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James Bernard Murphy [22]James B. Murphy [3]
  1.  50
    Against civic schooling.James Bernard Murphy - 2004 - Social Philosophy and Policy 21 (1):221-265.
    A fierce debate about civic education in American public schools has erupted in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. Many liberals and conservatives, though they disagree strongly about which civic virtues to teach, share the assumption that such education is an appropriate responsibility for public schools. They are wrong. Civic education aimed at civic virtue is at best ineffective; worse, it is often subversive of the moral purpose of schooling. Moreover, the attempt to impose these partisan conceptions (...)
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  2.  52
    Practical Reason and Moral Psychology in Aristotle and Kant.James Bernard Murphy - 2001 - Social Philosophy and Policy 18 (2):257.
    For a long time, it seemed that Aristotelians and Kantians had little to say to each other. When Kant the moralist was known in the English-speaking world primarily from his Groundwork and his Critique of Practical Reason, Kant's conceptual vocabulary of “duty,” “law,” “maxim,” and “morality” appeared quite foreign to Aristotle's “virtue,” “end,” “good,” and “character.” Yet ever since philosopher Mary Gregor's Laws of Freedom, published in 1963, made Kant's The Metaphysics of Morals central to the interpretation of his ethical (...)
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  3. Language, communication, and representation in the semiotic of John Poinsot.James Bernard Murphy - 1994 - The Thomist 58 (4):569-598.
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  4.  20
    Free Market Morals.James Bernard Murphy - 2014 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 26 (3-4):348-361.
    ABSTRACTJohn Tomasi argues that a theory of justice should include economic liberty since it provides people with a way of living self-authored lives. However, as Aristotelians have pointed out, even seemingly neutral theories of justice rely on non-neutral conceptions of the good. In Tomasi's case, the ideal of self-authorship assumes that it is good to exert economic agency and in so doing, exercise one's economic liberty. Thus, Tomasi equates self-authorship with participation in market activities, tacitly universalizing what is, in fact, (...)
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  5.  36
    Virtue and the Good of Friendship.James Bernard Murphy - 1997 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 71:189-201.
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  6. Habit and Convention at the Foundation of Custom.James Bernard Murphy - 2020 - Noesis 34:43-69.
    Despite their obvious importance to social and political life, custom and customary law have largely escaped philosophical scrutiny. There are important recent philosophical analyses of convention, but none of custom. And customary law has been recently neglected by the dominant legal positivism. One reason for the neglect of custom is the familiar dichotomy between nature and convention. Social practices are said to be either by nature, and therefore assumed to be unalterable, or they are said to be by convention, and (...)
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  7.  54
    From Aristotle to Hobbes: William Galston on Civic Virtue.James Bernard Murphy - 2007 - Social Theory and Practice 33 (4):637-644.
  8.  41
    Nature, Custom, and Stipulation in Law and Jurisprudence.James Bernard Murphy - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 43 (4):751 - 790.
    NO THREE CONCEPTS ARE MORE CENTRAL to legal theory than nature, custom, and stipulation; thus the familiar expressions "natural law," "customary law," and stipulated or "positive law." The problem is that conflicting claims are made for natural law, customary law, and positive law. I will argue that to make sense of these conflicting claims we must first make a distinction between law as a species of social order and jurisprudence as the explanation of law. For example, the debate between the (...)
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  9. Your whole life: beyond childhood and adulthood.James Bernard Murphy - 2020 - Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    In this book, the author defends the substantial unity of a human person whose life endures through time. Because a human being is an irreducible whole (including biological, psychological, and narrative powers), our lives can have personal coherence over time. The whole temporal expanse of a life is prior to any of its stages, just as a whole human person is prior to any of her organs or powers. We can tell stories about our past, present, and future only because (...)
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  10.  3
    The Nature of Customary Law: Legal, Historical and Philosophical Perspectives.Amanda Perreau-Saussine & James B. Murphy (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Some legal rules are not laid down by a legislator but grow instead from informal social practices. In contract law, for example, the customs of merchants are used by courts to interpret the provisions of business contracts; in tort law, customs of best practice are used by courts to define professional responsibility. Nowhere are customary rules of law more prominent than in international law. The customs defining the obligations of each State to other States and, to some extent, to its (...)
