Results for 'Jaime Becerra Costa'

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  1. A Vida Sem Princípios, de Henry David Thoreau.Jaime Becerra Costa - 2015 - Agora 34 (2).
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  2. Rawls, Citizenship, and Education.Victoria Costa - 2010 - Routledge.
    This book develops and applies a unified interpretation of John Rawls’ theory of justice as fairness in order to clarify the account of citizenship that Rawls relies upon, and the kind of educational policies that the state can legitimately pursue to promote social justice. Costa examines the role of the family as the "first school of justice" and its basic contribution to the moral and political development of children. It also argues that schools are necessary to supplement the education (...)
     
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  3. Rawls, Citizenship, and Education.M. Victoria Costa - 2010 - Routledge.
    This book develops and applies a unified interpretation of John Rawls’ theory of justice as fairness in order to clarify the account of citizenship that Rawls relies upon, and the kind of educational policies that the state can legitimately pursue to promote social justice. Costa examines the role of the family as the "first school of justice" and its basic contribution to the moral and political development of children. It also argues that schools are necessary to supplement the education (...)
     
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  4.  28
    A New Formulation of Discussive Logic.Jerzy Kotas & N. C. A. Costa - 1979 - Studia Logica 38 (4):429 - 445.
    S. Jakowski introduced the discussive prepositional calculus D 2as a basis for a logic which could be used as underlying logic of inconsistent but nontrivial theories (see, for example, N. C. A. da Costa and L. Dubikajtis, On Jakowski's discussive logic, in Non-Classical Logic, Model Theory and Computability, A. I. Arruda, N. C. A da Costa and R. Chuaqui edts., North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977, 37–56). D 2has afterwards been extended to a first-order predicate calculus and to a higher-order logic (...)
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  5.  31
    Hypothetical Revision and Matter-of-Fact Supposition.Horacio Arló Costa - 2001 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 11 (1-2):203-229.
    The recent literature offers several models of the notion of matter of fact supposition1 revealed in the acceptance of the so-called indicative conditionals. Some of those models are qualitative [Collins 90], [Levi 96], [Stalnaker 84]. Other probabilistic models appeal either to infinitesimal probability or two place probability functions. Recent work has made possible to understand which is the exact qualitative counterpart of the latter probabilistic models. In this article we show that the qualitative notion of change that thus arises is (...)
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  6.  43
    Philosophy as a Protoscience.Cláudio F. Costa - 2012 - Disputatio 4 (34):591-608.
    Costa-Claudio_Philosophy-as-a-protoscience.
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  7.  31
    On the Relevant Systemsp Andp* and Some Related Systems.Ayda I. Arruda & Newton C. A. Costa - 1984 - Studia Logica 43 (1-2):33 - 49.
    In this paper we study the systemsP andP * (see Arruda and da Costa,O paradoxo de Curry-Moh Shaw-Kwei, Boletim da Sociedade Matemtica de São Paulo 18 (1966)) and some related systems. In the last section, we prove that certain set theories havingP andP * as their underlying logics are non-trivial.
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  8.  21
    Dom leme e os movimentos religiosos de massas: a proposta de ordem cristã para o Brasil.José William Barbosa Costa - 2013 - Horizonte 11 (31):1155-1156.
    COSTA, J. W. B. Dom leme e os movimentos religiosos de massas: a proposta de ordem cristã para o Brasil. Dissertação (Mestrado) 2013. 157f - Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Religião, Belo Horizonte. Palavras-chave: D. Leme. Congresso Eucarístico. Nossa Senhora Aparecida. Cristo do Corcovado. Ordem Cristã.
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  9.  6
    Comités de Bioética Clínico Asistencial en las instituciones de salud públicas y privadas de los niveles de mediana y alta complejidad de las ciudades de la costa atlántica de Colombia.Stephanye Carrillo González, Jaime Lorduy Gómez & Ruby Muñoz Baldiris - 2019 - Persona y Bioética 23 (1).
    Clinical and Care Bioethics Committees at Public and Private Healthcare Institutions of Medium and High Complexity Levels in Cities of the Atlantic Coast of Colombia Comitês de Bioética clínico-assistencial nas instituições de saúde públicas e privadas dos níveis de média e alta complexidade das cidades da Costa Atlântica da Colômbia Care bioethics committees are interdisciplinary groups engaged in providing education to members of said committees, all the staff in the hospital —including professors and students in their internship—, and members (...)
