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James Tartaglia
Keele University
  1. Philosophy in a Meaningless Life.James Tartaglia - 2016 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    This book combines an account of the autonomy of philosophy with a new theory of consciousness. The account of philosophy is rooted in the question of the meaning of life. This question, it is argued, is neither obscure nor obsolete, but rather reflects an ancient and natural concern to which all other traditional philosophical problems can be squarely related; allowing them to be reconnected with natural sources of interest, and providing a diagnosis of the typical lines of opposition to be (...)
     
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  2.  46
    The Meaning of Life and the Great Philosophers.Stephen D. Leach & James Tartaglia (eds.) - 2018 - New York: Routledge.
    The Meaning of Life and the Great Philosophers reveals how great philosophers of the past sought to answer the question of the meaning of life. This edited collection includes thirty-five chapters which each focus on a major figure, from Confucius to Rorty, and that imaginatively engage with the topic from their perspective. This volume also contains a Postscript on the historical origins and original significance of the phrase 'the meaning of life'.
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  3. Is Philosophy All About the Meaning of Life?James Tartaglia - 2016 - Metaphilosophy 47 (2):283-303.
    This article defends a conception of philosophy popular outside the discipline but unpopular within it: that philosophy is unified by a concern with the meaning of life. First, it argues against exceptionalist theses according to which philosophy is unique among academic disciplines in not being united by a distinctive subject matter. It then presents a positive account, showing that the issue of the meaning of life is uniquely able to reveal unity between the practical and theoretical concerns of philosophy, while (...)
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  4.  83
    Metz’s Quest for the Holy Grail.James Tartaglia - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy of Life 5 (3):90-111.
    This paper is a critique of the new paradigm in analytic philosophy for investigating the meaning of life, focusing on Meaning in Life as the definitive example. Metz relies upon intuition, and reflection upon recent analytic literature, to guide him to his ‘fundamentality theory’. He calls this a theory of ‘the meaning of life’, saying it may be ‘the holy grail’. I argue that Metz’s project is not addressed to the meaning of life, but a distinct issue about social meaning; (...)
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  5.  11
    The ontology of freedom.James Tartaglia - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (4):461-473.
    I begin by clarifying Tallis’s revisionary terminology, showing how he redraws the lines of the traditional debate about free will by classifying himself as a compatibilist, when in standard terms he is an incompatibilist. I then examine what I take to be the two main lines of argument in Freedom, which I call the Mysterian Argument and the Intentionality Argument. I argue that neither can do the required work on its own, so I ask how they are supposed to combine. (...)
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  6.  64
    Conceptualizing physical consciousness.James Tartaglia - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (6):817-838.
    Theories that combine physicalism with phenomenal concepts abandon the phenomenal irrealism characteristic of 1950s physicalism, thereby leaving physicalists trying to reconcile themselves to concepts appropriate only to dualism. Physicalists should instead abandon phenomenal concepts and try to develop our concepts of conscious states. Employing an account of concepts as structured mental representations, and motivating a model of conceptual development with semantic externalist considerations, I suggest that phenomenal concepts misrepresent their referents, such that if our conception of consciousness incorporates them, it (...)
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  7.  16
    Metz's Quest for the Holy Grail.James Tartaglia - unknown
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  8.  30
    Rorty’s Ambivalent Relationship with Kant.James Tartaglia - 2016 - Contemporary Pragmatism 13 (3):298-318.
    I argue that Kant is a key figure in understanding Rorty’s work, by drawing attention to the fact that although he is ostensibly the principal villain of Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, at the end of that book Kant provides the basis of Rorty's positive proposal that we view the world “bifocally”. I show how this idea was re-worked as “irony” in Continency, Irony, and Solidarity, and became central to Rorty’s outlook. However, by allowing this Kantian influence into his (...)
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  9.  1
    Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature.James Tartaglia - 2020 - In Alan Malachowski (ed.), A Companion to Rorty. Chichester, UK: Wiley. pp. 79–99.
