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James F. Anderson [39]James A. Anderson [24]James Anderson [16]James C. Anderson [15]
James R. Anderson [12]James G. Anderson [6]James W. Anderson [6]James L. Anderson [4]

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  1.  16
    Distinctive Features, Categorical Perception, and Probability Learning: Some Applications of a Neural Model.James A. Anderson, Jack W. Silverstein, Stephen A. Ritz & Randall S. Jones - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (5):413-451.
  2. The Mirror Test.Gordon G. Gallup Jr, James R. Anderson & Daniel J. Shillito - 2002 - In Marc Bekoff, Colin Allen & Gordon M. Burghardt (eds.), The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition. MIT Press.
     
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  3. The Lord of Noncontradiction: An Argument for God From Logic.James N. Anderson & Greg Welty - 2011 - Philosophia Christi 13 (2):321 - 338.
    In this paper we offer a new argument for the existence of God. We contend that the laws of logic are metaphysically dependent on the existence of God, understood as a necessarily existent, personal, spiritual being; thus anyone who grants that there are laws of logic should also accept that there is a God. We argue that if our most natural intuitions about them are correct, and if they are to play the role in our intellectual activities that we take (...)
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  4. Moderate Autonomism.James C. Anderson & Jeffrey T. Dean - 1998 - British Journal of Aesthetics 38 (2):150-166.
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  5.  26
    Self-Recognition.James R. Anderson, Gordon G. Gallup & Steven M. Platek - 2011 - In Shaun Gallagher (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Self. Oxford University Press.
    This article focuses on mirror self-recognition, the ability to recognize one's own image in a mirror. It presents the result of the first experiment on mirror self-recognition which showed that chimpanzees are able to learn that the chimps they see in the mirror are not other chimps, but themselves, as evidenced by self-directed behaviour. It reviews evidence for neural network for self-recognition and self-other differentiation and cites evidence that frontal cortex and cortical midline structures are implicated in self-recognition tasks. It (...)
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  6.  16
    A Theory for the Recognition of Items From Short Memorized Lists.James A. Anderson - 1973 - Psychological Review 80 (6):417-438.
  7.  67
    The Ethics and Science of Placebo-Controlled Trials: Assay Sensitivity and the Duhem–Quine Thesis.James Anderson - 2006 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (1):65 – 81.
    The principle of clinical equipoise requires that, aside from certain exceptional cases, second generation treatments ought to be tested against standard therapy. In violation of this principle, placebo-controlled trials (PCTs) continue to be used extensively in the development and licensure of second-generation treatments. This practice is typically justified by appeal to methodological arguments that purport to demonstrate that active-controlled trials (ACTs) are methodologically flawed. Foremost among these arguments is the so called assay sensitivity argument. In this paper, I take a (...)
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  8.  72
    The Research Subject as Wage Earner.James A. Anderson & Charles Weijer - 2002 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (4-5):359-376.
    The practice of paying research subjects for participating inclinical trials has yet to receive an adequate moral analysis.Dickert and Grady argue for a wage payment model in whichresearch subjects are paid an hourly wage based on that ofunskilled laborers. If we accept this approach, what follows?Norms for just working conditions emerge from workplacelegislation and political theory. All workers, includingpaid research subjects under Dickert and Grady''s analysis,have a right to at least minimum wage, a standard work week,extra pay for overtime hours, (...)
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  9. Extending Clinical Equipoise to Phase 1 Trials Involving Patients: Unresolved Problems.A. Anderson James & Kimmelman Jonathan - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (1):75-98.
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  10. In Defence of Mystery: A Reply to Dale Tuggy.James Anderson - 2005 - Religious Studies 41 (2):145-163.
