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James F. Woodward [27]James Francis Woodward [1]
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James Woodward
University of Pittsburgh
  1. The Structure and Dynamics of Scientific Theories: A Hierarchical Bayesian Perspective.Leah Henderson, Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & James F. Woodward - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (2):172-200.
    Hierarchical Bayesian models (HBMs) provide an account of Bayesian inference in a hierarchically structured hypothesis space. Scientific theories are plausibly regarded as organized into hierarchies in many cases, with higher levels sometimes called ‘paradigms’ and lower levels encoding more specific or concrete hypotheses. Therefore, HBMs provide a useful model for scientific theory change, showing how higher‐level theory change may be driven by the impact of evidence on lower levels. HBMs capture features described in the Kuhnian tradition, particularly the idea that (...)
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  2.  21
    Causal Responsibility and Robust Causation.Guy Grinfeld, David Lagnado, Tobias Gerstenberg, James F. Woodward & Marius Usher - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  3. Data and Phenomena: A Restatement and Defense.James F. Woodward - 2011 - Synthese 182 (1):165-179.
    This paper provides a restatement and defense of the data/ phenomena distinction introduced by Jim Bogen and me several decades ago (e.g., Bogen and Woodward, The Philosophical Review, 303–352, 1988). Additional motivation for the distinction is introduced, ideas surrounding the distinction are clarified, and an attempt is made to respond to several criticisms.
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  4.  45
    Koch’s Postulates: An Interventionist Perspective.Lauren N. Ross & James F. Woodward - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 59:35-46.
    We argue that Koch’s postulates are best understood within an interventionist account of causation, in the sense described in Woodward. We show how this treatment helps to resolve interpretive puzzles associated with Koch’s work and how it clarifies the different roles the postulates play in providing useful, yet not universal criteria for disease causation. Our paper is an effort at rational reconstruction; we attempt to show how Koch’s postulates and reasoning make sense and are normatively justified within an interventionist framework (...)
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  5. The Mind is Not (Just) a System of Modules Shaped (Just) by Natural Selection.James F. Woodward & Fiona Cowie - 2004 - In Christopher Hitchcock (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science. Malden MA: Blackwell. pp. 312-34.
  6.  41
    Comment: Levels of Explanation and Variable Choice.James F. Woodward - 2008 - In Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.), Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry: Explanation, Phenomenology, and Nosology. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 216.
  7.  86
    What is the Cause of Inertia?James F. Woodward & Thomas Mahood - 1999 - Foundations of Physics 29 (6):899-930.
    The question of the cause of inertial reaction forces and the validity of “Mach's principle” are investigated. A recent claim that the cause of inertial reaction forces can be attributed to an interaction of the electrical charge of elementary particles with the hypothetical quantum mechanical “zero-point” fluctuation electromagnetic field is shown to be untenable. It fails to correspond to reality because the coupling of electric charge to the electromagnetic field cannot be made to mimic plausibly the universal coupling of gravity (...)
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  8.  85
    The Incompatibility of Mach's Principle and the Principle of Equivalence in Current Gravitation Theory.James F. Woodward & Wolfgang Yourgrau - 1972 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 23 (2):111-116.
  9. Why the Numbers Count.James F. Woodward - 1981 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):531-540.
  10.  75
    Book Review: The Future of Spacetime. By Stephen W. Hawking, Kip S. Thorne, Igor Novikov, Timothy Ferris, Alan Lightman, and Richard Price. W. W. Norton, New York and London, 2002, 220 Pp., $25.95 (Hardcover). ISBN 0-393-02022-3. [REVIEW]James F. Woodward - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (9):1485-1491.
  11.  73
    Book Review: Doubt and Certainty, by Tony Rothman and George Sudarshan. [REVIEW]James F. Woodward - 1999 - Foundations of Physics 29 (5):819-843.
  12.  38
    Gravity, Inertia, and Quantum Vacuum Zero Point Fields.James F. Woodward - 2001 - Foundations of Physics 31 (5):819-835.
    Over the past several years Haisch, Rueda, and others have made the claim that the origin of inertial reaction forces can be explained as the interaction of electrically charged elementary particles with the vacuum electromagnetic zero-point field expected on the basis of quantum field theory. After pointing out that this claim, in light of the fact that the inertial masses of the hadrons reside in the electrically chargeless, photon-like gluons that bind their constituent quarks, is untenable, the question of the (...)
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  13.  23
    Logic of Discovery or Psychology of Invention?James F. Woodward - 1992 - Foundations of Physics 22 (2):187-203.
    It is noted that Popper separates the creation of concepts, conjectures, hypotheses and theories—the context of invention—from the testing thereof—the context of justification—arguing that only the latter is susceptible of rigorous logical analysis. Efforts on the part of others to shift or eradicate the demarcation established by this distinction are discussed and the relationship of these considerations to the claims of “strong artificial intelligence” is pointed out. It is argued that the mode of education of scientists, as well as reports (...)
