95 found
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  1.  19
    Individuals: An Essay in Descriptive Metaphysics.James Cargile - 1959 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 38 (2):320-323.
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  2.  13
    Rational Belief Systems.James Cargile - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (3):454.
  3.  38
    Rational Decision and Causality.James Cargile - 1984 - Journal of Philosophy 81 (3):163-168.
  4. The Fallacy of Epistemicism.James Cargile - 2005 - In Tamar Szabo Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology. Oxford University Press. pp. 33.
  5.  48
    The First Person.James Cargile - 2019 - Symposion: Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 6 (1):23-38.
    Many languages have a first person singular subject pronoun (‘I’in English). Fewer also have a first person singular object pronoun (‘me’in English). The term ‘I’is commonly used to refer to the person using the term. It has a variety of other uses. A normal person is able to refer to theirself and think about their self and this is of course an important feature of being a person. For any person x, no one other than x can possiblythink about x (...)
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  6.  89
    Thought Experiments in Science and Philosophy.James Cargile - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (2):479-482.
    Preface: This volume originated in a conference on "The Place of Thought Experiments in Science and Philosophy" which was organized by us and held at the Center for Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh, April 18-20, 1986. The idea behind this conference was to encourage philosophers and scientists to talk to each other about the role of thought experiments in their various disciplines. These papers were either written for the conference, or were written after it by commentators and (...)
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  7. The Sorites Paradox.James Cargile - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (3):193-202.
  8. The Language of Thought Revisited.James Cargile - 2010 - Analysis 70 (2):359-367.
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  9.  83
    Pascal's Wager.James Cargile - 1982 - In Steven M. Cahn & David Shatz (eds.), Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 250-.
    A. Pascal's statement of his wager argument is couched in terms of the theory of probability and the theory of games, and the exposition is unclear and unnecessarily complicated. The following is a ‘creative’ reformulation of the argument designed to avoid some of the objections which have been or might be raised against the original.
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  10.  39
    A Note on "Iterated Knowings".James Cargile - 1970 - Analysis 30 (5):151 - 155.
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  11.  88
    Evidence and Inquiry by Susan Haack.James Cargile - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (3):621-625.
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  12. On Russell's Argument Against Resemblance Nominalism.James Cargile - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (4):549 – 560.
    Russell famously argued that Resemblance Nominalism leads to a vicious infinite regress in attempting to avoid admitting universals. Saying that a number of things are white only in that they resemble a particular white thing leaves a number of resemblances to that white thing, each of them constituting the holding of the same relation to the paradigm, qualifying that resemblance relation as a universal. Trying to dismiss that new universal by appeal to resemblances between those first resemblances only leads to (...)
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  13.  64
    Justification and Misleading Defeaters.James Cargile - 1995 - Analysis 55 (3):216 - 220.
  14. Skepticism and Possibilities.James Cargile - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61 (1):157-171.
    One skeptical strategy against A’s claim to know that P is to hold that it is logically possible for someone to have the same “base” for P as A does in spite of its not being true that P. Philosophical replies have focussed on showing that these are not genuine possibilities. Whether they are can be an interesting question of metaphysics, but it is argued in this paper that this metaphysical discussion is not the proper focus for an assessment of (...)
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  15.  22
    Robert L. Martin. Toward a Solution to the Liar Paradox. The Philosophical Review, Vol. 76, Pp. 279–311. - Robert L. Martin. On Grelling's Paradox. The Philosophical Review, Vol. 77 , Pp. 321–331. - Bas C. Van Fraassen. Presupposition, Implication, and Self-Reference. The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 65 , Pp. 136–152. - Brian Skyrms. Return of the Liar: Three-Valued Logic and the Concept of Truth. American Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 7 , Pp. 153–161. - Robert L. Martin. Preface. The Paradox of the Liar, Edited by Robert L. Martin, Yale University Press, New Haven and London 1970, P. Vii. [REVIEW]James Cargile - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (4):584-587.
  16.  41
    On a Problem About Probability and Decision.James Cargile - 1992 - Analysis 52 (4):211 - 216.