    This essay comprises an overview of the plot to Rorty's Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature, followed by a more detailed examination of the three parts of the book. It begins by showing the importance of metaphilosophy to Rorty's project, while explaining the significance of Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature for both Rorty's philosophy as a whole, and the history of philosophy. Then follows the overview, after which I explain the detail of Rorty's arguments, while developing a line of (...)
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  10. Intentionality, Consciousness, and the Mark of the Mental: Rorty’s Challenge.James Tartaglia - 2008 - The Monist 91 (2):324-346.
    Intentionality and phenomenal consciousness are the main candidates to provide a ‘ mark of the mental’. Rorty, who thinks the category ‘mental’ lacks any underlying unity, suggests a challenge to these positions: to explain how intentionality or phenomenal consciousness alone could generate a mental-physical contrast. I argue that a failure to meet Rorty’s challenge would present a serious indictment of the concept of mind, even though Rorty’s own position is untenable. I then argue that both intentionalism and proposals such as (...)
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  11.  64
    Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Rorty and the Mirror of Nature.James Tartaglia - 2007 - New York: Routledge.
    Richard Rorty is one of the most influential, controversial and widely-read philosophers of the twentieth century. In this GuideBook to _Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature_ Tartaglia analyzes this challenging text and introduces and assesses: Rorty's life and the background to his philosophy the key themes and arguments of _Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature_ the continuing importance of Rorty's work to philosophy. _Rorty and the Mirror of Nature_ is an ideal starting-point for anyone new to Rorty, and essential reading (...)
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  12.  20
    The Original Meaning of Life.Stephen Leach & James Tartaglia - 2018 - Philosophy Now 126:24-25.
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  13.  14
    Consciousness and the Great Philosophers: What Would They Have Said About Our Mind-Body Problem?Stephen D. Leach & James Tartaglia (eds.) - 2016 - New York: Routledge.
    Consciousness and the Great Philosophers addresses the question of how the great philosophers of the past might have reacted to the contemporary problem of consciousness. Each of the thirty two chapters within this edited collection focuses on a major philosophical figure from the history of philosophy, from Anscombe to Xuanzang, and imaginatively engages with the problem from their perspective. Written by leading experts in the field this exciting and engaging book explores the relevance of the history of philosophy to contemporary (...)
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  14.  53
    Horizons, PIOs, and Bad Faith.James Tartaglia - 2012 - Philosophy and Technology 25 (3):345-361.
    I begin by comparing the question of what constitutes continuity of Personal Identity Online (PIO), to the traditional question of whether personal identity is constituted by psychological or physical continuity, bringing out the compelling but, I aim to show, ultimately misleading reasons for thinking only psychological continuity has application to PIO. After introducing and defending J.J. Valberg’s horizonal conception of consciousness, I show how it deepens our understanding of psychological and physical continuity accounts of personal identity, while revealing their shortcomings. (...)
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  15.  4
    Philosophy and Jena Romanticism.Stephen Leach & James Tartaglia - 2023 - Human Affairs 33 (4):379-381.
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  16. Transculturalism and the Meaning of Life.James Tartaglia - 2016 - Humanities 5 (2).
    I begin by introducing the standoff between the transculturalist aim of moving beyond cultural inheritances, and the worry that this project is itself a product of cultural inheritances. I argue that this is rooted in concerns about the meaning of life, and in particular, the prospect of nihilism. I then distinguish two diametrically opposed humanistic responses to nihilism, post-Nietzschean rejections of objective truth, and the moral objectivism favoured by some analytic philosophers, claiming that both attempt, in different ways, to break (...)
     
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  17.  8
    Jazz-Philosophy Fusion.James Tartaglia - 2016 - Performance Philosophy 2 (1):99-114.
    In this paper I describe and provide a justification for the fusion of jazz music and philosophy which I have developed; the justification is provided from the perspectives of both jazz and philosophy. I discuss two of my compositions, based on philosophical ideas presented by Schopenhauer and Derek Parfit respectively; links to sound files are provided. The justification emerging from this discussion is that philosophy produces ‘non-argumentative effects’ which provide suitable material for artistic expression and exploration. These effects – which (...)
