Results for 'James Lawrence Dreier'

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Profile: James Dreier (Brown University)
  1. Moral Relativism and Political Justice.James Lawrence Dreier - 1989 - Dissertation, Princeton University
    My dissertation aims to spell out the implications of moral relativism for political justice. The first part develops and defends a kind of moral relativism I call "Speaker Relativism". According to this view, moral expressions are indexicals; their content depends on the moral system of the speaker. I defend Speaker Relativism from some prominent objections, and provide an argument in favor of the view. ;The second part investigates the question of how, given relativism, citizens might establish public and mutually acceptable (...)
     
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    David J. Blacker, Dying to Teach: The Educator's Search for Immortality. New York: Teachers College Press, 1997, 133 Pp.(Indexed). ISBN 0-8077-3592-2, $39.00 (Hb). James Bohman and Matthias Lutz-Bachmann, Perpetual Peace. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 1997, 258 Pp.(Indexed). ISBN 0-262-52235-7. [REVIEW]Samantha Brennan, Tracy Isaacs, Michael Milde, Derek R. Brookes, Laurie Calhoun & Kans Lawrence - 1999 - Journal of Value Inquiry 33:135-139.
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  3. The Political Philosophy of Needs, by Lawrence Hamilton.David James - 2009 - Theoria 118:109.
     
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  4. Shirley Roberts. Sir James Paget: The Rise of Clinical Surgery. London: Royal Society of Medicine Services Limited, 1989. Pp. Xii + 223. ISBN 0-905958-91-8. £12.95.Selwyn Taylor. Robert Graves: The Golden Years of Irish Medicine. London: Royal Society of Medicine Services Limited, 1989. Pp. X + 160. ISBN 0-905958-98-5. £12.95. [REVIEW]Christopher Lawrence - 1991 - British Journal for the History of Science 24 (2):269.
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    Decision Theory and Morality.James Dreier - 2004 - In Piers Rawling & Al Mele (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Rationality. Oxford University Press. pp. 156--181.
    Dreier shows how the formal apparatus of decision theory is connected to some abstract issues in moral theory. He begins by explaining how to think about utility and the advice that decision theory gives us, in particular, decision theory does not assume or insist that all rational agents act in their own self-interest. Next he examines decision theory’s contributions to social contract theory, with emphasis on David Gauthier’s rationalist contractualism. Dreier’s third section considers a reinterpretation of the formal (...)
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  6.  47
    A Pluralistic Universe: Hibbert Lectures at Manchester College on the Present Situation in Philosophy, by William James; A New Philosophical Reading.William James (ed.) - 2008 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    This new edition of William James’s 1909 classic, A Pluralistic Universe reproduces the original text, only modernizing the spelling. The books has been annotated throughout to clarify James’s points of reference and discussion. There is a new, fuller index, a brief chronology of James’s life, and a new bibliography—chiefly based on James’s own references. The editor, H.G. Callaway, has included a new Introduction which elucidates the legacy of Jamesian pluralism to survey some related questions of contemporary (...)
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    The Vision of James.William James - 1996 - Element.
    William James had the courage to experience the collision of European and American ways of thinking head on, and to emerge from it with a new philosophy - one displaying a remarkable vitality for dealing with the transformative issues at the core of the human condition. This easy to read introduction to his life and work explains why James' work is overwhelmingly valuable to us today in getting to grips with the spiritual dimension of human experience.
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  8. Meta‐Ethics and the Problem of Creeping Minimalism.James Dreier - 2004 - Philosophical Perspectives 18 (1):23–44.
