Results for 'James L. White'

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  1. Knowledge and deductive closure.James L. White - 1991 - Synthese 86 (3):409 - 423.
    The question whether epistemological concepts are closed under deduction is an important one since many skeptical arguments depend on closure. Such skepticism can be avoided if closure is not true of knowledge (or justification). This response to skepticism is rejected by Peter Klein and others. Klein argues that closure is true, and that far from providing the skeptic with a powerful weapon for undermining our knowledge, it provides a tool for attacking the skeptic directly. This paper examines various arguments in (...)
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  2.  40
    Externalist epistemologies, reliability, and the context relativity of knowledge.James L. White - 1989 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 27 (3):459-472.
  3.  6
    Rapid Acquisition of Phonological Alternations by Infants.James L. Morgan Katherine S. White, Sharon Peperkamp, Cecilia Kirk - 2008 - Cognition 107 (1):238.
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  4.  40
    Word-level information influences phonetic learning in adults and infants.Naomi H. Feldman, Emily B. Myers, Katherine S. White, Thomas L. Griffiths & James L. Morgan - 2013 - Cognition 127 (3):427-438.
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  5.  14
    Rapid acquisition of phonological alternations by infants.Katherine S. White, Sharon Peperkamp, Cecilia Kirk & James L. Morgan - 2008 - Cognition 107 (1):238-265.
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  6.  5
    Midterm Maelstrom: Public Health Legal Impacts of Election 2022.James G. Hodge, Leila Barraza, Jennifer L. Piatt & Erica N. White - 2023 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 51 (1):208-212.
    Among the morass of critical issues impacting the results of the midterm elections in 2022 were core public health issues related to health care access, justice, and reforms. Collectively, voters’ communal health and safety concerns dominated outcomes in key races which may shape national, state, and local legal approaches to protecting the public’s health in the modern era.
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  7. Supreme Court Impacts in Public Health Law: 2022-2023.James G. Hodge, Leila Barraza, Jennifer L. Piatt, Erica N. White, Summer Ghaith, Samantha Hollinshead, Lauren Krumholz, Madisyn Puchebner & Emma Smith - 2023 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 51 (3):684-688.
    In another tumultuous term of the United States Supreme Court in 2022-2023 a series of critical cases implicate instant and forthcoming changes in multiple fronts that collectively shift the national public health law and policy environment.
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  8.  12
    The Veterans Affairs National Center for Clinical Ethics.James L. Bernat - 1992 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2 (4):385-388.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:The Veterans Affairs National Center for Clinical EthicsJames L. Bernat (bio)The veterans health administration is the largest health care system in the United States and, indeed, is larger that the health care system of many foreign countries. In February 1991 the Department of Veterans Affairs (V.A.) in Washington, D.C. awarded a contract to the clinical ethics group at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in White River Junction, Vermont (...)
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  9.  6
    Regressive Federalism, Rights Reversals, and the Public’s Health.James G. Hodge, Jennifer L. Piatt, Leila Barraza & Erica N. White - 2022 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 50 (2):375-379.
    As the United States emerges from the worst public health threat it has ever experienced, the Supreme Court is poised to reconsider constitutional principles from bygone eras. Judicial proposals to roll back rights under a federalism infrastructure grounded in states’ interests threaten the nation’s legal fabric at a precarious time. This column explores judicial shifts in 3 key public health contexts — reproductive rights, vaccinations, and national security — and their repercussions.
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  10.  15
    Beyond playing 20 questions with nature: Integrative experiment design in the social and behavioral sciences.Abdullah Almaatouq, Thomas L. Griffiths, Jordan W. Suchow, Mark E. Whiting, James Evans & Duncan J. Watts - 2024 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 47:e33.
    The dominant paradigm of experiments in the social and behavioral sciences views an experiment as a test of a theory, where the theory is assumed to generalize beyond the experiment's specific conditions. According to this view, which Alan Newell once characterized as “playing twenty questions with nature,” theory is advanced one experiment at a time, and the integration of disparate findings is assumed to happen via the scientific publishing process. In this article, we argue that the process of integration is (...)
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  11.  2
    Replies to commentaries on beyond playing 20 questions with nature.Abdullah Almaatouq, Thomas L. Griffiths, Jordan W. Suchow, Mark E. Whiting, James Evans & Duncan J. Watts - 2024 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 47:e65.
