Results for 'James H. Turner'

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  1.  43
    Cynicism as a Fundamental Dimension of Moral Decision-Making: A Scale Development. [REVIEW]James H. Turner & Sean R. Valentine - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 34 (2):123 - 136.
    Altruism and cynicism are two fundamental algorithms of moral decision-making. This derives from the evolution of cooperative behavior and reciprocal altruism and the need to avoid being taken advantage of. Rushton (1986) developed a self-report scale to measure altruism, however no scale to measure cynicism has been developed for use in ethics research. Following a discussion of reciprocal altruism and cynicism, this article presents an 11-item self-report scale to measure cynicism, developed and validated using a sample of 271 customer-service and (...)
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  2.  12
    James T. Turner Jr. On the Resurrection of the Dead: A New Metaphysics of Afterlife for Christian Thought.J. H. W. Chan - 2019 - Journal of Analytic Theology 7 (1):772-776.
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  3.  9
    Effects of Social Conditions and Time of Testing on Activity and Striking of Goldfish.Richard H. Bauer & James H. Turner - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (1):12-14.
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  4.  3
    The Pseudepigrapha and Christian Origins: Essays From the Studiorum Novi Testamenti Societas. Edited by Gerbern S Oegema & James H Charlesworth. Pp.Xv, 295, T & T Clark, NY/London, 2008, £70.00. [REVIEW]Geoffrey Turner - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (2):312-313.
  5.  28
    Book Notes. [REVIEW]Nora K. Bell, Samantha J. Brennan, William F. Bristow, Diana H. Coole, Justin DArms, Michael S. Davis, Daniel A. Dombrowski, John J. P. Donnelly, Anthony J. Ellis, Mark C. Fowler, Alan E. Fuchs, Chris Hackler, Garth L. Hallett, Rita C. Manning, Kevin E. Olson, Lansing R. Pollock, Marc Lee Raphael, Robert A. Sedler, Charlene Haddock Seigfried, Kristin S. Schrader‐Frechette, Anita Silvers, Doran Smolkin, Alan G. Soble, James P. Sterba, Stephen P. Turner & Eric Watkins - 2001 - Ethics 111 (2):446-459.
  6. The Ontology for Biomedical Investigations.Anita Bandrowski, Ryan Brinkman, Mathias Brochhausen, Matthew H. Brush, Bill Bug, Marcus C. Chibucos, Kevin Clancy, Mélanie Courtot, Dirk Derom, Michel Dumontier, Liju Fan, Jennifer Fostel, Gilberto Fragoso, Frank Gibson, Alejandra Gonzalez-Beltran, Melissa A. Haendel, Yongqun He, Mervi Heiskanen, Tina Hernandez-Boussard, Mark Jensen, Yu Lin, Allyson L. Lister, Phillip Lord, James Malone, Elisabetta Manduchi, Monnie McGee, Norman Morrison, James A. Overton, Helen Parkinson, Bjoern Peters, Philippe Rocca-Serra, Alan Ruttenberg, Susanna-Assunta Sansone, Richard H. Scheuermann, Daniel Schober, Barry Smith, Larisa N. Soldatova, Christian J. Stoeckert, Chris F. Taylor, Carlo Torniai, Jessica A. Turner, Randi Vita, Patricia L. Whetzel & Jie Zheng - 2016 - PLoS ONE 11 (4):e0154556.
    The Ontology for Biomedical Investigations (OBI) is an ontology that provides terms with precisely defined meanings to describe all aspects of how investigations in the biological and medical domains are conducted. OBI re-uses ontologies that provide a representation of biomedical knowledge from the Open Biological and Biomedical Ontologies (OBO) project and adds the ability to describe how this knowledge was derived. We here describe the state of OBI and several applications that are using it, such as adding semantic expressivity to (...)
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  7. Love and Society Essays in the Ethics of Paul Ramsey.James Turner Johnson & David H. Smith - 1974
     
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  8.  17
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Peter H. Rohn, William Casement, Don T. Martin, James E. Christensen, David E. Denton, Robert R. Sherman, Robert W. Zuber, Clinton Collins & Turner Rogers - 1988 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 19 (3&4):361-403.
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  9.  45
    Philosophy in America From the Puritans to James. By P. R. Anderson and M. H. Fisch . (New York and London: D. Appleton—Century Co. 1939. Pp. Xiii + 570. Price 18s. Net.). [REVIEW]J. E. Turner - 1940 - Philosophy 15 (58):215-.
