Results for 'James Robert Heichelbech'

988 found
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  1. The Laboratory of the Mind: Thought Experiments in the Natural Sciences.James Robert Brown - 1991 - New York: Routledge.
    Newton's bucket, Einstein's elevator, Schrödinger's cat – these are some of the best-known examples of thought experiments in the natural sciences. But what function do these experiments perform? Are they really experiments at all? Can they help us gain a greater understanding of the natural world? How is it possible that we can learn new things just by thinking? In this revised and updated new edition of his classic text _The Laboratory of the Mind_, James Robert Brown continues (...)
  2. Philosophy of mathematics: a contemporary introduction to the world of proofs and pictures.James Robert Brown - 2008 - New York: Routledge.
    In his long-awaited new edition of Philosophy of Mathematics, James Robert Brown tackles important new as well as enduring questions in the mathematical sciences. Can pictures go beyond being merely suggestive and actually prove anything? Are mathematical results certain? Are experiments of any real value?" "This clear and engaging book takes a unique approach, encompassing nonstandard topics such as the role of visual reasoning, the importance of notation, and the place of computers in mathematics, as well as traditional (...)
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  3.  23
    Who Rules in Science?: An Opinionated Guide to the Wars.James Robert Brown - 2001 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    This eye-opening book reveals how little we've understood about the ongoing pitched battles between the sciences and the humanities--and how much may be at ...
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  4.  55
    The rational and the social.James Robert Brown - 1989 - New York: Routledge.
    THE SOCIOLOGICAL TURN The problem we are concerned with is just this: How should we understand science? Are we to account for scientific knowledge (or ...
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  5.  94
    Philosophy of Mathematics: An Introduction to a World of Proofs and Pictures.James Robert Brown - 1999 - New York: Routledge.
    _Philosophy of Mathematics_ is an excellent introductory text. This student friendly book discusses the great philosophers and the importance of mathematics to their thought. It includes the following topics: * the mathematical image * platonism * picture-proofs * applied mathematics * Hilbert and Godel * knots and nations * definitions * picture-proofs and Wittgenstein * computation, proof and conjecture. The book is ideal for courses on philosophy of mathematics and logic.
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  6.  16
    Platonism, Naturalism, and Mathematical Knowledge.James Robert Brown - 2011 - New York: Routledge.
    This study addresses a central theme in current philosophy: Platonism vs Naturalism and provides accounts of both approaches to mathematics, crucially discussing Quine, Maddy, Kitcher, Lakoff, Colyvan, and many others. Beginning with accounts of both approaches, Brown defends Platonism by arguing that only a Platonistic approach can account for concept acquisition in a number of special cases in the sciences. He also argues for a particular view of applied mathematics, a view that supports Platonism against Naturalist alternatives. Not only does (...)
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  7. Thought experiments since the scientific revolution.James Robert Brown - 1986 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 1 (1):1 – 15.
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  8.  61
    Smoke and Mirrors: How Science Reflects Reality.James Robert Brown - 1994 - New York: Routledge.
  9.  51
    Scientific Rationality: The Sociological Turn.James Robert Brown - 1984 - D. Reidel Publishing Company. Edited by James Robert Brown.
  10. Who Rules in Science? An Opinionated Guide to the Wars.James Robert Brown - 2001 - Science and Society 67 (1):111-113.
     
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  11. Why Thought Experiments Transcend Experience.James Robert Brown - 2004 - In Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science. Blackwell. pp. 23-43.
     
