98 found
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  1. Moral Psychology: Feminist Ethics and Social Theory.Sandra Lee Bartky, Paul Benson, Sue Campbell, Claudia Card, Robin S. Dillon, Jean Harvey, Karen Jones, Charles W. Mills, James Lindemann Nelson, Margaret Urban Walker, Rebecca Whisnant & Catherine Wilson (eds.) - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Moral psychology studies the features of cognition, judgement, perception and emotion that make human beings capable of moral action. Perspectives from feminist and race theory immensely enrich moral psychology. Writers who take these perspectives ask questions about mind, feeling, and action in contexts of social difference and unequal power and opportunity. These essays by a distinguished international cast of philosophers explore moral psychology as it connects to social life, scientific studies, and literature.
     
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  2.  1
    The Patient in the Family an Ethics of Medicine and Families.Hilde Lindemann Nelson & James Lindemann Nelson - 1995 - Routledge.
    The Patient in the Family diagnoses the ways in which the worlds of home and hospital misunderstand each other. The authors explore how medicine, through its new reproductive technologies, is altering the structure of families, how families can participate more fully in medical decision-making, and how to understand the impact on families when medical advances extend life but not vitality.
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  3.  10
    Moral Teachings From Unexpected Quarters: Lessons for Bioethics From the Social Sciences and Managed Care.James Lindemann Nelson - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (1):12-17.
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  4.  20
    Taking Families Seriously.James Lindemann Nelson - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (4):6-12.
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  5.  15
    The Surrogate's Authority.Hilde Lindemann & James Lindemann Nelson - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (2):161-168.
    The authority of surrogates—often close family members—to make treatment decisions for previously capacitated patients is said to come from their knowledge of the patient, which they are to draw on as they exercise substituted judgment on the patient’s behalf. However, proxy accuracy studies call this authority into question, hence the Patient Preference Predictor (PPP). We identify two problems with contemporary understandings of the surrogate’s role. The first is with the assumption that knowledge of the patient entails knowledge of what the (...)
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  6.  86
    Prenatal Diagnosis, Personal Identity, and Disability.James Lindemann Nelson - 2000 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (3):213-228.
    : A fascinating criticism of abortion occasioned by prenatal diagnosis of potentially disabling traits is that the complex of test-and-abortion sends a morally disparaging message to people living with disabilities. I have argued that available versions of this "expressivist" argument are inadequate on two grounds. The most fundamental is that, considered as a practice, abortions prompted by prenatal testing are not semantically well-behaved enough to send any particular message; they do not function as signs in a rule-governed symbol system. Further, (...)
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  7.  29
    Parental Obligations and the Ethics of Surrogacy: A Causal Perspective.James Lindemann Nelson - 1991 - Public Affairs Quarterly 5 (1):49-61.
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  8.  47
    The Meaning of the Act: Reflections on the Expressive Force of Reproductive Decision Making and Policies.James Lindemann Nelson - 1998 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (2):165-182.
    : Prenatal and preconceptual testing and screening programs provide information on the basis of which people can choose to avoid the birth of children likely to face disabilities. Some disabilities advocates have objected to such programs and to the decisions made within them, on the grounds that measures taken to avoid the birth of children with disabilities have an "expressive force" that conveys messages disrespectful to people with disabilities. Assessing such a claim requires careful attention to general considerations relating meaning, (...)
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  9.  26
    Hurts, Insults and Stigmas: A Comment on Murphy.James Lindemann Nelson - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (2):66-67.
    Both of the main points in Professor Murphy's paper seem to me clearly and effectively argued.1 It is incontrovertible that some people find hurtful the use of medical technologies to avoid the birth of children who, in the present order of things, would be disabled. No result from the philosophy of language, or anywhere else for that matter, can plausibly show otherwise. Indeed, even to speak of ‘legitimately interpreting’ events that cause one pain as ‘hurtful’, as Murphy does, seems a (...)
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  10.  19
    Harming the Dead and Saving the Living.James Lindemann Nelson - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (1):13 – 15.
  11.  36
    Synecdoche and Stigma.James Lindemann Nelson - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (4):475.
    In the portion of their reply directed to me, Professor Asch and Dr. Wasserman helpfully develop the synecdoche argument by highlighting its connections to stigma. I understand them to distinguish the situation of a woman making a decision concerning her pregnancy informed by prenatal testing from a woman making a similar decision informed by considerations of, for example, poverty, like so: In testing contexts, it will characteristically be the case that the woman's decision will be distorted by the stigma associated (...)