    In a recent article, Dale Tuggy argues that the two most favoured approaches to explicating the doctrine of the Trinity, Social Trinitarianism and Latin Trinitarianism, are unsatisfactory on either logical or biblical grounds. Moreover, he contends that appealing to ‘mystery’ in the face of apparent contradiction is rationally and theologically unacceptable. I raise some critical questions about Tuggy's assessment of the most relevant biblical data, before defending against his objections the rationality of an appeal to mystery in the face of (...)
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  11.  47
    Are Phase 1 Trials Therapeutic? Risk, Ethics, and Division of Labor.James A. Anderson & Jonathan Kimmelman - 2014 - Bioethics 28 (3):138-146.
    Despite their crucial role in the translation of pre-clinical research into new clinical applications, phase 1 trials involving patients continue to prompt ethical debate. At the heart of the controversy is the question of whether risks of administering experimental drugs are therapeutically justified. We suggest that prior attempts to address this question have been muddled, in part because it cannot be answered adequately without first attending to the way labor is divided in managing risk in clinical trials. In what follows, (...)
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  12. What Cognitive Science Tells Us About Ethics and the Teaching of Ethics.James Anderson - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (3):279-291.
    A relatively new and exciting area of collaboration has begun between philosophy of mind and ethics. This paper attempts to explore aspects of this collaboration and how they bear upon traditional ethics. It is the author's contention that much of Western moral philosophy has been guided by largely unrecognized assumptions regarding reason, knowledge and conceptualization, and that when examined against empirical research in cognitive science, these assumptions turn out to be false -- or at the very least, unrealistic for creatures (...)
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  13.  15
    Familiar Ethical Issues Amplified: How Members of Research Ethics Committees Describe Ethical Distinctions Between Disaster and Non-Disaster Research.Catherine M. Tansey, James Anderson, Renaud F. Boulanger, Lisa Eckenwiler, John Pringle, Lisa Schwartz & Matthew Hunt - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):44.
    The conduct of research in settings affected by disasters such as hurricanes, floods and earthquakes is challenging, particularly when infrastructures and resources were already limited pre-disaster. However, since post-disaster research is essential to the improvement of the humanitarian response, it is important that adequate research ethics oversight be available. We aim to answer the following questions: 1) what do research ethics committee members who have reviewed research protocols to be conducted following disasters in low- and middle-income countries perceive as the (...)
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  14. The Dark Knowledge of God.Charles Journet & James F. Anderson - 1949 - Philosophy 24 (91):364-365.
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  15.  77
    Contextualizing Clinical Research: The Epistemological Role of Clinical Equipoise.James A. Anderson - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (4):269-288.
    Since its introduction in 1987, Benjamin Freedman’s principle of clinical equipoise has enjoyed widespread uptake in bioethics discourse. Recent years, however, have witnessed a growing consensus that the principle is fundamentally flawed. One of the most vocal critics has undoubtedly been Franklin Miller. In a 2008 paper, Steven Joffe and Miller build on this critical work, offering a new conception of clinical research ethics based on science, taking what they call a “scientific orientation” toward the ethics of clinical research. Though (...)
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  16.  14
    The Ethics Wars Disputes Over International Research.Charles Weijer & James A. Anderson - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (3):18-20.
    The effort to revise the Declaration of Helsinki and the CIOMS Guidelines has sparked a sometimes vitriolic debate centering on the use of placebo controls.
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  17.  22
    Managing Incidental Findings: Lessons From Neuroimaging.Emily Borgelt, James A. Anderson & Judy Illes - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (2):46 - 47.
  18.  17
    Species Equality and the Foundations of Moral Theory.James C. Anderson - 1993 - Environmental Values 2 (4):347 - 365.
    The paper discusses various concepts of 'species equality' and 'species superiority' and the assumptions concerning intrinsic value on which they depend. I investigate what philosophers from the traditional deontological (Taylor and Lombardi) and utilitarian (Singer and Attfield) perspectives have meant by their claims for species equality. I attempt to provide a framework of intrinsic values that justifies one sense in which members of a species can be said to be superior to members of another species.
