60 found
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  1.  75
    The Propositional Nature of Human Associative Learning.Chris J. Mitchell, Jan De Houwer & Peter F. Lovibond - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):183-198.
    The past 50 years have seen an accumulation of evidence suggesting that associative learning depends on high-level cognitive processes that give rise to propositional knowledge. Yet, many learning theorists maintain a belief in a learning mechanism in which links between mental representations are formed automatically. We characterize and highlight the differences between the propositional and link approaches, and review the relevant empirical evidence. We conclude that learning is the consequence of propositional reasoning processes that cooperate with the unconscious processes involved (...)
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  2.  13
    The Power of Goal-Directed Processes in the Causation of Emotional and Other Actions.Agnes Moors, Yannick Boddez & Jan De Houwer - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (4):310-318.
    Standard dual-process models in the action domain postulate that stimulus-driven processes are responsible for suboptimal behavior because they take them to be rigid and automatic and therefore the default. We propose an alternative dual-process model in which goal-directed processes are the default instead. We then transfer the dual- process logic from the action domain to the emotion domain. This reveals that emotional behavior is often attributed to stimulus-driven processes. Our alternative model submits that goal-directed processes could be the primary determinant (...)
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  3.  14
    Unconscious Semantic Activation Depends on Feature-Specific Attention Allocation.Adriaan Spruyt, Jan De Houwer, Tom Everaert & Dirk Hermans - 2012 - Cognition 122 (1):91-95.
  4.  33
    Do Emotional Stimuli Interfere with Response Inhibition? Evidence From the Stop Signal Paradigm.Frederick Verbruggen & Jan De Houwer - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (2):391-403.
  5.  15
    A Time Course Analysis of the Affective Priming Effect.Dirk Hermans, Jan De Houwer & Paul Eelen - 2001 - Cognition and Emotion 15 (2):143-165.
  6.  32
    An Affective Variant of the Simon Paradigm.Jan De Houwer & Paul Eelen - 1998 - Cognition and Emotion 12 (1):45-62.
  7.  16
    On the Malleability of Automatic Attentional Biases: Effects of Feature-Specific Attention Allocation.Tom Everaert, Adriaan Spruyt & Jan De Houwer - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (3):385-400.
  8.  29
    On the Nature of Automatically Triggered Approach–Avoidance Behavior.Regina Krieglmeyer, Jan De Houwer & Roland Deutsch - 2013 - Emotion Review 5 (3):280-284.
    Theory suggests that stimulus evaluations automatically evoke approach–avoidance behavior. However, the extent to which approach–avoidance behavior is triggered automatically is not yet clear. Furthermore, the nature of automatically triggered approach–avoidance behavior is controversial. We review research on two views on the type of approach–avoidance behavior that is triggered automatically (arm flexion/extension, distance change). Present evidence supports the distance-change view and corroborates the notion of an automatic pathway from evaluation to distance-change behavior. We discuss underlying mechanisms (direct stimulus–response links, outcome anticipations, (...)
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  9.  10
    On the Role of Goal Relevance in Emotional Attention: Disgust Evokes Early Attention to Cleanliness.Julia Vogt, Ljubica Lozo, Ernst Hw Koster & Jan De Houwer - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (3):466-477.
  10.  10
    Toward a Cumulative Science of Emotion: A Functional-Cognitive Framework for Emotion Research.Jan De Houwer & Sean Hughes - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (1):61-66.
  11.  11
    Unconscious Conditioning: Demonstration of Existence and Difference From Conscious Conditioning.Anthony G. Greenwald & Jan De Houwer - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (12):1705-1721.
  12.  3
    Reasoning Rats: Forward Blocking in Pavlovian Animal Conditioning Is Sensitive to Constraints of Causal Inference.Tom Beckers, Ralph R. Miller, Jan De Houwer & Kouji Urushihara - 2006 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 135 (1):92-102.
  13.  14
    On the Generality of the Affective Simon Effect.Jan De Houwer, Geert Crombez, Frank Baeyens & Dirk Hermans - 2001 - Cognition and Emotion 15 (2):189-206.
  14.  2
    On How Definitions of Habits Can Complicate Habit Research.Jan De Houwer - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  15. A Structural Analysis of Indirect Measures of Attitudes.Jan De Houwer, J. Musch & K. C. Klauer - 2003 - In Jochen Musch & Karl C. Klauer (eds.), The Psychology of Evaluation: Affective Processes in Cognition and Emotion. Lawerence Erlbaum.
  16.  24
    What Are Implicit Measures and Why Are We Using Them.Jan De Houwer - 2006 - In Reinout W. Wiers & Alan W. Stacy (eds.), Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction. Sage Publications.
  17.  8
    The Contextual Malleability of Approach-Avoidance Training Effects: Approaching or Avoiding Fear Conditioned Stimuli Modulates Effects of Approach-Avoidance Training.Gaëtan Mertens, Pieter Van Dessel & Jan De Houwer - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (2):341-349.
