Results for 'James T. Becker'

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  1.  37
    Hippocampus, Space, and Memory.David S. Olton, James T. Becker & Gail E. Handelmann - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):313-322.
    We examine two different descriptions of the behavioral functions of the hippocampal system. One emphasizes spatially organized behaviors, especially those using cognitive maps. The other emphasizes memory, particularly working memory, a short-term memory that requires iexible stimulus-response associations and is highly susceptible to interference. The predictive value of the spatial and memory descriptions were evaluated by testing rats with damage to the hippocampal system in a series of experiments, independently manipulating the spatial and memory characteristics of a behavioral task. No (...)
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  2.  9
    A Re-Examination of the Role of Hippocampus in Working Memory.David S. Olton, James T. Becker & Gail E. Handelmann - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):352-365.
  3.  52
    Pragmatism and the Practice of History: From Turner and Du Bois to Today.James T. Kloppenberg - 2004 - Metaphilosophy 35 (1-2):202-225.
    Pragmatism has affected American historical writing since the early twentieth century. Such contemporaries and students of Peirce, James, and Dewey as Frederick Jackson Turner, W. E. B. Du Bois, James Harvey Robinson, Charles Beard, Mary Beard, and Carl Becker drew on pragmatism when they fashioned what was called the “new history.” They wanted to topple inherited assumptions about the past and replace positivist historical methods with the pragmatists' model of a community of inquiry. Such widely read mid-twentieth-century (...)
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  4.  46
    Education for Autonomy.T. Adorno & H. Becker - 1983 - Télos 1983 (56):103-110.
  5. Quantum Mechanics: Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony.James T. Cushing - 1994 - University of Chicago Press.
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  6.  14
    A Well-Tempered Liberalism: Modern Intellectual History and Political Theory: James T. Kloppenberg.James T. Kloppenberg - 2013 - Modern Intellectual History 10 (3):655-682.
    Intellectual history and the history of political thought are siblings, perhaps even twins. They have similar origins and use similar materials. They attract many of the same friends and make some of the same enemies. Yet like most siblings, they have different temperaments and ambitions. This essay explores the family resemblances and draws out the contrasts by examining two major works by one of the most prominent political theorists of the past half-century, Alan Ryan, who has recently published two big (...)
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  7.  53
    No Explanation of Persons, No Explanation of Resurrection: On Lynne Baker’s Constitution View and the Resurrection of Human Persons.James T. Turner - 2014 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 76 (3):297-317.
    I don’t think Lynne Rudder Baker’s constitution view can account for personal identity problems of a synchronic or diachronic nature. As such, it cannot accommodate the Christian’s claim of eschatological bodily resurrection-a principle reason for which she gives this account. In light of this, I press objections against her constitution view in the following ways: First, I critique an analogy she draws between Aristotle’s “accidental sameness” and constitution. Second, I address three problems for Baker’s constitution view [‘Constitution Problems’ ], each (...)
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  8. Philoophical Consequences of Quantum Theory.James T. Cushing & Ernan McMullin (eds.) - 1989 - University of Notre Dame Press.
     
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  9.  23
    A Theory of Interactive Parallel Processing: New Capacity Measures and Predictions for a Response Time Inequality Series.James T. Townsend & Michael J. Wenger - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (4):1003-1035.
  10.  48
    The Visual Perception of 3D Shape.James T. Todd - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):115-121.
  11.  59
    What’s New in Visual Masking?James T. Enns & Vincent Di Lollo - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (9):345-352.
  12.  95
    Purgatory Puzzles: Moral Perfection and the Parousia.James T. Turner - 2017 - Journal of Analytic Theology 5:197-219.
    My argument proceeds in two stages. In §I, I sum up the intuitions of a popular argument for 'satisfaction accounts' of Purgatory that I label, TAP. I then offer an argument, taken from a few standard orthodox Christian beliefs and one axiom of Christian theology, to so show that TAP is unsound. In the same section, I entertain some plausible responses to my argument that are prima facie consistent with these beliefs and axiom. I find these responses wanting. In §II, (...)
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  13. Bohmian Mechanics and Quantum Theory: An Appraisal.James T. Cushing, Arthur Fine & Sheldon Goldstein - 1996 - Springer.