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  18.  4
    Technology and Rorty’s Cultural Politics.James Tartaglia - 2023 - In Martin Müller (ed.), Handbuch Richard Rorty. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 831-845.
    In Sect. 1, I point out the tension in Rorty’s commitment to both pragmatism and materialism. In Sect. 2, I explain how Rorty sought to justify this combination, and argue that his account is not only implausible but incomplete. In Sect. 3, I explain what I think is the underlying reason for Rorty’s commitment to materialism, namely to promote the social utility of technology for eliminating extreme poverty. After showing how this stance fits into a standard discourse of scientific rationalism, (...)
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  19.  2
    Gyekye and Contemporary Idealism.James Tartaglia - 2023 - In Aribiah David Attoe, Segun Samuel Temitope, Victor Nweke, John Umezurike & Jonathan Okeke Chimakonam (eds.), Conversations on African Philosophy of Mind, Consciousness and Artificial Intelligence. Springer Verlag. pp. 9-24.
    I begin with a defence of both Gyekye’s universalist and African metaphilosophies. In light of these metaphilosophies, I discuss the contemporary Western hegemony of materialist philosophy of mind and its origins in Gilbert Ryle’s The Concept of Mind (1949), showing that the existence and nature of the traditional Akan philosophy, as elaborated by Gyekye, casts serious doubt on some influential founding motivations for materialism. I then argue that traditional Akan philosophy is best aligned with contemporary idealism. Gyekye’s endorsement of dualism (...)
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  20.  5
    Mind, Language, and Metaphilosophy: Early Philosophical Papers.Stephen Leach & James Tartaglia (eds.) - 2014 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    The definitive collection of the early work of one of the most influential and original philosophers of our time.
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  21.  42
    A Defence of Nihilism.James Tartaglia & Tracy Llanera - 2020 - London, UK: Routledge. Edited by Tracy Llanera.
    This book offers a philosophical defence of nihilism. The authors argue that the concept of nihilism has been employed pejoratively by almost all philosophers and religious leaders to indicate a widespread cultural crisis of truth, meaning, or morals. Many religious believers think atheism leads to moral chaos (because it leads to nihilism), and atheists typically insist that we can make life meaningful through our own actions (thereby avoiding nihilism). In this way, both sides conflate the cosmic sense of meaning at (...)
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  22.  3
    Philosophy in a technological world: Gods and titans.James Tartaglia - 2020 - New York, NY, USA: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Drawing on work from a range of philosophers, including Heidegger, Spinoza and Hume, alongside Isiah Berlin, Roger Shattuck, John Gray, Tartaglia argues that rational discussion based around such traditional philosophical themes needs to be maintained, especially in our current circumstances, and that this can and should replace physicalism as the common sense of the secular world as we move forward in the 21st century.
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  23.  2
    Richard Rorty: Metaphilosophy and Pragmatism.James Tartaglia (ed.) - 2009 - Routledge.
    v. 1. Mind, language, and truth -- v. 2. Meta-philosophy and pragmatism -- v. 3. Philosophers -- v. 4. Themes.
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  24.  81
    Did Rorty’s Pragmatism Have Foundations?James Tartaglia - 2010 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (5):607-627.
    There is an overt tension between Rorty’s pragmatist critique of philosophy and his apparent epistemological and metaphysical commitments, which it is instructive to examine in order to assess not only Rorty’s overall position, but also renewed contemporary interest in pragmatism and its metaphilosophical implications. After showing why Rorty’s attempts to limit the scope of his critique failed to resolve this tension, I try reading him as a constructive metaphysician who was attempting to balance a causal account of the language / (...)
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  25.  2
    Rorty's Philosophy of Consciousness.James Tartaglia - 2020 - In Alan Malachowski (ed.), A Companion to Rorty. Chichester, UK: Wiley. pp. 43–58.
    This chapter begins by asking why Rorty would endorse a physicalist agenda which, on the face of it, ran counter to his aims in philosophy; and concludes both that his motivation was confused, and that he failed to detach physicalism from metaphysics and scienticism. I begin by showing the importance of metaphilosophy to Rorty's position on consciousness, and the centrality of consciousness to his overall project. I then summarize Rorty's position, which was essentially derived from Ryle, but uniquely driven by (...)