  10.  6
    Peer Review Versus Editorial Review and Their Role in Innovative Science.Nicole Zwiren, Glenn Zuraw, Ian Young, Michael A. Woodley, Jennifer Finocchio Wolfe, Nick Wilson, Peter Weinberger, Manuel Weinberger, Christoph Wagner, Georg von Wintzigerode, Matt Vogel, Alex Villasenor, Shiloh Vermaak, Carlos A. Vega, Leo Varela, Tine van der Maas, Jennie van der Byl, Paul Vahur, Nicole Turner, Michaela Trimmel, Siro I. Trevisanato, Jack Tozer, Alison Tomlinson, Laura Thompson, David Tavares, Amhayes Tadesse, Johann Summhammer, Mike Sullivan, Carl Stryg, Christina Streli, James Stratford, Gilles St-Pierre, Karri Stokely, Joe Stokely, Reinhard Stindl, Martin Steppan, Johannes H. Sterba, Konstantin Steinhoff, Wolfgang Steinhauser, Marjorie Elizabeth Steakley, Chrislie J. Starr-Casanova, Mels Sonko, Werner F. Sommer, Daphne Anne Sole, Jildou Slofstra, John R. Skoyles, Florian Six, Sibusio Sithole, Beldeu Singh, Jolanta Siller-Matula, Kyle Shields, David Seppi, Laura Seegers, David Scott, Thomas Schwarzgruber, Clemens Sauerzopf, Jairaj Sanand, Markus Salletmaier & Sackl - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (5):359-376.
    Peer review is a widely accepted instrument for raising the quality of science. Peer review limits the enormous unstructured influx of information and the sheer amount of dubious data, which in its absence would plunge science into chaos. In particular, peer review offers the benefit of eliminating papers that suffer from poor craftsmanship or methodological shortcomings, especially in the experimental sciences. However, we believe that peer review is not always appropriate for the evaluation of controversial hypothetical science. We argue that (...)
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  11.  3
    Without God, Without Creed: The Origins of Unbelief in America. James Turner.Jon H. Roberts - 1987 - Isis 78 (3):451-452.
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  12. Book Review: God of Battles: Holy Wars of Christianity and Islam, by Peter Partner. Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1998. 391pp. $16.95. ISBN 0-691-00235-5; The Holy War Idea in Western and Islamic Traditions, by James Turner Johnson. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, 1997. 194 Pp. $16.95. ISBN 0-271-01633-7. [REVIEW]Stanley H. Skreslet - 1999 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 53 (4):416-418.
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  13.  9
    The Sacred and the Secular University. Jon H. Roberts, James Turner.Stanley M. Guralnick - 2000 - Isis 91 (4):772-773.
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  14.  34
    James H. Nehring 57.James H. Nehring - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  15.  8
    Athenian Books in the Fifth and Fourth Centuries B.C. By E. G. Turner. London: H. K. Lewis & Co. Ltd., 1952. Pp. 23, 1 Pl. 5s. [REVIEW]C. H. Roberts & E. G. Turner - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:237-237.
  16. Artificial Intelligence: Its Scope and Limits.James H. Fetzer - 1990 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    1. WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE? One of the fascinating aspects of the field of artificial intelligence (AI) is that the precise nature of its subject ..
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  17.  36
    Bad Blood Thirty Years Later: A Q&A with James H. Jones.James H. Jones & Nancy M. P. King - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):867-872.
    Historian James H. Jones published the first edition of Bad Blood, the definitive history of the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment, in 1981. Its clear-eyed examination of that research and its implications remains a bioethics classic, and the 30-year anniversary of its publication served as the impetus for the reexamination of research ethics that this symposium presents. Recent revelations about the United States Public Health Service study that infected mental patients and prisoners in Guatemala with syphilis in the late 1940s in (...)
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  18.  23
    Semantic Priming and Retrieval From Lexical Memory: Roles of Inhibitionless Spreading Activation and Limited-Capacity Attention.James H. Neely - 1977 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 106 (3):226-254.
  19. What is Computer Ethics?James H. Moor - 1985 - Metaphilosophy 16 (4):266-275.
  20.  89
    Probability and Objectivity in Deterministic and Indeterministic Situations.James H. Fetzer - 1983 - Synthese 57 (3):367--86.
