Results for 'James P. Phillips'

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  1. Fair Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources in the Time of Covid-19.Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Govind Persad, Ross Upshur, Beatriz Thome, Michael Parker, Aaron Glickman, Cathy Zhang, Connor Boyle & James P. Phillips - 2020 - New England Journal of Medicine:10.1056/NEJMsb2005114.
    Four ethical values — maximizing benefits, treating equally, promoting and rewarding instrumental value, and giving priority to the worst off — yield six specific recommendations for allocating medical resources in the Covid-19 pandemic: maximize benefits; prioritize health workers; do not allocate on a first-come, first-served basis; be responsive to evidence; recognize research participation; and apply the same principles to all Covid-19 and non–Covid-19 patients.
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  2.  57
    Navigation Bicoded as Functions of X-y and Time?James G. Phillips & Rowan P. Ogeil - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):561-562.
    Evidence from egocentric space is cited to support bicoding of navigation in three-dimensional space. Horizontal distances and space are processed differently from the vertical. Indeed, effector systems are compatible in horizontal space, but potentially incompatible (or chaotic) during transitions to vertical motion. Navigation involves changes in coordinates, and animal models of navigation indicate that time has an important role.
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  3.  44
    On Narrative: Psychopathology Informing Philosophy.James Phillips - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (1):11-23.
    In “Whole Life Narratives and the Self” David Lumsden (2013) has provided us with a clear review of the debate over narrative and personal identity and has staked out his own position in that debate. Arguing against neo-Lockean views of an atomistic self, he defends a narrative component in personal identity. Specifically, he argues that personal identity or self involves “a bundle of narrative threads” (p. 1), but does not require the grand unity of a master narrative—a whole life narrative. (...)
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  4.  27
    Understanding Inflation and the Implications for Monetary Policy: A Phillips Curve Retrospective.Jeffrey C. Fuhrer, Yolanda K. Kodrzycki, Jane Sneddon Little & Giovanni P. Olivei (eds.) - 2009 - MIT Press.
    In 1958, economist A. W. Phillips published an article describing what he observed to be the inverse relationship between inflation and unemployment; subsequently, the "Phillips curve" became a central concept in macroeconomic analysis and policymaking. But today's Phillips curve is not the same as the original one from fifty years ago; the economy, our understanding of price setting behavior, the determinants of inflation, and the role of monetary policy have evolved significantly since then. In this book, some (...)
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  5.  10
    Moral Values as Religious Absolutes: James P. Mackey.James P. Mackey - 1992 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 32:145-160.
    Those who have had the benefit of a reasonably lengthy familiarity with the philosophy of religion, and more particularly with the God question, may be so kind to a speaker long in exile from philosophy and only recently returned, as to subscribe, initially at least, to the following rather enormous generalization: meaning and truth, which to most propositions are the twin forces by which they are maintained, turn out in the case of claims about God, to be the centrifugal forces (...)
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  6.  15
    Do the Biological Details Matter?James M. Bower - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):684-685.
    Phillips & Singer (P&S) extend ideas derived from the observation eight years ago that the coherence (synchronization) of cortical oscillations can be modulated by the structure of visual stimuli. As described in the target article, a large part of the continued interest in this finding is related to independent theoretical work suggesting that synchronized cell firing could help solve the problem of binding together within cortex neuronal activity associated with different attributes of visual stimuli. The authors present an abstract (...)
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  7.  17
    Is a Good God Logically Possible?James P. Sterba - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    Using yet untapped resources from moral and political philosophy, this book seeks to answer the question of whether an all good God who is presumed to be all powerful is logically compatible with the degree and amount of moral and natural evil that exists in our world. It is widely held by theists and atheists alike that it may be logically impossible for an all good, all powerful God to create a world with moral agents like ourselves that does not (...)
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  8.  49
    Kenneth Burke on Dialectical-Rhetorical Transcendence.James P. Zappen - 2009 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 42 (3):pp. 279-301.
