Results for 'Jamie Cullen'

739 found
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  1.  34
    The Three Minds Argument.Jamie Cullen - 2001 - Journal of Evolution and Technology 20 (1):51-60.
    Searle has long maintained a position that non-biologically based machines , no matter how intelligently they may appear to behave, cannot achieve “intentionality” or “consciousness,” have a “mind,” and so forth. Standard replies to Searle’s argument, as commonly cited by researchers in Artificial Intelligence and related communities, are sometimes considered unsatisfactory by readers outside of such fields. One possible reason for this is that the Chinese Room Argument makes a strong appeal to some people’s intuitions regarding “understanding” and necessary conditions (...)
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  2.  62
    Imitation Versus Communication: Testing for Human-Like Intelligence.Jamie Cullen - 2009 - Minds and Machines 19 (2):237-254.
    Turing’s Imitation Game is often viewed as a test for theorised machines that could ‘think’ and/or demonstrate ‘intelligence’. However, contrary to Turing’s apparent intent, it can be shown that Turing’s Test is essentially a test for humans only. Such a test does not provide for theorised artificial intellects with human-like, but not human-exact, intellectual capabilities. As an attempt to bypass this limitation, I explore the notion of shifting the goal posts of the Turing Test, and related tests such as the (...)
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  3. The Right to Work: Bernard Cullen.Bernard Cullen - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 22:165-181.
    There is widespread agreement that the most serious and debilitating contemporary social problem in the developed capitalist world is the problem of enforced or involuntary unemployment. The growth in mass unemployment in the 1970s and 80s has produced a renewal of the demand by the labour and trade union movement1 for the implementation of a ‘right to work’; presumably in the belief that the official recognition and legal enforcement of such a right would lead to the increased availability of jobs. (...)
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  4.  17
    Appreciating the Meta-Analytic Methodological Context: Rejoinder to a Reply.Kelly D. Martin & John B. Cullen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):763-766.
    In this paper, the authors respond to a recent critique of their Journal of Business Ethics article, which provided a meta- analytic review of ethical climate theory research. They review basic principles of meta- analytic research and discuss the methodological context of their work, which was not discussed in the recent reply article. Additional methodological and practical evidence is presented in support of Martin and Cullen, including a discussion of the paper’s findings and its contribution to ethical climate theory (...)
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  5.  21
    Bonaventure.Christopher M. Cullen - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a brief and accessible introduction to the thought of the great Franciscan theologian St. Bonaventure. Cullen focuses on the long-debated relation between philosophy and theology in the work of this important but neglected thinker, revelaing Bonaventure as a great synthesizer. Cullen's exposition also shows in a new and more nuanced way Bonaventure's debt to Augustine, while making clear how he was influenced by Aristotle. The book is organized according to the categories of Bonaventure's own classic text. (...)
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  6. Survey-Driven Romanticism.Simon Cullen - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (2):275-296.
    Despite well-established results in survey methodology, many experimental philosophers have not asked whether and in what way conclusions about folk intuitions follow from people’s responses to their surveys. Rather, they appear to have proceeded on the assumption that intuitions can be simply read off from survey responses. Survey research, however, is fraught with difficulties. I review some of the relevant literature—particularly focusing on the conversational pragmatic aspects of survey research—and consider its application to common experimental philosophy surveys. I argue for (...)
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  7.  50
    The Effects of Ethical Climates on Organizational Commitment: A Two-Study Analysis.John B. Cullen, K. Praveen Parboteeah & Bart Victor - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 46 (2):127-141.
    Although organizational commitment continues to interest researchers because of its positive effects on organizations, we know relatively little about the effects of the ethical context on organizational commitment. As such, we contribute to the organizational commitment field by assessing the effects of ethical climates on organizational commitment. We hypothesized that an ethical climate of benevolence has a positive relationship with organizational commitment while egoistic climate is negatively related to commitment. Results supported our propositions for both a benevolent climate and an (...)
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  8. Continuities and Extensions of Ethical Climate Theory: A Meta-Analytic Review.Kelly D. Martin & John B. Cullen - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 69 (2):175-194.
    Using traditional meta-analytic techniques, we compile relevant research to enhance conceptual appreciation of ethical climate theory (ECT) as it has been studied in the descriptive and applied ethics literature. We explore the various treatments of ethical climate to understand how the theoretical framework has developed. Furthermore, we provide a comprehensive picture of how the theory has been extended by describing the individual-level work climate outcomes commonly studied in this theoretical context. Meta-analysis allows us to resolve inconsistencies in previous findings as (...)