  17.  21
    E. J. Lemmon. On Sentences Verifiable by Their Use. Analysis , Vol. 22 No. 4 , Pp. 86–89. - Jaakko Hintikka. Cogito, Ergo Sum: Inference or Performance?The Philosophical Review, Vol. 71 , Pp. 3–32. [REVIEW]James Cargile - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (4):615-616.
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  18.  19
    David Kaplan and Richard Montague. A Paradox Regained. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic, Vol. 1 , Pp. 79–90. - Martin Gardner. A New Prediction Paradox. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 13 , P. 51. - K. R. Popper. A Comment on the New Prediction Paradox. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 13 , P. 51. [REVIEW]James Cargile - 1965 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 30 (1):102-103.
  19.  97
    In Reply to a Defense of Skepticism.James Cargile - 1972 - Philosophical Review 81 (2):229-236.
  20.  77
    Newcomb's Paradox.James Cargile - 1975 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 26 (3):234-239.
  21. On "Alexander's" Dictum.James Cargile - 2003 - Topoi 22 (2):143-149.
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  22.  14
    Y. Bar-Hillel. New Light on the Liar. Analysis , Vol. 18 No. 1 , Pp. 1–6. - Yehoshua Bar-Hillel. Do Natural Languages Contain Paradoxes?Studium Generale, Vol. 19 , Pp. 391–397. [REVIEW]James Cargile - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (4):645.
  23. The Problem of Induction.James Cargile - 1998 - Philosophy 73 (2):247-275.
    No one doubts that philosophers have discussed at length ‘the problem of induction’, but it would also be generally recognized that there would be disagreement as to precisely what that problem is. Rather than tackle the formulation problem, I will borrow from a popular text: Our existence as well as science itself is based on the principle of induction that tells us to reason from past frequencies to future likelihoods, from the limited known of the past and present to the (...)
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  24.  6
    Pascal's Wager: PHILOSOPHY.James Cargile - 1966 - Philosophy 41 (157):250-257.
    A. Pascal's statement of his wager argument is couched in terms of the theory of probability and the theory of games, and the exposition is unclear and unnecessarily complicated. The following is a ‘creative’ reformulation of the argument designed to avoid some of the objections which have been or might be raised against the original.
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  25.  64
    On the Burden of Proof.James Cargile - 1997 - Philosophy 72 (279):59 - 83.
    The phrase ‘burden of proof’ or ‘onus probandi’ originally referred to something determined by a judge in a legal proceeding. Some claims would be accepted as true by the court, and other relevant claims would require proving. The burden of doing this proving could be assigned to one or another party by the judge. Success or failure to meet this burden could be determined by the judge or the jury, as could consequences of success or failure.
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  26.  21
    Pseudo-Problems: How Analytic Philosophy Gets Done.James Cargile - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (4):975-977.
  27. Some Comments on Fatalism.James Cargile - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (182):1-11.
    This paper discusses fatalism, defined as the view that it is never both in one's power to do X and in one's power to not do X. It is argued that this view is made out as more plausible than it really is, because of unclarity as to its meaning. Some philosophers, such as Michael Dummett or David Lewis, who criticise fatalism, actually advocate views closely in line with fatalism as defined here.
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  28.  12
    P. T. Geach. Ryle on Namely-Riders. Analysis , Vol. 21 No. 3 , Pp. 64–67. - P. J. Fitzpatrick. ‘Heterological’ and Namely–Riders. Analysis , Vol. 22 No. 1 , Pp. 18–22. - P. T. Geach. Namely–Riders Again. Analysis , Vol. 22 No. 4 , Pp. 92–94. [REVIEW]James Cargile - 1967 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (3):408-409.
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  29.  30
    Supposing for the Sake of Argument.James Cargile - 1995 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 15 (1):76-79.
  30.  63
    Critical Notice.James Cargile - 1986 - Mind 95 (377):116 - 126.
  31. Utilitarianism and the Desert Island Problem.James Cargile - 1964 - Analysis 25 (1):23 - 24.
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  32.  20
    The Revision Theory of Truth.James Cargile - 1995 - Philosophical Books 36 (3):165-173.
  33.  62
    IV. Davidson's Notion of Logical Form.James Cargile - 1970 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 13 (1-4):129-139.
