Results for 'James T. Becker'

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  1.  61
    Hippocampus, space, and memory.David S. Olton, James T. Becker & Gail E. Handelmann - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):313-322.
    We examine two different descriptions of the behavioral functions of the hippocampal system. One emphasizes spatially organized behaviors, especially those using cognitive maps. The other emphasizes memory, particularly working memory, a short-term memory that requires iexible stimulus-response associations and is highly susceptible to interference. The predictive value of the spatial and memory descriptions were evaluated by testing rats with damage to the hippocampal system in a series of experiments, independently manipulating the spatial and memory characteristics of a behavioral task. No (...)
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  2.  18
    A re-examination of the role of hippocampus in working memory.David S. Olton, James T. Becker & Gail E. Handelmann - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):352-365.
  3.  63
    Pragmatism and the Practice of History: From Turner and Du Bois to Today.James T. Kloppenberg - 2004 - Metaphilosophy 35 (1-2):202-225.
    Pragmatism has affected American historical writing since the early twentieth century. Such contemporaries and students of Peirce, James, and Dewey as Frederick Jackson Turner, W. E. B. Du Bois, James Harvey Robinson, Charles Beard, Mary Beard, and Carl Becker drew on pragmatism when they fashioned what was called the “new history.” They wanted to topple inherited assumptions about the past and replace positivist historical methods with the pragmatists' model of a community of inquiry. Such widely read mid-twentieth-century (...)
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  4.  63
    Education for Autonomy.T. Adorno & H. Becker - 1983 - Télos 1983 (56):103-110.
  5.  3
    A sociology of belief.James T. Borhek - 1975 - Malabar, Fla.: R.E. Krieger Pub. Co.. Edited by Richard Farnsworth Curtis.
  6.  27
    Two kinds of global perceptual separability and curvature.James T. Townsend & Jesse Spencer-Smith - 2004 - In Christian Kaernbach, Erich Schröger & Hermann Müller (eds.), Psychophysics Beyond Sensation: Laws and Invariants of Human Cognition. Psychology Press. pp. 89--109.
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  7.  8
    Quantum Mechanics: Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony.James T. Cushing - 1994 - University of Chicago Press.
    Why does one theory "succeed" while another, possibly clearer interpretation, fails? By exploring two observationally equivalent yet conceptually incompatible views of quantum mechanics, James T. Cushing shows how historical contingency can be crucial to determining a theory's construction and its position among competing views. Since the late 1920s, the theory formulated by Niels Bohr and his colleagues at Copenhagen has been the dominant interpretation of quantum mechanics. Yet an alternative interpretation, rooted in the work of Louis de Broglie in (...)
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  8.  43
    Philoophical Consequences of Quantum Theory.James T. Cushing & Ernan McMullin (eds.) - 1989 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    From the beginning, the implications of quantum theory for our most general understanding of the world have been a matter of intense debate. Einstein argues that the theory had to be regarded as fundamentally incomplete. Its inability, for example, to predict the exact time of decay of a single radioactive atom had to be due to a failure of the theory and not due to a permanent inability on our part or a fundamental indeterminism in nature itself. In 1964, John (...)
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  9. Quantum Mechanics. Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony.James T. Cushing - 1996 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 27 (2):353-358.
     
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  10. Quantum Mechanics: Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony.James T. Cushing - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (2):317-328.
     
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  11. Quantum Mechanics: Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony.James T. Cushing - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (191):250-252.
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  12.  23
    Bohmian mechanics and quantum theory: an appraisal.James T. Cushing, Arthur Fine & Sheldon Goldstein - 1996 - Springer.
    We are often told that quantum phenomena demand radical revisions of our scientific world view and that no physical theory describing well defined objects, such as particles described by their positions, evolving in a well defined way, let alone deterministically, can account for such phenomena. The great majority of physicists continue to subscribe to this view, despite the fact that just such a deterministic theory, accounting for all of the phe nomena of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics, was proposed by David Bohm (...)
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  13.  16
    Theory construction and selection in modern physics: the S matrix.James T. Cushing - 1990 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    One of the major philosophical problems in physical sciences is what criteria should determine how scientific theories are selected and justified in practice and whether, in describing observable physical phenomena, such theories are effectively constrained to be unique. This book studies the example of a particular theory, the S-matrix theory. The S-matrix program was initiated by Heisenberg to deal with difficulties encountered in quantum field theories in describing particular phenomena. Since then, each theory has at different times been favored as (...)
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  14. Bohmian Mechanics and Quantum Theory: An Appraisal.James T. Cushing, Arthur Fine & Sheldon Goldstein - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (2):332-337.
     