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  12.  6
    Bioethics Education Expanding the Circle of Participants.Barbara C. Thornton, Daniel Callahan & James Lindemann Nelson - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (1):25.
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  13.  56
    Donation by Default? Examining Feminist Reservations About Opt-Out Organ Procurement.James Lindemann Nelson - 2010 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3 (1):23-42.
    There is reason to believe that procuring organs from recently dead people who did not explicitly refuse to provide them—here referred to as “opt-out” arrangements—would ease growing shortages, thus extending the lives of many who otherwise would die soon. There is also a simple, apparently powerful argument—the “easy rescue requirement”—for believing that many people have strong moral reason to provide such life-extending support to others, thus bolstering the case for implementing opt-out systems. Here I consider two broad types of feminist (...)
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  14.  49
    The Romance of the Family.Lindemann Hilde & Nelson James Lindemann - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (4):19-21.
    We should not always expect parents to put their children first.
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  15.  39
    Dealing Death and Retrieving Organs.James Lindemann Nelson - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (3):285-291.
    It has recently been argued by Miller and Truog (2008) that, while procuring vital organs from transplant donors is typically the cause of their deaths, this violation of the requirement that donors be dead prior to the removal of their organs is not a cause for moral concern. In general terms, I endorse this heterodox conclusion, but for different and, as I think, more powerful reasons. I end by arguing that, even if it is agreed that retrieval of vital organs (...)
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  16.  10
    Bioethics Education.Barbara C. Thornton, Daniel Callahan & James Lindemann Nelson - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (1):25-29.
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  17.  21
    Trust and Transplants.James Lindemann Nelson - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (4):26 – 28.
  18.  18
    Hypotheticals, Analogies, Death's Harms, and Organ Procurement.James Lindemann Nelson - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):14-16.
  19.  32
    The Baroness's Committee and the President's Council: Ambition and Alienation in Public Bioethics.James Lindemann Nelson - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (3):251-267.
    : The President's Council on Bioethics has tried to make a distinctive contribution to the methodology of such public bodies in developing what it has styled a "richer bioethics." The Council's procedure contrasts with more modest methods of public bioethical deliberation employed by the United Kingdom's Warnock Committee. The practices of both bodies are held up against a backdrop of concerns about moral and political alienation, prompted by the limitations of moral reasoning and by moral dissent from state policy under (...)
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  20.  57
    Cutting Motherhood in Two: Some Suspicions Concerning Surrogacy.Hilde Lindemann Nelson & James Lindemann Nelson - 1989 - Hypatia 4 (3):85-94.
    Surrogate motherhood-at least if carefully structured to protect the interests of the women involved-seems defensible along standard liberal lines which place great stress on free agreements as moral bedrocks. But feminist theories have tended to be suspicious about the importance assigned to this notion by mainstream ethics, and in this paper, we develop implications of those suspicions for surrogacy. We argue that the practice is inconsistent with duties parents owe to children and that it compromises the freedom of surrogates to (...)
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  21.  32
    Measured Fairness, Situated Justice: Feminist Reflections on Health Care Rationing.James Lindemann Nelson - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (1):53-68.
    : Bioethical discussion of justice in health care has been much enlivened in recent years by new developments in the theory of rationing and by the emergence of a strong communitarian voice. Unfortunately, these developments have not enjoyed much in the way of close engagement with feminist-inspired reflections on power, privilege, and justice. I hope here to promote interchange between "mainstream" treatments of justice in health care and feminist thought.
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  22.  39
    Odd Complaints and Doubtful Conditions: Norms of Hypochondria in Jane Austen and Catherine Belling.James Lindemann Nelson - 2014 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (2):193-200.
    In her final fragmentary novel Sanditon, Jane Austen develops a theme that pervades her work from her juvenilia onward: illness, and in particular, illness imagined, invented, or self-inflicted. While the “invention of odd complaints” is characteristically a token of folly or weakness throughout her writing, in this last work imagined illness is also both a symbol and a cause of how selves and societies degenerate. In the shifting world of Sanditon, hypochondria is the lubricant for a society bent on turning (...)
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  23.  28
    Alzheimer's Disease and Socially Extended Mentation.James Lindemann Nelson - 2009 - Metaphilosophy 40 (3-4):462-474.