    This is a paper about the problem of realism in meta-ethics (and, I hope, also in other areas, but that hope is so far pretty speculative). But it is not about the problem of whether realism is true. It is about the problem of what realism is. More specifically, it is about the question of what divides meta-ethical realists from irrealists. I start with a potted history of the Good Old Days.
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  9. Internalism and Speaker Relativism.James Dreier - 1990 - Ethics 101 (1):6-26.
    In this article I set out a reason for believing in a form of metaethical relativism. In rough terms, the reason is this: a widely held thesis, internalism, tells us that to accept (sincerely assert, believe, etc.) a moral judgment logically requires having a motivating reason. Since the connection is logical, or conceptual, it must be explained by a theory of what it is to accept a moral claim. I argue that the internalist feature of moral expressions can best be (...)
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  10. Relativism (and Expressivism) and the Problem of Disagreement.James Dreier - 2009 - Philosophical Perspectives 23 (1):79-110.
    Many philosophers, in different areas, are tempted by what variously goes under the name of Contextualism, Speaker Relativism, Indexical Relativism. (I’ll just use Indexical Relativism in this paper.) Thinking of certain problematic expressions as deriving their content from elements of the context of use solves some problems. But it faces some problems of its own, and in this paper I’m interested in one in particular, namely, the problem of disagreement. Two alternative theories, tempting for just the same kinds of expressions (...)
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  11.  19
    The Writings of William James.William James - 1967 - New York: Modern Library.
  12. Practical Conditionals.James Dreier - 2009 - In David Sobel & Steven Wall (eds.), Reasons for Action. Cambridge University Press. pp. 116--133.
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  13. Dispositions and Fetishes: Externalist Models of Moral Motivation.James Dreier - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61 (3):619-638.
    Internalism says that if an agent judges that it is right for her to φ, then she is motivated to φ. The disagreement between Internalists and Externalists runs deep, and it lingers even in the face of clever intuition pumps. An argument in Michael Smith’s The Moral Problem seeks some leverage against Externalism from a point within normative theory. Smith argues by dilemma: Externalists either fail to explain why motivation tracks moral judgment in a good moral agent or they attribute (...)
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  14. Transforming Expressivism.James Dreier - 1999 - Noûs 33 (4):558-572.
    In chapter five of Wise Choices, Apt Feelings Allan Gibbard develops what he calls a ‘normative logic’ intended to solve some problems that face an expressivist theory of norms like his. The first is “the problem of embedding: The analysis applies to simple contexts, in which it is simply asserted or denied that such-and-such is rational. It says nothing about more complex normative assertions.”1 That is the problem with which I will be concerned. Though he doesn’t list it as one (...)
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  15. Expressivist Embeddings and Minimalist Truth.James Dreier - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 83 (1):29-51.
    This paper is about Truth Minimalism, Norm Expressivism, and the relation between them. In particular, it is about whether Truth Minimalism can help to solve a problem thought to plague Norm Expressivism. To start with, let me explain what I mean by 'Truth Minimalism' and 'Norm Expressivism.'.
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  16. Another World.James Dreier - 2015 - In Robert Johnson & Michael Smith (eds.), Passions and Projections Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn. Oxford University Press. pp. 155-171.
    The metaethics and metametaethics of Scanlon's "Reasons Fundamentalism".
     
