Results for 'Jan Alm��ng'

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  1.  64
    Ng and Singer on Utilitarianism: A Reply.Yew-Kwang Ng & Peter Singer - 1983 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 13 (2):241 - 242.
    Ng and singer derive the principle of utility from the fact of finite sensibility and another principle, weak majority preference: "for a community of n individuals choosing between two possibilities, x and y, if no individual prefers y to x, and at least n/2 individuals prefer x to y, then x increases social welfare and is preferable." this derivation is regarded as incorrect in a comment. this reply explains why the derivation is valid and shows that the comment is based (...)
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  2. Jan Patočka - Briefe an Krzysztof Michalski.Jan Patočka - 2007 - Studia Phaenomenologica 7:99-161.
    Presented here is the German translation of Jan Patočka’s fragment Nitro a svět which was written in the 1940s and belongs to the so called „Strahov Papers“. The fragment reflects Patočka’s early attempts towards a thinking of subjectivity and the world. Thereby Patočka’s approach is phenomenological, but also integrates motives of German Idealism. The critical impact of the fragment lies in its orientation against the scientific biologism of its times.
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  3.  55
    Jan Patočka a Kosíkova Dialektika konkrétního.Jan Zouhar - 2009 - Studia Philosophica: Jahrbuch Der Schweizerischen Philosoph Ischen Gesellschaft, Annuaire de la Société Suisse de Philosphie 56 (1):69-73.
  4. Welfarism and Utilitarianism: A Rehabilitation*: Yew-Kwang Ng.Yew-Kwang Ng - 1990 - Utilitas 2 (2):171-193.
    Utilitarianism seems to be going out of fashion, amidst increasing concerns for issues of freedom, equality, and justice. At least, anti-utilitarian and non-utilitarian moral philosophers have been very active. This paper is a very modest attempt to defend utilitarianism in particular and welfarism in general. Section I provides an axiomatic defence of welfarism and utilitarianism. Section II discusses the divergences between individual preferences and individual welfares and argues in favour of welfare utilitarianism. Section III criticizes some non-utilitarian principles, including knowledge (...)
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  5.  3
    Jan Milič Lochman.Jan Milič Lochman - 2021 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 65 (3):234-237.
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  6. Jan Odelstad: Invariance and Structural Dependence. [REVIEW]Jan Berg - 1994 - Theoria 60 (1):63.
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  7. Jan Patocka, la Filosofia En Temps de Lluita.Francesc Fernández & Jan Patocka - 1996
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  8.  15
    Jan Koopmans: Das altkirchliche Dogma in der Reformation. In: Beiträge zur evangelischen Theologie, Theologische Abhandlungen, herausg. von E. Wolf, Bd. 22. Chr. Kaiser Verlag, München 1955, 151 pp. [REVIEW]Jan Weerda - 1956 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 8 (3):272-273.
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  9. Jan Łukasiewicz o indukcji, logice wielowartościowej i filozofii.Jan Woleński - 1988 - Studia Filozoficzne 270 (5).
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  10. Jan PatoČka and the European Heritage.Jan Patocka, Erika Abrams, Eric Manton, Ivan Chvatfk, Paul Ricoeur, Domenico Jervolino, Francoise Dastur, Renaud Barbaras, James Mensch & Lorenzo Altieri - 2007 - Studia Phaenomenologica 7:15-520.
  11.  1
    Jan Strzelecki's Disputes with Socialism.Jan Szczepański - 1995 - Dialogue and Universalism 5 (11):77-81.
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  12. Curriculum Vitae of Jan Lukasiewicz.Jan Lukasiewicz - 1994 - Metalogicon 2:133-137.
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  13.  20
    The Non-Existence Of The Real World By Jan Westerhoff.Jan Westerhoff - 2022 - Analysis 82 (1):99-101.
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  14.  29
    Zerstreuung, Verschliessung, Hingabe. Zur Figur des Transzendierens Bei Jan Patočka.Jan Frei - 2017 - Labyrinth: An International Journal for Philosophy, Value Theory and Sociocultural Hermeneutics 19 (1):48-70.
    To get distracted, to enclose and to give oneself. The Gesture of Transcendence in Jan Patočka The problem of transcendence can be traced throughout the whole work of Jan Patočka. The appeal to transcend our bonds to mere objectivity is a constant issue of his thought. It finds a new substantiation in the 1960s in his studies focusing on the meaning of the other as human being. The relation to the other person offers a special "occasion" or "place" of transcendence (...)
