquing Marx's quotations in light of three ethical categories that are implicit in Ferguson's idea of progress. Marx not only presents a highly selective reading of Ferguson and espouses a view of history that is antithetical to Ferguson's idea of progress, but he fails to do justice to (...)
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  39. Only Human: A Book Review of The Turing Guide. [REVIEW]Bjørn Kjos-Hanssen - forthcoming - Notices of the American Mathematical Society 66 (4).
    This is a review of The Turing Guide (2017), written by Jack Copeland, Jonathan Bowen, Mark Sprevak, Robin Wilson, and others. The review includes a new sociological approach to the problem of computability in physics.
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  40. Trusting the Subject? Part 2.A. Jack & A. Roepstorff - 2004 - In Anthony I. Jack (ed.), Journal of Consciousness Studies. Thorverton Uk: Imprint Academic. pp. 11--7.
     
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  41. Experience as Art: Aesthetics in Everyday Life.Jack A. Hobbs - 1984 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 18 (2):120.
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  42.  44
    Test of the Hypothesis of Psychological Refractory Period.Jack A. Adams - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (3):280.
  43.  39
    Response Feedback and Verbal Retention.Jack A. Adams, John S. McIntyre & Howard I. Thorsheim - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):290.
  44.  74
    The Media Role in Building the Disability Community.Jack A. Nelson - 2000 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 15 (3):180-193.
    It is obvious that technology is rapidly changing the world around us. Nowhere is that change more evident than in the revolution occurring for those with physical and mental limitations-their portrayal in the media, their use of the media to achieve group aims and their use of the new on-line media to communicate with others who have limitations and the non-disabled world. In a very real way the growing sense of community among those with disabilities has been linked to the (...)
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  45.  1
    Philosophy of Science: Issues and Problems.Jack A. Aigbodioh - 1997 - Hope Publications.
  46.  10
    A Review of Cost‐Effectiveness of Varenicline and Comparison of Cost‐Effectiveness of Treatments for Major Smoking‐Related Morbidities. [REVIEW]Evelina A. Zimovetz, Koo Wilson, Miny Samuel & Stephen M. Beard - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (2):288-297.
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  47.  33
    Some Determinants of Two-Dimensional Visual Tracking Behavior.Jack A. Adams & Louis V. Xhignesse - 1960 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (6):391.
  48.  19
    Le Fou Et Ses Doubles: Figures de la Dramaturgie Quebecoise.Jack A. Yeager & Pierre Gobin - 1979 - Substance 8 (2/3):209.
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  49.  11
    Event Observation in Probability Learning Revisited.Lowell M. Schipper, Jack A. Thorpe, David P. Jones & Gary W. Heiman - 1974 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (1):114-120.
  50. Elizabeth A. Wilson, Neural Geographies: Feminism and the Microstructure of Cognition Reviewed By.John Sutton - 1999 - Philosophy in Review 19 (4):299-301.
    Writing within and against the set critical practices of psychoanalytic-deconstructive-Foucauldian-feminist cultural theory, Elizabeth Wilson demonstrates, in this provocative and original book, the productivity and the pleasure of direct, complicitous engagement with the contemporary cognitive sciences. Wilson forges an eclectic method in reaction to the 'zealous but disavowed moralism' of those high cultural Theorists whose 'disciplining compulsion' concocts a monolithic picture of science in order to keep their 'sanitizing critical practice' untainted by its sinister reductionism. Her unsettling accounts of (...)
     
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