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  26.  34
    Response to Darragh Byrne’s “Do phenomenal concepts misrepresent?”.James Tartaglia - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (5):679-681.
    I begin by summarizing my view of the progression that occurred from the 1950s to the 1990s on the topic of physicalism and, in terms of this, present an overview of the reconciliation I was attempting in “Conceptualizing Physical Consciousness.” I then address Byrne’s two main arguments. In the case of the first, I show that his argument turns on a third-person conception of appearance which is not the one addressed in the debates in question, and argue that functionalism is (...)
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  27.  7
    How philosophy is presented: An introduction.James Tartaglia & Stephen Leach - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (4):361-369.
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  28.  42
    Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature: Thirtieth-Anniversary Edition by Richard Rorty.James Tartaglia - 2011 - European Journal of Philosophy 19 (1):165-169.
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  29.  43
    History of the concept of mind, volume 2: The heterodox and occult tradition.James Tartaglia - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (1):225 – 229.
    (2009). History of the Concept of Mind, Volume 2: The Heterodox and Occult Tradition. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 225-229.
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  30.  10
    Philosophy, Jazz, Hate and Love.James Tartaglia - 2020 - The Philosophers' Magazine 88:29-35.
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  31.  10
    Introduction: Life’s meaning.Stephen Leach & James Tartaglia - 2019 - Human Affairs 29 (4):359-362.
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  32.  25
    Philosophy between Religion and Science.James Tartaglia - 2011 - Essays in Philosophy 12 (2):224-241.
    Philosophical concerns are evidenced from the beginning of human literature, which have no obvious connection to philosophy’s mainstream epistemological and metaphysical problematic. I reject the views that the nature of philosophy is a philosophical question, and that the discipline is united by methodology, arguing that it must be united by subject matter. The origins of the discipline provide reasons to doubt the existence of a unifying subject matter, however, and scepticism about philosophy also arises from its a priori methodology and (...)
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  33.  9
    Does Rorty’s Pragmatism Undermine Itself?James Tartaglia - 2012 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 4 (1):284-301.
    Paul Boghossian and Hilary Putnam have presented arguments designed to show self-referential difficulties within Rorty’s pragmatism. I respond to these arguments by drawing out the details of the pragmatic account of justification implicit within Rorty’s writings, thereby revealing it to be a sophisticated form of relativism that does not undermine itself. In Section I and II, I motivate my strategy of attributing a positive position to Rorty in order to respond to detailed, analytical arguments such as those of Boghossian, and (...)
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  34.  5
    A dialogue on / In performance philosophy.James Tartaglia & Laura Cull Ó Maoilearca - 2021 - Human Affairs 31 (4):370-379.
    This dialogue was produced by an email exchange, with each email limited to 200 words. The exchange took place between 21 January and 9 June, 2021. No edits were allowed once ‘send’ had been pressed and there was to be no other correspondence between the participants for the duration of the dialogue. The Call for Papers for this special issue of Human Affairs was the starting point and there was no other pre-planning.
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  35.  35
    The history of mind.James Tartaglia - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 12 (4):743 – 752.
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  36.  15
    The Sound of Philosophy.James Tartaglia - 2017 - Philosophy Now 119:26-29.
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  37.  29
    Stephen Priest, Merleau-ponty.James Tartaglia - 2001 - Noûs 35 (2):317–323.
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  38.  6
    Introduction: Philosophical reflection and technological change.Stephen Leach & James Tartaglia - 2020 - Human Affairs 30 (4):495-498.
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  39.  15
    Rorty’s Thesis of the Cultural Specificity of Philosophy.James Tartaglia - 2014 - Philosophy East and West 64 (4):1018-1038.
  40.  14
    General philosophy.James Tartaglia & Richard Norman - 2003 - Philosophical Books 44 (2):168-174.
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  41.  3
    Introduction a book symposium on Raymond Tallis’s Freedom: An impossible reality.James Tartaglia - 2022 - Human Affairs 32 (4):371-372.
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