    Commentaries on the target article offer diverse perspectives on integrative experiment design. Our responses engage three themes: (1) Disputes of our characterization of the problem, (2) skepticism toward our proposed solution, and (3) endorsement of the solution, with accompanying discussions of its implementation in existing work and its potential for other domains. Collectively, the commentaries enhance our confidence in the promise and viability of integrative experiment design, while highlighting important considerations about how it is used.
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  12.  40
    Becoming a Competent Ethics Consultant: Up to Code?Kathryn L. Weise, Colleen M. Gallagher, James Andrew Hynds, Barbara Lynn Secker & Bruce David White - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (5):56-58.
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  13.  18
    The William James Lectures.Alan R. White, J. L. Austin & J. O. Urmson - 1963 - Analysis 23:58.
  14.  14
    The development of preferences for live models in white peking ducklings.L. James Shapiro & Russell L. Agnew - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (2):140-142.
  15.  5
    Mccoubrey and White's Textbook on Jurisprudence.James Penner & Emmanuel Melissaris - 2012 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press UK. Edited by Nigel D. White, H. McCoubrey, J. E. Penner & Emmanuel Melissaris.
    Fully updated and revised by James Penner and Emmanuel Melissaris, McCoubrey & White's Textbook on Jurisprudence clearly breaks down the complexities of this often daunting yet fascinating subject. Sophisticated ideas are explained concisely and with clarity, ensuring the reader is aware of the subtleties of the subject yet not overwhelmed. With chapters dedicated to both key concepts and leading theorists, this text takes a wide-ranging look at jurisprudence and places central ideas in context. In particular this text centres (...)
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  16.  40
    LeonardHarris and CharlesMolesworth, Alain L. Locke: The Biography of a Philosopher. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008, xv + 432 pp., 21 halftones.BruceKuklick, Black Philosopher, White Academy: The Career of William Fontaine. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008, xiii + 171 pp., 6 halftones. [REVIEW]James Campbell - 2012 - Metaphilosophy 43 (3):348-355.
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  17. Jacques Stiennon, L'écriture. (Typologie des Sources du Moyen Age Occidental, 72.) Turnhout: Brepols, 1995. Paper. Pp. 132 plus 5 color and black-and-white figures. [REVIEW]James W. Halporn - 1998 - Speculum 73 (1):267-267.
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  18. Analyticity.James F. Harris - 1970 - Chicago,: Quadrangle Books. Edited by Richard H. Severens.
    Two dogmas of empiricism, by W. V. Quine.--In defense of a dogma, by H. P. Grice and P. F. Strawson.--The analytic and the synthetic: an untenable dualism, by M. G. White.--Synonymity, by B. Mates.--The meaning of a word, by J. L. Austin.--Meaning and synonymy in natural languages, by R. Carnap.--Analytic-synthetic, by J. Bennett.--On "analytic," by R. M. Martin.--Selected bibliography (p. [188]-196).
     
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  19.  12
    Jérôme Thomas, Corps violents, corps soumis: Le policement des moeurs à la fin du moyen âge. (Histoire, Identités, Représentations.) Paris, Budapest, and Turin: L'Harmattan, 2003. Paper. Pp. 214; black-and-white figures and tables. €18. [REVIEW]James Given - 2006 - Speculum 81 (1):282-283.
  20.  29
    Catalogue of Portraits of Naturalists, Mostly Botanists, in the Collections of the Hunt Institute, the Linnean Society of London, and the Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genéve. Michael T. Stieber, Anita L. Karg, Margot Walker, Gavin D. R. Bridson, Hervé M. Burdet, Marie M. Chautemps, Tina Moruzzi-BayoGuide to the Botanical Records and Papers in the Archives of the Hunt Institute, Part 2. Michael T. Stieber, Anita L. KargCatalogue of the Botanical Art Collection at the Hunt Institute. James J. White, Elizabeth R. Smith. [REVIEW]William A. Deiss - 1988 - Isis 79 (4):687-689.
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  21.  49
    Black bodies, white gazes: The continuing significance of race (review).Melvin L. Rogers - 2010 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (2):192-194.
