31 found
Order:
  1. Artificial Intelligence as a Socratic Assistant for Moral Enhancement.Francisco Lara & Jan Deckers - 2019 - Neuroethics 13 (3):275-287.
    The moral enhancement of human beings is a constant theme in the history of humanity. Today, faced with the threats of a new, globalised world, concern over this matter is more pressing. For this reason, the use of biotechnology to make human beings more moral has been considered. However, this approach is dangerous and very controversial. The purpose of this article is to argue that the use of another new technology, AI, would be preferable to achieve this goal. Whilst several (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  2. Vegetarianism, sentimental or ethical?Jan Deckers - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (6):573-597.
    In this paper, I provide some evidence for the view that a common charge against those who adopt vegetarianism is that they would be sentimental. I argue that this charge is pressed frequently by those who adopt moral absolutism, a position that I reject, before exploring the question if vegetarianism might make sense. I discuss three concerns that might motivate those who adopt vegetarian diets, including a concern with the human health and environmental costs of some alternative diets, a concern (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  3.  63
    Negative “GHIs,” the Right to Health Protection, and Future Generations.Jan Deckers - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (2):165-176.
    The argument has been made that future generations of human beings are being harmed unjustifiably by the actions individuals commit today. This paper addresses what it might mean to harm future generations, whether we might harm them, and what our duties toward future generations might be. After introducing the Global Health Impact (GHI) concept as a unit of measurement that evaluates the effects of human actions on the health of all organisms, an incomplete theory of human justice is proposed. Having (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  4.  20
    On (Un)naturalness.Jan Deckers - 2021 - Environmental Values 30 (3):297-318.
    Many scholars have argued that the distinction between the natural and the unnatural does not have any moral relevance, either because the distinction does not make sense or because, even if it does make sense, it does not make any moral sense. Before we can decide on the latter, we must therefore determine first whether a semantic distinction can be made. In this article, I argue that the distinction can be maintained. In spite of the fact that the categories of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  5.  31
    Why current uk legislation on embryo research is immoral. How the argument from lack of qualities and the argument from potentiality have been applied and why they should be rejected.Jan Deckers - 2005 - Bioethics 19 (3):251–271.
    ABSTRACT On 22 January 2001, the UK became the first country to approve of embryonic stem cell research by passing the Human Fertilisation (Research Purposes) Regulations 2001, which legislated new research purposes for which early embryos can be used, in addition to those approved by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990. Legal advisory committees, most notably the Chief Medical Officer's Expert Group and the House of Lords’ Select Committee, have offered various reasons, which can also be found in the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  6. In Defence of the Vegan Project.Jan Deckers - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (2):187-195.
    The vegan project is defined as the project that strives for radical legal reform to pass laws that would reserve the consumption of animal products to a very narrow range of situations, resulting in vegan diets being the default diets for the majority of human beings. Two objections that have been raised against such a project are described. The first is that such a project would jeopardise the nutritional adequacy of human diets. The second is that it would alienate human (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  7. Are scientists right and non-scientists wrong? Reflections on discussions of GM.Jan Deckers - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (5):451-478.
    The aim of this article is to further our understanding of the “GM is unnatural” view, and of the critical response to it. While many people have been reported to hold the view that GM is unnatural, many policy-makers and their advisors have suggested that the view must be ignored or rejected, and that there are scientific reasons for doing so. Three “typical” examples of ways in which the “GM is unnatural” view has been treated by UK policy-makers and their (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  8.  12
    Should Whiteheadians Be Vegetarians? A Critical Analysis of the Thoughts of Whitehead, Birch, Cobb, and McDaniel.Jan Deckers - 2011 - Journal of Animal Ethics 1 (1):80-92.
    This article addresses the question whether Whiteheadians should be vegetarians in two ways. First, I question whether Whitehead should have been a vegetarian to be consistent, arguing that his omnivorous diet was inconsistent with his own philosophy. Second, I evaluate the works of three distinguished Whiteheadian philosophers on the ethics of vegetarianism. I argue that Charles Birch, John Cobb, and Jay McDaniel have prioritized animals justifiably over other organisms, yet that Birch and Cobb fail to do justice to the lives (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  9.  29
    Should Whiteheadians Be Vegetarians? A Critical Analysis of the Thoughts of Hartshorne and Dombrowski.Jan Deckers - 2011 - Journal of Animal Ethics 1 (2):195-209.
    A number of philosophers have found inspiration in the writings of Alfred Whitehead to develop their ideas on environmental and animal ethics. I explore the writings of Charles Hartshorne and Daniel Dombrowski to address the question of whether Whiteheadians should be vegetarians. I conclude that there is a morally relevant distinction between plants and animals, based on the Whiteheadian view that animals have higher grades of experience, and that this distinction grounds a moral duty to adopt minimal moral veganism.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  10.  14
    Could some people be wronged by contracting swine flu? A case discussion on the links between the farm animal sector and human disease.Jan Deckers - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):354-356.
    This paper uses the imaginary case of Gemma, presented initially at the International Swine Flu Conference (London, March 2010), to discuss whether a nurse who disagrees with most ways in which animals are farmed would be wronged if she contracted swine flu. It is argued that the farm animal sector has contributed to the emergence of H1N1 flu, and that the sector in general contributes significantly to the burden of human disease. The aim of this paper is to promote debate (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  11.  9
    The Value of Autoethnography in Leadership Studies, and its Pitfalls.Jan Deckers - 2020 - Philosophy of Management 20 (1):75-91.
