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  1. Long-Term Trajectories of Human Civilization.Seth D. Baum, Stuart Armstrong, Timoteus Ekenstedt, Olle Häggström, Robin Hanson, Karin Kuhlemann, Matthijs M. Maas, James D. Miller, Markus Salmela, Anders Sandberg, Kaj Sotala, Phil Torres, Alexey Turchin & Roman V. Yampolskiy - 2019 - Foresight 21 (1):53-83.
    Purpose This paper aims to formalize long-term trajectories of human civilization as a scientific and ethical field of study. The long-term trajectory of human civilization can be defined as the path that human civilization takes during the entire future time period in which human civilization could continue to exist. -/- Design/methodology/approach This paper focuses on four types of trajectories: status quo trajectories, in which human civilization persists in a state broadly similar to its current state into the distant future; catastrophe (...)
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  2.  57
    Sameness of Word.James Miller - 2022 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 18 (2):2-26.
    Although the metaphysics of words remains a relatively understudied domain, one of the more discussed topics has been the question of how to account for the apparent sameness of words. Put one way, the question concerns what it is that makes two word- instances (or tokens) instances of the same word. In this paper, I argue that the existing solutions to the problems all fail as they take the problem of sameness of word to be a problem about how one (...)
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  3. The Routledge Handbook of Metametaphysics.Ricki Bliss & James Miller (eds.) - 2020 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    Philosophical questions regarding the nature and methodology of philosophical inquiry have garnered much attention in recent years. Perhaps nowhere are these discussions more developed than in relation to the field of metaphysics. The Routledge Handbook of Metametaphysics is an outstanding reference source to this growing subject. It comprises thirty-eight chapters written by leading international contributors, and is arranged around five themes: • The history of metametaphysics • Neo-Quineanism (and its objectors) • Alternative conceptions of metaphysics • The epistemology of metaphysics (...)
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  4.  36
    An AGI Modifying Its Utility Function in Violation of the Strong Orthogonality Thesis.James D. Miller, Roman Yampolskiy & Olle Häggström - 2020 - Philosophies 5 (4):40.
    An artificial general intelligence (AGI) might have an instrumental drive to modify its utility function to improve its ability to cooperate, bargain, promise, threaten, and resist and engage in blackmail. Such an AGI would necessarily have a utility function that was at least partially observable and that was influenced by how other agents chose to interact with it. This instrumental drive would conflict with the strong orthogonality thesis since the modifications would be influenced by the AGI’s intelligence. AGIs in highly (...)
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  5.  95
    The Metaphysics of Puns.James Miller - 2024 - Synthese (5):1-17.
    In this paper, I aim to discuss what puns, metaphysically, are. I argue that the type-token view of words leads to an indeterminacy problem when we consider puns. I then outline an alternative account of puns, based on recent nominalist views of words, that does not suffer from this indeterminacy.
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  6.  55
    How to Misspell 'Paris'.James Miller - forthcoming - Philosophy.
    One feature of language is that we are able to make mistakes in our use of language. Amongst other sorts of mistakes, we can misspeak, misspell, missign, or misunderstand. Given this, it seems that our metaphysics of words should be flexible enough to accommodate such mistakes. It has been argued that a nominalist account of words cannot accommodate the phenomenon of misspelling. I sketch a nominalist trope-bundle view of words that can.
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  7. There are no uninstantiated words.James Miller - 2022 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Kaplan (1990; 2011) argues that there are no unspoken words. Hawthorne and Lepore (2011) put forward examples that purport to show that there can be such words. Here, I argue that Kaplan is correct, if we grant him a minor variation. While Hawthorne and Lepore might be right that there can be unspoken words, I will argue that they fail to show that there can be uninstantiated words.
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  8.  56
    Blueprint for Transparency at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration: Recommendations to Advance the Development of Safe and Effective Medical Products.Joshua M. Sharfstein, James Dabney Miller, Anna L. Davis, Joseph S. Ross, Margaret E. McCarthy, Brian Smith, Anam Chaudhry, G. Caleb Alexander & Aaron S. Kesselheim - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (s2):7-23.
    BackgroundThe U.S. Food and Drug Administration traditionally has kept confidential significant amounts of information relevant to the approval or non-approval of specific drugs, devices, and biologics and about the regulatory status of such medical products in FDA’s pipeline.ObjectiveTo develop practical recommendations for FDA to improve its transparency to the public that FDA could implement by rulemaking or other regulatory processes without further congressional authorization. These recommendations would build on the work of FDA’s Transparency Task Force in 2010.MethodsIn 2016-2017, we convened (...)