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  12. Proofs and pictures.James Robert Brown - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (2):161-180.
    Everyone appreciates a clever mathematical picture, but the prevailing attitude is one of scepticism: diagrams, illustrations, and pictures prove nothing; they are psychologically important and heuristically useful, but only a traditional verbal/symbolic proof provides genuine evidence for a purported theorem. Like some other recent writers (Barwise and Etchemendy [1991]; Shin [1994]; and Giaquinto [1994]) I take a different view and argue, from historical considerations and some striking examples, for a positive evidential role for pictures in mathematics.
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  13.  28
    Rigour and Thought Experiments: Burgess and Norton.James Robert Brown - 2022 - Axiomathes 32 (1):7-28.
    This article discusses the important and influential views of John Burgess on the nature of mathematical rigour and John Norton on the nature of thought experiments. Their accounts turn out to be surprisingly similar in spite of different subject matters. Among other things both require a reconstruction of the initial proof or thought experiment in order to officially evaluate them, even though we almost never do this in practice. The views of each are plausible and seem to solve interesting problems. (...)
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  14. Peeking into Plato’s Heaven.James Robert Brown - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1126-1138.
    Examples of classic thought experiments are presented and some morals drawn. The views of my fellow symposiasts, Tamar Gendler, John Norton, and James McAllister, are evaluated. An account of thought experiments along a priori and Platonistic lines is given. I also cite the related example of proving theorems in mathematics with pictures and diagrams. To illustrate the power of these methods, a possible refutation of the continuum hypothesis using a thought experiment is sketched.
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  15. Why Empiricism Won't Work.James Robert Brown - 2004 - In C. Hitchcock (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science.
    A defence of a priori knowledge of nature via thought experiments. The article is part of a pair, the counter-view argued by John Norton.
     
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  16.  7
    Smoke and Mirrors: How Science Reflects Reality.James Robert Brown - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (4):1059-1062.
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  17.  63
    How Do Feynman Diagrams Work?James Robert Brown - 2018 - Perspectives on Science 26 (4):423-442.
    Feynman diagrams are now iconic. Like pictures of the Bohr atom, everyone knows they have something important to do with physics. Those who work in quantum field theory, string theory, and other esoteric fields of physics use them extensively. In spite of this, it is far from clear what they are or how they work. Are they mere calculating tools? Are they somehow pictures of physical reality? Are they models in any interesting sense? Or do they play some other kind (...)
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  18. Can the dimples on a golf ball be evenly spaced?James Robert Brown - forthcoming - Analysis.
    Surprisingly, the dimples on a golf ball (typically around 300-400) cannot be spaced evenly on the surface. I will explain how this is connected to the Platonic solids. The example is interesting, because it illustrates a difference between efficient and formal causation and explanation. I will discuss a few interesting consequences.
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  19. Philosophy of Mathematics, an Introduction to the World of Proofs and Pictures.James Robert Brown - 2003 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 9 (4):504-506.
     