    In Black Bodies, White Gazes, George Yancy investigates how the experiences of blacks both come into view and are simultaneously distorted by the racialized gaze of whites. In the process of distortion by whites, often unbeknownst to themselves, they are continually implicated in the oppression of blacks that reflexively reinvests "whiteness as the transcendental norm" (xxiii). Precisely because whiteness is tied to socially embedded historical power and privilege that functions on multiple levels of social life, undoing its ill effects, (...)
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  22.  32
    "The Whole Exercise of Reason": Charles Mein's Account of Rationality.James G. Buickerood - 2002 - Journal of the History of Ideas 63 (4):639.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Journal of the History of Ideas 63.4 (2002) 639-658 [Access article in PDF] "The whole exercise of reason":Charles Mein's Account of Rationality James G. Buickerood L'Auteur de cet Ouvrage nous paroit meriter un rang distingué parmi les Auteurs Metaphysiques. Il seroit seulement à souhaiter qu'il eût traité ses matiéres avec un peu plus de Methode. Ce n'est pas qu'il ne soit très-intelligible, & que son Stile même ne (...)
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  23.  3
    Enlightenment Thought: An Anthology of Sources.Margaret L. King - 2019 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    "Margaret L. King has put together a highly representative selection of readings from most of the more significant—but by no means the most obvious—texts by the authors who made up the movement we have come to call the 'Enlightenment.' They range across much of Europe and the Americas, and from the early seventeenth century until the end of the eighteenth. In the originality of the choice of texts, in its range and depth, this collection offers both wide coverage and striking (...)
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  24. Anthony Goodman and James Gillespie, eds., Richard II: The Art of Kingship. Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Pp. xii, 299; black-and-white figures and tables. $70. [REVIEW]Scott L. Waugh - 2001 - Speculum 76 (1):163-164.
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  25.  2
    Une philosophie de la culture: du point de vue pragmatiste.Morton White & G. Kervoas - 2006 - Librairie Philosophique J Vrin.
    Si l'on a pu dire que la philosophie analytique, sous l'influence du positivisme logique, a longtemps accordé un statut privilégié à la logique et aux sciences de la nature - parfois au point d'y réduire tout ce à quoi la philosophie peut légitimement prétendre -, il semble désormais que cette conception trop étroite doive laisser place à une étude globale des différentes institutions de la culture, étude dont Morton White entreprend ici la justification philosophique. A la lumière du holisme (...)
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  26.  12
    Kant and Political Philosophy: The Contemporary Legacy.Ronald Beiner & William James Booth (eds.) - 1993 - New Haven: Yale University Press.
    In recent years there has been a major revival of interest in the political philosophy of Immanuel Kant. Thinkers have looked to Kant's theories about knowledge, history, the moral self and autonomy, and nature and aesthetics to seek the foundations of their own political philosophy. This volume, written by established authorities on Kant as well as by new scholars in the field, illuminates the ways in which contemporary thinkers differ regarding Kantian philosophy and Kant's legacy to political and ethical theory. (...)
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  27.  7
    Nietzsche's Zarathustra: Notes of the Seminar Given in 1934-1939 by C.G. Jung.James L. Jarrett (ed.) - 1988 - Routledge.
    As a young man growing up near Basel, Jung was fascinated and disturbed by tales of Nietzsche's brilliance, eccentricity, and eventual decline into permanent psychosis. These volumes, the transcript of a previously unpublished private seminar, reveal the fruits of his initial curiosity: Nietzsche's works, which he read as a student at the University of Basel, had moved him profoundly and had a life-long influence on his thought. During the sessions the mature Jung spoke informally to members of his inner circle (...)
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  28.  1
    Nietzsche's Zarathustra: Notes of the Seminar Given in 1934-1939 by C.G. Jung.James L. Jarrett (ed.) - 1988 - Routledge.
    First published in 1989. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  29.  51
    An interactive activation model of context effects in letter perception: I. An account of basic findings.James L. McClelland & David E. Rumelhart - 1981 - Psychological Review 88 (5):375-407.