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  9.  74
    Hyperintensionality and Ontological Categories.James Miller - 2022 - Erkenntnis:1–19.
    In this paper, I discuss how to distinguish between ontological categories and ordinary categories. Using an argument against van Inwagen’s proposed account of what makes a category ontological as a springboard, I argue that if ontological categories are modally robust, then ontological categories need to be understood hyperintensionally. This conclusion opens up a wide range of new ways to define ‘ontological category’, and I close by briefly outlining one such way in order to illustrate the advantages of embracing hyperintensionality in (...)
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  10. Easy Ontology, Regress, and Holism.James Miller - 2023 - Erkenntnis 88 (5):1855-1868.
    In this paper, I distinguish between two possible versions of Amie Thomasson’s easy ontology project that differ in virtue of positing atomic or holistic application conditions, and evaluate the strengths of a holistic version over a non-holistic version. In particular, I argue that neither of the recently identified regress or circularity problems are troublesome for the supporter of easy ontology if they adopt a holistic account of application conditions. This is not intended to be a defence of easy ontology from (...)
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  11.  82
    Metaphysics as the Science of the Possible.James Miller - 2020 - In Ricki Bliss & James Miller (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Metametaphysics. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 480-491.
    This chapter considers the view that a central concern of metaphysics is what is possible. That is, the idea is that, unlike science, metaphysics studies not only what is actual, but the ways that reality could be. This view, if right, provides metaphysics with a distinct subject matter from that of science, and, depending on what modal epistemology we adopt, a distinct methodology too. In this chapter, I first provide an overview of the view, before highlighting some of the most (...)
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  12. Who’s Afraid of Conceptual Analysis?James Miller - 2023 - In Miguel Garcia-Godinez (ed.), Thomasson on Ontology. Springer Verlag. pp. 85-108.
    Amie Thomasson’s work provides numerous ways to rethink and improve our approach to metaphysics. This chapter is my attempt to begin to sketch why I still think the easy approach leaves room for substantive metaphysical work, and why I do not think that metaphysics need rely on any ‘epistemically metaphysical’ knowledge. After distinguishing two possible forms of deflationism, I argue that the easy ontologist needs to accept (implicitly or explicitly) that there are worldly constraints on what sorts of entities could (...)
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  13.  9
    The Technological Singularity: Managing the Journey.Stuart Armstrong, Victor Callaghan, James Miller & Roman Yampolskiy (eds.) - 2017 - Berlin, Heidelberg: Imprint: Springer.
    This volume contains a selection of authoritative essays exploring the central questions raised by the conjectured technological singularity. In informed yet jargon-free contributions written by active research scientists, philosophers and sociologists, it goes beyond philosophical discussion to provide a detailed account of the risks that the singularity poses to human society and, perhaps most usefully, the possible actions that society and technologists can take to manage the journey to any singularity in a way that ensures a positive rather than a (...)
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  14.  7
    History and Human Existence From Marx to Merleau-Ponty.James Miller - 1982 - Univ of California Press.
    From the Introduction:The present essay provides an introduction to the treatment of human existence and individuality in Marxist thought. The work will be primarily concerned with two related topics: the evaluation by Marxists of individual emancipation and their assessment of subjective factors in social theory. By taking up these taking up these topics within a systematic and historical framework, I hope to generate some fresh light on several familiar issues. First, I pursue a reading of Marx focused on his treatment (...)
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  15.  26
    The structure of Aristotelian logic.James Wilkinson Miller - 1938 - London,: K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & co..
    Originally published in 1938. This compact treatise is a complete treatment of Aristotle’s logic as containing negative terms. It begins with defining Aristotelian logic as a subject-predicate logic confining itself to the four forms of categorical proposition known as the A, E, I and O forms. It assigns conventional meanings to these categorical forms such that subalternation holds. It continues to discuss the development of the logic since the time of its founder and address traditional logic as it existed in (...)
  16. The Structure of Aristotelian Logic.James Wilkinson Miller - 1938 - London,: Routledge.
    Originally published in 1938. This compact treatise is a complete treatment of Aristotle’s logic as containing negative terms. It begins with defining Aristotelian logic as a subject-predicate logic confining itself to the four forms of categorical proposition known as the _A, E, I _and_ O_ forms. It assigns conventional meanings to these categorical forms such that subalternation holds. It continues to discuss the development of the logic since the time of its founder and address traditional logic as it existed in (...)