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  9.  26
    From Rationality to Equality.James P. Sterba - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    James P. Sterba offers something that philosophers have long sought: an argument showing that morality is rationally required. Furthermore he argues that morality requires substantial equality. Even libertarian perspectives, which would seem to require minimal enforcement of morality, are shown to lead to a requirement of equality.
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  10.  16
    Everything, More or Less: A Defence of Generality Relativism.James P. Studd - 2019 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Almost no systematic theorizing is generality-free. Scientists test general hypotheses; set theorists prove theorems about every set; metaphysicians espouse theses about all things of any kind. But do we ever succeed in theorizing about absolutely everything? Not according to generality relativism, which J.P. Studd defends in this book.
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  11.  64
    Is a Good God Logically Possible?James P. Sterba - 2020 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 87 (3):203-208.
  12.  4
    Agencement/Assemblage.John W. P. Phillips - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):108-109.
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  13.  93
    Three Challenges to Ethics: Environmentalism, Feminism, and Multiculturalism.James P. Sterba - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    In this unique work, James P. Sterba argues that traditional ethics has yet to confront the three significant challenges posed by environmentalism, feminism, and multiculturalism. He maintains that while traditional ethics has been quite successful at dealing with the problems it faces, it has not addressed the possibility that its solutions to these problems are biased in favor of humans, men, and Western culture. In Three Challenges to Ethics: Environmentalism, Feminism, and Multiculturalism, Sterba examines each of these challenges. In (...)
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  14. An Approach to Default Reasoning Based on a First-Order Conditional Logic: Revised Report.James P. Delgrande - 1988 - Artificial Intelligence 36 (1):63-90.
  15.  12
    Dostoevsky the Thinker.James P. Scanlan - 2004 - Studies in East European Thought 56 (1):76-79.
  16.  33
    Populism as a Philosophical Movement in Nineteenth-Century Russia: The Thought of P. L. Lavrov and N. K. Mikhajlovskij.James P. Scanlan - 1984 - Studies in Soviet Thought 27 (3):209-223.
  17.  36
    Populism as a Philosophical Movement in Nineteenth-Century Russia: The Thought of P. L. Lavrov and N. K. Mikhajlovskij.James P. Scanlan - 1984 - Studies in East European Thought 27 (3):209-223.
  18. How Literacy in its Fundamental Sense is Central to Scientific Literacy.Stephen P. Norris & Linda M. Phillips - 2003 - Science Education 87 (2):224-240.
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  19.  43
    Book Review:Liberalism, Community, and Culture. Will Kymlicka. [REVIEW]James P. Sterba - 1992 - Ethics 103 (1):152-.
  20.  3
    A First-Order Conditional Logic for Prototypical Properties.James P. Delgrande - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 33 (1):105-130.
  21.  11
    Review Of: James M. Phillips, From the Rising of the Sun: Christians and Society in Contemporary Japan. [REVIEW]James Heisig - 1983 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 10 (4):323-329.
  22.  3
    The Triumph of Practice Over Theory in Ethics.James P. Sterba - 2004 - Oup Usa.
    This book combines the two most common approaches used to introduce students or general readers to ethics: the historical and the applied. Using these approaches, Sterba examines traditional ethical theories and disagreements, exploring Aristotelian, Kantian, and utilitarian ethics, as well as their contemporary defenders. But rather than focusing on formal aspects of these views, Sterba applies the best practical arguments from each of these perspectives to a variety of moral problems, such as sexual harassment, affirmative action, and international terrorism and (...)
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  23.  18
    The Hour of Our Death.James P. Carse, Philippe Aries & Helen Weaver - 1982 - History and Theory 21 (3):399.
  24.  17
    Justice for Here and Now.James P. Sterba - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book conveys the breadth and interconnectedness of questions of justice - a rarity in contemporary moral and political philosophy. James P. Sterba argues that a minimal notion of rationality requires morality, and that a minimal libertarian morality requires the welfare and equal opportunity endorsee by welfare liberals and the equality endorsed by socialists, as well as a full feminist agenda. Feminist, racial, homosexual, and multicultural justice, are also shown to be mutually supporting. The author further shows the compatibility (...)