  30.  22
    James Hogg, Alain Girard, and Daniel Le Blévec, eds., Les chartreuses de la “Provincia Burgundiae,” aujourd'hui dans le département de l'Ain et l'Ordre des Chartreux. 2 vols. Salzburg: Institut für Anglistik und Amerikanistik, Universität Salzburg, 2011. Paper. 1: pp. 1–270; many color and black-and-white figures, tables, graphs, plans, and maps. 2: pp. ii, 271–710; many color and black-and-white figures. €88. ISBN: 1: 978390264964805. 2: 978390264964812. [REVIEW]Coralie Zermatten - 2014 - Speculum 89 (1):207-208.
  31.  34
    James G. Clark, Frank T. Coulson, and Kathryn L. McKinley, eds., Ovid in the Middle Ages. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Pp. xii, 372; 21 black-and-white figures. $113. ISBN: 978-1-107-00205-0. [REVIEW]Suzanne Conklin Akbari - 2014 - Speculum 89 (3):758-760.
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  32. Expressivism and Cognitive Propositions.James L. D. Brown - 2019 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 5 (3):371-387.
    Expressivists about normative thought and discourse traditionally deny that there are nondeflationary normative propositions. However, it has recently been suggested that expressivists might avoid a number of problems by providing a theory of normative propositions compatible with expressivism. This paper explores the prospects for developing an expressivist theory of propositions within the framework of cognitive act theories of propositions. First, I argue that the only extant expressivist theory of cognitive propositions—Michael Ridge's ‘ecumenical expressivist’ theory—fails to explain identity conditions for normative (...)
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  33. On Scepticism About Ought Simpliciter.James L. D. Brown - 2023 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy.
    Scepticism about ought simpliciter is the view that there is no such thing as what one ought simpliciter to do. Instead, practical deliberation is governed by a plurality of normative standpoints, each authoritative from their own perspective but none authoritative simpliciter. This paper aims to resist such scepticism. After setting out the challenge in general terms, I argue that scepticism can be resisted by rejecting a key assumption in the sceptic’s argument. This is the assumption that standpoint-relative ought judgments bring (...)
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  34.  20
    Why there are complementary learning systems in the hippocampus and neocortex: Insights from the successes and failures of connectionist models of learning and memory.James L. McClelland, Bruce L. McNaughton & Randall C. O'Reilly - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (3):419-457.
  35. Additive Value and the Shape of a Life.James L. D. Brown - 2019 - Ethics 130 (1):92-101.
    The shape of a life hypothesis holds that the temporal sequence of good or bad times in a life can itself be a valuable feature of that life. This is generally thought to be incompatible with additivism about lifetime well-being, which holds that lifetime well-being is fully determined by momentary well-being. This discussion examines Dale Dorsey’s recent argument that these views are in fact compatible. I argue that accepting the conjunction of these views requires stronger commitments than Dorsey recognizes. After (...)
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  36.  41
    Distributed memory and the representation of general and specific information.James L. McClelland & David E. Rumelhart - 1985 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 114 (2):159-188.
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  37.  8
    On the time relations of mental processes: An examination of systems of processes in cascade.James L. McClelland - 1979 - Psychological Review 86 (4):287-330.
  38.  57
    A Defense of the Whole‐Brain Concept of Death.James L. Bernat - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (2):14-23.
    The concept of whole‐brain death is under attack again. Scholars are arguing that the concept of brain death per se—regardless of the focus on “higher,” “stem” or “whole”—is fundamentally flawed. These scholars have identified what they believe are serious discrepancies between the definition and criterion of brain death, and have pointed out that medical professionals and lay persons remain confused about its meaning. Yet whole‐brain death remains the standard for determining death in much of the Western world and its defenders (...)
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  39. Interpretative expressivism: A theory of normative belief.James L. D. Brown - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 179 (1):1-20.
    Metaethical expressivism is typically characterised as the view that normative statements express desire-like attitudes instead of beliefs. However, in this paper I argue that expressivists should claim that normative statements express beliefs in normative propositions, and not merely in some deflationary sense but in a theoretically robust sense explicated by a theory of propositional attitudes. I first argue that this can be achieved by combining an interpretationist understanding of belief with a nonfactualist view of normative belief content. This results in (...)
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  40.  28
    Timing volition: Questions of what and when about W.James L. Ringo - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):550-551.
  41.  74
    Letting structure emerge: connectionist and dynamical systems approaches to cognition.James L. McClelland, Matthew M. Botvinick, David C. Noelle, David C. Plaut, Timothy T. Rogers, Mark S. Seidenberg & Linda B. Smith - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (8):348-356.
