Results for 'Jacob Feldmanb'

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  1. Cusanus the Theologian / by E.F. Jacob.E. F. Jacob - 1937 - Manchester University Press.
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  2. Modern Philosophy in France: A Discussion with Pierre Jacob and Pascal Engel.Pierre Jacob, Pascal Engel, Kim Davis, Jonathan Leigh-Pemberton & Simon Whiteside - 1987 - Cogito 1 (3):21-23.
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  3. Nobilitas: A Study of European Aristocratic Philosophy From Ancient Greece to the Early Twentieth Century.Alexander Jacob - 2000 - Upa.
    Nobilitas is a study of the history of aristocratic philosophy from ancient Greece to the early twentieth century that aims at providing an alternative to the liberal democratic norms, which are propagated today as the only viable socio-political system for the world community. Jacob reveals that, contrary to popular belief, the social and cultural development of European civilization has, for twenty-five centuries, been based not on democratic or communist notions but, rather on aristocratic and nationalist notions. Beginning with the (...)
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  4. What Do Mirror Neurons Contribute to Human Social Cognition?Pierre Jacob - 2008 - Mind and Language 23 (2):190–223.
    According to an influential view, one function of mirror neurons (MNs), first discovered in the brain of monkeys, is to underlie third-person mindreading. This view relies on two assumptions: the activity of MNs in an observer’s brain matches (simulates or resonates with) that of MNs in an agent’s brain and this resonance process retrodictively generates a representation of the agent’s intention from a perception of her movement. In this paper, I criticize both assumptions and I argue instead that the activity (...)
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  5. The Direct-Perception Model of Empathy: A Critique. [REVIEW]Pierre Jacob - 2011 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (3):519-540.
    This paper assesses the so-called “direct-perception” model of empathy. This model draws much of its inspiration from the Phenomenological tradition: it is offered as an account free from the assumption that most, if not all, of another’s psychological states and experiences are unobservable and that one’s understanding of another’s psychological states and experiences are based on inferential processes. Advocates of this model also reject the simulation-based approach to empathy. I first argue that most of their criticisms miss their target because (...)
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  6. Why Visual Experience is Likely to Resist Being Enacted.Pierre Jacob - 2006 - Psyche 12 (1).
    Alva Noë’s version of the enactive conception in _Action in Perception_ is an important contribution to the study of visual perception. First, I argue, however, that it is unclear (at best) whether, as the enactivists claim, work on change blindness supports the denial of the existence of detailed visual representations. Second, I elaborate on what Noë calls the ‘puzzle of perceptual presence’. Thirdly, I question the enactivist account of perceptual constancy. Finally, I draw attention to the tensions between enactivism and (...)
     
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  7.  55
    The Tuning-Fork Model of Human Social Cognition: A Critique☆.Pierre Jacob - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):229-243.
    The tuning-fork model of human social cognition, based on the discovery of mirror neurons (MNs) in the ventral premotor cortex of monkeys, involves the four following assumptions: (1) mirroring processes are processes of resonance or simulation. (2) They can be motor or non-motor. (3) Processes of motor mirroring (or action-mirroring), exemplified by the activity of MNs, constitute instances of third-person mindreading, whereby an observer represents the agent's intention. (4) Non-motor mirroring processes enable humans to represent others' emotions. After questioning all (...)
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  8. Bibliotheca Alexandrina Towards the Encyclopedism of the 21st Century.C. Jacob & J. A. Treves - 1997 - Diogenes 45 (178):83-85.
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  9. Moral Evaluation Shapes Linguistic Reports of Others' Psychological States, Not Theory-of-Mind Judgments.Florian Cova, Emmanuel Dupoux & Pierre Jacob - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (4):334-335.
    We use psychological concepts (e.g., intention and desire) when we ascribe psychological states to others for purposes of describing, explaining, and predicting their actions. Does the evidence reported by Knobe show, as he thinks, that moral evaluation shapes our mastery of psychological concepts? We argue that the evidence so far shows instead that moral evaluation shapes the way we report, not the way we think about, others' psychological states.
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  10. Introduction.C. Jacob - 1999 - Diogenes 47 (186):3-3.
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  11. What is the Phenomenology of Thought? [REVIEW]Pierre Jacob - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (2):443-448.
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  12.  57
    Some Problems for Reductive Physicalism. [REVIEW]Pierre Jacob - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):648-654.
    I examine and discuss Jaegwon Kim's arguments against non-reductive physicalism in his book, Mind in a Physical World. I first examine the supervenience argument and then the multiple realization argument. Finally, I raise some questions about Kim's overall attitude towards mental realism, i.e., realism about mental properties.
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  13.  56
    Intentionality.Pierre Jacob - 2003 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Intentionality is the power of minds to be about, to represent, or to stand for, things, properties and states of affairs. The puzzles of intentionality lie at the interface between the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of language. The word itself, which is of medieval Scholastic origin, was rehabilitated by the philosopher Franz Brentano towards the end of the nineteenth century. ‘Intentionality’ is a philosopher's word. It derives from the Latin word intentio, which in turn derives from the verb (...)