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  19. A Simple Refutation of the Knowledge Argument Against Physicalism.James T. Anderson - manuscript
    One of the most persuasive objections to the identity thesis.
     
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  20. Covariance, Invariance, and Equivalence: A Viewpoint.James L. Anderson - 1971 - General Relativity and Gravitation 2:161--72.
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  21.  19
    Who's in Control of the Choice of Control?James A. Anderson - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (9):60-62.
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  22.  14
    Chimpanzees and Capuchin Monkeys: Comparative Cognition.James R. Anderson - 1996 - In A. Russon, Kim A. Bard & S. Parkers (eds.), Reaching Into Thought: The Minds of the Great Apes. Cambridge University Press. pp. 23--56.
  23.  11
    The Last Refuge of Privacy.Melissa D. McCradden & James A. Anderson - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (1):25-28.
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  24.  7
    No Dilemma for the Proponent of the Transcendental Argument: A Response to David Reiter.James Anderson - 2011 - Philosophia Christi 13 (1):189-198.
    David Reiter has recently argued that presuppositionalist apologists who champion the transcendental argument for God’s existence face a dilemma: depending on what conclusion the argument is supposed to establish, either TAG is inadequate to deliver that conclusion or else TAG is superfluous. By way of reply, I contend that several plausible lines of response are available to the proponent of TAG in the face of this purported dilemma. I hope thereby to advance scholarly discussion of TAG by clarifying its structure, (...)
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  25.  20
    Making the Best Use of Primate Tool Use?James R. Anderson - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):551-552.
  26. A Critical Role for Intuitions in Moral Theory.James Anderson - manuscript
    Moral intuitions, while ubiquitous in moral reasoning, have been the cause of considerable controversy in philosophy. My purpose here is to describe the most reasonable role for intuitions in moral theory, in order to look at some problems that arise, particularly for theories of justice, when intuitions are presumed to have this role.
     
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  27. Musical Kinds.James C. Anderson - 1985 - British Journal of Aesthetics 25 (1):43-49.
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  28.  7
    Capuchin Monkeys Judge Third-Party Reciprocity.James R. Anderson, Ayaka Takimoto, Hika Kuroshima & Kazuo Fujita - 2013 - Cognition 127 (1):140-146.
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  29.  98
    A Note on Searle's Naturalistic Fallacy Fallacy.James C. Anderson - 1974 - Analysis 34 (4):139 - 141.
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  30.  36
    Teilhard’s Cosmological Kinship to Aristotle.James F. Anderson - 1971 - New Scholasticism 45 (4):584-589.
  31.  17
    A Critical Appraisal of Protections for Aboriginal Communities in Biomedical Research.Charles Weijer & James A. Anderson - unknown
    As scientists target communities for research into the etiology, especially the genetic determinants of common diseases, there have been calls for the protection of communities. This paper identifies the distinct characteristics of aboriginal communities and their implications for research in these communities. It also contends that the framework in the Belmont Report is inadequate in this context and suggests a fourth principle of respect for communities. To explore how such a principle might be specified and operationalized, it reviews existing guidelines (...)
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  32.  52
    Pain, Private Language and the Mind-Body Problem.James Anderson - unknown
  33.  11
    Dropout by Design: Advance Planning for Research Participant Noncompliance.Toby Schonfeld & James Anderson - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):18-20.
  34.  9
    The Research Subject as Entrepreneur.James A. Anderson & Charles Weijer - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):67-69.
  35.  50
    Idealism and Comprehensible Worlds.James C. Anderson - 1979 - Idealistic Studies 9 (3):251-257.
    I. Introduction. In his recent book, On What There Must Be, Ross Harrison presents two arguments designed to show that in all possible worlds there are objects which exist unperceived. The modality of these two “refutations of idealism” makes them especially interesting. A philosopher might, after all, believe that there is more to this world than immaterial minds and their sensations and yet believe that a world of such entities is still possible.
