Results for 'James Horley'

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  1.  18
    The Emergence and Development of Psychopathy.James Horley - 2014 - History of the Human Sciences 27 (5):91-110.
    Currently, psychopathy and related terms such as antisocial personality disorder are popular yet problematic constructs within forensic psychology and other disciplines. Psychopathy is traced typically to the works of Pinel and Prichard in the early 19th century, and it has even been linked to biblical passages, although there appears to be little or no support for the latter claim. The first use of the term psychopathy in German psychiatry of the mid-19th century referred only to psychological disturbance in general, or (...)
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  2.  10
    Personal Construct Theory and Human Values.James Horley - 2012 - Journal of Human Values 18 (2):161-171.
    Despite recognition as an important, potentially unifying construct within the social sciences and humanities, value lacks an overarching theoretical framework. One theory within the social sciences, personal construct theory, is suggested as a theoretical foundation for human values, and an attempt to situate values within this theory is presented. It is argued that human values are core constructs in the language of personal construct theory, while ordinary beliefs are peripheral constructs. Various implications and applications of this formulation are discussed.
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  3. I—James Ladyman: On the Identity and Diversity of Objects in a Structure.James Ladyman - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):23-43.
    The identity and diversity of individual objects may be grounded or ungrounded, and intrinsic or contextual. Intrinsic individuation can be grounded in haecceities, or absolute discernibility. Contextual individuation can be grounded in relations, but this is compatible with absolute, relative or weak discernibility. Contextual individuation is compatible with the denial of haecceitism, and this is more harmonious with science. Structuralism implies contextual individuation. In mathematics contextual individuation is in general primitive. In physics contextual individuation may be grounded in relations via (...)
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  4.  79
    William James and Phenomenology.James M. Edie - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (3):481-526.
    This is a study of all the recent literature on william james written from a phenomenological perspective with the purpose of showing that william james made fundamental contributions to the phenomenological theory of the intentionality of consciousness, To the phenomenological theory of self-Identity, And to the phenomenological conception of noetic freedom as the basic concept of ethical theory.
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  5.  54
    I—James Lenman: What is Moral Inquiry?James Lenman - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):63-81.
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  6. The Writings of William James: A Comprehensive Edition.William James - 1967 - New York: University of Chicago Press.
  7. William James, Positive Psychology, and Healthy-Mindedness.James O. Pawelski - 2003 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 17 (1):53-67.
  8.  43
    Bodily Influences on Emotional Feelings: Accumulating Evidence and Extensions of William James’s Theory of Emotion.James D. Laird & Katherine Lacasse - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (1):27-34.
    William James’s theory of emotion has been controversial since its inception, and a basic analysis of Cannon’s critique is provided. Research on the impact of facial expressions, expressive behaviors, and visceral responses on emotional feelings are each reviewed. A good deal of evidence supports James’s theory that these types of bodily feedback, along with perceptions of situational cues, are each important parts of emotional feelings. Extensions to James’s theory are also reviewed, including evidence of individual differences in (...)
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  9.  2
    James's Will-to-Believe Doctrine.James C. S. Wernham - 1987 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    In 1896 William James published an essay entitled The Will to Believe, in which he defended the legitimacy of religious faith against the attacks of such champions of scientific method as W.K. Clifford and Thomas Huxley. James's work quickly became one of the most important writings in the philosophy of religious belief. James Wernham analyses James's arguments, discusses his relation to Pascal and Renouvier, and considers the interpretations, and misinterpretations, of James's major critics. Wernham shows (...)
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  10.  3
    The Political Works of James Harrington.James Harrington - 1977 - Cambridge University Press.
    James Harrington (1611-77) was a pioneer in applying the methods of Machiavelli and other civic humanists to English political society and its landed structure. In the century after his death, his ideas were adapted to become an important ingredient in the vocabulary of both English and American political opposition to the methods of Hanoverian parliamentary monarchy. There has been no complete edition of Harrington's writings since 1771, or of Oceana, his best-known work, since 1924. This is a modernised edition, (...)