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  14. John Toland and the Newtonian Ideology.Margaret Candee Jacob - 1969 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 32:307-331.
  15.  46
    Another Look at the Presumed-Versus-Informed Consent Dichotomy in Postmortem Organ Procurement.Marie-andrée Jacob - 2006 - Bioethics 20 (6):293–300.
  16. The Library and the Book: Forms of Alexandrian Encyclopedism.C. Jacob, J. A. Treves & J. C. Gage - 1997 - Diogenes 45 (178):63-82.
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  17. Conceptual Competence and Inadequate Conceptions.Pierre Jacob - 1997 - Philosophical Issues 9:169-174.
    I discuss a proposal by Jim Higginbotham for distinguishing mastery of a concept and knowing a conception.
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  18.  20
    Thoughts and Belief Ascriptions.Pierre Jacob - 1987 - Mind and Language 2 (4):301-325.
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  19.  79
    Grasping and Perceiving Objects.Pierre Jacob - 2005 - In Andrew Brook (ed.), Cognition and the Brain: The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 241--283.
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  20.  91
    From Book to Text: Towards a Comparative History of Philologies.C. Jacob & J. Vale - 1999 - Diogenes 47 (186):4-22.
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  21.  37
    Scientification of Politics or Politicization of Science? Traditionalist Science-Policy Discourse and its Quarrels with Mode 2 Epistemology.Tomas Hellstrom & Merle Jacob - 2000 - Social Epistemology 14 (1):69-77.
  22. Gathering Memory: Thoughts on the History of Libraries.C. Jacob - 2002 - Diogenes 49 (196):41-57.
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  23. Can Semantic Properties Be Non-Causal?Pierre Jacob - 1994 - Philosophical Issues 6:44-51.
    I discuss Jerry Fodor's atomic theory of the contents of concepts.
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  24. First-Person and Third-Person Mindreading.Pierre Jacob - 2005 - In P. Gampieri-Deutsch (ed.), Psychoanalysis as an Empirical, Interdisciplinary Science. Austrian Academy of Sciences.
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  25.  93
    Report on Euthanasia, Aiding Suicide and Cessation of Treatment.J. Jacob - 1985 - Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (1):49-50.
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  26.  54
    Externalism and the Explanatory Relevance of Broad Content.Pierre Jacob - 1993 - Mind and Language 8 (1):131-156.
  27.  9
    Review: Some Problems for Reductive Physicalism. [REVIEW]Pierre Jacob - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):648 - 654.
    I examine and discuss Jaegwon Kim's arguments against non-reductive physicalism in his book, Mind in a Physical World. I first examine the supervenience argument and then the multiple realization argument. Finally, I raise some questions about Kim's overall attitude towards mental realism, i.e., realism about mental properties.
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  28. Consciousness, Intentionality, and Function: What is the Right Order of Explanation?Pierre Jacob - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (1):195-200.
    I examine and criticize John Searle's view of the relationships between consciousness, intentionality and function.
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  29.  80
    Introduction: At the Origins of the Encyclopedic Dream.C. Jacob, J. A. Treves & J. C. Gage - 1997 - Diogenes 45 (178):1-5.
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  30.  36
    The Scope and Limit of Mental Simulation.Pierre Jacob - 2002 - In Jerome Dokic & Joelle Proust (eds.), Simulation and Knowledge of Action. John Benjamins.
  31.  36
    Externalism and Mental Causation.Pierre Jacob - 1992 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 66 (New Series):203-19.
    Argues that externalist content is not causally efficacious, but is relevant to causal explanations of behavior indirectly, via the cognitive activities of others external to the system.
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  32.  67
    Can Selection Explain Content?Pierre Jacob - 1998 - In Bernard Elevitch (ed.), The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy. Philosophy Doc Ctr. pp. 91-102.
    There are presently three broad approaches the project of naturalizing intentionality: a purely informational approach (Dretske and Fodor), a purely teleological approach (Millikan and Papineau), and a mixed informationally-based teleological approach (Dretske again). I will argue that the last teleosemantic theory offers the most promising approach. I also think, however, that the most explicit version of a pure teleosemantic theory of content, namely Millikan’s admirable theory, faces a pair of objections. My goal in this paper is to spell out Millikan’s (...)
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  33.  67
    Is Self-Knowledge Compatible with Externalism?Pierre Jacob - 2001 - Mind and Society 2 (1):59-75.
    Externalism is the view that the contents of many of a person’s propositional attitudes and perhaps sensory experiences are extrinsic properties of the person’s brain: they involve relations between the person’s brain and properties instantiated in his or her present or past environment. Privileged self-knowledge is the view that every human being is able to know directly or non-inferentially, in a way unavailable to anybody else, what he or she thinks or experiences. Now, if what I think (or experience) is (...)