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  20.  21
    The Search for Certainty: A Philosophical Account of Foundations of Mathematics.James Robert Brown - 2004 - Mind 113 (449):177-179.
  21. Politics, method, and medical research.James Robert Brown - 2008 - Philosophy of Science 75 (5):756-766.
    There is sufficient evidence that intellectual property rights are corrupting medical research. One could respond to this from a moral or from an epistemic point of view. I take the latter route. Often in the sciences factual discoveries lead to new methodological norms. Medical research is an example. Surprisingly, the methodological change required will involve political change. Instead of new regulations aimed at controlling the problem, the outright socialization of research seems called for, for the sake of better science. I (...)
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  22.  82
    Why Empiricism Won't Work.James Robert Brown - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:271-279.
    Thought experiments provide us with scientific understanding and theoretical advances which are sometimes quite significant, yet they do this without new empirical input, and possibly without any empirical input at all. How is this possible? The challenge to empiricism is to give an account which is compatible with the traditional empiricist principle that all knowledge is based on sensory experience. Thought experiments present an enormous challenge to empiricist views of knowledge; so much so that some of us have thrown in (...)
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  23. Counter Thought Experiments.James Robert Brown - 2007 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 61:155-177.
    Let's begin with an old example. In De Rerum Naturua , Lucretius presented a thought experiment to show that space is infinite. We imagine ourselves near the alleged edge of space; we throw a spear; we see it either sail through the ‘edge’ or we see it bounce back. In the former case the ‘edge’ isn't the edge, after all. In the latter case, there must be something beyond the ‘edge’ that repelled the spear. Either way, the ‘edge’ isn't really (...)
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  24.  5
    Pascal et Nietzsche; étude historique et comparée.James Robert Dionne - 1974 - New York,: B. Franklin.
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  25. The miracle of science.James Robert Brown - 1982 - Philosophical Quarterly 32 (128):232-244.
  26.  5
    Thought Experiments.James Robert Brown - 2017 - In W. H. Newton‐Smith (ed.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Science. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 528–531.
    We need only list a few of the well‐known thought experiments to be reminded of their enormous influence and importance in the sciences: Newton's bucket, Maxwell's demon, Einstein's elevator, Heisenberg's gamma‐ray microscope, Schrödinger's cat. The seventeenth century saw some of its most brilliant practitioners in Galileo, Descartes, Newton, and Leibniz. And in our own time, the creation of quantum mechanics and relativity are almost unthinkable without the crucial role played by thought experiments.
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  27. Thought Experiments in Science, Philosophy, and Mathematics.James Robert Brown - 2007 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):3-27.
    Most disciplines make use of thought experiments, but physics and philosophy lead the pack with heavy dependence upon them. Often this is for conceptual clarification, but occasionally they provide real theoretical advances. In spite of their importance, however, thought experirnents have received rather little attention as a topic in their own right until recently. The situation has improved in the past few years, but a mere generation ago the entire published literature on thought experiments could have been mastered in a (...)
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  28.  99
    Funding, objectivity and the socialization of medical research.James Robert Brown - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (3):295--308.
    There has been a sharp rise in private funding of medical research, especially in relation to patentable products. Several serious problems with this are described. A solution involving the elimination of patents and public funding administered through extended national health care systems is proposed.
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  29.  34
    History and the Norms of Science.James Robert Brown - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:236 - 248.
    Starting from the assumption that the history of science is, in some significant sense, rational and thus that historical episodes may serve as evidence in choosing between competing normative methodologies of science, the question arises: "Just what is this history-methodology evidential relation?" After examining the proposals of Laudan, a more plausible account is proposed.
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  30.  8
    Pronom.James Robert Quick - 1992 - Philosophy Today 36 (3):199-209.
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  31.  18
    Pronom "She": Luce Irigaray's Fluid Dynamics.James Robert Quick - 1992 - Philosophy Today 36 (3):199-209.
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  32.  21
    Introduction.James Robert Brown - 2018 - Perspectives on Science 26 (4):419-422.
    Feynman diagrams have fascinated physicists and philosophers since they were introduced to the world about 70 years ago. Clearly, they help in calculation; they have allowed nearly impossible problems to be solved with relative ease. This is agreed by all, but that is probably where the consensus ends. Are they pictures of physical processes? Are they just devices for keeping track of mathematical formulae, that do the real work? Are they some sort of mix of both?They are almost as famous (...)
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  33.  4
    Modern Process Thought: A Brief Ideological History.James Robert Gray - 1982 - Upa.
    ...this work covers a great deal of philosophical ground, and it does so in a competent, workmanlike fashion which should be comprehensible even to a student in a lower level undergraduate introductory course.
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  34.  68
    Explaining, Seeing, and Understanding in Thought Experiments.James Robert Brown - 2014 - Perspectives on Science 22 (3):357-376.
    Theories often run into paradoxes. Some of these are outright contradictions, sending the would-be champions of the theory back to the drawing board. Others are paradoxical in the sense of being bizarre and unexpected. The latter are sometimes mistakenly thought to be instances of the former. That is, they are thought to be more than merely weird; they are mistakenly thought to be self-refuting. Showing that they are not self-contradictory but merely a surprise is often a challenge. Notions of explanation (...)
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  35.  10
    Where Have All the Liberals Gone?: Race, Class, and Ideals in America.James Robert Flynn - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Professor James R. Flynn is renowned for his belief that the IQ gap between black and white Americans is not genetic, but environmental in origin. Flynn's controversial new book offers an alternative to the vision of American society popularized by Herrnstein and Murray in The Bell Curve and is a must-read for all those wanting to keep up to date with the IQ debate. It traces the history of American idealism from Jefferson to the followers of Leo Strauss; analyses (...)
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  36.  29
    Reason and Passion in Plato’s Republic.James Robert Peters - 1989 - Ancient Philosophy 9 (2):173-187.
  37.  16
    Legitimate Mathematical Methods.James Robert Brown - 2020 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):1-6.
    A thought experiment involving an omniscient being and quantum mechanics is used to justify non-deductive methods in mathematics. The twin prime conjecture is used to illustrate what can be achieved.
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  38.  80
    Money, Method and Medical Research.James Robert Brown - 2004 - Episteme 1 (1):49-59.
    It's sometimes useful to start with a quiz, even if it seems irrelevant to the issues at hand. Suppose you have to organize a tennis tournament with, say, 1025 players. Match winners will go on to the next round while losers bow out until all have been eliminated except, of course, the final champion. Your problem is this: How many matches must you book for this tournament?
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  39.  2
    The evidence of the unseen.James Robert Graham - 1938 - Grand Rapids, Mich.,: Zondervan publishing.
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  40.  39
    The sāmkhya aphorisms of Kapila: with illustrative extracts from the commentaries.James Robert Kapila, Fitzedward Ballantyne & Hall - 1885 - Varanasi: Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series Office. Edited by James Robert Ballantyne, Aniruddha & Vijñānabhikṣu.
    This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original.
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  41.  23
    Believe It or Not: On Multiplying Classes of Belief-like States.Thompson James Robert - 2016 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 9 (1):79-110.
    This paper explores whether it is justified to add any new taxa concerning informational states to our psychological taxonomy. Such exploration will not lead to a straightforward decision between remaining steadfast with the taxonomic _status quo_ and adding only one new taxon. A careful analysis of when one would be warranted in positing a new taxon for informational states will reveal similarly compelling reasons to posit all sorts of additional taxa. As an antidote to such proliferation, I suggest a reinforcement (...)
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  42. Recollection and Essence in Plato's "Meno".James Robert Peters - 1985 - Dissertation, Northwestern University
    The paradox in Inquiry in Plato's Meno raises the fundamental epistemological problem of how one can come to know the basic and primary criteria of philosophical reasoning. Two key tenets of the Socratic search for definitions underlie the paradox. First, Socrates argues in both the Euthyphro and Hippias Major, that knowledge of particular instances of a given Form presupposes knowledge of the universal Form. Secondly, Socrates insists in the Meno that knowledge of essence logically preceeds knowledge of a Form's other (...)
     
