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James Crosswhite [18]James Riley Crosswhite [1]
  1.  11
    A Fluid Ideal: Dialectical Virtues and the Possibility of Debate.James Crosswhite - 2019 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 52 (1):56-62.
    Consider "debate" in the largest sense. In English, the word goes back to the fourteenth century and has a broad range of meanings. It can mean contention and quarreling and physical conflict early on but later settles into meanings of dispute, controversy, argument, discussion, and deliberation, especially regarding public matters. It can also mean to deliberate inwardly—to discuss or consider some issue with oneself. A philosophical antecedent of "debate" might be dialégomai, with meanings and variations related to discussion, dialogue, questioning, (...)
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  2.  24
    Universalities.James Crosswhite - 2010 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 43 (4):430.
    Universality has become a predominant focus of critique. To take just three examples: the purported universality of Western values has been exposed as a major justification for violent imperial enterprises, feminist thought has exposed so-called universal norms as having a specifically masculine provenance and nature, and the study of whiteness has largely been the exposure of specifically white features of institutions, practices, arts, norms, and laws that have been taken to be universal and colorless. All these examples follow the general (...)
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  3. Deep Rhetoric: Philosophy, Reason, Violence, Justice, Wisdom.James Crosswhite - 2013 - University of Chicago Press.
    “Rhetoric is the counterpart of logic,” claimed Aristotle. “Rhetoric is the first part of logic rightly understood,” Martin Heidegger concurred. “Rhetoric is the universal form of human communication,” opined Hans-Georg Gadamer. But in _Deep Rhetoric_, James Crosswhite offers a groundbreaking new conception of rhetoric, one that builds a definitive case for an understanding of the discipline as a philosophical enterprise beyond basic argumentation and is fully conversant with the advances of the New Rhetoric of Chaïm Perelman and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca. Chapter (...)
     
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  4.  50
    The New Rhetoric Project.James Crosswhite - 2010 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 43 (4):301-307.
    More than fifty years have passed since Chaïm Perelman and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca published Traité de l'argumentation: La nouvelle rhétorique, and over forty have slipped by since the work was translated into English as The New Rhetoric: A Treatise on Argumentation. The inversion of the title and subtitle in the French and English versions expresses well the chiasmic dynamic of the philosophy of rhetoric and the rhetoric of philosophy that defines the new rhetoric project. Its overall aim is essentially philosophical: "the (...)
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  5.  25
    Being Unreasonable: Perelman and the Problem of Fallacies. [REVIEW]James Crosswhite - 1993 - Argumentation 7 (4):385-402.
    Most work on fallacies continues to conceptualize fallacious reasoning as involving a breach of a formal or quasi-formal rule. Chaim Perelman's theory of argumentation provides a way to conceptualize fallacies in a completely different way. His approach depends on an understanding of standards of rationality as essentially connected with conceptions of universality. Such an approach allows one to get beyond some of the basic problems of fallacy theory, and turns informal logic toward substantive philosophical questions. I show this by reinterpreting (...)
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  6.  47
    Con Amore: Henry Johnstone, Jr.'S Philosophy of Argumentation.James Crosswhite - 2001 - Informal Logic 21 (1).
    Henry Johnstone's philosophical development was guided by a persistent need to reform the concept of validity -either by reinterpreting it or by finding a substitute for it. This project lead Johnstone into interesting confrontations with the concept of rhetoric and especiaUy with the work of Chaim Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca. The project culminated in a failed attempt to develop a formal ethics of rhetoric and argumentation, but this attempt was itself not consistent with some of Johnstone's other characterizations ofan ethics of (...)
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  7.  25
    The Pluralistic Philosophy of Stephen Crane.James Crosswhite - 1994 - The Personalist Forum 10 (1):56-58.
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  8.  21
    The Rhetorical Unconscious of Argumentation Theory: Toward a Deep Rhetoric.James Crosswhite - 2013 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 46 (4):392-414.
    The contemporary study of argumentation has adopted a fundamentally rhetorical account of the standards of rationality, although it has also developed several ways to deny this. One is by obscuring the fact that its standards of rationality are primarily communicative and that an audience of some kind is the ultimate judge of the strength of arguments. Another is by defining “rhetoric” in such a way that it can no longer play any role in providing rational normativity. I want to challenge (...)
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  9.  6
    Dearin and Gross's Chaim Perelman.James Crosswhite - 2003 - Informal Logic 23 (2).
  10. Toward Truth.James Crosswhite - 2018 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 51 (4):368-391.
    There are two general senses of "post-truth." One is a contemporary, popular sense that captures the manner in which facts and truths have lost their power to inform public discussion and debate. This first sense is relatively new and is related to the explosion in the number of agencies and media by which truth claims are created and distributed and the corresponding monetization of the production of truth claims. There are so many news outlets, so many reports, so many conflicting (...)
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