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  10. Primero fue la técnica: a propósito de un libro reciente de Jaime Fisher.Luis Camacho - 2010 - Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica 48 (125):91-98.
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  11.  18
    On the Theory of Inconsistent Formal Systems.Newton C. A. Costa - 1972 - Recife, Universidade Federal De Pernambuco, Instituto De Matemática.
  12. From Times to Worlds and Back Again: A Transcendentist Theory of Persistence.Alessandro Giordani & Damiano Costa - 2013 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):210-220.
    Until recently, an almost perfect parallelism seemed to hold between theories of identity through time and across possible worlds,as every account in the temporal case(endurantism,perdurantism, exdurantism) was mirrored by a twin account in the modal case (trans-world identity, identity-via-parts, identity-via-counterparts). Nevertheless, in the recent literature, this parallelism has been broken because of the implementation in the debate of the relation of location. In particular, endurantism has been subject to a more in-depth analysis, and different versions of it, corresponding to different (...)
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  13. The Italian Economia Aziendale and Catholic Social Teaching: How to Apply the Common Good Principle at the Managerial Level. [REVIEW]Ericka Costa & Tommaso Ramus - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (1):103-116.
    The ongoing global economic and financial crisis has exposed the risks of considering market and business organizations only as instruments for creating economic wealth while paying little heed to their role in ethics and values. Catholic Social Teaching (CST) could provide a useful contribution in rethinking the role of values in business organizations and markets because CST puts forward an anthropological view that involves thinking of the marketplace as a community of persons with the aim of participating in the Common (...)
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  14. Pragmatic Truth and Approximation to Truth.Irene Mikenberg, Newton C. A. Costa & Rolando Chuaqui - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):201-221.
  15.  46
    Are Women More Ethical Than Men?Andrew Sikula & Adelmiro D. Costa - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (11):859 - 871.
  16.  65
    First Order Extensions of Classical Systems of Modal Logic; the Role of the Barcan Schemas.Horacio Costa - 2002 - Studia Logica 71 (1):87-118.
    The paper studies first order extensions of classical systems of modal logic (see (Chellas, 1980, part III)). We focus on the role of the Barcan formulas. It is shown that these formulas correspond to fundamental properties of neighborhood frames. The results have interesting applications in epistemic logic. In particular we suggest that the proposed models can be used in order to study monadic operators of probability (Kyburg, 1990) and likelihood (Halpern-Rabin, 1987).
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  17. “Recovering Our Stories”: A Small Act of Resistance.Lucy Costa, Jijian Voronka, Danielle Landry, Jenna Reid, Becky Mcfarlane, David Reville & Kathryn Church - 2012 - Studies in Social Justice 6 (1):85-101.
    This paper describes a community event organized in response to the appropriation and overreliance on the psychiatric patient “personal story” within mental health organizations. The sharing of experiences through stories by individuals who self-identify as having “lived experience” has been central to the history of organizing for change in and outside of the psychiatric system. However, in the last decade, personal stories have increasingly been used by the psychiatric system to bolster research, education, and fundraising interests. We explore how personal (...)
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  18.  24
    Mathematical Logic in Latin America: Proceedings of the IV Latin American Symposium on Mathematical Logic Held in Santiago, December 1978.Ayda I. Arruda, R. Chuaqui & Newton C. A. Costa (eds.) - 1980 - Sole Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier North-Holland.
    (or not oveA-complete.) . Let * be a unary operator defined on the set F of formulas of the language £ (ie, if A is a formula of £, then *A is also a ...
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  19.  62
    Two Notions of Epistemic Validity.Horacio Arló Costa & Isaac Levi - 1996 - Synthese 109 (2):217 - 262.
    How to accept a conditional? F. P. Ramsey proposed the following test in (Ramsey 1990).(RT) If A, then B must be accepted with respect to the current epistemic state iff the minimal hypothetical change of it needed to accept A also requires accepting B.
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  20. Rawls on Liberty and Domination.M. Victoria Costa - 2009 - Res Publica 15 (4):397-413.
    One of the central elements of John Rawls’ argument in support of his two principles of justice is the intuitive normative ideal of citizens as free and equal. But taken in isolation, the claim that citizens are to be treated as free and equal is extremely indeterminate, and has virtually no clear implications for policy. In order to remedy this, the two principles of justice, together with the stipulation that citizens have basic interests in developing their moral capacities and pursuing (...)
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  21.  73
    Freedom as Non-Domination, Normativity, and Indeterminacy.M. Victoria Costa - 2007 - Journal of Value Inquiry 41 (2-4):291-307.