     
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  14.  37
    Philosophical Concepts in Physics: The Historical Relation Between Philosophy and Scientific Theories.James T. Cushing - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines a selection of philosophical issues in the context of specific episodes in the development of physical theories. Advances in science are presented against the historical and philosophical backgrounds in which they occurred. A major aim is to impress upon the reader the essential role that philosophical considerations have played in the actual practice of science. The book begins with some necessary introduction to the history of ancient and early modern science, with major emphasis being given to the (...)
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  15.  48
    On the Horns of a Dilemma: Bodily Resurrection or Disembodied Paradise?James T. Turner - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 75 (5):406-421.
    In the sixteenth century, Sir Thomas More criticized Martin Luther’s purported denial of a conscious intermediate state between bodily death and bodily resurrection. In the same century, William Tyndale penned a response in defense of Luther’s view. His argument essentially defended the proposition: If the Intermediate State obtains, then bodily resurrection is superfluous for those in the paradisiacal state. In this article, I enter the fray and argue for the truth of this conditional claim. And, like William Tyndale, I use (...)
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  16.  88
    Quantum Theory and Explanatory Discourse: Endgame for Understanding?James T. Cushing - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (3):337-358.
    Empirical adequacy, formal explanation and understanding are distinct goals of science. While no a priori criterion for understanding should be laid down, there may be inherent limitations on the way we are able to understand explanations of physical phenomena. I examine several recent contributions to the exercise of fashioning an explanatory discourse to mold the formal explanation provided by quantum mechanics to our modes of understanding. The question is whether we are capable of truly understanding (or comprehending) quantum phenomena, as (...)
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  17.  88
    Models and Methodologies in Current Theoretical High-Energy Physics.James T. Cushing - 1982 - Synthese 50 (1):5 - 101.
    A case study of the development of quantum field theory and of S-matrix theory, from their inceptions to the present, is presented. The descriptions of science given by Kuhn and by Lakatos are compared and contrasted as they apply to this case study. The episodes of the developments of these theories are then considered as candidates for competing research programs in Lakatos' methodology of scientific research programs. Lakatos' scheme provides a reasonable overall description and a plausible assessment of the relative (...)
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  18.  15
    Archaea‐First and the Co‐Evolutionary Diversification of Domains of Life.James T. Staley & Gustavo Caetano-Anollés - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (8):1800036.
    The origins and evolution of the Archaea, Bacteria, and Eukarya remain controversial. Phylogenomic‐wide studies of molecular features that are evolutionarily conserved, such as protein structural domains, suggest Archaea is the first domain of life to diversify from a stem line of descent. This line embodies the last universal common ancestor of cellular life. Here, we propose that ancestors of Euryarchaeota co‐evolved with those of Bacteria prior to the diversification of Eukarya. This co‐evolutionary scenario is supported by comparative genomic and phylogenomic (...)
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  19. Thinking Historically: A Manifesto of Pragmatic Hermeneutics.James T. Kloppenberg - 2012 - Modern Intellectual History 9 (1):201-216.
    American intellectual history in the future will be embodied, embedded, and extended. Building on a sturdy foundation of past practices, intellectual historians will consolidate the advances of the last half-century and continue to study ideas articulated in multiple registers, by multiple historical actors, for multiple purposes.
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  20.  7
    Serial Exhaustive Models Can Violate the Race Model Inequality: Implications for Architecture and Capacity.James T. Townsend & Georgie Nozawa - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (3):595-602.
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  21.  8
    Preattentive Recovery of Three¬Dimensional Orientation From Line Drawings.James T. Enns & Ronald A. Rensink - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (3):335-351.
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  22.  57
    What's Next? New Evidence for Prediction in Human Vision.James T. Enns & Alejandro Lleras - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (9):327-333.
  23.  6
    Dynamic Representation of Decision-Making.James T. Townsend & Jerome Busemeyer - 1995 - In T. Van Gelder & Robert Port (eds.), Mind as Motion. MIT Press. pp. 101--120.
  24.  53
    Competition for Consciousness Among Visual Events: The Psychophysics of Reentrant Visual Processes.Vincent Di Lollo, James T. Enns & Ronald A. Rensink - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 129 (4):481.
  25. Constructing Quarks: A Sociological History of Particle Physics. Andrew Pickering.James T. Cushing - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (4):640-641.
  26.  30
    Samuel Ibn Tibbon's Commentary on Ecclesiastes: The Book of the Soul of Man.James T. Robinson - 2007 - Mohr Siebeck.