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  17.  62
    Finding Our Way Through Phenotypes.Andrew R. Deans, Suzanna E. Lewis, Eva Huala, Salvatore S. Anzaldo, Michael Ashburner, James P. Balhoff, David C. Blackburn, Judith A. Blake, J. Gordon Burleigh, Bruno Chanet, Laurel D. Cooper, Mélanie Courtot, Sándor Csösz, Hong Cui, Wasila Dahdul, Sandip Das, T. Alexander Dececchi, Agnes Dettai, Rui Diogo, Robert E. Druzinsky, Michel Dumontier, Nico M. Franz, Frank Friedrich, George V. Gkoutos, Melissa Haendel, Luke J. Harmon, Terry F. Hayamizu, Yongqun He, Heather M. Hines, Nizar Ibrahim, Laura M. Jackson, Pankaj Jaiswal, Christina James-Zorn, Sebastian Köhler, Guillaume Lecointre, Hilmar Lapp, Carolyn J. Lawrence, Nicolas Le Novère, John G. Lundberg, James Macklin, Austin R. Mast, Peter E. Midford, István Mikó, Christopher J. Mungall, Anika Oellrich, David Osumi-Sutherland, Helen Parkinson, Martín J. Ramírez, Peter N. Robinson, Alan Ruttenberg & Barry Smith - 2015 - PLoS Biol 13 (1):e1002033.
    Despite a large and multifaceted effort to understand the vast landscape of phenotypic data, their current form inhibits productive data analysis. The lack of a community-wide, consensus-based, human- and machine-interpretable language for describing phenotypes and their genomic and environmental contexts is perhaps the most pressing scientific bottleneck to integration across many key fields in biology, including genomics, systems biology, development, medicine, evolution, ecology, and systematics. Here we survey the current phenomics landscape, including data resources and handling, and the progress that (...)
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    Negation for Expressivists: A Collection of Problems with a Suggestion for Their Solution.James Dreier - 2006 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics 1:217-233.
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  19. Humean Doubts About the Practical Justification of Morality.James Dreier - 1997 - In Garrett Cullity & Gaut Berys (eds.), Ethics and Practical Reason. Oxford Clarendon Press. pp. 81--100.
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  20. Structures of Normative Theories.James Dreier - 1993 - The Monist 76 (1):22-40.
    Normative theorists like to divide normative theories into classes. One special point of focus has been to place utilitarianism into a larger class of theories which do not necessarily share its view about what is alone of impersonal intrinsic value, namely, individual human well-being, but do share another structural feature, roughly its demand that each person seek to maximize the realization of what is of impersonal intrinsic value. The larger class is distinguished from its complement in two apparently different ways. (...)
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  21. The Supervenience Argument Against Moral Realism.James Dreier - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):13-38.
    In 1971, Simon Blackburn worked out an argument against moral realism appealing to the supervenience of the moral realm on the natural realm.1 He has since revised the argument, in part to take account of objections,2 but the basic structure remains intact. While commentators3 seem to agree that the argument is not successful, they have not agreed upon what goes wrong. I believe this is because no attempt has been made to see what happens when Blackburn's argument is addressed to (...)
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  22. Metaethics and Normative Commitment.James Dreier - 2002 - Philosophical Issues 12 (s1):241-263.
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  23.  77
    Rational Preference: Decision Theory as a Theory of Practical Rationality.James Dreier - 1996 - Theory and Decision 40 (3):249-276.
    In general, the technical apparatus of decision theory is well developed. It has loads of theorems, and they can be proved from axioms. Many of the theorems are interesting, and useful both from a philosophical and a practical perspective. But decision theory does not have a well agreed upon interpretation. Its technical terms, in particular, ‘utility’ and ‘preference’ do not have a single clear and uncontroversial meaning. How to interpret these terms depends, of course, on what purposes in pursuit of (...)
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  24. Why Ethical Satisficing Makes Sense and Rational Satisficing Doesn't.James Dreier - 2004 - In Michael Byron (ed.), Satisficing and Maximizing. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  25. Humean Doubts About Categorical Imperatives.James Dreier - 2001 - In Elijah Millgram (ed.), Varieties of Practical Reasoning. MIT Press. pp. 27--48.
  26. In Defense of Consequentializing.James Dreier - 2011 - In Mark Timmons (ed.), Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1. Oxford University Press.
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  27.  79
    The Expressivist Circle: Invoking Norms in the Explanation of Normative Judgment. [REVIEW]James Dreier - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (1):136–143.
  28.  33
    Accepting Agent Centred Norms: A Problem for Non-Cognitivists and a Suggestion for Solving It.James Dreier - 1996 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (3):409–422.
    Non-cognitivists claim to be able to represent normative judgment, and especially moral judgment, as an expression of a non-cognitive attitude. There is some reason to worry whether their treatment can incorporate agent centred theories, including much of common sense morality. In this paper I investigate the prospects for a non-cognitivist explanation of what is going on when we subscribe to agent centred theories or norms. The first section frames the issue by focusing on a particularly simple and clear agent centred (...)
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  29.  46
    Troubling Developments in Metaethics. [REVIEW]James Dreier - 2002 - Noûs 36 (1):152 - 168.
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  30. Book Review: The Moral Problem by Michael Smith. [REVIEW]James Dreier - 1996 - Mind 105 (418):363-367.
  31. Boundless Good.James Dreier - forthcoming - Ms.
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  32. Can Reasons Fundamentalism Answer the Normative Question?James Dreier - 2015 - In Gunnar Björnsson, Caj Strandberg, Ragnar Francén Olinder, John Eriksson & Fredrik Björklund (eds.), Motivational Internalism. Oxford University Press.
  33. The Letters of William James.William James - 1926 - Little, Brown & Co.
     