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  36. Arithmetic on a Parallel Computer: Perception Versus Logic. [REVIEW]James A. Anderson - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (2):169-188.
    This article discusses the properties of a controllable, flexible, hybrid parallel computing architecture that potentially merges pattern recognition and arithmetic. Humans perform integer arithmetic in a fundamentally different way than logic-based computers. Even though the human approach to arithmetic is both slow and inaccurate it can have substantial advantages when useful approximations ( intuition ) are more valuable than high precision. Such a computational strategy may be particularly useful when computers based on nanocomponents become feasible because it offers a way (...)
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  37.  22
    Self-Awareness, Social Intelligence and Schizophrenia.Gordon G. Gallup Jr, James R. Anderson & Steven M. Platek - 2003 - In Tilo Kircher & Anthony David (eds.), The Self in Neuroscience and Psychiatry. Cambridge University Press. pp. 147-165.
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  38.  17
    On the Rationality of Positive Mysterianism.James Anderson - 2018 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 83 (3):291-307.
    In Paradox in Christian Theology I argued that the Christian doctrines of the Trinity and the Incarnation are paradoxical—that is, they appear to involve implicit contradictions—yet Christians can still be rational in affirming and believing those doctrines. Dale Tuggy has characterized my theory of theological paradox as a form of “positive mysterianism” and argues that the theory “faces steep epistemic problems, and is at best a temporarily reasonable but ultimately unsustainable stance.” After summarizing my proposed model for the rational affirmation (...)
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  39.  44
    The Metaphysics of Knowledge.James F. Anderson & Gerald B. Phelan - 1946 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 21:106-111.
  40.  35
    Self-Recognition in Dolphins: Credible Cetaceans; Compromised Criteria, Controls, and Conclusions.James R. Anderson - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (2):239-243.
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  41.  13
    Timekeeping in an Expanding Universe.James L. Anderson - 2003 - In A. Ashtekar (ed.), Revisiting the Foundations of Relativistic Physics. pp. 275--280.
  42. Analytic Theology: New Essays in the Philosophy of Religion, Edited by Oliver D. Crisp and Michael C. Rea. [REVIEW]James Anderson - 2011 - Ars Disputandi 11.
     
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  43. Newton's First Two Laws Are Not Definitions.James L. Anderson - 1990 - American Journal of Physics 58 (12):1192--5.
  44. The Challenge of Bioinformatics.James G. Anderson & Kenneth W. Goodman - forthcoming - Ethics and Information Technology: A Case-Based Approach to a Health Care System in Transition. New York: Springer.
     
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  45.  34
    The Truth in Voluntarism.James C. Anderson - 1982 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 18 (1):101-121.
    Voluntarism is the view that it is from our intimate awareness of the exercise of our wills in performing actions that we arrive at our concept of causality. This view has generally been thought to be indefensible since Hume attacked it in the Treatise and Enquiry. A variant of the position is stated and defended. The views of Castaiieda, and psychologists such as Maine de Biran, Michotte, and Piaget add clarity and enhance the plausibility of the view.
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  46.  7
    Women in Early Phase Trials: An IRB's Deliberations.James R. Anderson, Toby L. Schonfeld, Timothy K. Kelso & Ernest D. Prentice - 2002 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 25 (4):7-11.
  47.  35
    Analogy in Plato.James F. Anderson - 1950 - Review of Metaphysics 4 (1):111 - 128.
  48.  22
    Was St. Thomas a Philosopher?James F. Anderson - 1964 - New Scholasticism 38 (4):435-444.
  49.  27
    Language, Thought, and History.James F. Anderson - 1976 - New Scholasticism 50 (3):323-332.
  50.  30
    The Case of Two Devices: Disclosure to Subjects Following Phase IV (" Post-Marketing") Research.James R. Anderson, Andrew Jameton, Paul J. Reitemeier & Ernest Prentice - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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