Results for 'Jack Yip'

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  1. Introspective physicalism as an approach to the science of consciousness.Anthony I. Jack & T. Shallice - 2001 - Cognition 79 (1):161-196.
    Most ?theories of consciousness? are based on vague speculations about the properties of conscious experience. We aim to provide a more solid basis for a science of consciousness. We argue that a theory of consciousness should provide an account of the very processes that allow us to acquire and use information about our own mental states ? the processes underlying introspection. This can be achieved through the construction of information processing models that can account for ?Type-C? processes. Type-C processes can (...)
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  2. Testimony, induction and folk psychology.Jack Lyons - 1997 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 75 (2):163 – 178.
    An influential argument for anti-reductionism about testimony, due to CAJ Coady, fails, because it assumes that an inductive global defense of testimony would proceed along effectively behaviorist lines. If we take seriously our wealth of non-testimonially justified folk psychological beliefs, the prospects for inductivism and reductionism look much better.
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  3.  33
    John Buridan.Jack Zupko - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  4. No Crystal Balls.Jack Spencer - 2018 - Noûs 54 (1):105-125.
    The world is said to contain crystal balls whenever the present carries news of the as-yet-undetermined parts of the future. Many philosophers believe that crystal balls are metaphysically possible. In this essay, I argue that they are not. Whether crystal balls are possible matters, for at least two reasons. The first is epistemological. According to a simple, user-friendly chance norm for credence, which I call the Present Principle, agents are rationally required to conform their credences to their expectations of the (...)
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  5.  28
    MICRO-Foundations in Strategic Management: Squaring Coleman’s Diagram.Jack Vromen - 2010 - Erkenntnis 73 (3):365-383.
    In a series of joint papers, Teppo Felin and Nicolai J. Foss recently launched a microfoundations project in the field of strategic management. Felin and Foss observe that extant explanations in strategic management are predominantly collectivist or macro. Routines and organizational capabilities, which are supposed to be properties of firms, loom large in the field of strategic management. Routines figure as explanantia in explanations of firm behavior and firm performance, for example. Felin and Foss plead for a replacement of such (...)
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  6. In defense of epiphenomenalism.Jack C. Lyons - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (6):76-794.
    Recent worries about possible epiphenomenalist consequences of nonreductive materialism are misplaced, not, as many have argued, because nonreductive materialism does not have epiphenomenalist implications but because the epiphenomenalist implications are actually virtues of the theory, rather than vices. It is only by showing how certain kinds of mental properties are causally impotent that cognitive scientific explanations of mentality as we know them are possible.
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  7.  68
    Open‐Mindedness as Engagement.Jack M. C. Kwong - 2016 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 54 (1):70-86.
    Open-mindedness is an under-explored topic in virtue epistemology, despite its assumed importance for the field. Questions about it abound and need to be answered. For example, what sort of intellectual activities are central to it? Can one be open-minded about one's firmly held beliefs? Why should we strive to be open-minded? This paper aims to shed light on these and other pertinent issues. In particular, it proposes a view that construes open-mindedness as engagement, that is, a willingness to entertain novel (...)
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  8.  34
    Seeing human: Distinct and overlapping neural signatures associated with two forms of dehumanization.Anthony I. Jack, Abigail J. Dawson & Megan E. Norr - 2013 - NeuroImage 79:313-328.
    The process of dehumanization, or thinking of others as less than human, is a phenomenon with significant societal implications. According to Haslam's model, two concepts of humanness derive from comparing humans with either animals or machines: individuals may be dehumanized by likening them to either animals or machines, or humanized by emphasizing differences from animals or machines. Recent work in cognitive neuroscience emphasizes understanding cognitive processes in terms of interactions between distributed cortical networks. It has been found that reasoning about (...)
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  9. Deleuze’s Other-Structure.Jack Reynolds - 2008 - Symposium 12 (1):67-88.
    Deleuze suggests that his work grounds a new conception of the Other–the Other as expression of a possible world, as a structure that precedes any subsequent dialectical mediation, including the master-slave dialectic of social relations. I will argue, however, that the ethico-political injunction that Deleuze derives from his analysis of the 'other-structure' confronts a different problem. It commits Deleuze to either tacitly prescribing a romantic morality of difference that valorizes expressive encounters without 'relations of explication' and any kind of pre-understanding (...)
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  10. Relativism Cognitive and Moral.Jack W. Meiland & Michael Krausz - 1985 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 90 (2):273-273.