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  9.  1
    Does Gender Influence Managers’ Ethics? A Cross‐Cultural Analysis.Chung‐wen Chen, Kristine Velasquez Tuliao, John B. Cullen & Yi‐Ying Chang - 2016 - Business Ethics: A European Review 25 (4):345-362.
    The relationship between gender and ethics has been extensively researched. However, previous studies have assumed that the gender–ethics association is constant; hence, scholars have seldom investigated factors potentially affecting the gender–ethics association. Thus, using managers as the research target, this study examined the relationship between gender and ethics and analyzed the moderating effect of cultural values on the gender–ethics association. The results showed that, compared with female managers, their male counterparts are more willing to justify business-related unethical behaviors such as (...)
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  10.  29
    Propensity to Support Sustainability Initiatives: A Cross-National Model. [REVIEW]K. Praveen Parboteeah, Helena M. Addae & John B. Cullen - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 105 (3):403-413.
    Businesses and the social sciences are increasingly facing calls to further scholarship dedicated to understand sustainability. Furthermore, multinationals are also facing similar calls given their high profile and their role in environmental degradation. However, a literature review shows that there is very limited understanding of sustainability at a cross-national level. Given the above gaps, we contribute to the literature by examining how selected GLOBE [House et al., Culture, leadership and organizations: The GOBE study of 62 societies. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, (...)
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  11.  14
    Organizational Change, Normative Control Deinstitutionalization, and Corruption.Kelly D. Martin, Jean L. Johnson & John B. Cullen - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (1):105-130.
    Despite widespread attention to corruption and organizational change in the literature, to our knowledge, no research has attempted to understand the linkages between these two powerful organizational phenomena. Accordingly, we draw on major theories in ethics, sociology, and management to develop a theoretical framework for understanding how organizational change can sometimes generate corruption. We extend anomie theory and ethical climate theory to articulate the deinstitutionalization of the normative control system and argue that, through this deinstitutionalization, organizations have the potential to (...)
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  12.  44
    Ethics and Religion: An Empirical Test of a Multidimensional Model.K. Praveen Parboteeah, Martin Hoegl & John B. Cullen - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 80 (2):387-398.
    Although it seems that ethics and religion should be related, past research suggests mixed conclusions on the relationship. We argue that such mixed results are mostly due to methodological and conceptual limitations. We develop hypotheses linking Cornwall et al.'s : 266-244) religious components to individuals' willingness to justify ethically suspect behaviors. Using data on 63,087 individuals from 44 countries, we find support for three hypotheses: the cognitive, one affective, and the behavioral component of religion are negatively related to ethics. Surprisingly, (...)
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  13.  2
    Virtuous Leadership: Exploring the Effects of Leader Courage and Behavioral Integrity on Leader Performance and Image.Michael E. Palanski, Kristin L. Cullen, William A. Gentry & Chelsea M. Nichols - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 132 (2):297-310.
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  14.  37
    Arguments for Zero Tolerance of Sexual Contact Between Doctors and Patients.R. M. Cullen - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (6):482-486.
    Some doctors do enter into sexual relationships with patients. These relationships can be damaging to the patient involved. One response available to both individual doctors and to disciplinary bodies is to prohibit sexual contact between doctors and patients ("zero tolerance"). This paper considers five ways of arguing for a zero tolerance policy. The first rests on an empirical claim that such contact is almost always harmful to the patient involved. The second is based on a "principles" approach while the third (...)
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  15. Hegel's Social and Political Thought: An Introduction.Bernard Cullen - 1979 - St. Martin's Press.
  16. Philosophical Theories of Justice.Bernard Cullen - 1992 - In Klaus R. Scherer (ed.), Justice: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Cambridge University Press. pp. 15--44.
     
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  17.  1
    Ontology-Based Knowledge Representation of Experiment Metadata in Biological Data Mining.Scheuermann Richard, Kong Megan, Dahlke Carl, Cai Jennifer, Lee Jamie, Qian Yu, Squires Burke, Dunn Patrick, Wiser Jeff, Hagler Herb, Herb Hagler, Barry Smith & David Karp - 2009 - In Jake Chen & Stefano Lonardi (eds.), Biological Data Mining. Boca Raton: Chapman Hall / Taylor and Francis. pp. 529-559.