  34.  21
    Definitions and Counter-Examples.James Cargile - 1987 - Philosophy 62 (240):179 - 193.
    In his paper ‘A Function for Thought Experiments’, T. S. Kuhn asks: Ought we demand of our concepts, as we do of our laws and theories, that they be applicable to any and every situation that might conceivably arise in any possible world? Is it not sufficient to demand of a concept, as we do of a law or theory, that it be unequivocally applicable in every situation which we expect ever to encounter?
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  35.  46
    The Surprise Test Paradox.James Cargile - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy 64 (18):550-563.
  36.  32
    What Is a Natural Property?James Cargile - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (248):137 - 158.
    In Principia Ethica Moore held that the meaning of the word ‘good’ is a simple, unanalysable, non-natural property. Several features of this claim might be questioned. It might be questioned whether there are properties at all, and whether, even if there are, they are ever the meanings of words. Again, it might be questioned whether the word ‘good’ expresses a property, even assuming that some other words do. Moore considers this latter question, but not the former . The two questions (...)
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  37.  75
    Vagueness. An Investigation Into Natural Languages and the Sorites Paradox.James Cargile - 1993 - Philosophical Books 34 (1):22-24.
  38. Paradoxes: A Study in Form and Predication.James Cargile - 1979 - Philosophy 55 (213):421-423.
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  39.  20
    Review: David Kaplan, Richard Montague, Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic: A Paradox Regained; Martin Gardner, The British Journal of Philosophy of Science: A New Prediction Paradox; K. R. Popper, The British Journal of Philosophy of Science:A Comment on the New Prediction Paradox. [REVIEW]James Cargile - 1965 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 30 (1):102-103.
  40.  28
    On Believing You Believe.James Cargile - 1967 - Analysis 27 (6):177 - 183.
  41.  48
    On Omnipotence.James Cargile - 1967 - Noûs 1 (2):201-205.
  42.  62
    On Near Knowledge.James Cargile - 1971 - Analysis 31 (5):145 - 152.
  43.  22
    Two Fallacies.James Cargile - 2010 - Logos and Episteme 1 (2):257-268.
    In charging argumentum ad hominem, we accuse someone of attacking the source of a claim. In charging argumentum ad verecundiam, we attack the source of a claim. This is reason for attending to "attacking the source." It is important to distinguish probabilistic reasons for doubting a claim and evidentiary reasons. Evidence that the source of a claim is likely to be wrong is not evidence against the claim. The tendency to overlook this is the essential feature of the ad hominem (...)
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  44.  56
    Paradoxes: A Study in Form and Predication.James Cargile - 1979 - Cambridge University Press.
    The ancient semantic paradoxes were thought to undermine the rationalist metaphysics of Plato, and their modern relatives have been used by Russell and others to administer some severe logical and epistemological shocks. These are not just tricks or puzzles, but are intimately connected with some of the liveliest and most basic philosophical disputes about logical form, universals, reference and predication. Dr Cargile offers here an original and sustained treatment of this range of issues, and in fact presents an unfashionable defence (...)
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  45.  4
    The First Person.James Cargile - forthcoming - Symposion. Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences.
    James Cargile ABSTRACT: Many languages have a first person singular subject pronoun. Fewer also have a first person singular object pronoun. The term ‘I’ is commonly used to refer to the person using the term. It has a variety of other uses. A normal person is able to refer...
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  46.  25
    The Ontological Argument.James Cargile - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (191):69 - 80.
    There are several styles of ontological argument. Here are examples of the first style. God has all perfections. Existence is a perfection. ∴God exists. All perfect beings exist. God is a perfect being. ∴God exists. God couldn't be improved. A being that doesn't exist could be improved . ∴God exists.
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  47. SAINSBURY, R. M. Paradoxes. [REVIEW]James Cargile - 1990 - Philosophy 65:106.
  48.  8
    Davidson's Notion of Logical Form.James Cargile - 1970 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 13:129.
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  49.  10
    A Paradox Regained.James Cargile - 1965 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 30 (1):102-103.
  50. Martin, R. L. , "Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox". [REVIEW]James Cargile - 1986 - Mind 95:116.
     
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