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James Christensen [12]James E. Christensen [4]James A. Christensen [1]
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James Christensen
University of Essex
  1.  25
    Trade Justice.James Christensen - 2017 - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
    The international trading system remains a locus of fierce social conflict. The protesters who besiege gatherings of its managers—most famously on the streets of Seattle at the turn of the millennium—regard it with suspicion and hostility, as a threat to their livelihoods, an enemy of global justice, and their grievances are exploited by populist statesmen peddling their own mercantilist agendas. If we are to support the trading system, we must first assure ourselves that it can withstand moral scrutiny. We must (...)
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  2.  24
    The Morality of Substitution Intervention: The Case of Yemen.James Christensen - forthcoming - POLITICS.
    Throughout the Yemeni Civil War, western states have supplied weapons used in the indiscriminate bombing campaign conducted by the Saudis. In defence of their actions, British politicians have argued that they are exchanging weapons for influence, and using the influence obtained to encourage compliance with humanitarian law. An additional premise in the argument is that Britain is using its influence more benignly than alternative suppliers would use theirs if Britain were not on the scene. The idea is that Britain is (...)
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  3. Arming the Outlaws: On the Moral Limits of the Arms Trade.James Christensen - forthcoming - Political Studies.
    There is a general presumption against arming outlaw states. But can that presumption sometimes be overturned? The argument considered here maintains that outlaw states can have legitimate security interests and that transferring weapons to these states can be an appropriate way of promoting those interests. Weapons enable governments to engage in wrongful oppression and aggression, but they also enable them to fend off predators in a manner that can be beneficial to their citizens. It clearly does not follow from the (...)
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  4.  20
    Justice for Millionaires?James Christensen, Tom Parr & David Axelsen - forthcoming - Economics and Philosophy.
    In recent years, much public attention has been devoted to the existence of pay discrepancies between men and women at the upper end of the income scale. For example, there has been considerable discussion of the ‘Hollywood gender pay gap’. We can refer to such discrepancies as cases of millionaire inequality. These cases generate conflicting intuitions. On the one hand, the unequal remuneration involved looks like a troubling case of gender injustice. On the other, it’s natural to feel uneasy when (...)
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  5.  16
    Egalitarian Trade Justice.James Christensen - forthcoming - Moral Philosophy and Politics.
    This article begins by distinguishing between two approaches to egalitarian trade justice – the explicative approach and the applicative approach – and notes that the former has been used to defend conclusions that are less strongly egalitarian than those defended by advocates of the latter. The article then engages with the primary explicative account of trade egalitarianism – that offered by Aaron James – and argues that its egalitarian conclusions are unduly minimalistic. The aim of the article is not to (...)
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  6.  14
    Fair Trade, Formal Equality, and Preferential Treatment.James Christensen - 2015 - Social Theory and Practice 41 (3):505-526.
    In this paper I criticize the claim that fair trade entails a commitment to an ideal of formal equality according to which all members of the trade regime are to receive and offer equal, or uniform, treatment. I first elaborate on the idea of formal equality and its rationales, identify several positive arguments for departing from formal equality, and respond to a number of objections to “special and differential treatment” for poor countries. I then consider in more detail one specific (...)
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  7.  40
    Weapons, Security, and Oppression: A Normative Study of International Arms Transfers.James Christensen - 2015 - Journal of Political Philosophy 23 (1):23-39.
  8.  10
    Bounty-Hunting and Finder's Fees.James A. Christensen & James P. Orlowski - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (3):16.
  9.  68
    Selling Arms and Expressing Harm.James Christensen - 2020 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 39 (1):6-22.
    According to an argument commonly made by politicians, selling weapons to oppressive and aggressive regimes can sometimes be permissible because the sale renders the victims of these regimes no worse off than they would have been had the sale not been made. We can refer to this argument as the inconsequence argument. My primary aim in this article is to identify one reason why the inconsequence argument will often not succeed in vindicating arms sales to oppressive and aggressive regimes. The (...)
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  10.  34
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW] Kohut Jr, Nicholas C. Polos, Lois M. R. Louden, Cyril E. Griffith, Beverly Lindsay, Don T. Martin, M. M. Chambers, Joseph W. Newman, Harvey Neufeldt, Elizabeth Ihle, David C. Williams, James E. Christensen & J. Theodore Klein - 1978 - Educational Studies 9 (3):307-328.
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  11.  30
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Harriet B. Morrison, John H. Chilcott, Ezrl Atzmon, John T. Zepper, Milton K. Reimer, Gillian Elliott Smith, James E. Christensen, Albert E. Bender, Nancy R. King, W. Sherman Rush, Ann H. Hastings, Kenneth V. Lottich, J. Theodore Klein, Sally H. Wertheim, Bernard J. Kohlbrenner, William T. Lowe, Beverly Lindsay, Ronald E. Butchart, E. Dean Butler, Jon M. Fennell & Eleanor Kallman Roemer - 1981 - Educational Studies 11 (4):403-435.
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  12. Bedside Logic in Diagnostic Gastroenterology.James Christensen - 1987
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  13.  14
    Global Justice.James Christensen - 2020 - London, UK: Bloomsbury.
    Do we have moral duties to people in distant parts of the world? If so, how demanding are these duties? And how can they be reconciled with our obligations to fellow citizens? -/- Every year, millions of people die from poverty-related causes while countless others are forced to flee their homes to escape from war and oppression. At the same time, many of us live comfortably in safe and prosperous democracies. Yet our lives are bound up with those of the (...)
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  14. Perspectives on Education as Educology.James Christensen - 1981 - University Press of America.
    Perspectives on Education as Educology provides a discussion, from many points of view, of the justification for the use of the term educology to name knowledge about education and of the distinguishing characteristics, applications and utility of educology. Questions addressed include What is education? What is knowledge about education? What is an appropriate name for knowledge about education? What kinds of knowledge about education can be distinguished? How is knowledge about education produced? What uses can be made of knowledge about (...)
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  15.  17
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Peter H. Rohn, William Casement, Don T. Martin, James E. Christensen, David E. Denton, Robert R. Sherman, Robert W. Zuber, Clinton Collins & Turner Rogers - 1988 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 19 (3&4):361-403.
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  16.  16
    Defining the Irritable Bowel Syndrome.James Christensen - 1993 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 38 (1):21-35.
  17.  8
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]James E. Christensen, Edward B. Goellner, Daniel S. Parkinson, Richard A. Brosio, Arthur Sandeen, Alanson A. Van Fleet, Karl J. Jost, Richard J. Altenbaugh, Glorianne Leck & Rosemary Barton Tobin - 1979 - Educational Studies 9 (4):425-442.
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