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  34. Scientific Culture and the Making of the Industrial West.Margaret C. Jacob - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    As more and more historians acknowledge the central signifcance of science and technology with that of modern society, the need for a good, general history of the achievements of the Scientific Revolution has grown. Scientific Culture and The Making of the Industrial West seeks to explain this historical process by looking at how and why scientific knowledge became such an integral part of the culture of Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and how this in turn lead to the (...)
     
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  35.  6
    Ethics and Law for School Psychologists.Susan Jacob - 1996 - J. Wiley & Sons.
    The revised classic on the professional and legal standards of school psychology This completely updated edition of the leading ethics and law guide provides ...
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  36.  59
    Externalism Revisited: Is There Such a Thing as Narrow Content?Pierre Jacob - 1990 - Philosophical Studies 60 (November):143-176.
    First, I argue that the narrow content of a thought cannot be identical with the linguistic meaning of the sentence used to express it. Secondly, I argue that the distinction between narrow content and linguistic meaning is not fatal to content-dualism. Thirdly I argue for the view that the proposition contributed by the clause prefixed by "that" is an interpretation of the believer's thought. Finally, I use this insight to provide an individualist account of Burge's thought-experiments such that recognition that (...)
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  37.  6
    Factoring Mary Poovey's a History of the Modern Fact. [REVIEW]Margaret C. Jacob - 2001 - History and Theory 40 (2):280–289.
  38.  46
    Is There a Path Half-Way Between Realism and Verificationism?Pierre Jacob - 1987 - Synthese 73 (3):531 - 547.
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  39.  5
    Doctors and Rules: A Sociology of Professional Values.Joseph M. Jacob - 1988 - Routledge.
    Out of a reassertion of old ways, this book presents a new blueprint for future professional conduct.
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  40.  34
    Seeing, Perceiving, and Knowing.Pierre Jacob - manuscript
    I examine the question: How does visual perception give rise to visual knowledge of the world. Then, I give my reasons for why I think not all seeing is visual perception. Much seeing consists in the visual guidance of object-directed actions.
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  41.  28
    State Consciousness Revisited.Pierre Jacob - 1996 - Acta Analytica 11 (16):29-54.
    I try to reconcile Dretske's representational theory of conscious mental states with Rosenthal's higher-order thought theory of conscious mental states by arguing that Rosenthal's HOT can make room for the notion of a state of consciousness whereby an invidual may be conscious of an object or property without thereby being conscious of being in such a state.
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  42.  29
    Belief-Attribution and Rationality: A Dilemma for Jerry Fodor.Pierre Jacob - 1993 - In D. Andler (ed.), Facets of Rationality. Sage Publications. pp. 19--34.
    Jerry Fodor argued for an account of belief attribution very close to the theory of direct reference. I argue that his account conflicts with constraints on psychological explanation which he ought to accept.
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  43.  28
    Guest Editorial: French Analytic Philosophy Today.Pierre Jacob & Keith Lehrer - 2000 - Philosophical Studies 100 (3):215-216.
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  44.  27
    The Closure of the Department of Chemistry at the University of Exeter – an Insider's View.Claus Jacob - 2007 - Foundations of Chemistry 9 (1):57-64.
  45.  17
    Calvino's Reality: Designer's Utopia.Johanna Jacob - 1998 - Utopian Studies 9 (1):103 - 119.
  46.  20
    On Commodification and the Governance of Academic Research.Merle Jacob - 2009 - Minerva 47 (4):391-405.
    The new prominence given to science for economic growth and industry comes with an increased policy focus on the promotion of commodification and commercialization of academic science. This paper posits that this increased interest in commodification is a new steering mechanism for governing science. This is achieved by first outlining what is meant by the commodification of scientific knowledge through reviewing a selection of literatures on the concept of commodification. The paper concludes with a discussion of how commodification functions as (...)
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  47.  22
    Constructing Cultural Identity: The Question of Caribbean Existence.Merle Jacob - 1997 - Social Epistemology 11 (1):59 – 68.
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  48.  23
    What Can the Semantic Properties of Innate Representations Explain?Pierre Jacob - 1997 - In J. A. M. Bransen & S. E. Cuypers (eds.), Human Action, Deliberation and Causation. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 175--197.
    Dretske has argued that, unlike the content of beliefs and desires, the contents of innate representations cannot in principle play a role in the causal explanation of an individual's behavior. I examine this "asymmetry" and against it, I argue that the content of innate mental representations too can play a causal role in the explanation of behavior.
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  49.  14
    Modern Philosophy in France.Pierre Jacob, Pascal Engel, Kim Davis, Jonathan Leigh-Pemberton & Simon Whiteside - 1987 - Cogito 1 (3):21-23.
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  50.  8
    Propriétés mentales et explication causale.Pierre Jacob - 1992 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 97 (2):295 - 303.
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