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  14.  41
    Mach's Principle, the Equivalence Principle and Gravitation: A Rejoinder to Newburgh.James F. Woodward & Wolfgang Yourgrau - 1973 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 24 (3):264-270.
  15.  61
    Book Review: World Without Time: The Forgotten Legacy of Gödel and Einstein. By Palle Yourgrau, Basic Books, New York, New York, USA, 2005, Viii + 210 Pp., $24 (Hard Cover). ISBN 0-465-09293-4. [REVIEW]James F. Woodward - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (2):321-325.
  16. 1. Not a Sure Thing: Fitness, Probability, and Causation Not a Sure Thing: Fitness, Probability, and Causation (Pp. 147-171). [REVIEW]Denis M. Walsh, Leah Henderson, Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, James F. Woodward, Hannes Leitgeb, Richard Pettigrew, Brad Weslake & John Kulvicki - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (2).
  17.  58
    Flux Capacitors and the Origin of Inertia.James F. Woodward - 2004 - Foundations of Physics 34 (10):1475-1514.
    The explanation of inertia based on “Mach's principle” is briefly revisited and an experiment whereby the gravitational origin of inertia can be tested is described. The test consists of detecting a small stationary force with a sensitive force sensor. The force is presumably induced when a periodic transient Mach effect mass fluctuation is driven in high voltage, high energy density capacitors that are subjected to 50 kHz, 1.3 kV amplitude voltage signal, and threaded by an alternating magnetic flux of the (...)
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  18.  55
    Book Review: Concepts of Mass in Contemporary Physics and Philosophy, by Max Jammer. [REVIEW]James F. Woodward - 2000 - Foundations of Physics 30 (6):959-964.
  19.  46
    Electrogravitational Induction and Rotation.James F. Woodward - 1982 - Foundations of Physics 12 (5):467-478.
    The Faradayan hypothesis of inductive coupling of the electromagnetic and gravitational fields is briefly discussed. An experiment designed to test the hypothesis wherein samples are spun to see if any electrogravitational charge is induced is described. Results of the experiment are reported. They imply the induction of a charge density ρ* for spinning samples that behaves as ρ*=βρma, where ρm is the mass density of an element of matter experiencing an acceleration a, and β is the coupling coefficient for the (...)
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  20.  69
    Mach's Principle: Micro- or Macrophysical?James F. Woodward & Wolfgang Yourgrau - 1975 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 26 (2):137-141.
  21.  33
    Book Reviews: Time: A Traveler's Guide. By Clifford A. Pickover. Oxford University Press, New York, 1998, Xviii +285 Pp., 815.95 (Softcover, 1999). ISBN 0-19-513096-0. Surfing Through Hyperspace: Understanding Higher Universes in Six Easy Lessons. By Clifford A. Pickover. Oxford University Press, New York, 1999, Xxiv +239 Pp., 825.00 (Hardcover). ISBN 0-19-513006-5. [REVIEW]James F. Woodward - 2000 - Foundations of Physics 30 (1):165-170.
  22.  27
    Photon Consciousness: Fact or Fancy? [REVIEW]James F. Woodward, André de Klerk, Gail Kahler, Kathrine Leber, Peter Pompei, Daniel Schultz & Sharon Stern - 1972 - Foundations of Physics 2 (2-3):241-244.
    An experiment designed to test the highly speculative hypothesis of photon consciousness was executed. It was found that, within the accuracy attainable with the apparatus, there is no empirical justification for the hypothesis.
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  23.  25
    Book Review: The Fabric of the Cosmos. By Brian Greene, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, U.S.A., 2004, Xii + 569 Pp., $28.95 (Hardcover). [REVIEW]James F. Woodward - 2004 - Foundations of Physics 34 (8):1267-1273.
  24.  9
    Why the Numbers Count.James F. Woodward - 1981 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):531-540.
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  25.  10
    On Nonminimal Coupling of the Electromagnetic and Gravitational Fields: The Astrophysical Evidence for the Schuster-Blackett Conjecture and its Implications. [REVIEW]James F. Woodward - 1989 - Foundations of Physics 19 (11):1345-1361.
    The Schuster-Blackett (S-B) conjecture, which supposes the relationshipM/J=βG 1/2 /2c between the magnetic dipole moments (M) of celestial objects and their angular momenta (J), where G is the Newtonian constant of gravitation, c the speed of light, and β a dimensionless constant of order unity, is examined in the context of the evolution of pulsar gyromagnetic ratios. It is demonstrated that the evolution of pulsar gyromagnetic ratios is not consistent with the strong form of the S-B conjecture where β is (...)
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