  22. Establishing Connections Between Aristotle's Natural Deduction and First-Order Logic.Edgar Jose Andrade & Edward Samuel Becerra - 2008 - History and Philosophy of Logic 29 (4):309-325.
    This article studies the mathematical properties of two systems that model Aristotle's original syllogistic and the relationship obtaining between them. These systems are Corcoran's natural deduction syllogistic and ?ukasiewicz's axiomatization of the syllogistic. We show that by translating the former into a first-order theory, which we call T RD, we can establish a precise relationship between the two systems. We prove within the framework of first-order logic a number of logical properties about T RD that bear upon the same properties (...)
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  23. O Vestígio E a Aura: Corpo E Consumismo Na Moral Do Espetáculo.Jurandir Freire Costa - 2004 - Garamond.
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  24.  39
    Pragmatic Truth and the Logic of Induction.Newton C. A. Costa & Steven French - 1989 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (3):333-356.
    We apply the recently elaborated notions of ‘pragmatic truth’ and ‘pragmatic probability’ to the problem of the construction of a logic of inductive inference. It is argued that the system outlined here is able to overcome many of the objections usually levelled against such attempts. We claim, furthermore, that our view captures the essentially cumulative nature of science and allows us to explain why it is indeed reasonable to accept and believe in the conclusions reached by inductive inference.
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  25.  62
    A Modal Ontology of Properties for Quantum Mechanics.Newton Costa, Olimpia Lombardi & Mariano Lastiri - 2013 - Synthese 190 (17):3671-3693.
    Our purpose in this paper is to delineate an ontology for quantum mechanics that results adequate to the formalism of the theory. We will restrict our aim to the search of an ontology that expresses the conceptual content of the recently proposed modal-Hamiltonian interpretation, according to which the domain referred to by non-relativistic quantum mechanics is an ontology of properties. The usual strategy in the literature has been to focus on only one of the interpretive problems of the theory and (...)
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  26.  61
    On Suppes' Set Theoretical Predicates.Newton C. A. Costa & Rolando Chuaqui - 1988 - Erkenntnis 29 (1):95-112.
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  27. On the Logic of Belief.Newton C. A. Da Costa & Steven French - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (3):431-446.
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  28.  88
    Hume and Causal Realism.Michael J. Costa - 1989 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 67 (2):172 – 190.
  29.  21
    Pragmatic Probability.Newton C. A. Costa - 1986 - Erkenntnis 25 (2):141-162.
  30.  44
    Non-Adjunctive Inference and Classical Modalities.Horacio Arló Costa - 2004 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 34 (5/6):581 - 605.
    The article focuses on representing different forms of non-adjunctive inference as sub-Kripkean systems of classical modal logic, where the inference from □A and □B to □A ∧ B fails. In particular we prove a completeness result showing that the modal system that Schotch and Jennings derive from a form of non-adjunctive inference in (Schotch and Jennings, 1980) is a classical system strictly stronger than EMN and weaker than K (following the notation for classical modalities presented in Chellas, 1980). The unified (...)
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  31.  25
    Non-Classical Logics, Model Theory, and Computability: Proceedings of the Third Latin-American Symposium on Mathematical Logic, Campinas, Brazil, July 11-17, 1976. [REVIEW]Ayda I. Arruda, Newton C. A. Costa & R. Chuaqui (eds.) - 1977 - Sale Distributors for the U.S.A. And Canada, Elsevier/North-Holland.
  32. The Trolley Problem Revisited.Michael J. Costa - 1986 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (4):437-449.
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  33.  68
    Another Trip on the Trolley.Michael J. Costa - 1987 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (4):461-466.
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  34. On Paraconsistent Deontic Logic.Newton C. A. Costa & Walter A. Carnielli - 1986 - Philosophia 16 (3-4):293-305.
    This paper develops the first deontic logic in the context of paraconsistent logics.
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  35. Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic: Bogotá, Colombia, 1981.Ayda I. Arruda, Xavier Caicedo, Rolando Chuaqui & Newton C. A. Costa - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (3):884-892.
  36.  57
    Studies in Paraconsistent Logic I: The Dialectical Principle of the Unity of Opposites.Newton C. A. Costa & Robert G. Wolf - 1980 - Philosophia 9 (2):189-217.
  37.  22
    Hume on the Very Idea of a Relation.Michael Costa - 1998 - Hume Studies 24 (1):71-94.