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  11.  18
    Graduate students' experiences in dealing with impaired Peer, compared with faculty predictions: An exploratory study.Jack Mearns & George J. Allen - 1991 - Ethics and Behavior 1 (3):191 – 202.
    In this study, we present data on graduate students' actual experiences in dealing with impaired peers and faculty predictions of how students would deal with such situations. A total of 29 faculty and 73 graduate students responded to a survey of 40 randomly selected clinical psychology training programs. Student respondents were almost universally (95%) aware of peers whom they regarded as impaired in their professional functioning, and half (49%) the sample reported being aware of a peer's ethical impropriety. Faculty overestimated (...)
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  12.  28
    The experience and knowledge of time, through Russell and Moore.Jack Shardlow - 2023 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 31 (2):231-250.
    This paper develops the account of our experience and knowledge of time put forward by Russell in his Theory of Knowledge manuscript. While Russell ultimately abandons the project after it receives severe criticism from Wittgenstein (though several chapters derived from it appear as articles in The Monist), in producing this manuscript time, and particularly the notion of the present time, play a central role in Russell’s account of experience. In the present discussion, I propose to focus largely on Russell’s writing (...)
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  13.  18
    Hill on perceptual contents, Thouless properties, and representational pluralism.Jack C. Lyons - 2024 - Mind and Language 39 (1):96-101.
    Part of a symposium on Christopher Hill's book, Perceptual experience. Hill argues that perceptual experiences typically represent objects as having exotic properties that he calls Thouless properties. This and his representational pluralism allow him to attribute less perceptual error than the view that experiences represent simple relational properties (only). However, I think it is plausible that perceptual systems do make these sorts of errors, which although pervasive and systematic, are relatively subtle and perfectly explicable. I also express some concerns about (...)
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  14. Beyond the universal Turing machine.Jack Copeland - 1999 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 77 (1):46-67.
    We describe an emerging field, that of nonclassical computability and nonclassical computing machinery. According to the nonclassicist, the set of well-defined computations is not exhausted by the computations that can be carried out by a Turing machine. We provide an overview of the field and a philosophical defence of its foundations.
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  15.  37
    On the Singular Cardinals problem.Jack Silver, Fred Galvin, Keith J. Devlin & R. B. Jensen - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (4):864-866.
  16. The broad conception of computation.Jack Copeland - 1997 - American Behavioral Scientist 40 (6):690-716.
    A myth has arisen concerning Turing's paper of 1936, namely that Turing set forth a fundamental principle concerning the limits of what can be computed by machine - a myth that has passed into cognitive science and the philosophy of mind, to wide and pernicious effect. This supposed principle, sometimes incorrectly termed the 'Church-Turing thesis', is the claim that the class of functions that can be computed by machines is identical to the class of functions that can be computed by (...)
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  17.  49
    Software engineering standards for epidemiological models.Jack K. Horner & John F. Symons - 2020 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 42 (4):1-24.
    There are many tangled normative and technical questions involved in evaluating the quality of software used in epidemiological simulations. In this paper we answer some of these questions and offer practical guidance to practitioners, funders, scientific journals, and consumers of epidemiological research. The heart of our paper is a case study of the Imperial College London covid-19 simulator, set in the context of recent work in epistemology of simulation and philosophy of epidemiology.
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  18. Causal compatibilism -- what chance?Jack Ritchie - 2005 - Erkenntnis 63 (1):119-132.
    Orthodox physicalism has a problem with mental causation. If physics is complete and mental events are not identical to physical events (as multiple-realisation arguments imply) it seems as though there is no causal work for the mental to do. This paper examines some recent attempts to overcome this problem by analysing causation in terms of counterfactuals or conditional probabilities. It is argued that these solutions cannot simultaneously capture the force of the completeness of physics and make room for mental causation.
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  19.  28
    Understanding Error Rates in Software Engineering: Conceptual, Empirical, and Experimental Approaches.Jack K. Horner & John Symons - 2019 - Philosophy and Technology 32 (2):363-378.
    Software-intensive systems are ubiquitous in the industrialized world. The reliability of software has implications for how we understand scientific knowledge produced using software-intensive systems and for our understanding of the ethical and political status of technology. The reliability of a software system is largely determined by the distribution of errors and by the consequences of those errors in the usage of that system. We select a taxonomy of software error types from the literature on empirically observed software errors and compare (...)
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  20.  38
    How it played in the Rue de Fouarre_: The reception of Adam wodeham's theory of the _Complexe Significable in the arts faculty at Paris in the mid-fourteenth century.Jack Zupko - 1994 - Franciscan Studies 54 (1):211-225.