    According to the PubMed resource from the U.S. National Library of Medicine, over 750,000 scientific articles have been published in the ~5000 biomedical journals worldwide in the year 2007 alone. The vast majority of these publications include results from hypothesis-driven experimentation in overlapping biomedical research domains. Unfortunately, the sheer volume of information being generated by the biomedical research enterprise has made it virtually impossible for investigators to stay aware of the latest findings in their domain of interest, let alone to (...)
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  18.  23
    Understanding the Planets in Ancient China: Prediction and Divination in the Wu Xing Zhan.Christopher Cullen - 2011 - Early Science and Medicine 16 (3):218-251.
    The untitled and anonymous text known by modern scholars under the name Wu xing zhan 'Prognostics of the Five Stars [sc. 'planets']', datable to before 168 bce, is the earliest known surviving Chinese document to give a substantive account of the apparent motions of the five visible planets, and to discuss the significance of those motions. The text includes tabulated predictions of the motions of three planets from 246 bce to 177 bce. In each case it is possible to reconstruct (...)
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  19.  20
    Patients and Healers in Late Imperial China: Evidence From the Jinpingmei.Christopher Cullen - 1993 - History of Science 31 (2):99-150.
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  20.  12
    Faith in Europe?: The Cardinal's Lectures: A Series of Six Public Lectures at Westminster Cathedral [Book Review].Michael Cullen - 2007 - The Australasian Catholic Record 84 (3):376.
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  21.  4
    Hegel on the Human and the Divine, in the Light of the Criticisms of Kierkegaard.Bernard Cullen - 1989 - Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 9:93-103.
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  22. Freedom in Rousseau's Political Philosophy.Daniel E. Cullen - 1993 - Northern Illinois University Press.
  23.  11
    Socialization of Business Practitioners: Learning to Reflect on Current Business Practices. [REVIEW]Michael W. Small & Joy L. Cullen - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (8):695 - 701.
    An approach to ethical coursework in business schools which draws upon Schon''s concept of the reflective practitioner is described. It is argued that an approach which promotes reflective practice guards against the dualism in models of ethical decision making which oppose philosophical and psychological perspectives. Workshop activities which can be used to facilitate students'' ability to reflect on ethical situations are discussed. In particular, the critical incident technique encourages students to analyse strategies they have used to cope with ethical dilemmas (...)
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  24.  12
    Career Barriers: Do We Need More Research? [REVIEW]Dallas Cullen - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (4-5):353 - 359.
    Research on career barriers has stressed the commonalities among women, and the ways in which women can develop the personal and professional skills they need to demonstrate their commitment to the organization. However, this individualistic focus is not appropriate for dealing with the problem of combining career and family responsibilities. Our research focus must now turn to the commonalities among organizations, and the ways in which different organizational structures and cultures are more or less responsive to women. A study of (...)
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  25.  26
    Bonaventure on Nature Before Grace.Christopher Cullen - 2011 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 85 (1):161 - 176.
    This essay investigates Bonaventure’s account of the original state of human nature and his reasons for holding the theory that God created human beingswithout grace in an actual, historical moment. Bonaventure argues that positing a historical moment before grace is more congruent with the divine order, precisely because it emphasizes the distinction between nature and grace and delays the conferral of grace until man’s desire is elicited and his willingness to cooperate in the divine plan made clear. Bonaventure incorporates Aristotle’s (...)
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  26.  14
    Theories of Justice.Bernard Cullen - 1990 - Irish Philosophical Journal 7 (1/2):202-207.
  27.  28
    Moral Education Through Art.Greta T. Cullen - 1974 - Journal of Moral Education 3 (2):143-150.
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  28.  13
    The Modern Catholic Encyclopedia [Book Review].Michael Cullen - 2007 - The Australasian Catholic Record 84 (1):116.
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  29.  13
    God: The Interview [Book Review].Michael P. Cullen - 2006 - The Australasian Catholic Record 83 (2):254.
  30.  11
    Latin Prose Composition. By the Rev . J. A. Nairn, Litt.D. Cambridge: University Press, 1926. Price 6s. (Library Edition, Containing the Versions, 7s. 6d.). [REVIEW]E. H. Blakeney & J. R. Cullen - 1927 - The Classical Review 41 (02):86-.
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  31.  8
    At the Heart of the World [Book Review].Michael P. Cullen - 2006 - The Australasian Catholic Record 83 (1):124.