    Chapter 1 The Author: Life and Works 1 . Historical and Cultural Background In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the Jews of southern France (the Midi, ...
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  27.  24
    Decision Field Theory: A Dynamic-Cognitive Approach to Decision Making in an Uncertain Environment.Jerome R. Busemeyer & James T. Townsend - 1993 - Psychological Review 100 (3):432-459.
  28.  13
    T. Becker (a Cura di), "Quality Policy and Consumer Behaviour in the European Union" E M. Miele E V. Parisi (a Cura di), "Atteggiamento Dei Consumatori E Politiche di Qualità Della Carne in Italia E in Europa Negli Anni '90". [REVIEW]Giancarlo Gasperoni - 2001 - Polis 15 (3):480-482.
  29.  3
    An Accuracy–Response Time Capacity Assessment Function That Measures Performance Against Standard Parallel Predictions.James T. Townsend & Nicholas Altieri - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):500-516.
  30.  45
    Exploring the Relations Between Categorization and Decision Making with Regard to Realistic Face Stimuli.James T. Townsend, Kam M. Silva, Jesse Spencer-Smith & Michael J. Wenger - 2000 - Pragmatics and Cognition 8 (1):83-105.
    Categorization and decision making are combined in a task with photorealistic faces. Two different types of face stimuli were assigned probabilistically into one of two fictitious groups; based on the category, faces were further probabilistically assigned to be hostile or friendly. In Part I, participants are asked to categorize a face into one of two categories, and to make a decision concerning interaction. A Markov model of categorization followed by decision making provides reasonable fits to Part I data. A Markov (...)
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  31.  51
    Happy Slaves: A Critique of Consent Theory.James T. Kloppenberg - 1991 - Ethics 101 (3):655-656.
  32. Science Teaching and the Nature of Science (Orig. 1965).James T. Robinson - 1998 - Science & Education 7 (6):617-634.
     
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  33.  47
    Is There Just One Possible World? Contingency Vs the Bootstrap.James T. Cushing - 1985 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 16 (1):31.
  34.  37
    The Tao of Confucian Virtue Ethics.James T. Bretzke - 1995 - International Philosophical Quarterly 35 (1):25-41.
    This article investigates the key aspects of the Confucian virtue ethics such as the "chun- tzu" (Superior Person), the Five Relationships of society, the particular Confucian virtues of "jen" (benevolence) and "li" (propriety), the moral vision of the "tao" (Way), and the understanding of the "t'ien- ming" (Mandate of Heaven). The thesis of the article is that the moral matrix provided by the web of social relationships allows the Confucian ethics of virtue to function well, and that a consideration of (...)
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  35.  27
    Vocal Imitation of Song and Speech.James T. Mantell & Peter Q. Pfordresher - 2013 - Cognition 127 (2):177-202.
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  36.  24
    Why a Bodily Resurrection?: The Bodily Resurrection and the Mind/Body Relation.Joshua Mugg & James T. Turner - 2017 - Journal of Analytic Theology 5:121-144.
    The doctrine of the resurrection says that God will resurrect the body that lived and died on earth—that the post-mortem body will be numerically identical to the pre-mortem body. After exegetically supporting this claim, and defending it from a recent objection, we ask: supposing that the doctrine of the resurrection is true, what are the implications for the mind-body relation? Why would God resurrect the body that lived and died on earth? We compare three accounts of the mind-body relation that (...)
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  37.  16
    On the Proper Scales for Reaction Time.James T. Townsend - 1992 - In H. G. Geissler, S. W. Link & J. T. Townsend (eds.), Cognition, Information Processing, and Psychophysics: Basic Issues. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 105--120.
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  38.  67
    The Psychology of Personality: An Epistemological Inquiry.James T. Lamiell - 1987 - Columbia University Press.
    Epistemology and the Psychology of Personality I; [n his discussion of publication trends in contemporary personality psychology, Hogan () noted that; ...
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  39.  10
    Ordinal Structure in the Visual Perception and Cognition of Smoothly Curved Surfaces.James T. Todd & Francene D. Reichel - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (4):643-657.
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  40.  58
    The Justification and Selection of Scientific Theories.James T. Cushing - 1989 - Synthese 78 (1):1 - 24.