    This paper pursues the question, To what extent does the propensity approach to probability contribute to plausible solutions to various anomalies which occur in quantum mechanics? The position I shall defend is that of the three interpretations — the frequency, the subjective, and the propensity — only the third accommodates the possibility, in principle, of providing a realistic interpretation of ontic indeterminism. If these considerations are correct, then they lend support to Popper's contention that the propensity construction tends to remove (...)
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  21.  38
    Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World. Wesley Salmon.James H. Fetzer - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (4):597-610.
  22. Definitions and Definability Philosophical Perspectives.James H. Fetzer, George N. Schlesinger & David Shatz - 1991
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  23. Zen and the Brain: Toward an Understanding of Meditation and Consciousness.James H. Austin - 1998 - MIT Press.
    The book uses Zen Buddhism as the opening wedge for an extraordinarily wide-ranging exploration of consciousness.
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  24.  25
    Computer Reliability and Public Policy: Limits of Knowledge of Computer-Based Systems*: JAMES H. FETZER.James H. Fetzer - 1996 - Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (2):229-266.
    Perhaps no technological innovation has so dominated the second half of the twentieth century as has the introduction of the programmable computer. It is quite difficult if not impossible to imagine how contemporary affairs—in business and science, communications and transportation, governmental and military activities, for example—could be conducted without the use of computing machines, whose principal contribution has been to relieve us of the necessity for certain kinds of mental exertion. The computer revolution has reduced our mental labors by means (...)
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  25. Propensities and Frequencies: Inference to the Best Explanation.James H. Fetzer - 2002 - Synthese 132 (1-2):27 - 61.
    An approach to inference to the best explanation integrating a Popperianconception of natural laws together with a modified Hempelian account of explanation, one the one hand, and Hacking's law of likelihood (in its nomicguise), on the other, which provides a robust abductivist model of sciencethat appears to overcome the obstacles that confront its inductivist,deductivist, and hypothetico-deductivist alternatives.This philosophy of scienceclarifies and illuminates some fundamental aspects of ontology and epistemology, especially concerning the relations between frequencies and propensities. Among the most important (...)
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  26.  63
    Professor William James' Interpretation of Religious Experience.James H. Leuba - 1904 - International Journal of Ethics 14 (3):322-339.
  27. Towards a Theory of Privacy in the Information Age.James H. Moor - 1997 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 27 (3):27-32.
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  28.  93
    Three Myths of Computer Science.James H. Moor - 1978 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 29 (3):213-222.
  29. Why We Need Better Ethics for Emerging Technologies.James H. Moor - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (3):111-119.
    Technological revolutions are dissected into three stages: the introduction stage, the permeation stage, and the power stage. The information revolution is a primary example of this tripartite model. A hypothesis about ethics is proposed, namely, ethical problems increase as technological revolutions progress toward and into the power stage. Genetic technology, nanotechnology, and neurotechnology are good candidates for impending technological revolutions. Two reasons favoring their candidacy as revolutionary are their high degree of malleability and their convergence. Assuming the emerging technologies develop (...)
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  30.  99
    An Analysis of the Turing Test.James H. Moor - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 30 (4):249 - 257.
  31.  27
    Problems in the Ontology of Computer Programs.Amnon H. Eden & Raymond Turner - 2007 - Applied Ontology 2 (1):13-36.
  32.  75
    Perceptions of Country Corruption: Antecedents and Outcomes. [REVIEW]James H. Davis & John A. Ruhe - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (4):275 - 288.
    Globalization has increased the need for managers (and future managers) to predict the potential for country corruption. This study examines the relationship between Hofstede''s cultural dimensions and how country corruption is perceived. Power distance, individualism and masculinity were found to explain a significant portion of the variance in perceived corruption. A significant portion of country''s risk, trade flow with U.S.A., foreign investment, and per capita income was explained by perceived corruption.
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  33.  43
    The Letters of William James.James H. Tufts - 1921 - Journal of Philosophy 18 (14):381-387.
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  34.  6
    On Knowing: Essays for the Left Hand.H. E. O. James & Jerome S. Bruner - 1963 - British Journal of Educational Studies 11 (2):207.
  35. Privacy Protection, Control of Information, and Privacy-Enhancing Technologies.Herman T. Tavani & James H. Moor - 2001 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 31 (1):6-11.
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  36. Program Verification: The Very Idea.James H. Fetzer - 1988 - Communications of the Acm 31 (9):1048--1063.