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  25.  23
    Descent of Socrates: Self-Knowledge and Cryptic Nature in the Platonic Dialogues.James P. Zappen - 2008 - Ancient Philosophy 28 (2):423-427.
  26.  11
    The Moral Foundation of Rights.James P. Sterba - 1992 - Noûs 26 (2):246-247.
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  27.  3
    The Logic of Qualitative Probability.James P. Delgrande, Bryan Renne & Joshua Sack - 2019 - Artificial Intelligence 275:457-486.
  28.  31
    The Triumph of Practice Over Theory in Ethics: An Introduction.James P. Sterba - 2005 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):265-269.
    In this introduction, I summarize the main themes of my book, particularly those that my critics have focused on in their papers that follow. I also argue that I could not have reached the conclusions that I have if I hadn’t employed a peacemaking rather than a warmaking way of doing philosophy. I provide a characterization of a peacemaking way of doing philosophy and show how the conclusions of my book depend on doing philosophy in that way.
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  29. Goffman's Linguistic Turn: A Comment on Forms of Talk.John W. P. Phillips - 1983 - Theory, Culture and Society 2 (1):114-116.
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  30. Logic of Knowledge.John W. P. Phillips - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):97-100.
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  31. Undercover Surrealism.John W. P. Phillips & Ma Shaoling - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (7-8):253-262.
    This article considers the Undercover Surrealism exhibition curated at London’s Hayward Gallery and reflects on the practices of documentation, archiving and exhibition when the topic of the exhibition, as in this case, is a journal that in its most radical intention was set up to critique the practices of exhibition and documentation. The short and controversial life of Georges Bataille’s Documents unfolds as an often deliberately confusing juxtaposition of images and articles. The exhibition aims to represent both the sometimes incompatible (...)
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  32. A Consistency-Based Approach for Belief Change.James P. Delgrande & Torsten Schaub - 2003 - Artificial Intelligence 151 (1-2):1-41.
  33. Book Review: The Cambridge History of the Bible: Vol. II, The West From the Fathers to the Reformation, Edited by G. H. W. Lampe, and Vol. I, From the Beginnings to Jerome, Edited by P. R. Achroyd and C. F. Evans. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1969. Vol. II, 566 Pp. $12.50; Vol. I, 649 Pp. $14.50. [REVIEW]James P. Martin - 1971 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 25 (2):228-229.
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  34.  19
    The Rhetoric of Science and the Challenge of Post‐Liberal Democracy.James P. Zappen - 1994 - Social Epistemology 8 (3):261 – 271.
    (1994). The rhetoric of science and the challenge of post‐liberal democracy. Social Epistemology: Vol. 8, Public Indifference to Population Issues, pp. 261-271.
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  35.  14
    Am I My Parents' Keeper? An Essay on Justice Between the Young and the Old.James P. Sterba & Norman Daniels - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (2):479.
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  36.  49
    On the Viability of Galilean Relationalism.James P. Binkoski - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (4):1183-1204.
    ABSTRACT I explore the viability of a Galilean relational theory of space-time—a theory that includes a three-place collinearity relation among its stock of basic relations. Two formal results are established. First, I prove the existence of a class of dynamically possible models of Newtonian mechanics in which collinearity is uninstantiated. Second, I prove that the dynamical properties of Newtonian systems fail to supervene on their Galilean relations. On the basis of these two results, I argue that Galilean relational space-time is (...)
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  37.  34
    "Evolutionary Ecology" and the Use of Natural Selection in Ecological Theory.James P. Collins - 1986 - Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):257 - 288.
  38.  7
    Plagiarism in Submitted Manuscripts: Incidence, Characteristics and Optimization of Screening—Case Study in a Major Specialty Medical Journal.James P. Evans, Feng-Chang Lin & Janet R. Higgins - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (1).