    This paper is a critique of a project, outlined by Laudan et al. (1986) recently in this journal, for empirically testing philosophical models of change in science by comparing them against the historical record of actual scientific practice. While the basic idea of testing such models of change in the arena of science is itself an appealing one, serious questions can be raised about the suitability of seeking confirmation or disconfirmation for large numbers of specific theses drawn from a massive (...)
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  41.  51
    Is Scientific Methodology Interestingly Atemporal?James T. Cushing - 1990 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (2):177-194.
    Any division between scientific practice and a metalevel of the methods and goals of science is largely a false dichotomy. Since a priori, foundationist or logicist approaches to normative principles have proven unequal to the task of representing actual scientific practice, methodologies of science must be abstracted from episodes in the history of science. Of course, it is possible that such characteristics could prove universal and constant across various eras. But, case studies show that they are not in anything beyond (...)
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  42.  8
    Preemption Effects in Visual Search: Evidence for Low-Level Grouping.Ronald A. Rensink & James T. Enns - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (1):101-130.
  43.  26
    Quantum Tunneling Times: A Crucial Test for the Causal Program? [REVIEW]James T. Cushing - 1995 - Foundations of Physics 25 (2):269-280.
    It is generally believed that Bohm's version of quantum mechanics is observationally equivalent to standard quantum mechanics. A more careful statement is that the two theories will always make the same predictions for any question or problem that is well posed in both interpretations. The transit time of a “particle” between two points in space is not necessarily well defined in standard quantum mechanics, whereas it is in Bohm's theory since there is always a particle following a definite trajectory. For (...)
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  44.  74
    Building a Culture of Life: A Catholic Perspective.James T. McHugh - 2001 - Christian Bioethics 7 (3):441-452.
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  45.  59
    Bohmian Insights Into Quantum Chaos.James T. Cushing - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):445.
    The ubiquity of chaos in classical mechanics (CM), as opposed to the situation in standard quantum mechanics (QM), might be taken as speaking against QM being the fundamental theory of physical phenomena. Bohmian mechanics (BM), as a formulation of quantum theory, may clarify both the existence of chaos in the quantum domain and the nature of the classical limit. Two interesting possibilities are (i) that CM and classical chaos are included in and underwritten by quantum mechanics (BM) or (ii) that (...)
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  46. Science and Reality: Recent Work in the Philosophy of Science.James T. Cushing, C. F. Delany & Gary M. Gutting (eds.) - 1984 - University of Notre Dame Press.
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  47. Why a Bodily Resurrection?: The Bodily Resurrection and the Mind/Body Relation.Mugg Joshua & James T. Turner Jr - 2017 - Journal of Analytic Theology 5:121-144.
    The doctrine of the resurrection says that God will resurrect the body that lived and died on earth—that the post-mortem body will be numerically identical to the pre-mortem body. After exegetically supporting this claim, and defending it from a recent objection, we ask: supposing that the doctrine of the resurrection is true, what are the implications for the mind-body relation? Why would God resurrect the body that lived and died on earth? We compare three accounts of the mind-body relation that (...)
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  48.  10
    An Evolving Scientific Public Sphere: State Science Enlightenment, Communicative Discourse, and Public Culture From Imperial Russia to Khrushchev's Soviet Times.James T. Andrews - 2013 - Science in Context 26 (3):509-526.
    ArgumentBy the late nineteenth century, science pedagogues and academicians became involved in a vast movement to popularize science throughout the Russian empire. With the aftermath of the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution, many now found the new Marxist state a willing supporter of their goals of spreading science to an under-educated public. In the Stalin era, Soviet state officials believed that the spread of science and technology had to coalesce with the Communist Party's utilitarian goals and needs to revive the industrial sector (...)
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  49.  54
    A Response.James T. Cushing - 1982 - Synthese 50 (1):109 - 123.
  50.  29
    How Did a Neo-Confucian School Become the State Orthodoxy?James T. C. Liu - 1973 - Philosophy East and West 23 (4):483-505.
    It was the lack of hope for political reform that turned a neo-Confucianist school led by chu hsi to develop comprehensive metaphysical principles and integrated social actions as the only true way to put the confucian value system into practice. An ill-Advised persecution led to the contrary result: a heightened prestige. Facing the mongol threat, The state in an effort to strengthen itself belatedly adopted this school as the state orthodoxy, More for prestige than for reality. When the mongols occupied (...)
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