  21.  13
    Unfalsifiability.Jack Bowen - 2018-05-09 - In Robert Arp, Steven Barbone & Michael Bruce (eds.), Bad Arguments. Wiley. pp. 403–406.
    This chapter focuses on one of the common fallacies in Western philosophy called 'unfalsifiability'. The unfalsifiability fallacy occurs when someone makes a claim that is impossible to prove false. Falsifiability – the ability to be falsified or proven wrong – is considered a key criterion for deeming a hypothesis scientific. Conspiracy theories often rely on unfalsifiable claims in which the theorist ardently defends a theory despite any facts that disprove it, suggesting only, “Well, it's a conspiracy. It's impossible to disprove”. (...)
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  22.  46
    Frontiers, Intersections and Engagements of Ethics and HRM.Gavin Jack, Michelle Greenwood & Jan Schapper - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (1):1-12.
    This essay, and the special issue it introduces, sets out to reignite ethical interrogations of the theory and practice of Human Resource Management (HRM). To cultivate greater levels of boundary-spanning debate about the ethics of HRM, we develop a framework of four tenors for scholarly work: the ethical-declarative, the ethical-subjunctive, the ethical-ethnographic, the ethical-systemic. Each of these tenors denotes particular grounds for ethical critique and encourages scholars to consider the subjects and objects of their enquiry, the disciplinary scope of their (...)
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  23.  3
    Israel as Foundling, Jesus as Bachelor: Abandonment, Adoption, and the Fatherhood of God.Jack Miles - 2007 - In Santiago Zabala (ed.), Weakening philosophy: essays in honour of Gianni Vattimo. Ithaca: McGill-Queen's University Press. pp. 304-325.
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  24. Methodological Pluralism.Jack Wright - 2023 - In Jack Wright & Jessica Goddard (eds.), Dictionary of Ecological Economics.
  25.  9
    Notes.Jack Russell Weinstein - 2013 - In Adam Smith's Pluralism: Rationality, Education, and the Moral Sentiments. New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. 271-310.
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  26.  60
    Phenomenology and Virtue Ethics: Complementary Anti-theoretical Methodological and Ethical Trajectories?Jack Reynolds - 2013 - In K. Hermberg P. Gyllenhammer, Kevin Hermberg & Paul Gyllenhammer (eds.), Phenomenology and Virtue Ethics: Issues inPhenomenology and Hermeneutics. New York: Continuum.
    In this paper, I argue that the negative injunctions against certain ways of conceiving of the ethico-political that we can draw explicitly from the methodological strictures of phenomenology are also consistent with some of the core more positive dimensions of contemporary virtue ethics (especially at the more anti-theoretical end of the virtue ethical spectrum), and that central aspects of virtue ethics are consistent with most of the explicit reflections on ethical matters proffered by canonical phenomenologists.
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  27. Jacques Derrida, Without Alibi Reviewed by.Jack Reynolds - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23 (4):250-252.
     
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  28. Neither-Nor: Merleau-Ponty's Ontology in the "The Intertwining/The Chiasm".Jack Reynolds & Jon Roffe - 2018 - In Ariane Mildenberg (ed.), Understanding Merleau-Ponty, Understanding Modernism. New York: Bloomsbury Publishing Usa.
    In this chapter we examine Merleau-Ponty's chapter, "The Intertwining/The Chiasm", before considering some of the criticisms made by his contemporaries and ‘successors’: Lacan, Irigaray, Levinas, Derrida and Deleuze.
     
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  29. Chaplain's Role in End of Life Care.Jack F. Bunde & John Hardwig - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
     
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  30.  67
    William James.Jack Ritchie - 2004 - The Philosophers' Magazine 28 (28):80-81.
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  31.  30
    Is ontic structural realism a viable form of naturalized metaphysics?Jack Ritchie - 2015 - Dissertatio 41 (S2):78-93.
    Às vezes o naturalismo é apresentado como uma visão de mundo geral. Na maioria das vezes quando o naturalismo é assim apresentado, ele é identificado com o fisicalismo: a visão de que tudo é físico ou em algum sentido dependente do que é físico. Mas o fisicalismo enfrenta um problema muito sério e bastante conhecido, o dilema de Hempel. O problema pode ser colocado do seguinte modo: quando dizemos que tudo é físico, o que fazemos é utilizar o termo “físico” (...)
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  32. Whose health? Re-examining public health policy.Jack Warren Salmon - 1993 - In Robert Lafaille & Stephen Fulder (eds.), Towards a new science of health. New York: Routledge.