    Previous research showed that the repeated approaching of one stimulus and avoiding of another stimulus typically leads to more positive evaluations of the former stimuli. In the current study, we examined whether approach and avoidance training effects on evaluations of neutral stimuli can be modulated by introducing a regularity between the approach-avoidance actions and a positive or negative stimulus. In an AAT task, participants repeatedly approached one neutral non-word and avoided another neutral non-word. Half of the participants also approached a (...)
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  18.  19
    Is Evaluative Conditioning Really Resistant to Extinction? Evidence for Changes in Evaluative Judgements Without Changes in Evaluative Representations.Bertram Gawronski, Anne Gast & Jan De Houwer - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (5):816-830.
  19.  15
    Hooked on a Feeling: Affective Anti-Smoking Messages Are More Effective Than Cognitive Messages at Changing Implicit Evaluations of Smoking.Colin Tucker Smith & Jan De Houwer - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  20.  24
    Evaluative Conditioning Effects Are Modulated by the Nature of Contextual Pairings.Sean Hughes, Yang Ye & Jan De Houwer - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):871-884.
    ABSTRACTAcross two studies participants completed a learning phase comprised of two types of trials: context pairing trials in which two words were identical or opposite to one another and evaluative conditioning trials in which a CS was paired with a US. Based on the idea that EC occurs because CS-US pairings function as a symbolic cue about the relation between the CS and the US, we hypothesised that the nature of context pairings might moderate EC effects. Results indicate that identity-based (...)
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  21.  8
    Suppressing the Truth as a Mechanism of Deception: Delta Plots Reveal the Role of Response Inhibition in Lying.Evelyne Debey, Richard K. Ridderinkhof, Jan De Houwer, Maarten De Schryver & Bruno Verschuere - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 37:148-159.
  22.  4
    The Relational Responding Task: Toward a New Implicit Measure of Beliefs.Jan De Houwer, Niclas Heider, Adriaan Spruyt, Arne Roets & Sean Hughes - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  23.  12
    Self-Esteem Revisited: Performance on the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure as a Measure of Self- Versus Ideal Self-Related Cognitions in Dysphoria.Jonathan Remue, Jan De Houwer, Dermot Barnes-Holmes, Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt & Rudi De Raedt - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (8):1441-1449.
  24.  11
    Automatic Stimulus‐Goal Comparisons: Support From Motivational Affective Priming Studies.Agnes Moors, Jan De Houwer & Paul Eelen - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (1):29-54.
  25.  6
    Failures to Induce Implicit Evaluations by Means of Approach–Avoid Training.Katrien Vandenbosch & Jan De Houwer - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (7):1311-1330.
  26.  15
    Associative Learning of Likes and Dislikes: Some Current Controversies and Possible Ways Forward.Frank Baeyens, Andy P. Field & Jan De Houwer - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (2):161-174.
  27.  6
    Automatic Appraisal of Motivational Valence: Motivational Affective Priming and Simon Effects.Agnes Moors & Jan De Houwer - 2001 - Cognition and Emotion 15 (6):749-766.
  28.  10
    Fear Expression and Return of Fear Following Threat Instruction with or Without Direct Contingency Experience.Gaëtan Mertens, Manuel Kuhn, An K. Raes, Raffael Kalisch, Jan De Houwer & Tina B. Lonsdorf - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (5).
  29.  5
    Generalization Versus Contextualization in Automatic Evaluation.Bertram Gawronski, Robert J. Rydell, Bram Vervliet & Jan De Houwer - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (4):683-701.
  30.  2
    How to Modify Evaluations of Fear-Related Stimuli: Effects of Feature-Specific Attention Allocation.Jolien Vanaelst, Adriaan Spruyt & Jan De Houwer - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  31.  12
    Evaluative Learning with “Subliminally” Presented Stimuli.Jan de Houwer, Hilde Hendrickx & Frank Baeyens - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (1):87-107.
    Evaluative learning refers to the change in the affective evaluation of a previously neutral stimulus that occurs after the stimulus has been associated with a second, positive or negative, affective stimulus . Four experiments are reported in which the AS was presented very briefly. Significant evaluative learning was observed in participants who did not notice the presentation of the affective stimuli or could not discriminate between the briefly presented positive and negative ASi when asked to do so . In two (...)
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  32.  4
    Signals for Threat Modulate Attentional Capture and Holding: Fear-Conditioning and Extinction During the Exogenous Cueing Task.Ernst Koster, Geert Crombez, Stefaan Van Damme, Bruno Verschuere & Jan De Houwer - 2005 - Cognition and Emotion 19 (5):771-780.
  33.  16
    Do Smokers Have a Negative Implicit Attitude Toward Smoking?Jan De Houwer, Roel Custers & Armand De Clercq - 2006 - Cognition and Emotion 20 (8):1274-1284.
  34.  19
    Generalization Versus Contextualization in Automatic Evaluation Revisited: A Meta-Analysis of Successful and Failed Replications.Bertram Gawronski, Xiaoqing Hu, Robert J. Rydell, Bram Vervliet & Jan De Houwer - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (4):e50-e64.