    BackgroundPlagiarism is common and threatens the integrity of the scientific literature. However, its detection is time consuming and difficult, presenting challenges to editors and publishers who are entrusted with ensuring the integrity of published literature.MethodsIn this study, the extent of plagiarism in manuscripts submitted to a major specialty medical journal was documented. We manually curated submitted manuscripts and deemed an article contained plagiarism if one sentence had 80 % of the words copied from another published paper. Commercial plagiarism detection software (...)
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  39.  20
    Evolutionary Ecology and the Use of Natural Selection in Ecological Theory.James P. Collins - 1986 - Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):257-288.
  40. Language Shapes Children’s Attitudes: Consequences of Internal, Behavioral, and Societal Information in Punitive and Nonpunitive Contexts.James P. Dunlea & Larisa Heiphetz - 2022 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 151 (6):1233-1251.
    Research has probed the consequences of providing people with different types of information regarding why a person possesses a certain characteristic. However, this work has largely examined the consequences of different information subsets (e.g., information focusing on internal versus societal causes). Less work has compared several types of information within the same paradigm. Using the legal system as an example domain, we provided children (N=198 6- to 8-year-olds) with several types of information—including information highlighting internal moral character, internal biological factors, (...)
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  41. From Biocentric Individualism to Biocentric Pluralism.James P. Sterba - 1995 - Environmental Ethics 17 (2):191-207.
    Drawing on and inspired by Paul Taylor’s Respect for Nature, I develop a view which I call “biocentric pluralism,” which, I claim, avoids the major criticisms that have been directed at Taylor’s account. In addition, I show that biocentric pluralism has certain advantages over biocentric utilitarianism (VanDeVeer) and concentric circle theories (Wenz and Callicott).
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  42.  93
    Should a Naturalist Be a Supervenient Physicalist?James P. Moreland - 1998 - Metaphilosophy 29 (1-2):35-57.
  43.  3
    How to Make People Just: A Practical Reconciliation of Alternative Conceptions of Justice.James P. Sterba - 1988 - Rowman & Littlefield.
    To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
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  44. From Liberty to Welfare.James P. Sterba - 1994 - Ethics 105 (1):64-98.
  45.  26
    15 Is Anything Ever New? Considering Emergence.James P. Crutchfield - 2013 - Emergence: Contemporary Readings in Philosophy and Science.
    This chapter discusses some of the most engaging natural phenomena, those in which highly structured collective behavior emerges over time from the interaction of simple subsystems. Emergence is generally understood to be a process that leads to the appearance of structure not directly described by the defining constraints and instantaneous forces which control a system. Over time “something new” appears at scales not directly specified by the equations of motion. An emergent feature also cannot be explicitly represented in the initial (...)
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  46.  12
    Replies.James P. Sterba - 2020 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 87 (3):223-228.
  47. Abortion, Distant Peoples, and Future Generations.James P. Sterba - 1980 - Journal of Philosophy 77 (7):424-440.
  48.  14
    Terrorism and International Justice.James P. Sterba (ed.) - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    In this timely collection of thoughtful and provocative essays, a diverse group of prominent philosophers and political scientists discuss critical issues such as the nature and definition of terrorism.
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  49.  1
    Expressing Preferences in Default Logic.James P. Delgrande & Torsten Schaub - 2000 - Artificial Intelligence 123 (1-2):41-87.
  50.  79
    Ethics: The Big Questions.James P. Sterba (ed.) - 2009 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    As with the first edition, Utilitarian, Kantian, and Aristotelian viewpoints are all well represented here, and this second edition features updated sections throughout—including eighteen new readings—and an entirely new section on multiculturalism. Presents students with a unique focus on three main challenges to ethics: feminism, environmentalism, and multiculturalism Pedagogical focus on the 'big questions' motivates student interest Collects readings on all key traditional theoretical and practical questions in ethics.
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