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  43.  8
    Reason and Passion in Plato’s Republic.James Robert Peters - 1989 - Ancient Philosophy 9 (2):173-187.
  44.  14
    Ethics and the Continuum Hypothesis.James Robert Brown - 2019 - In James Robert Brown, Shaoshi Chen, Robert M. Corless, Ernest Davis, Nicolas Fillion, Max Gunzburger, Benjamin C. Jantzen, Daniel Lichtblau, Yuri Matiyasevich, Robert H. C. Moir, Mark Wilson & James Woodward (eds.), Algorithms and Complexity in Mathematics, Epistemology, and Science: Proceedings of 2015 and 2016 Acmes Conferences. Springer New York. pp. 1-16.
    Mathematics and ethics are surprisingly similar. To some extent this is obvious, since neither looks to laboratory experiments nor sensory experience of any kind as a source of evidence. Both are based on reason and something commonly call “intuition.” This is not all. Interestingly, mathematics and ethics both possess similar distinctions between pure and applied. I explore some of the similarities and draw methodological lessons from them. We can use these lessons to explore how and why Freiling’s refutation of the (...)
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  45.  81
    Rescher's evolutionary epistemology.James Robert Brown - 1985 - Philosophia 15 (3):287-300.
  46. Seeing the laws of nature [author's response to Norton, 1993].James Robert Brown - 1993 - Metascience 3:38-40.
     
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  47.  18
    Otto Hahn and the Rise of Nuclear Physics.James Robert Brown - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (2):317-318.
  48.  11
    Humanism and ideology: an Aristotelian view.James Robert Flynn - 1973 - Boston,: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    The Problem of Ethical Scepticism To deal with the problem of ethical scepticism , to show why it is of particular interest to political activists and ...
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  49.  3
    Student unrest in Europe and America : some implications for Western society.James Robert Huntley - 1970 - Res Publica 12 (2):171-184.
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  50.  72
    Siobhan Roberts. King of infinite space: Donald coxeter, the man who saved geometry.James Robert Brown - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (3):386-388.
    Donald Coxeter died in 2003, at a ripe old age of 96. Though I had regularly seen him at mathematics talks in Toronto for over twenty years, I never felt rushed to seek him out. It seemed he would go on forever. His death left me regretting my missed opportunity and Siobhan Robert's excellent book makes me regret it even more. Like any good biography of an intellectual, King of Infinite Space contains personal details and mathematical achievements in some (...)
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