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  11.  41
    God and Human Attitudes: James Rachels.James Rachels - 1971 - Religious Studies 7 (4):325-337.
    Kneeling down or grovelling on the ground, even to express your reverence for heavenly things, is contrary to human dignity.
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  12. The Market as a Creative Process: James M. Buchanan And Viktor J. Vanberg.James M. Buchanan - 1991 - Economics and Philosophy 7 (2):167-186.
    Contributions in modern theoretical physics and chemistry on the behavior of nonlinear systems, exemplified by Ilya Prigogine's work on the thermodynamics of open systems, attract growing attention in economics. Our purpose here is to relate the new orientation in the natural sciences to a particular nonorthodox strand of thought within economics. All that is needed for this purpose is some appreciation of the general thrust of the enterprise, which involves a shift of perspective from the determinism of conventional physics to (...)
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  13.  17
    How to Do Things with Words. The William James Lectures Delivered at Harvard University in 1955.James Thomson - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (3):513-514.
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  14. William James's Radical Reconstruction of Philosophy.William James & Charlene Haddock Seigfried - 1992 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 28 (1):145-156.
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  15.  19
    William James's Divided Self and the Process of Its Unification: A Reply to Richard Gale.James O. Pawelski - 2003 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 39 (4):645 - 656.
  16. Religious Disagreement, Externalism, and the Epistemology of Disagreement: Listening to Our Grandmothers: James Kraft.James Kraft - 2007 - Religious Studies 43 (4):417-432.
    A new emphasis in epistemology is burgeoning, known by the phrase ‘the epistemology of disagreement’. The object of investigation is the situation where the two combatants of a disagreement are equally well situated epistemologically. Central questions include whether peer epistemic conflict reduces the support one has for one's belief, whether the reduction should be understood on internalist or externalist lines, and how often such peer conflict happens. The main objective in the first two sections will be to provide background by (...)
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  17.  91
    Liberty Versus Equal Opportunity*: James S. Fishkin.James S. Fishkin - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):32-48.
    Liberalism has often been viewed as a continuing dialogue about the relative priorities between liberty and equality. When the version of equality under discussion requires equalization of outcomes, it is easy to see how the two ideals might conflict. But when the version of equality requires only equalization of opportunities, the conflict has been treated as greatly muted since the principle of equality seems so meager in its implications. However, when one looks carefully at various versions of equal opportunity and (...)
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  18.  16
    James Mensch, Embodiments: From the Body to the Body Politic (Evanston, Il: Northwestern University Press, 2009) Religious Intolerance: Hating Your Neighbour as Yourself.James Mensch - 2011 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 15 (2):171-189.
    Religion has been a constant throughout human history. Evidence of it dates from the earliest times. Religious practice is also universal, appearing in every region of the globe. To judge from recorded history and contemporary accounts, religious intolerance is equally widespread. Yet all the major faiths proclaim the golden rule, namely, to “love your neighbour as yourself.” When Jesus was asked by a lawyer, “Who is my neighbour?” he replied with the story of the good Samaritan—the man who bound up (...)
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  19.  66
    Professor William James' Interpretation of Religious Experience.James H. Leuba - 1904 - International Journal of Ethics 14 (3):322-339.
  20.  8
    Utilitarian Logic and Politics: James Mill's "Essay on Government," Macaulay's Critique, and the Ensuing Debate.James Mill, Thomas Babington Macaulay Macaulay, Jack Lively & J. C. Rees (eds.) - 1978 - Clarendon Press.
  21.  37
    The Gauthier Enterprise*: JAMES M. BUCHANAN.James M. Buchanan - 1988 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (2):75-94.
    I take it as my assignment to criticize the Gauthier enterprise. At the outset, however, I should express my general agreement with David Gauthier's normative vision of a liberal social order, including the place that individual principles of morality hold in such an order. Whether the enterprise is, ultimately, judged to have succeeded or to have failed depends on the standards applied. Considered as a coherent grounding of such a social order in the rational choice behavior of persons, the enterprise (...)