  35.  7
    Cognition and Emotion, Volume 24, 2010, List of Contents.Dirk Hermans, Jan De Houwer, Jenny Yiend, Nilly Mor, Leah D. Doane, Emma K. Adam, Susan Mineka, Richard E. Zinbarg, James W. Griffith & Michelle G. Craske - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (8).
  36.  4
    Unreliable Yet Still Replicable: A Comment on LeBel and Paunonen.Maarten De Schryver, Sean Hughes, Yves Rosseel & Jan De Houwer - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  37.  8
    Extinction of Likes and Dislikes: Effects of Feature-Specific Attention Allocation.Jolien Vanaelst, Adriaan Spruyt, Tom Everaert & Jan De Houwer - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (8):1595-1609.
    The evaluative conditioning effect refers to the change in the liking of a neutral stimulus due to its pairing with another stimulus. We examined whether the extinction rate of the EC effect is moderated by feature-specific attention allocation. In two experiments, CSs were abstract Gabor patches varying along two orthogonal, perceptual dimensions. During the acquisition phase, one of these dimensions was predictive of the valence of the USs. During the extinction phase, CSs were presented alone and participants were asked to (...)
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  38.  13
    Lying Relies on the Truth.Evelyne Debey, Jan De Houwer & Bruno Verschuere - 2014 - Cognition 132 (3):324-334.
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  39.  50
    Is the Emotional Modulation of the Attentional Blink Driven by Response Bias?Helen Tibboel, Bram Van Bockstaele & Jan De Houwer - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (7):1176-1183.
  40. Using the Implicit Association Test Does Not Rule Out an Impact of Conscious Propositional Knowledge on Evaluative Conditioning.Jan de Houwer - 2006 - Learning and Motivation 37 (2):176-187.
  41.  2
    The Shared Features Principle: If Two Objects Share a Feature, People Assume Those Objects Also Share Other Features.Sean Hughes, Jan De Houwer, Simone Mattavelli & Ian Hussey - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  42.  23
    Contingency Awareness and Evaluative Conditioning: When Will It Be Enough?Jan De Houwer - 2001 - Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):550-558.
  43.  2
    Expanding the Boundaries of Evaluative Learning Research: How Intersecting Regularities Shape Our Likes and Dislikes.Sean Hughes, Jan De Houwer & Marco Perugini - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (6):731-754.
  44.  15
    Implicit Beliefs About Ideal Body Image Predict Body Image Dissatisfaction.Niclas Heider, Adriaan Spruyt & Jan De Houwer - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  45.  12
    Contingency Learning and Unlearning in the Blink of an Eye: A Resource Dependent Process.James Schmidt, Jan de Houwer & Derek Besner - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):235-250.
    Recent studies show that when words are correlated with the colours they are printed in, colour identification is faster when the word is presented in its correlated colour than in an uncorrelated colour. The present series of experiments explored the possible mechanisms involved in this colour-word contingency learning effect. Experiment 1 demonstrated that the effect is already present after 18 learning trials. During subsequent unlearning, the effect extinguished equally rapidly. Two reanalyses of data from Schmidt, Crump, Cheesman, and Besner ruled (...)
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  46.  13
    Awareness Inflated, Evaluative Conditioning Underestimated.Frank Baeyens, Jan De Houwer & Paul Eelen - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):396-397.
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  47. RANDELL, Tom (2004): Robust Affective Priming Effects in a Conditional Pronunciation Task: Evidence for the Semanticrepresentation of Evaluative Information.Jan de Houwer - 2004 - Cognition and Emotion 18 (2).
  48. What is Automaticity? An Analysis of its Component Features and Their Interrelations.Agnes Moors & Jan De Houwer - 2007 - In Bargh, John A. (2007). Social Psychology and the Unconscious: The Automaticity of Higher Mental Processes. Frontiers of Social Psychology. (Pp. 11-50). New York, Ny, Us: Psychology Press. X, 341 Pp.
  49.  14
    Learning, Awareness, and Instruction: Subjective Contingency Awareness Does Matter in the Colour-Word Contingency Learning Paradigm.James R. Schmidt & Jan De Houwer - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (4):1754-1768.
    In three experiments, each of a set colour-unrelated distracting words was presented most often in a particular target print colour . In Experiment 1, half of the participants were told the word-colour contingencies in advance and half were not . The instructed group showed a larger learning effect. This instruction effect was fully explained by increases in subjective awareness with instruction. In Experiment 2, contingency instructions were again given, but no contingencies were actually present. Although many participants claimed to be (...)
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  50.  1
    Environmentally Sustainable Food Consumption: A Review and Research Agenda From a Goal-Directed Perspective.Iris Vermeir, Bert Weijters, Jan De Houwer, Maggie Geuens, Hendrik Slabbinck, Adriaan Spruyt, Anneleen Van Kerckhove, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Hans De Steur & Wim Verbeke - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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