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  15. Theory Construction and Selection in Modern Physics: The S Matrix.James T. Cushing - 1992 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (3):431-433.
     
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  16. Influence of scene-based properties on visual search.James T. Enns & Ronald A. Rensink - 1990 - Science 247:721-723.
    The task of visual search is to determine as rapidly as possible whether a target item is present or absent in a display. Rapidly detected items are thought to contain features that correspond to primitive elements in the human visual system. In previous theories, it has been assumed that visual search is based on simple two-dimensional features in the image. However, visual search also has access to another level of representation, one that describes properties in the corresponding three-dimensional scene. Among (...)
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  17.  33
    The Principle-at-Risk Analysis (PaRA): Operationalising Digital Ethics by Bridging Principles and Operations of a Digital Ethics Advisory Panel.André T. Nemat, Sarah J. Becker, Simon Lucas, Sean Thomas, Isabel Gadea & Jean Enno Charton - 2023 - Minds and Machines 33 (4):737-760.
    Recent attempts to develop and apply digital ethics principles to address the challenges of the digital transformation leave organisations with an operationalisation gap. To successfully implement such guidance, they must find ways to translate high-level ethics frameworks into practical methods and tools that match their specific workflows and needs. Here, we describe the development of a standardised risk assessment tool, the Principle-at-Risk Analysis (PaRA), as a means to close this operationalisation gap for a key level of the ethics infrastructure at (...)
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  18.  77
    Philosophical concepts in physics: the historical relation between philosophy and scientific theories.James T. Cushing - 1998 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines a selection of philosophical issues in the context of specific episodes in the development of physical theories. Advances in science are presented against the historical and philosophical backgrounds in which they occurred. A major aim is to impress upon the reader the essential role that philosophical considerations have played in the actual practice of science. The book begins with some necessary introduction to the history of ancient and early modern science, with major emphasis being given to the (...)
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  19. Constructing Quarks: A Sociological History of Particle Physics. Andrew Pickering.James T. Cushing - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (4):640-641.
  20. Sensitivity to three-dimensional orientation in visual search.James T. Enns & Ronald A. Rensink - 1990 - Psychological Science 1 (5):323-326.
    Previous theories of early vision have assumed that visual search is based on simple two-dimensional aspects of an image, such as the orientation of edges and lines. It is shown here that search can also be based on three-dimensional orientation of objects in the corresponding scene, provided that these objects are simple convex blocks. Direct comparison shows that image-based and scene-based orientation are similar in their ability to facilitate search. These findings support the hypothesis that scene-based properties are represented at (...)
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  21.  59
    The Tao of Confucian Virtue Ethics.James T. Bretzke - 1995 - International Philosophical Quarterly 35 (1):25-41.
    This article investigates the key aspects of the Confucian virtue ethics such as the "chun- tzu" (Superior Person), the Five Relationships of society, the particular Confucian virtues of "jen" (benevolence) and "li" (propriety), the moral vision of the "tao" (Way), and the understanding of the "t'ien- ming" (Mandate of Heaven). The thesis of the article is that the moral matrix provided by the web of social relationships allows the Confucian ethics of virtue to function well, and that a consideration of (...)
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  22. Science and Reality: Recent Work in the Philosophy of Science.James T. Cushing, C. F. Delany & Gary M. Gutting (eds.) - 1984 - University of Notre Dame Press.
  23. Quantum theory and explanatory discourse: Endgame for understanding?James T. Cushing - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (3):337-358.
    Empirical adequacy, formal explanation and understanding are distinct goals of science. While no a priori criterion for understanding should be laid down, there may be inherent limitations on the way we are able to understand explanations of physical phenomena. I examine several recent contributions to the exercise of fashioning an explanatory discourse to mold the formal explanation provided by quantum mechanics to our modes of understanding. The question is whether we are capable of truly understanding (or comprehending) quantum phenomena, as (...)
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  24. A reentrant view of visual masking, object substitution, and response priming.James T. Enns, Alejandro Lleras & Vince Di Lollo - 2006 - In Gmen, Haluk; Breitmeyer, Bruno G. (2006). The First Half Second: The Microgenesis and Temporal Dynamics of Unconscious and Conscious Visual Processes. (Pp. 127-147). Cambridge, Ma, Us: Mit Press. Xi, 410 Pp.
     