  38.  34
    Conditionals and Monotonic Belief Revisions: The Success Postulate.Horacio L. Arlo Costa - 1990 - Studia Logica 49 (4):557-566.
    One of the main applications of the logic of theory change is to the epistemic analysis of conditionals via the so-called Ramsey test. In the first part of the present note this test is studied in the “limiting case” where the theory being revised is inconsistent, and it is shown that this case manifests an intrinsic incompatibility between the Ramsey test and the AGM postulate of “success”. The paper then analyses the use of the postulate of success, and a weakening (...)
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  39.  16
    The Poor Helping the Rich: How Can Incomplete Representations Monitor Complete Ones?Kristof Strijkers, Elin Runnqvist, Albert Costa & Phillip Holcomb - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):374 - 375.
    Pickering & Garrod (P&G) propose that inner speech monitoring is subserved by predictions stemming from fast forward modeling. In this commentary, we question this alignment of language prediction with the inner speech monitor. We wonder how the speech monitor can function so efficiently if it is based on incomplete representations.
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  40.  8
    The Philosophical Inquiry: Towards a Global Account.Claudio Costa - 2002 - University Press of America.
    Develops a "global theory" on the nature of philosophy.
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  41.  71
    Bollettino Del Centro di Studi Vichiani.Gustavo Costa - 1987 - New Vico Studies 7:181-184.
  42. Acting Intentionally and Minimal Abilities.Michael J. Costa - 1986 - Analysis 46 (3):144 - 147.
  43.  80
    Suppes Predicates for Space-Time.Newton C. A. Costa, Otávio Bueno & Steven French - 1997 - Synthese 112 (2):271-279.
    We formulate Suppes predicates for various kinds of space-time: classical Euclidean, Minkowski's, and that of General Relativity. Starting with topological properties, these continua are mathematically constructed with the help of a basic algebra of events; this algebra constitutes a kind of mereology, in the sense of Lesniewski. There are several alternative, possible constructions, depending, for instance, on the use of the common field of reals or of a non-Archimedian field. Our approach was inspired by the work of Whitehead, though our (...)
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  44.  48
    Hume and Justified Belief.Michael J. Costa - 1981 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 11 (2):219 - 228.
    David hume is sometimes viewed as a skeptic who argues that none of our beliefs about the world are justified. this paper challenges that view by developing and explicating an account of justified belief that is compatible with hume's theories about belief formation, inference, and principles governing the association of ideas. it is noted that the resultant account bears some resemblance to contemporary causal/reliability views of justification.
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  45.  30
    What Cartesian Ideas Are Not.Michael J. Costa - 1983 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (4):537-549.
  46.  80
    Including Patients in Resuscitation Decisions in Switzerland: From Doing More to Doing Better.S. A. Hurst, M. Becerra, A. Perrier, N. J. Perron, S. Cochet & B. Elger - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (3):158-165.
    Background Decisions regarding Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Do Not Attempt Resuscitation (DNAR) orders remain demanding, as does including patients in the process. Objectives To explore physicians’ justification for CPR/DNAR orders and decisions regarding patient inclusion, as well as their reports of how they initiated discussions with patients. Methods We administered a face-to-face survey to residents in charge of 206 patients including DNAR and CPR orders, with or without patient inclusion. Results Justifications were provided for 59% of DNAR orders and included (...)
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  47.  12
    Sobre uma fundamentação não reflexiva da mecânica quântica.Newton Carneiro Affonso da Costa, Décio Krause, Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart & Jaison Schinaider - 2012 - Scientiae Studia 10 (1):71-104.
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  48.  20
    Generating Signals with Multiscale Time Irreversibility: The Asymmetric Weierstrass Function.Anton Burykin, Madalena D. Costa, Chung-Kang Peng, Ary L. Goldberger & Timothy G. Buchman - 2011 - Complexity 16 (4):29-38.
  49. Husserl.Vincenzo Costa - 2009 - Carocci.
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  50.  60
    Die Erfahrung des Anderen. Phänomenologie, Behaviorismus und Spiegelneuronen.Vincenzo Costa - 2008 - Husserl Studies 24 (3):231-241.
    The recent discovery of a mirror neuron system sets a challenge for a philosophy of experience such as phenomenology, because in humans and monkeys the mirror system seems to transform seen actions into an inner representation of these actions. This paper tries to outline the guidelines of a transcendental-phenomenological analysis of alterity, different from empirical research. The transcendental research must provide a criterion for interpreting the results of empirical science. On this basis the paper compares the phenomenological analysis of alterity (...)
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