14 found
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  1. How the Models of Chemistry Vie.James R. Hofmann - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:405 - 419.
    Building upon Nancy Cartwright's discussion of models in How the Laws of Physics Lie, this paper addresses solid state research in transition metal oxides. Historical analysis reveals that in this domain models function both as the culmination of phenomenology and the commencement of theoretical explanation. Those solid state chemists who concentrate on the description of phenomena pertinent to specific elements or compounds assess models according to different standards than those who seek explanation grounded in approximate applications of the Schroedinger equation. (...)
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  2. The Fact of Evolution: Implications for Science Education.James R. Hofmann & Bruce H. Weber - 2003 - Science & Education 12 (8):729-760.
    Creationists who object to evolution in the science curriculum of public schools often cite Jonathan Well’s book Icons of Evolution in their support (Wells 2000). In the third chapter of his book Wells claims that neither paleontological nor molecular evidence supports the thesis that the history of life is an evolutionary process of descent from preexisting ancestors. We argue that Wells inappropriately relies upon ambiguities inherent in the term ‘Darwinian’ and the phrase ‘Darwin’s theory’. Furthermore, he does not accurately distinguish (...)
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  3. A Tale of Two Crocoducks: Creationist Misuses of Molecular Evolution.James R. Hofmann - 2014 - Science & Education 23 (10):2095-2117.
    Although some creationist objections to evolutionary biology are simplistic and thus are easily refuted, when more technical arguments become widespread it is important for science educators to explain the relevant science in a straightforward manner. An interesting case study is provided by misguided allegations about how cytochrome c data pertain to molecular evolution. The most common of these misrepresentations bears a striking similarity to a particularly glaring misunderstanding of what should be expected of a transitional form in a fossil sequence. (...)
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  4. André-Marie Ampère: Enlightenment and Electrodynamics.James R. Hofmann - 1996 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Absorbing biography of the creative and destructive scientific genius and tragic life of Andr?-Marie Amp're.
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  5.  6
    Catholicism and Evolution: Polygenism and Original Sin Part I.James R. Hofmann - 2020 - Scientia et Fides 8 (2):95-138.
    Theological attention to the Catholic doctrine of original sin has a history that extends from the letters of Saint Paul through the Council of Trent and Pius XII’s 1950 encyclical, Humani generis. The doctrine has traditionally been articulated through the Genesis narrative of Adam and Eve as the first human beings from whom all others descend, an account known as monogenism. In the course of the nineteenth century, scientific research into human origins increasingly relied upon polygenism, the descent of humanity (...)
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    Catholicism and Evolution: Polygenism and Original Sin Part II.James R. Hofmann - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (1):63-129.
    As documented in Part I, monogenism, the descent of all human beings from Adam and Eve, was closely linked to the Catholic doctrine of original sin throughout the first half of the twentieth century. Theological reservations about polygenism, the more scientifically supported account of human origins through a transitional population, was brought to a head by Pius XII’s 1950 encyclical Humani generis. Although the encyclical allowed discussion of human evolution, polygenism was prohibited because “It does not appear how such a (...)
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  7. Darcy's Law and Structural Explanation in Hydrology.James R. Hofmann & Paul A. Hofmann - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:23 - 35.
    Darcy's law is a phenomenological relationship for fluid flow rate that finds one of its principle applications in hydrology. Theoretical hydrologists rely upon a multiplicity of conceptual models to carry out approximate derivations of Darcy's law. These derivations provide structural explanations of the law; they require the application of fundamental principles, such as conservation of momentum, to idealized models of the porous media within which the flow occurs. In practice, recognition of the idealized conditions incorporated into models facilitates the empirical (...)
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    Denis R. Alexander and Ronald L. Numbers, Eds. Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010. Pp. 453. $95.00 , $35.00. [REVIEW]James R. Hofmann - 2013 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 3 (1):175-179.
  9.  10
    James Joule: A BiographyDonald S. L. Cardwell.James R. Hofmann - 1991 - Isis 82 (1):149-150.
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    Naissance d'Un Nouveau Pouvoir: Sciences Et Savants En France Nicole Dhombres Jean DhombresConvolutions in French Mathematics, 1800-1840: From the Calculus and Mechanics to Mathematical Analysis and Mathematical PhysicsIvor Grattan-Guinness. [REVIEW]James R. Hofmann - 1992 - Isis 83 (2):291-297.
  11.  2
    Reading the Mind of God: In Search of the Principle of Universality. James Trefil.James R. Hofmann - 1991 - Isis 82 (2):349-350.
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    The How and the Why: An Essay on the Origins and Development of Physical Theory. David Park.James R. Hofmann - 1990 - Isis 81 (2):319-320.
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    The Physics of Chance: From Blaise Pascal to Niels BohrCharles Ruhla G. Barton.James R. Hofmann - 1994 - Isis 85 (4):680-681.
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    The Story of PhysicsLloyd Motz Jefferson Hane Weaver.James R. Hofmann - 1991 - Isis 82 (3):539-540.
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