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  25.  35
    Vocal imitation of song and speech.James T. Mantell & Peter Q. Pfordresher - 2013 - Cognition 127 (2):177-202.
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  26. Models and methodologies in current theoretical high-energy physics.James T. Cushing - 1982 - Synthese 50 (1):5 - 101.
    A case study of the development of quantum field theory and of S-matrix theory, from their inceptions to the present, is presented. The descriptions of science given by Kuhn and by Lakatos are compared and contrasted as they apply to this case study. The episodes of the developments of these theories are then considered as candidates for competing research programs in Lakatos' methodology of scientific research programs. Lakatos' scheme provides a reasonable overall description and a plausible assessment of the relative (...)
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  27.  13
    The Differential Effects of Attentional Focus in Children with Moderate and Profound Visual Impairments.Scott W. T. McNamara, Kevin A. Becker & Lisa M. Silliman-French - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  28.  79
    The psychology of personality: an epistemological inquiry.James T. Lamiell - 1987 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    Epistemology and the Psychology of Personality I; [n his discussion of publication trends in contemporary personality psychology, Hogan () noted that; ...
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  29. A Sociology of Belief.James T. Borhek & Richard F. Curtis - 1976 - Religious Studies 12 (1):121-124.
     
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  30.  31
    A Theory of Interactive Parallel Processing: New Capacity Measures and Predictions for a Response Time Inequality Series.James T. Townsend & Michael J. Wenger - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (4):1003-1035.
  31. Preattentive recovery of three-dimensional orientation from line drawings.James T. Enns & Ronald A. Rensink - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (3):335-351.
    It has generally been assumed that rapid visual search is based on simple features and that spatial relations between features are irrelevant for this task. Seven experiments involving search for line drawings contradict this assumption; a major determinant of search is the presence of line junctions. Arrow- and Y-junctions were detected rapidly in isolation and when they were embedded in drawings of rectangular polyhedra. Search for T-junctions was considerably slower. Drawings containing T-junctions often gave rise to very slow search even (...)
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  32. The nature of science and science teaching.James T. Robinson - 1968 - Belmont, Calif.,: Wadsworth Pub. Co..
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  33.  61
    Locality/Separability: Is This Necessarily a Useful Distinction?James T. Cushing - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:107 - 116.
    In the philosophy of science, we are to assess critically and on their intrinsic merits various proposals for a consistent interpretation of quantum mechanics, including resolutions of the measurement problem and accounts of the long-range Bell correlations. In this paper I suggest that the terms of debate may have been so severely and unduly constrained by the reigning orthodoxy that we labor unproductively with an unhelpful vocabulary and set of definitions and distinctions. I present an alternative conceptual framework, free of (...)
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  34.  41
    Underdetermination, Conventionalism and Realism: The Copenhagen vs. the Bohm Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.James T. Cushing - 1993 - In S. French & H. Kamminga (eds.), Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 261--278.
  35. Science Teaching and the Nature of Science (orig. 1965).James T. Robinson - 1998 - Science & Education 7 (6):617-634.
     