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  22. Michael Smith and the Daleks: Reason, Morality, and Contingency: James Lenman.James Lenman - 1999 - Utilitas 11 (2):164-177.
    Smith has defended the rationalist's conceptual claim that moral requirements are categorical requirements of reason, arguing that no status short of this would make sense of our taking these requirements as seriously as we do. Against this I argue that Smith has failed to show either that our moral commitments would be undermined by possessing only an internal, contextual justification or that they need presuppose any expectation that rational agents must converge on their acceptance. His claim that this rationalistic understanding (...)
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  23. I—Susan James: Creating Rational Understanding: Spinoza as a Social Epistemologist.Susan James - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):181-199.
    Does Spinoza present philosophy as the preserve of an elite, while condemning the uneducated to a false though palliative form of ‘true religion’? Some commentators have thought so, but this contribution aims to show that they are mistaken. The form of religious life that Spinoza recommends creates the political and epistemological conditions for a gradual transition to philosophical understanding, so that true religion and philosophy are in practice inseparable.
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  24.  75
    Deliberative Democracy and Constitutions: James S. Fishkin.James S. Fishkin - 2011 - Social Philosophy and Policy 28 (1):242-260.
    This paper examines the potential role of deliberative democracy in constitutional processes of higher law-making, either for the founding of constitutions or for constitutional change. It defines deliberative democracy as the combination of political equality and deliberation and situates this form of democracy in contrast to a range of alternatives. It then considers two contrasting processes—elite deliberation and plebiscitary mass democracy as approaches to higher law-making that employ deliberation without political equality or political equality without deliberation. It finally turns to (...)
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  25. Review of 'Wilfrid Sellars' (James O'Shea 2007) and 'Wilfrid Sellars' (Willem deVries 2005).Jaroslav Peregrin, James O'shea & James R. O'Shea - 2008 - Erkenntnis 69 (1):131-135.
    A review of deVries' and O'Shea's books, both titled "Wilfrid Sellars". By Jaroslav Peregrin.
     
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  26.  3
    The Letters of William James.William James - 1926 - Little, Brown & Co.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain (...)
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  27. The Correspondence of William James.William James - 1992 - University Press of Virginia.
    v. 1. William and Henry, 1861-1884 -- v. 2. William and Henry, 1885-1896 -- v. 3. William and Henry, 1897-1910 -- v. 4. 1856-1877 -- v. 5. 1878-1884 -- v. 6. 1885-1889 -- v. 7. 1890-1894 -- v. 8. 1895-June 1899 -- v. 9. July 1899-1901 -- v. 10. 1902-March 1905 -- v. 11. April 1905-March 1908 -- v. 12. April 1908-August 1910.
     
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  28.  27
    James Harrington as Aristotelian.James Cotton - 1979 - Political Theory 7 (3):371-389.
  29.  17
    William James and the Ethics of Fullfillment.James Campbell - 1981 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 17 (3):224 - 240.
  30. The Writings of William James: A Comprehensive Edition, Including an Annotated Bibliography Updated Through 1977.William James - 1977 - University of Chicago Press.
    In his introduction to this collection, John representative. McDermott presents James's thinking in all its manifestations, stressing the importance of radical empiricism and placing into perspective the doctrines of pragmatism and the will to believe. The critical periods of James's life are highlighted to illuminate the development of his philosophical and psychological thought. The anthology features representive selections from The Principles of Psychology, The Will to Believe , and The Variety of Religious Experience in addition to the complete (...)
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  31.  24
    Is God Essentially God?: JAMES F. SENNETT.James F. Sennett - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (3):295-303.
    If theism is true, then there exists a being to which we appropriately refer with the term ‘God’. This point is analytic. Any object to which we appropriately refer with the term ‘God’ bears certain properties – e.g. omniscience, omnipotence and moral perfection. While the analyticity of this point may be a matter of debate, I find no problem granting its necessary truth , at least for the purposes of this paper. There are properties essential to the appropriate wearing of (...)