     
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  17.  2
    Legitimation Crisis.James Miller - 1975 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1975 (25):210-220.
  18.  2
    The Structure of Aristotelian Logic.James Wilkinson Miller - 1938 - Philosophical Review 49:95.
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  19.  76
    Edward Jonathan Lowe.James Miller - 2018 - The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Edward Jonathan Lowe (usually cited as E. J. Lowe) was one of the most significant philosophers of the twentieth and early twenty-first century. He made sustained and significant contributions to debates in metaphysics, ontology, philosophy of mind, philosophy of language, philosophical logic, and philosophy of religion, as well as contributing important scholarly work in early modern philosophy (most notably on Locke). Over the length of his career, Lowe published eleven single-authored books, four co-edited collections, and well over 300 papers and (...)
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  20.  13
    Measures of Wisdom: The Cosmic Dance in Classical and Christian Antiquity.James L. Miller - 1986 - University of Toronto Press.
    'The interpretours of Plato,' wrote Sir Thomas Elyot in The Governour, 'do think that the wonderful and incomprehensible order of the celestial bodies, I mean sterres and planettes, and their motions harmonicall, gave to them that intensifly and by the deepe serche of raison beholde their coursis, in the sondrye diversities of number and tyme, a forme of imitation of a semblable motion, which they called daunsigne or sltation.' The image of the planets and stars engaged in an ordered and (...)
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  21.  8
    Evolution and the Founders of Pragmatism.James Wilkinson Miller - 1950 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 11 (2):276-277.
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  22.  31
    Introduction.Anna L. Davis, James Dabney Miller, Joshua M. Sharfstein & Aaron S. Kesselheim - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (s2):5-6.
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  23. Strong Emergence.James Miller & Alexander Carruth - 2017 - Philosophica 1 (91):5-13.
    A crucial question for both philosophy and for science concerns the kind of relationship that obtains between entities—objects, properties, states, processes, kinds and so on—that exist at apparently higher and lower ‘levels’ of reality. According to reductionism, seeming higher-level entities can in fact be fully accounted for by more fundamental, lower-level entities. Conversely, emergentists of various stripes hold that whilst higher-level entities depend in some important sense on lower-level entities, they are nevertheless irreducible to them. This introductory paper outlines the (...)
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  24. Introduction: Free Inquiry under Conditions of Duress.James Miller - 2009 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 76 (2):511-512.
     
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  25.  48
    Merely verbal disputes and common ground.James Miller - 2022 - Theoria (1):114-123.
    In this paper I offer a new characterisation of what makes a dispute merely verbal. This new characterisation builds on the framework initially outlined by Jenkins and additionally makes use of Stalnaker's notion of ‘common ground’. I argue that this ‘common ground account’ can better classify disputes as merely verbal, and can better explain cases of playing devil's advocate. (Paper published Open Access).
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  26. Introduction: Recurrence of Limits on Knowledge.James E. Miller - 2010 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (3):769-772.
  27.  79
    Negative Terms in Traditional Logic: Distribution, Immediate Inference and Syllogism.James Wilkinson Miller - 1932 - The Monist 42 (1):96-111.
  28.  19
    Pyrrhonic Liberalism.James Miller - 2000 - Political Theory 28 (6):810-821.
  29.  22
    Haunted by the Ghost in the Machine. Commentary on “The Spirituality of Human Consciousness: A Catholic Evaluation of Some Current Neuro-scientific Interpretations”.James B. Miller - 2012 - Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (3):503-507.
    Metaphysical and epistemological dualism informs much contemporary discussion of the relationships of science and religion, in particular in relation to the neurosciences and the religious understanding of the human person. This dualism is a foundational artifact of modern culture; however, contemporary scientific research and historical theological scholarship encourage a more holistic view wherein human personhood is most fittingly understood as an emergent phenomenon of, but not simply reducible to, evolutionary and developmental neurobiology.
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  30.  17
    Avian Formation on a South-Facing Slope along the Northwest Rim of the Argyre Basin.Michael A. Dale, George J. Haas, James S. Miller, William R. Saunders, A. J. Cole, Joseph M. Friedlander & Susan Orosz - 2011 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 25 (3).
    This is a description of an avian-shaped feature that rests below a network of cellular structures found on a mound within the Argyre Basin of Mars in Mars Global Surveyor image M14-02185, acquired on April 30, 2000, and released to the public on April 4, 2001. The area examined is located near 48.0° South, 55.1° West. The formation is approximately 2,400 meters long from the tip of its beak to the tip of its farthest tail feather. There is a minimum (...)