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  34.  2
    Dispositions and Fetishes: Externalist Models of Moral Motivation.James Dreier - 2000 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 61 (3):619-638.
    Internalism says that if an agent judges that it is right for her to φ, then she is motivated to φ. The disagreement between Internalists and Externalists runs deep, and it lingers even in the face of clever intuition pumps. An argument in Michael Smith's The Moral Problem seeks some leverage against Externalism from a point within normative theory. Smith argues by dilemma: Externalists either fail to explain why motivation tracks moral judgment in a good moral agent or they attribute (...)
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  35.  60
    William James: The Notion of Consciousness --Communication Made (in French) at the 5th International Congress of Psychology, Rome, 30 April (a New Translation by Jonathan Bricklin). [REVIEW]Jonathan Bricklin & W. James - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (7):55-64.
    I should like to convey to you some doubts which have occurred to me on the subject of the notion of consciousness that prevails in all our treatises on psychology.
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    Critical Study: Timmons, Mark; Morality Without Foundations: A Defense of Moral Contextualism. [REVIEW]James Dreier - 2002 - Noûs 36 (1):152–168.
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  37. When Do Goals Advance the Norms That Explain Them?James Dreier - 2010 - In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 5. Oxford University Press.
     
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  38.  7
    Meta-Ethics and Normative Commitment.James Dreier - 2002 - Philosophical Issues 12 (1):241-263.
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    Reviews. [REVIEW]Kurt Marko, K. M. Jensen, M. C. Chapman, Michael M. Boll, Mitchell Aboulafia, Charles E. Ziegler, Trudy Conway, Thomas A. Shipka, Fred Lawrence, James G. Colbert, John W. Murphy, Robert B. Louden & Maureen Henry - 1983 - Studies in East European Thought 25 (2):267-271.
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  40. 1. Wedgwood's Argument.James Dreier - 2010 - In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 5--153.
     
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  41.  1
    Dispositions and Fetishes: Externalist Models of Moral Motivation.James Dreier - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61 (3):619-638.
    Internalism says that if an agent judges that it is right for her to φ, then she is motivated to φ. The disagreement between Internalists and Externalists runs deep, and it lingers even in the face of clever intuition pumps. An argument in Michael Smith’s The Moral Problem seeks some leverage against Externalism from a point within normative theory. Smith argues by dilemma: Externalists either fail to explain why motivation tracks moral judgment in a good moral agent or they attribute (...)
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  42.  1
    The Supervenience Argument Against Moral Realism.James Dreier - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):13-38.
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    A Method of Controlling Stimulation for the Study of Space Perception: The Optical Tunnel.James J. Gibson, Jean Purdy & Lois Lawrence - 1955 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (1):1.
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    Perspectives on the Normativity of Ethics. [REVIEW]James Dreier - 1994 - Noûs 28 (4):514 - 525.
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    The Authority of Reason, Jean Hampton. Cambridge University Press, 1998, Vi + 310 Pages. [REVIEW]James Dreier - 1999 - Economics and Philosophy 15 (2):311.
  46.  3
    Meta-Ethics and Normative Commitment.James Dreier - 2002 - Noûs 36 (s1):241-263.
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    Skepticism in Ethics, by Panayot Butchvarov.James Dreier - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (4):934-938.
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    Book Review: Value and Justification: The Foundations of Liberal Theory by Gerald F. Gaus. [REVIEW]James Dreier - 1991 - Ethics 102 (1):164-.
  49.  2
    No Title Available: Reviews.James Dreier - 1999 - Economics and Philosophy 15 (2):311-318.
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  50. Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory.James Dreier (ed.) - 2008 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory _features pairs of newly commissioned essays by some of the leading theorists working in the field today. Brings together fresh debates on the most controversial issues in moral theory Questions include: Are moral requirements derived from reason? How demanding is morality? Are virtues the proper starting point for moral theorizing? Lively debate format sharply defines the issues, and paves the way for further discussion. Will serve as an accessible introduction to the major topics in contemporary (...)
     
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