    The notion of program verification appears to trade upon an equivocation. Algorithms, as logical structures, are appropriate subjects for deductive verification. Programs, as causal models of those structures, are not. The success of program verification as a generally applicable and completely reliable method for guaranteeing program performance is not even a theoretical possibility.
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  37.  8
    Zen-Brain Reflections.James H. Austin - 2006 - MIT Press.
    This sequel to the widely read Zen and the Brain continues James Austin's explorations into the key interrelationships between Zen Buddhism and brain research. In Zen-Brain Reflections, Austin, a clinical neurologist, researcher, and Zen practitioner, examines the evolving psychological processes and brain changes associated with the path of long-range meditative training. Austin draws not only on the latest neuroscience research and new neuroimaging studies but also on Zen literature and his personal experience with alternate states of consciousness.Zen-Brain Reflections takes (...)
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  38. Global Health and the Scientific Research Agenda.James H. Flory & Philip Kitcher - 2004 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (1):36-65.
  39.  29
    Mental Algorithms: Are Minds Computational Systems?James H. Fetzer - 1994 - Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (1):1-29.
    The idea that human thought requires the execution of mental algorithms provides a foundation for research programs in cognitive science, which are largely based upon the computational conception of language and mentality. Consideration is given to recent work by Penrose, Searle, and Cleland, who supply various grounds for disputing computationalism. These grounds in turn qualify as reasons for preferring a non-computational, semiotic approach, which can account for them as predictable manifestations of a more adquate conception. Thinking does not ordinarily require (...)
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  40.  16
    Mental Algorithms: Are Minds Computational Systems?James H. Fetzer - 1994 - Pragmatics and Cognition 2 (1):1-29.
    The idea that human thought requires the execution of mental algorithms provides a foundation for research programs in cognitive science, which are largely based upon the computational conception of language and mentality. Consideration is given to recent work by Penrose, Searle, and Cleland, who supply various grounds for disputing computationalism. These grounds in turn qualify as reasons for preferring a non-computational, semiotic approach, which can account for them as predictable manifestations of a more adquate conception. Thinking does not ordinarily require (...)
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  41.  32
    Connectionism and Cognition: Why Fodor and Pylyshyn Are Wrong.James H. Fetzer - 1992 - In A. Clark & Ronald Lutz (eds.), Connectionism in Context. Springer Verlag. pp. 305-319.
  42.  12
    System der Asthetik.James H. Tufts - 1905 - Philosophical Review 14 (6):717-720.
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  43. Information: Does It Have to Be True? [REVIEW]James H. Fetzer - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (2):223-229.
    Luciano Floridi (2003) offers a theory of information as a strongly semantic notion, according to which information encapsulates truth, thereby making truth a necessary condition for a sentence to qualify as information. While Floridi provides an impressive development of this position, the aspects of his approach of greatest philosophical significance are its foundations rather than its formalization. He rejects the conception of information as meaningful data, which entails at least three theses – that information can be false; that tautologies are (...)
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  44.  18
    Moral Dilemmas.James H. McGrath - 1990 - Noûs 24 (2):360-363.
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  45.  25
    Information, Misinformation, and Disinformation.James H. Fetzer - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (2):223-229.
    Luciano Floridi offers a theory of information as a “strongly semantic” notion, according to which information encapsulates truth, thereby making truth a necessary condition for a sentence to qualify as “information”. While Floridi provides an impressive development of this position, the aspects of his approach of greatest philosophical significance are its foundations rather than its formalization. He rejects the conception of information as meaningful data, which entails at least three theses – that information can be false; that tautologies are information; (...)
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  46. Just Consequentialism and Computing.James H. Moor - 1999 - Ethics and Information Technology 1 (1):61-65.
    Computer and information ethics, as well as other fields of applied ethics, need ethical theories which coherently unify deontological and consequentialist aspects of ethical analysis. The proposed theory of just consequentialism emphasizes consequences of policies within the constraints of justice. This makes just consequentialism a practical and theoretically sound approach to ethical problems of computer and information ethics.
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  47.  7
    The Nature of Explanation.James H. Fetzer - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (3):516-519.
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  48.  12
    Scientific Knowledge and Its Social Problems.James H. Moor - 1973 - Philosophy of Science 40 (3):455-457.
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  49.  18
    Hume's Philosophical Development.James H. Noxon - 1973 - New York: Clarendon Press.
  50.  5
    The Development of Public Opinion of the Accounting Profession: The Past Forty Years.James H. Thompson & Kris T. Jones - 1990 - Business and Society 29 (1):1-9.
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