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  31. Rousseau and Representation.Richard Fralin, Hilail Gildin, Nannerl Keohane, James Miller, Patrick Riley & Judith Shklar - 1986 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 15 (3):275-297.
     
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  32.  11
    J. W. A. Hickson.Thomas Greenshields Henderson, Raymond Klibansky & James Wilkinson Miller - 1956 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 30:112 - 113.
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  33.  33
    The logic of the synthetic a priori.James Wilkinson Miller - 1975 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 16 (4):465-475.
  34. A general theory for the behavioral sciences.James Grier Miller - 1974 - New York,: J. Norton Publishers.
     
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  35.  80
    Carnivals of Atrocity.James Miller - 1990 - Political Theory 18 (3):470-491.
    It might be said that all knowledge is linked to the essential forms of cruelty.Michel Foucault (1962).
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  36.  39
    Cognitive penetrability: let us not forget about memory.James R. Miller - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (1):146-146.
  37.  24
    Daoism: A Short Introduction. By James Miller. (Oxford: Oneworld Publications, 2003. xviii, 174 pp. Paperback, $17.95, ISBN 1-85168-315-1).James Miller & Erin M. Cline - 2004 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 31 (4):547-549.
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  38.  13
    Descartes's Conceptualism.James Wilkinson Miller - 1950 - Review of Metaphysics 4 (2):239 - 246.
    In this paper I shall try to do three things: first, to present Descartes's theory of universals; second, to argue that it creates insoluble difficulties for his system; and third, to explain why Descartes, who was not unaware of these difficulties, nevertheless persisted in holding it.
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  39.  2
    Ecology, Aesthetics and Daoist Body Cultivation.James Miller - 2014 - In J. Baird Callicott & James McRae (eds.), Environmental Philosophy in Asian Traditions of Thought. SUNY Press. pp. 225-243.
  40.  7
    Examined lives: from Socrates to Nietzsche.James Miller - 2011 - New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
    Socrates -- Plato -- Diogenes -- Aristotle -- Seneca -- Augustine -- Montaigne -- Descartes -- Rousseau -- Kant -- Emerson -- Nietzsche.
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  41.  4
    Envisioning the Daoist Body in the Economy of Cosmic Power.James Miller - 2001 - .
    The essay considers the relevance of Daoism to thinking about the place of human beings in the world in the light of global climate change.
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  42.  10
    Faris J. A.. The Gergonne relations.James Wilkinson Miller - 1957 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 22 (1):94-94.
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  43.  28
    In Memoriam: Thomas Greenshields Henderson.James W. Miller - 1969 - Dialogue 8 (3):492.
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  44.  34
    Logical dualism.James Wilkinson Miller - 1950 - Journal of Philosophy 47 (12):341-353.
  45.  9
    Main Currents of Marxism.James Miller - 1980 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1980 (46):190-196.
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  46.  3
    Logic Workbook.James Wilkinson Miller - 1958 - New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press.
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  47.  52
    Marxism and Politics.James Miller - 1978 - Télos 1978 (36):183-191.
    In the last decade, it has become something of a cliché to note that Marxism lacks a theory of politics. As Jürgen Habermas said more than 15 years ago: “Due to the introduction of the superstructure into the base itself, the classical dependency relationship of politics to the economy was disrupted.” Similar theses have taken a variety of forms. For some, the inadequacy of Marxist political theory is the result of recent developments, particularly the appearance of the welfare state in (...)
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  48. Marxism and Subjectivity: Remarks on Georg Lukács and Existential Phenomenology.James Miller - 1970 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 6:175.
     
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  49.  10
    Manifesto for a Daoist Theology of Messianic Wisdom.James Miller - 2004 - Wisdom in China and the West 22:283.
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  50.  42
    Merleau-Ponty's Marxism: Between Phenomenology and the Hegelian Absolute.James Miller - 1976 - History and Theory 15 (2):109-132.
    The development and changes in Merleau-Ponty's Marxism are analyzed by an examination of the relationship of his phenomenology to the rationalism and determinism of the Marxist dialectic. From Humanism and Terror to Adventures of the Dialectic Merleau-Ponty made explicit and worked out the philosophical dilemmas in his own Marxism and eventually abandoned the determinism of the Hegelian-Marxist autonomous dialectic of history. This rejection of a determinism "executed behind humanity's back" was the heart of Merleau-Ponty's social thought, and meant that the (...)
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