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Profile: James Robert Brown (University of Toronto)
  1.  73
    The Laboratory of the Mind: Thought Experiments in the Natural Sciences.James Robert Brown - 1991 - Routledge.
    The book concludes with chapters on the nature of Einstein's work and on the interpretation of quantum mechanics which stand as a test of the author's central ...
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  2.  5
    Who Rules in Science?: An Opinionated Guide to the Wars.James Robert Brown - 2001 - Harvard University Press.
    This eye-opening book reveals how little we've understood about the ongoing pitched battles between the sciences and the humanities--and how much may be at ...
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  3.  63
    Philosophy of Mathematics: An Introduction to the World of Proofs and Pictures.James Robert Brown - 1999 - Routledge.
    Philosophy of Mathematics is clear and engaging, and student friendly The book discusses the great philosophers and the importance of mathematics to their thought. Among topics discussed in the book are the mathematical image, platonism, picture-proofs, applied mathematics, Hilbert and Godel, knots and notation definitions, picture-proofs and Wittgenstein, computation, proof and conjecture.
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  4.  34
    The Rational and the Social.James Robert Brown - 1989 - Routledge.
    THE SOCIOLOGICAL TURN The problem we are concerned with is just this: How should we understand science? Are we to account for scientific knowledge (or ...
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  5. Why Empiricism Won't Work.James Robert Brown - 2004 - In C. Hitchcock (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science.
    A defence of a priori knowledge of nature via thought experiments. The article is part of a pair, the counter-view argued by John Norton.
     
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  6. Why Thought Experiments Transcend Experience.James Robert Brown - 2004 - In Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science. Blackwell. pp. 23-43.
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  7.  51
    Thought Experiments Since the Scientific Revolution.James Robert Brown - 1986 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 1 (1):1 – 15.
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  8.  53
    Politics, Method, and Medical Research.James Robert Brown - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):756-766.
    There is sufficient evidence that intellectual property rights are corrupting medical research. One could respond to this from a moral or from an epistemic point of view. I take the latter route. Often in the sciences factual discoveries lead to new methodological norms. Medical research is an example. Surprisingly, the methodological change required will involve political change. Instead of new regulations aimed at controlling the problem, the outright socialization of research seems called for, for the sake of better science. I (...)
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  9.  95
    Peeking Into Plato's Heaven.James Robert Brown - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1126-1138.
    Examples of classic thought experiments are presented and some morals drawn. The views of my fellow symposiasts, Tamar Gendler, John Norton, and James McAllister, are evaluated. An account of thought experiments along a priori and Platonistic lines is given. I also cite the related example of proving theorems in mathematics with pictures and diagrams. To illustrate the power of these methods, a possible refutation of the continuum hypothesis using a thought experiment is sketched.
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  10.  36
    Smoke and Mirrors: How Science Reflects Reality.James Robert Brown - 1994 - Routledge.
    In Smoke and Mirrors , James Robert Brown fights back against figures such as Richard Rorty, Bruno Latour, Michael Ruse and Hilary Putnam who have attacked realistic accounts of science. This enlightening work also demonstrates that science mirrors the world in amazing ways. The metaphysics and epistemology of science, the role of abstraction, abstract objects, and a priori ways of getting at reality are all examined in this fascinating exploration of how science reflects reality. Both a defense of science and (...)
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  11.  66
    Proofs and Pictures.James Robert Brown - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (2):161-180.
    Everyone appreciates a clever mathematical picture, but the prevailing attitude is one of scepticism: diagrams, illustrations, and pictures prove nothing; they are psychologically important and heuristically useful, but only a traditional verbal/symbolic proof provides genuine evidence for a purported theorem. Like some other recent writers (Barwise and Etchemendy [1991]; Shin [1994]; and Giaquinto [1994]) I take a different view and argue, from historical considerations and some striking examples, for a positive evidential role for pictures in mathematics.
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  12.  4
    Russell Marcus and Mark McEvoy, Eds. An Historical Introduction to the Philosophy of Mathematics: A Reader.James Robert Brown - forthcoming - Philosophia Mathematica:nkw033.
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  13. James Robert Brown: Thought Experiments and Platonism. Part Two.Nancy J. Nersessian, Dunja Jutronic, Ksenija Puskaric, Nenad Miscevic, Andreas K. A. Georgiou & James Robert Brown - 2007 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 7 (20):125-268.
     
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  14.  49
    Philosophy of Mathematics: A Contemporary Introduction to the World of Proofs and Pictures.James Robert Brown - 2008 - Routledge.
    1. Introduction : the mathematical image -- 2. Platonism -- 3. Picture-proofs and Platonism -- 4. What is applied mathematics? -- 5. Hilbert and Gödel -- 6. Knots and notation -- 7. What is a definition? -- 8. Constructive approaches -- 9. Proofs, pictures and procedures in Wittgenstein -- 10. Computation, proof and conjecture -- 11. How to refute the continuum hypothesis -- 12. Calling the bluff.