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  15.  36
    The Logical Investigations of Jan Kalicki.Jan Zygmunt - 1981 - History and Philosophy of Logic 2 (1-2):41-53.
    This paper describes the work of the Polish logician Jan Kalicki (1922?1953). After a biographical introduction, his work on logical matrices and equational logic is appraised. A bibliography of his papers and reviews is also included.
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  16. Lijmen, Jan?Jan de Lange - forthcoming - Idee.
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  17.  3
    Logical Ideas of Jan Łukasiewicz.Jan Woleński - 2019 - Studia Humana 8 (2):3-7.
    This paper discusses the main logical ideas put forward by Jan Łukasiewicz within their historical context and further development.
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  18.  33
    Jan Berg: Die theoretische Philosophie Kants. Unter Berücksichtigung der Grundbegriffe seiner Ethik.Edgar Morscher & Jan Berg - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (2):105-112.
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  19.  15
    Sorting Out Ethics.David Alm & R. M. Hare - 2000 - Philosophical Review 109 (1):122.
    The bulk of this volume consists of a somewhat revised version of the Axel Hägerström Lectures given in Uppsala, Sweden in 1991. It also contains previously published papers on the relevance of philosophy of language to ethics and the interpretation of Kant’s moral philosophy. The latter, in particular, deserves comment, but space considerations force me to devote my attention to the Hägerström Lectures, entitled “A Taxonomy of Ethical Theories.”.
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  20. Alms and Vagabonds: Buddhist Temples and Popular Patronage in Medieval Japan. Janet R. Goodwin.Clark Chilson - 1996 - Buddhist Studies Review 13 (2):198-200.
    Alms and Vagabonds: Buddhist Temples and Popular Patronage in Medieval Japan. Janet R. Goodwin. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu 1994. vii, 181 pp. US$27.
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  21.  90
    Analysis Without Actual Infinity.Jan Mycielski - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (3):625-633.
    We define a first-order theory FIN which has a recursive axiomatization and has the following two properties. Each finite part of FIN has finite models. FIN is strong enough to develop that part of mathematics which is used or has potential applications in natural science. This work can also be regarded as a consistency proof of this hitherto informal part of mathematics. In FIN one can count every set; this permits one to prove some new probabilistic theorems.
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  22.  77
    What Should We Do About Future Generations?Yew-Kwang Ng - 1989 - Economics and Philosophy 5 (2):235.
    Parfit's requirements for an ideal Theory X cannot be fully met since the Mere Addition Principle and Non-Antiegalitarianism imply the Repugnant Conclusion: Theory X does not exist. However, since the Repugnant Conclusion is really compelling, the Impersonal Total Principle should be adopted for impartial comparisons concerning future generations. Nevertheless, where our own interests are affected, we may yet choose to be partial, trading off our concern for future goodness with our self-interests. Theory X' meets all Parfit's requirements except the Mere (...)
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  23.  40
    Discussion Following the Lecture by Jan Małecki and Andrzej Tomczak.Jan Małecki & Andrzej Tomczak - 2008 - Dialogue and Universalism 18 (9-10):162-166.
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  24.  21
    John of Salisbury's "Entheticus Maior and Minor". John of Salisbury, Jan van Laarhoven.Jan M. Ziolkowski - 1989 - Speculum 64 (2):446-449.
  25. Philosophy and Logic in Search of the Polish Tradition : Essays in Honor of Jan Wole Nski on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday.Jan Wole Nski & Jaakko Hintikka - 2003
     
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  26. For Good Measure Philosophical Essays Dedicated to Jan Odelstad on the Occasion of His Fiftieth Birthday.Jan Odelstad, Lars Lindahl, Paul Needham & Rysiek Sliwi Nski (eds.) - 1997
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  27.  1
    Consciousness, Knowledge, and Truth: Essays in Honour of Jan Srzednicki.Jan T. J. Srzednicki & Roberto Poli (eds.) - 1993 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer Verlag.
    Scholars from all the continents have written articles to celebrate the seventieth birthday of Jan Srzednicki, a thinker still at the height of his powers. Born in Warsaw on 24 April 1993, Jan Srzednicki divided his energies between his philosophical studies at the University of Warsaw and his service in the underground army. In 1944 he was caught up in the dramatic attempt to liberate Warsaw from the Nazis. Srzednicki's scientific work alternates between problems of Austrian and German philosophy and (...)