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  36.  85
    On the Resurrection of the Dead: A New Metaphysics of Afterlife for Christian Thought.James T. Turner - 2018 - London: Routledge.
    Christian tradition has largely held three affirmations on the resurrection of the physical body. Firstly, that bodily resurrection is not a superfluous hope of afterlife. Secondly, there is immediate post-mortem existence in Paradise. Finally, there is numerical identity between pre-mortem and post-resurrection human beings. The same tradition also largely adheres to a robust doctrine of The Intermediate State, a paradisiacal disembodied state of existence following the biological death of a human being. This book argues that these positions are in fact (...)
  37.  11
    Stress-based crystal analysis of yielding in rolled Mg AZ31B.J. T. Lloyd & R. Becker - 2016 - Philosophical Magazine 96 (4):370-386.
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  38.  75
    No explanation of persons, no explanation of resurrection: on Lynne Baker’s constitution view and the resurrection of human persons.James T. Turner - 2014 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 76 (3):297-317.
    I don’t think Lynne Rudder Baker’s constitution view can account for personal identity problems of a synchronic or diachronic nature. As such, it cannot accommodate the Christian’s claim of eschatological bodily resurrection-a principle reason for which she gives this account. In light of this, I press objections against her constitution view in the following ways: First, I critique an analogy she draws between Aristotle’s “accidental sameness” and constitution. Second, I address three problems for Baker’s constitution view [‘Constitution Problems’ ], each (...)
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  39.  27
    A well-tempered liberalism: Modern intellectual history and political theory: James T. Kloppenberg.James T. Kloppenberg - 2013 - Modern Intellectual History 10 (3):655-682.
    Intellectual history and the history of political thought are siblings, perhaps even twins. They have similar origins and use similar materials. They attract many of the same friends and make some of the same enemies. Yet like most siblings, they have different temperaments and ambitions. This essay explores the family resemblances and draws out the contrasts by examining two major works by one of the most prominent political theorists of the past half-century, Alan Ryan, who has recently published two big (...)
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  40. A simple refutation of the knowledge argument against physicalism.James T. Anderson - 2003
    One of the most persuasive objections to the identity thesis.
     
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  41. Unfair Competition: The Profits of Nonprofits.James T. Bennett & Thomas J. Dilorenzo - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (1):20-44.
     
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  42.  19
    A Bohmian response to Bohr's complementarity.James T. Cushing - 1994 - In Jan Faye & Henry J. Folse (eds.), Niels Bohr and Contemporary Philosophy. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 57--75.
  43.  37
    Samuel Ibn Tibbon's commentary on Ecclesiastes: the Book of the Soul of Man.James T. Robinson - 2007 - Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
    Chapter 1 The Author: Life and Works 1 . Historical and Cultural Background In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the Jews of southern France (the Midi, ...
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  44.  42
    How did a neo-confucian school become the state orthodoxy?James T. C. Liu - 1973 - Philosophy East and West 23 (4):483-505.
    It was the lack of hope for political reform that turned a neo-Confucianist school led by chu hsi to develop comprehensive metaphysical principles and integrated social actions as the only true way to put the confucian value system into practice. An ill-Advised persecution led to the contrary result: a heightened prestige. Facing the mongol threat, The state in an effort to strengthen itself belatedly adopted this school as the state orthodoxy, More for prestige than for reality. When the mongols occupied (...)
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  45.  81
    On the Horns of a Dilemma: Bodily Resurrection or Disembodied Paradise?James T. Turner - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 75 (5):406-421.
    In the sixteenth century, Sir Thomas More criticized Martin Luther’s purported denial of a conscious intermediate state between bodily death and bodily resurrection. In the same century, William Tyndale penned a response in defense of Luther’s view. His argument essentially defended the proposition: If the Intermediate State obtains, then bodily resurrection is superfluous for those in the paradisiacal state. In this article, I enter the fray and argue for the truth of this conditional claim. And, like William Tyndale, I use (...)
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  46.  5
    Die Aristophanes-Scholien der Papyri.James T. Allen & G. Zuntz - 1941 - American Journal of Philology 62 (3):376.
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  47. Samuel Ibn Tibbon.James T. Robinson - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.(Http://Plato. Standford. Edu/Entries/Tibbon).
     
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  48.  47
    Health care reform and abortion: A catholic moral perspective.James T. McHugh - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (5):491-500.
    The Catholic Church in the United States provides extensive health care service through its more than 600 health facilities. The Church, on the basis of its moral teaching, sees health care as a basic human right and supports universal coverage. At the same time, the Church considers abortion morally wrong and opposes coverage of abortion as a health service in a national health plan. Mandated coverage of abortion would violate the moral commitments of Catholic hospitals and the consciences of Catholics (...)
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  49.  46
    Decision field theory: A dynamic-cognitive approach to decision making in an uncertain environment.Jerome R. Busemeyer & James T. Townsend - 1993 - Psychological Review 100 (3):432-459.
  50.  15
    Serial exhaustive models can violate the race model inequality: Implications for architecture and capacity.James T. Townsend & Georgie Nozawa - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (3):595-602.
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