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  15.  12
    Scientific Rationality: The Sociological Turn.James Robert Brown - 1984 - D. Reidel Publishing Company.
  16. Thought Experiments.James Robert Brown & Yiftach J. H. Fehige - 2010 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy.
  17.  24
    Money, Method and Medical Research.James Robert Brown - 2004 - Episteme 1 (1):49-59.
    It's sometimes useful to start with a quiz, even if it seems irrelevant to the issues at hand. Suppose you have to organize a tennis tournament with, say, 1025 players. Match winners will go on to the next round while losers bow out until all have been eliminated except, of course, the final champion. Your problem is this: How many matches must you book for this tournament?
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  18.  91
    Counter Thought Experiments.James Robert Brown - 2007 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 82 (61):155-177.
    Let's begin with an old example. In De Rerum Naturua , Lucretius presented a thought experiment to show that space is infinite. We imagine ourselves near the alleged edge of space; we throw a spear; we see it either sail through the ‘edge’ or we see it bounce back. In the former case the ‘edge’ isn't the edge, after all. In the latter case, there must be something beyond the ‘edge’ that repelled the spear. Either way, the ‘edge’ isn't really (...)
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  19.  94
    What is a Definition?James Robert Brown - 1998 - Foundations of Science 3 (1):111-132.
    According to the standard view of definition, all defined terms are mere stipulations, based on a small set of primitive terms. After a brief review of the Hilbert-Frege debate, this paper goes on to challenge the standard view in a number of ways. Examples from graph theory, for example, suggest that some key definitions stem from the way graphs are presented diagramatically and do not fit the standard view. Lakatos's account is also discussed, since he provides further examples that suggest (...)
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  20.  33
    Why Empiricism Won't Work.James Robert Brown - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:271-279.
    Thought experiments provide us with scientific understanding and theoretical advances which are sometimes quite significant, yet they do this without new empirical input, and possibly without any empirical input at all. How is this possible? The challenge to empiricism is to give an account which is compatible with the traditional empiricist principle that all knowledge is based on sensory experience. Thought experiments present an enormous challenge to empiricist views of knowledge; so much so that some of us have thrown in (...)
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  21.  63
    Funding, Objectivity and the Socialization of Medical Research.James Robert Brown - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (3):295--308.
    There has been a sharp rise in private funding of medical research, especially in relation to patentable products. Several serious problems with this are described. A solution involving the elimination of patents and public funding administered through extended national health care systems is proposed.
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  22.  59
    Science, Truth, and Democracy.James Robert Brown - 2004 - Journal of Philosophy 101 (11):599-606.
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  23.  21
    Kitcher's Mathematical Naturalism.James Robert Brown - 2003 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):1-20.
    Recent years have seen a number of naturalist accounts of mathematics. Philip Kitcher’s version is one of the most important and influential. This paper includes a critical exposition of Kitcher’s views and a discussion of several issues including: mathematical epistemology, practice, history, the nature of applied mathematics. It argues that naturalism is an inadequate account and compares it with mathematical Platonism, to the advantage of the latter.
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  24. The Shaky Game: Einstein, Realism, and the Quantum Theory Arthur Fine Chicaco, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1986. Pp. Xi, 186. $25.00. [REVIEW]James Robert Brown - 1987 - Dialogue 26 (4):776.
  25.  91
    Thought Experiments in Science, Philosophy, and Mathematics.James Robert Brown - 2007 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):3-27.
    Most disciplines make use of thought experiments, but physics and philosophy lead the pack with heavy dependence upon them. Often this is for conceptual clarification, but occasionally they provide real theoretical advances. In spite of their importance, however, thought experiments have received rather little attention as a topic in their own right until recently. The situation has improved in the past few years, but a mere generation ago the entire published literature on thought experiments could have been mastered in a (...)
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  26.  6
    First Page Preview.James W. McAllister, Lars Bergström, James Robert Brown, Martin Carrier, Nancy Cartwright, Jiwei Ci, David Davies, Catherine Elgin, Márta Fehér & Michel Ghins - 2010 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (4).
  27.  73
    The Miracle of Science.James Robert Brown - 1982 - Philosophical Quarterly 32 (128):232-244.
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  28.  36
    Critical Studies/Book Reviews.Leng Mary & James Robert Brown - 2001 - Philosophia Mathematica 9 (2):244-246.
  29.  52
    Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind.James Robert Brown - 1983 - International Philosophical Quarterly 23 (2):226-227.
  30.  32
    Explaining, Seeing, and Understanding in Thought Experiments.James Robert Brown - 2014 - Perspectives on Science 22 (3):357-376.
    Theories often run into paradoxes. Some of these are outright contradictions, sending the would-be champions of the theory back to the drawing board. Others are paradoxical in the sense of being bizarre and unexpected. The latter are sometimes mistakenly thought to be instances of the former. That is, they are thought to be more than merely weird; they are mistakenly thought to be self-refuting. Showing that they are not self-contradictory but merely a surprise is often a challenge. Notions of explanation (...)