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  28.  62
    Varieties of Metaphysical Coherentism.Jan Swiderski - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-26.
    According to metaphysical coherentism, grounding relations form an interconnected system in which things ground each other and nothing is ungrounded. This potentially viable view’s logical territory remains largely unexplored. In this paper, I describe that territory by articulating four varieties of metaphysical coherentism. I do not argue for any variety in particular. Rather, I aim to show that not all issues which might be raised against coherentism will be equally problematic for all the versions of that view, which features far (...)
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  29.  50
    A Unifying Framework of Probabilistic Reasoning: Rolf Haenni, Jan-Willem Romeijn, Gregory Wheeler and Jon Williamson: Probabilistic Logic and Probabilistic Networks. Dordrecht: Springer, 2011, Xiii+155pp, €59.95 HB. [REVIEW]Jan Sprenger - 2012 - Metascience 21 (2):459-462.
    A unifying framework of probabilistic reasoning Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9573-x Authors Jan Sprenger, Tilburg Center for Logic and Philosophy of Science, Tilburg University, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, The Netherlands Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  30.  3
    Lessons in Humanity: From the Life and Work of Jan Amos Komenský.Jan Hábl - 2011 - Verlag für Kultur Und Wissenschaft.
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  31. Moralna transcendencja ludzkiego życia w świecie (Jan Patočka 1946).Jan Zouhar - 2012 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 82 (2):509-513.
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  32. Wissen Und Verantwortung: Festschrift für Jan P. Beckmann.Jan Peter Beckmann, Thomas Keutner, Roman Oeffner & Hajo Schmidt (eds.) - 2005 - Alber.
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  33. Wissen Und Verantwortung: Festschrift für Jan P.Jan Peter Beckmann, Thomas Keutner, Roman Oeffner & Hajo Schmidt (eds.) - 2005 - Alber.
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  34. " Bei Gott gibt es keine Gewalt". Was Jan Assmanns Monotheismuskritik theologisch zu denken gibt.Jan-Heiner Tück - 2011 - Theologie Und Philosophie 86 (2):222.
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  35.  9
    Venturing Into Magnum Cathay, 17th Century Polish Jesuits in China: Michał Boym (1612–1659), Jan Mikołaj Smogulecki (1610–1656), and Andrzej Rudomina. [REVIEW]Jan Konior - 2010 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 15 (1):242-249.
    The article focuses on the report of the International Workshop on “17th Century Polish Jesuits in China: Michal Boym, Jan Mikolaj Smogulecki, and Andrzej Rudomina” held at the University School of Philosophy and Education in Poland organized by the Monumenta Serica Institute. The author focuses on the Chinese philosophy lecture by Professor Shi Yunli about the influence of Smogulecki on Xue Fengzou, Chinese culture and science and their work on astrology and astronomy.
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  36.  41
    When, If Ever, Do We Aggregate? And Why?: Jan Narveson.Jan Narveson - 2009 - Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (1):48-75.
    Aggregation in moral philosophy calls for the summing or averaging of values or utilities as a guide to individual behavior. But morality, it is argued, needs to be individualistic, in view of the evident separateness of persons, especially given the great disparities among individuals who nevertheless interact with each other in social life. The most plausible general moral program is the classical liberal one calling for mutual noninterference rather than treating others as equal to oneself in point of demands on (...)
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  37.  8
    Equality Vs. Liberty: Advantage, Liberty: Jan Narveson.Jan Narveson - 1984 - Social Philosophy and Policy 2 (1):33-60.
    The subject of this essay is political, and therefore social, philosophy; and therefore, ethics. We want to know whether the right thing for a society to do is to incorporate in its structure requirements that we bring about equality, or liberty, or both if they are compatible, and if incompatible then which if either, or what sort of mix if they can to some degree be mixed. But this fairly succinct statement of the issue before us requires considerable clarification, even (...)
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  38. The Status of a Theory of Interpretation of Statutes Jan Hellner.Jan Hellner - 1979 - In Aleksander Peczenik & Jyrki Uusitalo (eds.), Reasoning on Legal Reasoning. Society of Finnish Lawyers. pp. 6--163.