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  32. Climate Change and Causal Inefficacy: Why Go Green When It Makes No Difference?: James Garvey.James Garvey - 2011 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 69:157-174.
    Think of some environmentally unfriendly choices – taking the car instead of public transport or driving an SUV, just binning something recyclable, using lots of plastic bags, buying an enormous television, washing clothes in hot water, replacing something when you could make do with last year's model, heating rooms you don't use or leaving the heating high when you could put on another layer of clothing, flying for holidays, wasting food and water, eating a lot of beef, installing a patio (...)
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  33.  78
    Is It Rational to Maximize?: James Wood Bailey.James Wood Bailey - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (2):195-221.
    Most versions of utilitarianism depend on the plausibility and coherence of some conceptionof maximizing well-being, but these conceptions have been attacked on various grounds. This paper considers two such contentions. First, it addresses the argument that because goods are plural and incommensurable, maximization is incoherent. It is shown that any conception of incommensurability strong enough to show the incoherence of maximization leads to an intolerable paradox. Several misunderstandings of what maximization requires are also addressed. Second, this paper responds to the (...)
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  34.  32
    Aboriginal Property and Western Theory: Recovering a Middle Ground*: James Tully.James Tully - 1994 - Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (2):153-180.
    During the last forty years, the Aboriginal peoples of the Americas, of the British Commonwealth, and of other countries colonized by Europeans over the last five hundred years have demanded that their forms of property and government be recognized in international law and in the constitutional law of their countries. This broad movement of 250 million Aboriginal people has involved court cases, parliamentary politics, constitutional amendments, the United Nations, the International Court of Justice, the development of an international law of (...)
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  35.  24
    The Voluntariness of Virtue – and Belief: James A. Montmarquet.James A. Montmarquet - 2008 - Philosophy 83 (3):373-390.
    This paper examines the relative voluntariness of three types of virtue: ‘epistemic’ virtues like open-mindedness; ‘motivational’ virtues like courage, and more robustly ‘moral’ virtues like justice. A somewhat novel conception of the voluntariness of belief is offered in terms of the limited, but quite real, voluntariness of certain epistemic virtues.
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  36.  82
    The Distinction Between Criterion and Decision Procedure: A Reply to Madison Powers: James Griffin.James Griffin - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (2):177-182.
    Madison Powers raises the difficult problem of repugnant desires. The problem is not only difficult but pervasive, more pervasive even than Powers says. He notes that it affects hedonist, eudaimonist, and desire-fulfilment forms of utilitarianism; but it also affects the form of utilitarianism that uses a list of irreducibly plural values, so long as one of the values on the list is pleasure or happiness, and it can affect non-utilitarian positions as well for the same reason.
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  37. Utility and Humanity: The Quest for the Honestum in Cicero, Hutcheson, and Hume: James Moore.James Moore - 2002 - Utilitas 14 (3):365-386.
    Hume considered An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals incomparably the best of all his writings. In the argument advanced here, I propose that Hume's preference for the Enquiry may be linked to his admiration of Cicero, and his work, De Officiis. Cicero's attempt to discover the honestum of morality in De Officiis had a particular relevance and appeal for philosophers of the early eighteenth century who were seeking to establish what they called the foundation of morality. One of those (...)
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  38.  25
    A Reconsideration of James's Theory of Emotion in the Light of Recent Criticisms.James R. Angell - 1916 - Psychological Review 23 (4):251-261.
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  39. William James's Philosophy: A New Perspective.William James & Marcus Peter Ford - 1982 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 19 (1):111-115.
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  40.  91
    Adam Smith and the Great Mind Fallacy: James R. Otteson.James R. Otteson - 2010 - Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (1):276-304.
    Adam Smith raised a series of obstacles to effective large-scale social planning. In this paper, I draw these Smithian obstacles together to construct what I call the “Great Mind Fallacy,” or the belief that there exists some person or persons who can overcome the obstacles Smith raises. The putative scope of the Great Mind Fallacy is larger than one might initially suppose, which I demonstrate by reviewing several contemporary thinkers who would seem to commit it. I then address two ways (...)