  42.  10
    The evolution of magnanimity.James L. Boone - 1998 - Human Nature 9 (1):1-21.
    Conspicuous consumption associated with status reinforcement behavior can be explained in terms of costly signaling, or strategic handicap theory, first articulated by Zahavi and later formalized by Grafen. A theory is introduced which suggests that the evolutionary raison d’être of status reinforcement behavior lies not only in its effects on lifetime reproductive success, but in its positive effects on the probability of survival through infrequent, unpredictable demographic bottlenecks. Under some circumstances, such “wasteful” displays may take the form of displays of (...)
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  43.  75
    The Educational Writings of John Locke.James L. Axtell & John Locke - 1969 - British Journal of Educational Studies 17 (1):97-98.
  44.  18
    The Whole-Brain Concept of Death Remains Optimum Public Policy.James L. Bernat - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (1):35-43.
    The definition of death is one of the oldest and most enduring problems in biophilosophy and bioethics. Serious controversies over formally defining death began with the invention of the positive-pressure mechanical ventilator in the 1950s. For the first time, physicians could maintain ventilation and, hence, circulation on patients who had sustained what had been previously lethal brain damage. Prior to the development of mechanical ventilators, brain injuries severe enough to induce apnea quickly progressed to cardiac arrest from hypoxemia. Before the (...)
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  45.  72
    How the Distinction between "Irreversible" and "Permanent" Illuminates Circulatory-Respiratory Death Determination.James L. Bernat - 2010 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):242-255.
    The distinction between the "permanent" (will not reverse) and "irreversible" (cannot reverse) cessation of functions is critical to understand the meaning of a determination of death using circulatory–respiratory tests. Physicians determining death test only for the permanent cessation of circulation and respiration because they know that irreversible cessation follows rapidly and inevitably once circulation no longer will restore itself spontaneously and will not be restored medically. Although most statutes of death stipulate irreversible cessation of circulatory and respiratory functions, the accepted (...)
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  46. A Plea for Prudence.James L. D. Brown - 2023 - Analysis 83 (2):394-404.
    Critical notice of Guy Fletcher's 'Dear Prudence: The Nature and Normativity of Prudential Discourse' and Dale Dorsey's 'A Theory of Prudence'.
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  47.  46
    Letting Structure Emerge: Connectionist and Dynamical Systems Approaches to Cognition.Linda B. Smith James L. McClelland, Matthew M. Botvinick, David C. Noelle, David C. Plaut, Timothy T. Rogers, Mark S. Seidenberg - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (8):348.
  48.  3
    Una aproximación conexionista a los procesos mentales. Entrevista con James L. McClelland.Belén Pascual & James L. McClelland - 2005 - Anuario Filosófico 38 (3):841-855.
    In this interview, James L. McClelland responds to questions regarding connectionist models of cognition, a theory inspired by information processing in the brain. McClelland explains the distinction between symbolic and non-symbolic processing for a better understanding of mental processes. He argues that connectionist models can perform the computations which we know the brain can perform. In addition, he responds to several general questions on the perspectives of computational models of cognition.
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  49.  26
    On Noncongruence between the Concept and Determination of Death.James L. Bernat - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (6):25-33.
    A combination of emerging life support technologies and entrenched organ donation practices are complicating the physician's task of determining death. On the one hand, technologies that support or replace ventilation and circulation may render the diagnosis of death ambiguous. On the other, transplantation of vital organs requires timely and accurate declaration of death of the donor to keep the organs as healthy as possible. These two factors have led to disagreements among physicians and scholars on the precise moment of death. (...)
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  50.  11
    Aligning the Criterion and Tests for Brain Death.James L. Bernat & Anne L. Dalle Ave - 2019 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 28 (4):635-641.
    Abstract:Disturbing cases continue to be published of patients declared brain dead who later were found to have a few intact brain functions. We address the reasons for the mismatch between the whole-brain criterion and brain death tests, and suggest solutions. Many of the cases result from diagnostic errors in brain death determination. Others probably result from a tiny amount of residual blood flow to the brain despite intracranial circulatory arrest. Strategies to lessen the mismatch include improving brain death determination training (...)
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