  32.  12
    Ethics and Process in the Narrative Study of Lives, Ruthellen Josselson (Ed.).Joy L. Cullen - 1997 - Teaching Business Ethics 1 (3):341-344.
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  33.  7
    Educating Business Students About Sustainability: A Bibliometric Review of Current Trends and Research Needs.John G. Cullen - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (2):429-439.
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  34.  10
    Politieke Orde En Rawlsiaanse Rechtvaardigheid [Political Order and Rawlsian Justice].Bernard Cullen - 1990 - Irish Philosophical Journal 7 (1/2):200-202.
  35.  10
    Le Contrat Social Libéral.Bernard Cullen - 1990 - Irish Philosophical Journal 7 (1/2):197-200.
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  36.  10
    The Right to Work.Bernard Cullen - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 22:165-181.
    There is widespread agreement that the most serious and debilitating contemporary social problem in the developed capitalist world is the problem of enforced or involuntary unemployment. The growth in mass unemployment in the 1970s and 80s has produced a renewal of the demand by the labour and trade union movement1 for the implementation of a ‘right to work’; presumably in the belief that the official recognition and legal enforcement of such a right would lead to the increased availability of jobs. (...)
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  37.  6
    Poétique du Possible.Bernard Cullen - 1985 - Irish Philosophical Journal 2 (1):69-69.
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  38.  8
    The Philosophical Vision of John Duns Scotus.Christopher Cullen - 2005 - Review of Metaphysics 59 (2):431-432.
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  39.  8
    Marxist Sociology.Bernard Cullen - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 25:282-288.
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  40.  13
    Simone Weil on Greece's Desire for the Ultimate Bridge to God.Helen E. Cullen - 1999 - Faith and Philosophy 16 (3):352-367.
    Simone Weil believed that Greece’s vocation was to build bridges between God and man. This paper argues that, in light of Weil’s “tradition of mystical thought,” the Christian vocation is an extension of the Greek. The search for the perfect bridge in Homer, Sophocles and Plato comes to fruition in the Passion of Christ. The Greek thinkers, especially Plato with his Perfectly Just Man, already had implicit knowledge of the Passion’s truth.
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  41.  5
    Church and State.Bernard Cullen - 1985 - Irish Philosophical Journal 2 (1):70-73.
  42.  6
    Carnival of the Unconscious: On Shohei Imamura.Catherine Cullen - 2001 - Film-Philosophy 5 (1).
    _Shohei Imamura_ Edited by James Quandt Toronto: Toronto International Film Festival Group, 1997 ISBN 0-9682969-0-4 183 pp.
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  43.  13
    The Very Rich Hours of Jacques Maritain.Christopher M. Cullen - 2005 - International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (4):552-554.
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  44.  7
    The Way and the Word. Science and Medicine in Early China and Greece.Christopher Cullen - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (2):357-362.
  45.  7
    Karl Marx.Bernard Cullen - 1985 - Irish Philosophical Journal 2 (1):67-68.
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  46.  11
    The One and the Many.Christopher Cullen - 2003 - International Philosophical Quarterly 43 (1):129-131.
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  47.  6
    The Way and the Word. Science and Medicine in Early China and GreeceGeoffrey Lloyd & Nathan Sivin; Yale University Press, New Haven & London, 2002, Pp. Xvii+348, Price E25.00 Hardback, ISBN 0-300-09297-0, Price E14.50 Paperback, ISBN 0-300-10160-0. [REVIEW]C. Cullen - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (2):357-362.
  48.  11
    Essay Review. [REVIEW]Christopher Cullen - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (3):515-525.
  49.  2
    Christianity and Violence: An Alternative Tradition.Peter J. Cullen - 1975 - New Blackfriars 56 (667):532-542.
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  50.  5
    The First Survey of Attitudes of Medical Students in Ireland Towards Termination of Pregnancy.J. M. Fitzgerald, K. E. Krause, D. Yermak, S. Dunne, A. Hannigan, W. Cullen, D. Meagher, D. McGrath, P. Finucane, C. Coffey & C. Dunne - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (10):710-713.
    Background Since the UK Abortion Act (1967), women have travelled from Ireland to the UK for legal abortion. In 2011 >4000 women did so. Knowledge and attitudes of medical students towards abortion have been published, however, this is the first such report from Ireland. Objective To investigate medical students’ attitudes towards abortion in Ireland. Methods All medical students at the University of Limerick, and physicians who graduated from the university within the previous 12 months, were invited via email to complete (...)
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