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  11.  34
    Does Habit Interference Explain Moral Failure?James Bernard Murphy - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (2):255-273.
    Social psychologists have performed many well-known experiments demonstrating that experimental subjects will perform in ways that are normatively inconsistent even across very similar situations. Situationist social psychologists and philosophers have often interpreted these findings to imply that most people lack general moral dispositions. These situationists have argued that our moral dispositions are at best narrowly local traits; they often describe our moral characters as fragmented. In this paper, I offer an alternative hypothesis for the same experimental results. I argue that (...)
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  12.  21
    The Workmanship Ideal.James Bernard Murphy - 1992 - Political Theory 20 (2):319-326.
  13.  30
    The Morality of Bargaining: Insights from “Caritas in Veritate”. [REVIEW]James Bernard Murphy - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (S1):79-88.
    Pope Benedict XVI’s 2009 Encyclical-Letter “ Caritas in Veritate ,” (CV) breaks some new ground in the tradition of Catholic social teaching. I argue that explicitly this document makes a call for a new theory of economic exchange. Whereas, the traditional scholastic theory of the “just price” was focused on “the principle of the equivalence in value of exchanged goods” (CV 35), a new theory of exchange must focus instead on “a metaphysical understanding of the relations between persons” (CV 53). (...)
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  14.  19
    Basics of Semiotics.James Bernard Murphy - 1991 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (4):836-837.
    John Deely's new introduction to semiotics deserves the attention of philosophers because of his ambitious attempt to ground semiotics in a general philosophical framework rather than in linguistics or literary theory. By uniting the signs of brute animal communication, the signs of language, and the perceptual signs of cognition within a single framework of the logic of relations, Deely has rightly grounded semiotics in logic and epistemology rather than in the theory of language. Language is but one sign system, and (...)
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  15.  4
    Learning moral rules: Shaun Nichols: Rational rules: Toward a theory of moral learning. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2021, 248pp, $70.00 HB. [REVIEW]James Bernard Murphy - 2021 - Metascience 30 (3):455-457.
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  16.  64
    Ethical ideals in journalism: Civic uplift or telling the truth?James B. Murphy, Stephen J. A. Ward & Aine Donovan - 2006 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 21 (4):322 – 337.
    In this article, we explore the tension between truth telling and the demands of civic life, with an emphasis on the tension between serving one's country and reporting the truth as completely and independently as possible. We argue that the principle of truth telling in journalism takes priority over the promotion of civic values, including a narrow patriotism. Even in times of war, responsible journalism must not allow a narrow patriotism to undermine its commitment to truth telling. Journalists best fulfill (...)
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  17.  18
    American catholic philosophical quarterly 674.Vance G. Morgan, James Bernard Murphy & Michael N. Nagler - 2005 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 79 (4).
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  18.  8
    Rational Choice Theory as Social Physics.James Bernard Murphy - 2017 - In Louis Putterman (ed.), The Rational Choice Controversy. Yale University Press. pp. 155-174.
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  19.  8
    Bushmaster predatory behavior at Dallas Zoo and San Diego Zoo.David Chiszar, James B. Murphy, Charles W. Radcliffe & Hobart M. Smith - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (5):459-461.
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  20.  24
    Rational choice theory as social physics.James Bernard Murphy - 1995 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 9 (1-2):155-174.
    Donald Green and Ian Shapiro discover a curious gulf between the prestige of rational choice approaches and the dearth of solid empirical findings. But we can understand neither the prestige of rational choice theory nor its pathologies unless we see it as a variant of the equilibrium analysis found in physics, economics, and biology. Only such a global perspective on rational choice theory will reveal its core assumptions and the likely shape of its future in political science. In this light, (...)
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  21.  11
    Nature, custom, and stipulation in the semiotic of John Poinsot.James Bernard Murphy - 1991 - Semiotica 83 (1-2):33-68.
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