  24.  50
    Quality of Care: A Preface. [REVIEW]James Lindemann Nelson - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (4):237-242.
  25.  28
    Still Quiet After All These Years: Revisiting “The Silence of the Bioethicists”.James Lindemann Nelson - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (3):249-259.
    Some 14 years ago, I published an article in which I identified a prime site for bioethicists to ply their trade: medical responses to requests for hormonal and surgical interventions aimed at facilitating transgendered people’s transition to their desired genders. Deep issues about the impact of biotechnologies and health care practices on central aspects of our conceptual system, I argued, were raised by how doctors understood and responded to people seeking medical assistance in changing their gender, and there were obviously (...)
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  26.  48
    Internal Organs, Integral Selves, and Good Communities: Opt-Out Organ Procurement Policies and the 'Separateness of Persons'.James Lindemann Nelson - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (5):289-300.
    Most people accept that if they can save someone from death at very little cost to themselves, they must do so; call this the ‘duty of easy rescue.’ At least for many such people, an instance of this duty is to allow their vital organs to be used for transplantation. Accordingly, ‘opt-out’ organ procurement policies, based on a powerfully motivated responsibility to render costless or very low-cost lifesaving aid, would seem presumptively permissible. Counterarguments abound. Here I consider, in particular, objections (...)
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  27.  6
    Preferences and Other Moral Sources.Hilde Lindemann Nelson & James Lindemann Nelson - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (6):19-21.
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  28.  9
    Respecting Boundaries, Disparaging Values.James Lindemann Nelson - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (12):33 – 34.
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  29.  29
    A Comment on Fry's "The Role of Caring in a Theory of Nursing Ethics".Jeannine Ross Boyer & James Lindemann Nelson - 1990 - Hypatia 5 (3):153-158.
    Our response to Sara Fry's paper focuses on the difficulty of understanding her insistence on the fundamental character of caring in a theory of nursing ethics. We discuss a number of problems her text throws in the way of making sense of this idea, and outline our own proposal for how caring's role may be reasonably understood: not as an alternative object of value, competing with autonomy or patient good, but rather as an alternative way of responding toward that which (...)
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  30.  5
    Guided by Intimates.James Lindemann Nelson & Hilde Lindemann Nelson - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (5):14-15.
  31.  41
    Knowledge, Authority and Identity: A Prolegomenon to an Epistemology of the Clinic.James Lindemann Nelson - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (2):107-122.
    Disputes about theory in bioethics almost invariablyrevolve around different understandings of morality or practicalreasoning; I here suggest that the field would do well to becomemore explicitly contentious about knowledge, and start the taskof putting together a clinical epistemology. By way of providingsome motivation for such a discussion, I consider two cases ofresistance to shifts in clinical practice that are, by and large,not ethically controversial, highlighting how differentconceptions of epistemic authority may contribute to clinicians'unwillingness to adopt these changes, and sketching out (...)
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  32.  21
    Utility, Fairness, and What Really Matters in Organ Provision.James Lindemann Nelson - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):27 – 29.
  33.  19
    Health and Disease as 'Thick' Concepts in Ecosystemic Contexts.James Lindemann Nelson - 1995 - Environmental Values 4 (4):311 - 322.
    In this paper, I consider what kind of normative work might be done by speaking of ecosystems utilising a 'medical' vocabulary – drawing, that is, on such notions as 'health', 'disease', and 'illness'. Some writers attracted to this mode of expression have been rather modest about what they think it might purchase. I wish to be bolder. Drawing on the idea of 'thick' evaluative concepts as discussed by McDowell, Williams and Taylor, and resorting to a phenomenological argument for a kind (...)
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  34.  21
    Book Reviews: Morality and Our Complicated Form of Life: Feminist Wittgensteinian Metaethics. By Peg O'Connor. [REVIEW]James Lindemann Nelson - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (1):242-244.
  35.  19
    Publicity and Pricelessness: Grassroots Decisionmaking and Justice in Rationing.James Lindemann Nelson - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (4):333-342.
    The "grassroots turn" in bioethical discussions about justice in allocation of health care resources has attracted a great deal of support; in the absence of a convincing theory of justice in rationing, democratic decisionmaking concerning priority setting emerges with a kind of inevitability. Yet there remain suspicions about this approach – most importantly, worries about the socially corrosive impact of explicit, public decisionmaking that in effect sets a price on the lives of persons. These worries have been quieted, particularly by (...)