     
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  33.  26
    On Reading Maupassant's Le Horla Problematologically.Jack Abecassis - 2007 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 4 (4):391-413.
  34.  26
    Item length, acoustic similarity, and natural language mediation as variables in short-term memory.Jack A. Adams, Howard I. Thorsheim & John S. McIntyre - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):39.
  35.  33
    Response feedback and short-term motor retention.Jack A. Adams, Philip H. Marshall & Ernest T. Goetz - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (1):92.
  36.  11
    Eating Insects: A Christian Ethic of Farmed Insect Life.Jack Slater - 2022 - Studies in Christian Ethics 35 (1):155-171.
    Proponents of entomophagy have argued that the farming of insects offers many advantages when contrasted with more traditional farming practices. This article explores the place of insect farming within a wider Christian food ethic and argues that insect farming has much to recommend it. However, through exploring the role of animal agriculture within the ideological structures of anthropocentrism, a more ambiguous picture of the ethics of insect farming emerges. This belies a simple endorsement or denunciation of insect farming as an (...)
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  37.  11
    Singer, Moore, and the Metaphysics of Morals.Jack Temkin - 1984 - Philosophy Research Archives 10:567-571.
    In this paper, I argue that Marcus G. Singer’s attack on Actual Consequence Utilitarianism, as held by G.E. Moore, is inconclusive. Singer contends that Moore’s view is incoherent because it cannot provide a criterion of moral rightness and wrongness. Singer makes the historical claim that Moore intended his theory to provide such a criterion and the philosophical claim that any moral theory must provide such a criterion.I contend that Singer’s historical claim is false. While Moore uses the terms ‘criterion’ and (...)
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  38. Wittgenstein on the Privacy of Sensation.Jack Temkin - 1976 - Dissertation, The University of Wisconsin - Madison
     
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  39.  7
    The Myth of Metaphor.Jack Kaminsky - 1964 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 24 (4):596-596.
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  40.  34
    15 Heterogeneous economic evolution: a different view on Darwinizing evolutionary economics.Jack Vromen - 2011 - In J. B. Davis & D. W. Hands (eds.), Elgar Companion to Recent Economic Methodology. Edward Elgar Publishers. pp. 341.
  41.  17
    Why the economic conception of human behaviour might lack a biological basis.Jack Vromen - 2010 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 18 (3):297-323.
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  42.  17
    Why the economic conception of human behaviour might lack a biological basis.Jack Vromen - 2010 - Theoria 18 (3):297-323.
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  43.  1
    The Literature of the Book: Reading and literacy.Jack Walsdorf - 2003 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 14 (4):209-211.
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  44.  8
    Guest Editor’s Introduction.Jack Russell Weinstein - 1998 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 18 (1):4-21.
  45.  10
    Kantian Wholism: Toward a Critical Environmental Ethic.Jack Weir - 1989 - Southwest Philosophical Studies:1-12.
    Kant's ethic is rejected by most environmental ethicists as being too anthropocentric. What is argued in this article is that a Kantian-type environmental ethic is possible when Kant is supplemented by insights from recent ecological science. Kantian ethics and environmental wholism are analyzed, and then a critical synthesis is proposed.
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  46. On the meaning of the term progressive: A philosophical investigation.Jack Weinstein - manuscript
    A. Twentieth Century Progressivism............................................ 4 B. Nineteenth Century Reforms................................................... 6 C. Historians on Progressivism................................................... 8 D. Contemporary Issues in Progressive Theory.............................. 9..
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  47.  15
    Physician Fees and Managed Care Plans.Jack Zwanziger - 2002 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 39 (2):184-193.
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  48.  15
    Philosophy of science: issues and problems.Jack A. Aigbodioh - 1997 - Ibadan, Nigeria: Hope Publications.
  49.  11
    The Wiley handbook of theoretical and philosophical psychology: methods, approaches, and new directions for social sciences.Jack Martin, Jeff Sugarman & Kathleen L. Slaney (eds.) - 2015 - Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell.
    The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology presents a comprehensive exploration of the wide range of methodological approaches utilized in the contemporary field of theoretical and philosophical psychology. The Wiley Handbook of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology presents a comprehensive exploration of the wide range of methodological approaches utilized in the contemporary field of theoretical and philosophical psychology. Gathers together for the first time all the approaches and methods that define scholarly practice in theoretical and philosophical psychology Chapters explore various (...)
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  50.  98
    Materialism and supervenience.Anthony I. Jack - 1994 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 72 (4):426-43.
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