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  39.  1
    Omnium-Gatherum: Philosophical Essays Dedicated to Jan Österberg on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday.Jan Österberg, Erik Carlson & Rysiek Śliwiński (eds.) - 2001 - Dept. Of Philosophy, Uppsala University.
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  40.  13
    On the Imperviousness of Persons: A Reply to Jan Olof Bengtsson Reply.Jan Olof Bengtsson - 2011 - Pluralist 6 (1):135-143.
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  41. Consequentialism and the Autonomy of the Deontic.David Alm - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (2):199-216.
    I distinguish between two forms of consequentialism: reductionist and anti-reductionist. Reductionist consequentialism holds that the deontic properties of rightness and wrongness are identical with the axiological properties of optimality and suboptimality, respectively. Anti-reductionist consequentialism denies this identification, hence accepting what I call the autonomy of the deontic. In this article I ignore reductionist consequentialism. Instead I argue that anti-reductionist consequentialism is deeply problematic or even incoherent. Simply put, the main point is that the criterion of rightness of any ethical theory (...)
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  42.  18
    Bayesian Philosophy of Science: Variations on a Theme by the Reverend Thomas Bayes.Jan Sprenger & Stephan Hartmann - 2019 - Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
    Jan Sprenger and Stephan Hartmann offer a fresh approach to central topics in philosophy of science, including causation, explanation, evidence, and scientific models. Their Bayesian approach uses the concept of degrees of belief to explain and to elucidate manifold aspects of scientific reasoning.
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  43.  9
    In Defence of Scientific Realism? [REVIEW]Jan Arreman - forthcoming - Metascience:1-4.
    Review of Seungbae Park “Embracing scientific realism”. Springer, 2022 .
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  44. Theory of Science. Edited, with an Introd., by Jan Berg. Translated From the German by Burnham Terrell. --.Bernard Bolzano & Jan Berg - 1973 - Holland, D. Reidel.
     
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  45.  62
    Does Suffering Dominate Enjoyment in the Animal Kingdom? An Update to Welfare Biology.Zach Groff & Yew-Kwang Ng - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (4):40.
    Ng :255–285, 1995. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00852469) models the evolutionary dynamics underlying the existence of suffering and enjoyment and concludes that there is likely to be more suffering than enjoyment in nature. In this paper, we find an error in Ng’s model that, when fixed, negates the original conclusion. Instead, the model offers only ambiguity as to whether suffering or enjoyment predominates in nature. We illustrate the dynamics around suffering and enjoyment with the most plausible parameters. In our illustration, we find surprising results: (...)
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  46.  14
    Genomic Accumulation of Retrotransposons Was Facilitated by Repressive RNA‐Binding Proteins: A Hypothesis.Jan Attig & Jernej Ule - 2019 - Bioessays 41 (2):1800132.
  47.  29
    Venturing Into Magnum Cathay, 17th Century Polish Jesuits in China: Michał Boym (1612-1659), Jan Mikołaj Smogulecki (1610-1656), and Andrzej Rudomina (1596-1633). [REVIEW]Jan Konior - 2010 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 15 (1):242-249.
  48. Civic Education and the Reasonable Religious Citizen.Jan Harald Alnes - 2017 - Contrastes: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 20 (3).
    El propósito de este artículo es refutar las objeciones de Marc Ramsey a los principios de educación cívica del liberalismo político. Argumento que Ramsey malinterpreta la distinción entre la esfera pública y la esfera privada que emana del liberalismo político, y que su opinión de que, cuando es escrutado, el liberalismo político deriva en un liberalismo comprehensivo o de la «autonomía» carece de fundamento. La relevancia del tema es que la educación de acuerdo con el liberalismo político es más tolerante (...)
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  49.  7
    Jan von Plato. Can Mathematics Be Proved Consistent?John W. Dawson - forthcoming - Philosophia Mathematica.
  50. Do Ethics Matter? Tax Compliance and Morality.James Alm & Benno Torgler - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (4):635-651.
    In this article we argue that puzzle of tax compliance can be explained, at least in part, by recognizing the typically neglected role of ethics in individual behavior; that is, individuals do not always behave as the selfish, rational, self-interested individuals portrayed in the standard neoclassical paradigm, but rather are often motivated by many other factors that have as their main foundation some aspects of “ethics.” We argue that it is not possible to understand fully an individual’s compliance decisions without (...)
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