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  41.  46
    Editing Hume's Treatise: James A. Harris.James A. Harris - 2008 - Modern Intellectual History 5 (3):633-641.
    In 1975 the Clarendon Press at Oxford published Peter Nidditch's edition of John Locke's An Essay concerning Human Understanding. In his Introduction Nidditch says that his edition “offers a text that is directly derived, without modernization, from the early published versions; it notes the provenance of all its adopted readings ; and it aims at recording all relevant differences between these versions”. As Nidditch goes on to acknowledge, the “relevant differences” were many, “requiring several thousand registrations both in the case (...)
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  42.  98
    Protecting Rainforest Realism: James Ladyman, Don Ross: Everything Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, Pp. 368 £49.00 HB.P. Kyle Stanford, Paul Humphreys, Katherine Hawley, James Ladyman & Don Ross - 2010 - Metascience 19 (2):161-185.
    Reply in Book Symposium on James Ladyman, Don Ross: 'Everything must go: metaphysics naturalized', Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
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  43.  12
    Can Theodicy Be Avoided? The Claim of Unredeemed Evil: James Wetzel.James Wetzel - 1989 - Religious Studies 25 (1):1-13.
    Theodicy begins with the recognition that the world is not obviously under the care of a loving God with limitless power and wisdom. If it were, why would the world be burdened with its considerable amount and variety of evil? Theodicists are those who attempt to answer this question by suggesting a possible rationale for the appearance of evil in a theocentric universe. In the past theodicists have taken up the cause of theodicy in the service of piety, so that (...)
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  44.  99
    William James: Pragmatism, in Focus.William James & Doris Olin (eds.) - 1992 - Routledge.
    The original 1907 text is accompanied with a series of critical essays from scholars including Moore and Russell. In the introduction Olin evaluates the strength of the criticisms made against James.
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  45.  10
    Pragmatism: A New Name for Some Old Ways of Thinking. William James.James Rowland Angell - 1908 - International Journal of Ethics 18 (2):226-235.
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  46. James's Pragmatism and American Culture, 1907-2007.James T. Kloppenberg - 2009 - In John J. Stuhr (ed.), 100 Years of Pragmatism: William James's Revolutionary Philosophy. Indiana University Press.
     
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  47. William James and Education.James W. Garrison, Ronald Podeschi & Eric Bredo - 2002
     
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  48.  5
    Philosophical Works of James Frederick Ferrier: Philosophical Remains.James Frederick Ferrier - 1875 - Garland.
    v. 1. Institutes of metaphysic.--v. 2. Lectures on Greek philosophy.--v. 3. Philosophical remains.
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  49. James Beattie: Selected Philosophical Writings.James Beattie & James A. Harris (eds.) - 2004 - Imprint Academic.
    James Beattie was appointed professor of moral philosophy and logic at Marischal College, Aberdeen, Scotland at the age of twenty-five. Though more fond of poetry than philosophy, he became part of the Scottish 'Common Sense' school of philosophy that included Thomas Reid and George Campbell. In 1770 Beattie published the work for which he is best known, An Essay on Truth, an abrasive attack on 'modern scepticism' in general, and on David Hume in particular, subsequently and despite Beattie's attack, (...)
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  50. Reading Anna J. Cooper with William James: Black Feminist Visionary Pragmatism, Philosophy's Culture of Justification, and Belief.V. Denise James - 2013 - The Pluralist 8 (3):32-45.
    When William James spoke about belief to the philosophy clubs of Yale and Brown in 1896, he forewarned his audience of the nature of his comments by describing them as a “sermon on justification by faith” (James 13), titling the talk “The Will to Believe.” Although there is disagreement about the substance of James’s remarks, it is fairly innocuous to assert that James thought they were appropriate because of the prevalence of the “logical spirit” of many (...)
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