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  31.  34
    Katerina Ierodiakonou and Sophie Roux, Eds.Thought Experiments in Methodological and Historical Contexts. Leiden: Brill, 2011. Pp. Vii+233. €99.00. [REVIEW]James Robert Brown & Michael T. Stuart - 2013 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 3 (1):154-157.
  32.  51
    Rescher's Evolutionary Epistemology.James Robert Brown - 1985 - Philosophia 15 (3):287-300.
  33.  75
    Grounding Concepts: An Empirical Basis for Arithmetical Knowledge – C.S. Jenkins.James Robert Brown & James Davies - 2011 - Philosophical Quarterly 61 (242):208-211.
  34. Smoke and Mirrors: How Science Reflects Reality.James Robert Brown - 2002 - Routledge.
    Realism is an enlightening story, a tale which enriches our experience and makes it more intelligible. Yet this wonderful picture of humanity's best efforts at knowledge has been badly bruised by numerous critics. James Robert Brown in _Smoke and Mirrors_ fights back against figures such as Richard Rorty, Bruno Latour, Michael Ruse and Hilary Putnam who have attacked realist accounts of science. But this volume is not wholly devoted to combating Rorty and others who blow smoke in our eyes; the (...)
     
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  35.  56
    Counting Proper Classes.James Robert Brown - 1980 - Analysis 40 (3):123 - 126.
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  36.  17
    EPR As A Priori Science.James Robert Brown - 1992 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 22 (sup1):253-272.
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  37.  17
    "Science and Relativism: Some Key Controversies in the Philosophy of Science", by Larry Laudan. [REVIEW]James Robert Brown - 1992 - Dialogue 31:333.
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  38.  15
    Einstein's Brand of Verificationism.James Robert Brown - 1987 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 2 (1):33 – 54.
    (1987). Einstein's brand of verificationism. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 33-54. doi: 10.1080/02698598708573301.
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  39.  8
    Smooth Move Einstein.James Robert Brown & Noah Stemeroff - 2016 - Metascience 25 (1):57-60.
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  40.  18
    Critical Notice of Roy Sorensen Thought Experiments.James Robert Brown - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (1).
    This book adds to the growing literature on thought experiments. There are numerous examples drawn from the sciences and philosophy. The principle claim is that thought experiments are a limiting case of real experiments. It is a moderate empiricist view, in contrast to, e.g., the Platonism of Brown or the strict empiricism of Norton. Highly recommended.
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  41. Thought Experiments and Inertial Motion: A Golden Thread in the Development of Mechanics.Mark Shumelda & James Robert Brown - 2009 - Rivista di Estetica 49 (42):71-96.
     
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  42.  16
    History and the Norms of Science.James Robert Brown - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:236 - 248.
    Starting from the assumption that the history of science is, in some significant sense, rational and thus that historical episodes may serve as evidence in choosing between competing normative methodologies of science, the question arises: "Just what is this history-methodology evidential relation?" After examining the proposals of Laudan, a more plausible account is proposed.
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  43.  61
    Thomas Kuhn.James Robert Brown - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (1):143-149.
  44.  25
    Marco Panza and Andrea Sereni. Plato's Problem: An Introduction to Mathematical Platonism. London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. ISBN 978-0-230-36548-3 (Hbk); 978-0-230-36549-0 (Pbk); 978-1-13726147-2 (E-Book); 978-1-13729813-3 (Pdf). Pp. Xi + 306. [REVIEW]James Robert Brown - 2013 - Philosophia Mathematica (1):nkt031.
  45.  55
    Von Neumann and the Anti-Realists.James Robert Brown - 1985 - Erkenntnis 23 (2):149 - 159.
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  46.  44
    D Avid B Ostock . Philosophy of Mathematics: An Introduction.James Robert Brown - 2009 - Philosophia Mathematica 18 (1):127-129.
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  47.  5
    Patents and Progress.James Robert Brown - 2016 - Perspectives on Science 24 (5):505-528.
    An academic paper, like a good story, has a beginning, a middle, and an end. But they don’t have to be in that order. Instead of laying out reasonable assumptions, followed by a careful argument that arrives at a plausible finish, I will start with an implausible conclusion, then try to justify it. This order might diminish the theatrical effect, since there is no build up to a dramatic finale, but it gains in clarity of purpose. My conclusion is this: (...)
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  48.  38
    Abstract Objects Bob Hale Oxford: Blackwell, 1987. Pp. 282. $75.00. [REVIEW]James Robert Brown - 1988 - Dialogue 27 (04):729-.
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  49. Constructivism and Science: Essays in Recent German Philosophy.Robert E. Butts & James Robert Brown (eds.) - 1989 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  50.  16
    Latour's Prosaic Science.James Robert Brown - 1991 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):245-261.
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