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  36.  12
    The Best Laid Plans.Ellen H. Moskowitz & James Lindemann Nelson - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (6):3-5.
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  37.  2
    Critical Interests and Sources of Familial Decision-Making Authority for Incapacitated Patients.James Lindemann Nelson - 1995 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 23 (2):143-148.
    How ought we to understand the sources and limits of the authority of family members to make health care decisions for their decisionally incapacitated relatives? This question is becoming increasingly crucial as the population ages and the power of medical technology waxes. It is also becoming increasingly contested, as faith in advance directives shows signs of waning, and the moral complexities of intimate relationship become more theoretically patent.This last point—the newly visible moral richness of intimate relationship—provides this paper with its (...)
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  38.  19
    Moral Sensibilities and Moral Standing: Caplan on Xenograft “Donors”.James Lindemann Nelson - 1993 - Bioethics 7 (4):315-322.
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  39.  39
    Forming Professional Bioethicists: The Program at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville.Michele Carter, H. Phillips Hamlin, Jennifer Heyl, Glenn C. Graber, James Lindemann Nelson & Linda A. Rankin - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (3):418-423.
    As a way of contributing to bioethics' understanding of itself, and, more particularly, to invigorate conversation about how we can best educate future colleagues, we present here a sketch of the quarter-century-old graduate concentration in medical ethics housed in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Our hope is to incite other programs to share their histories, strategies, problems, and aspirations, so as to help the field as a whole get a clearer sense of how we are (...)
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  40.  6
    Illusions About Persons.James Lindemann Nelson - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):65-66.
  41.  6
    Commentary.James Lindemann Nelson - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (3):26-27.
  42.  6
    From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice (Review).James Lindemann Nelson & Hilde Lindemann Nelson - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):70-72.
  43.  7
    Critical Interests and Sources of Familial Decision-Making Authority for Incapacitated Patients.James Lindemann Nelson - 1995 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 23 (2):143-148.
    How ought we to understand the sources and limits of the authority of family members to make health care decisions for their decisionally incapacitated relatives? This question is becoming increasingly crucial as the population ages and the power of medical technology waxes. It is also becoming increasingly contested, as faith in advance directives shows signs of waning, and the moral complexities of intimate relationship become more theoretically patent.This last point—the newly visible moral richness of intimate relationship—provides this paper with its (...)
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  44.  5
    A Comment on Fry's “The Role of Caring in a Theory of Nursing Ethics”.Jeannine Ross Boyer & James Lindemann Nelson - 1990 - Hypatia 5 (3):153-158.
    Our response to Sara Fry's paper focuses on the difficulty of understanding her insistence on the fundamental character of caring in a theory of nursing ethics. We discuss a number of problems her text throws in the way of making sense of this idea, and outline our own proposal for how caring's role may be reasonably understood: not as an alternative object of value, competing with autonomy or patient good, but rather as an alternative way of responding toward that which (...)
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  45.  26
    Book Review. [REVIEW]Mary Ann Carroll, James Lindemann Nelson & Nancy S. Jecker - 1993 - Journal of Value Inquiry 27 (2):375-378.
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  46.  28
    Case Study: But Is It Assisted Suicide?Joseph J. Fins, Milton Viederman & James Lindemann Nelson - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (3):24.
  47.  21
    How Doctors Think: Clinical Judgment and the Practice of Medicine (Review).James Lindemann Nelson - 2007 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 50 (4):633-636.
  48.  6
    Medicine and the Market: Equity Vs. Choice (Review).James Lindemann Nelson - 2007 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 50 (3):474-478.
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  49.  27
    Partialism and Parenthood.James Lindemann Nelson - 1990 - Journal of Social Philosophy 21 (1):107-118.
  50.  34
    Testing, Terminating, and Discriminating.James Lindemann Nelson - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (4):462.
    In my previous thinking about the considerations that go under the heading of the “expressivist argument,” I have been fascinated chiefly by two of its features: its semantic commitments and its independence from disputes about the moral standing of fetuses. Abortions prompted by prenatal testing are undertaken because of indications that the fetus has physical features that would be configured as disabilities in the social world into which it would otherwise emerge. The expressivist argument's allegation, as I have understood it, (...)
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