    The field of leadership studies frequently focuses on defining leadership traits in abstraction from the context in which leadership operates. The first aim of this article is to provide a brief overview of reasons why this might be the case. Reasons include: leadership studies being dominated by the perspectives of leaders; the lack of definition and visibility of followership studies; the status and limitations of much qualitative research; and a predominant focus on good leadership. Consequently, many people who experience the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  17
    A critical analysis of markers’ feedback on ethics essays and a proposal for change.Jan Deckers - 2019 - International Journal of Ethics Education 4 (2):183-192.
    This article discusses the feedback on students’ ethics essays provided by eight markers in the Faculty of Medical Sciences at Newcastle University. It highlights significant shortcomings, including failures to identify instances where students had failed to select and to conclude on ethical issues, logical errors, misunderstandings of ethical arguments made in the literature, instances of simple deference, and a lack of critical engagement with relevant literature. Markers also made a large number of linguistic errors and, on many occasions, failed to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  13.  73
    Obesity, Public Health, and the Consumption of Animal Products: Ethical Concerns and Political Solutions.Jan Deckers - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (1):29-38.
    Partly in response to rising rates of obesity, many governments have published healthy eating advice. Focusing on health advice related to the consumption of animal products (APs), I argue that the individualistic paradigm that prevails must be replaced by a radically new approach that emphasizes the duty of all human beings to restrict their negative “Global Health Impacts” (GHIs). If they take human rights seriously, many governments from nations with relatively large negative GHIs—including the Australian example provided here—must develop strategies (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  14.  33
    Why Eberl is wrong. Reflections on the beginning of personhood.Jan Deckers - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (5):270–282.
    ABSTRACT In a paper published in Bioethics, Jason Eberl has argued that early embryos are not persons and should not be granted the status possessed by them.1 Eberl bases this position upon the following claims: (1) The early embryo has a passive potentiality for development into a person. (2) The early embryo has not established both ‘unique genetic identity’ and ‘ongoing ontological identity’, which are necessary conditions for ensoulment. (3) The early embryo has a low probability of developing into a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  15.  28
    Justice, negative GHIs, and the consumption of farmed animal products.Jan Deckers - 2011 - Journal of Global Ethics 7 (2):205 - 216.
    In a previous work, I argued that all human beings should possess the right to adequate health protection and that we have good reasons to believe that not all human beings are or will be able to enjoy this right. I introduced the ?Global Health Impact? or ?GHI? concept as a unit of measurement to evaluate the effects of human actions on the health of human and nonhuman organisms and argued that the negative GHIs produced by our current generation jeopardise (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16.  3
    Christianity and Ecological Ethics: The Significance of Process Thought and a Panexperientialist Critique of Strong Anthropocentrism.Jan Deckers - 2004 - Ecotheology 9:359-387.
    Christianity has contributed to the development of a strong anthropocentric ethic. Christian theologians have developed new ways of thinking about the place of humans in nature, often by focussing on the Godhumanity relationship. Thinking about the third component of the metaphysical trinity, nature, has largely remained unchanged. Christian theology needs to make an ontological detour or tour de force to overcome lingering materialist and dualist conceptions of nature, and to embrace key aspects of process thought, most notably panexperientialism. This will (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  17.  15
    The ethics of pigeon racing.Jan Deckers & Silvina Pezzetta - 2023 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 17 (4):465-476.
    There is a dearth of academic research on the ethics of pigeon racing. We argue that pigeon racing is associated with significant benefits and disadvantages, but that the benefits that have been associated with it can be provided by alternative practices. Disadvantages include the competitive element associated with racing, which creates a strong incentive to kill birds where this is not in their best interests, as well as the welfare issues related to transportation, the widowhood system, the races themselves, and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. The right to life and abortion legislation in England and Wales: a proposal for change.Jan Deckers - 2010 - Diametros 26:1-22.
    In England and Wales, there is significant controversy on the law related to abortion. Recent discussions have focussed predominantly on the health professional's right to conscientious objection. This article argues for a comprehensive overhaul of the law from the perspective of an author who adopts the view that all unborn human beings should be granted the prima facie right to life. It is argued that, should the law be modified in accordance with this stance, it need not imply that health (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  7
    A survey and critical analysis of the teaching of medical ethics in UK medical schools.Jan Deckers - 2023 - International Journal of Ethics Education 8 (1):177-194.
    This article surveys and analyses the reflections on medical ethics teaching by colleagues teaching in United Kingdom (UK) medical schools in the early 2020s. Participants were recruited mainly by using the worldwide web to identify 64 people from 41 UK medical schools who were thought to contribute to teaching medical ethics based on their internet profiles. Twenty-three people responded. The survey data reveals that many staff are happy with the provision of medical ethics teaching, but also that some are concerned (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  4
    David Chauvet and Thomas Lepeltier (eds), Plaidoyer pour une viande sans animal.Jan Deckers - 2022 - Environmental Values 31 (4):493-495.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  11
    Erratum to: What Policy Should Be Adopted to Curtail the Negative Global Health Impacts Associated with the Consumption of Farmed Animal Products?Jan Deckers - 2010 - Res Publica 16 (3):349-349.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  2
    Introduction.Jan Deckers & Francisco Lara - 2023 - In Francisco Lara & Jan Deckers (eds.), Ethics of Artificial Intelligence. Springer Nature Switzerland. pp. 1-9.
    A significant stimulus for co-editing a book on AI ethics comes from a collaboration between Francisco Lara and Jan Deckers that started when Francisco spent some time, in 2017, as a visiting researcher in the School of Medicine at Newcastle University (United Kingdom). Both of us had been interested for quite some time in the ethics of human enhancement by biotechnological means. Both saw significant problems with these ambitions and associated technologies, recognising at the same time the value of, and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  9
    Informing People About Their Genetic Risks.Jan Deckers & Dominic Hall - 2017 - Philosophy Now 119:10-11.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  46
    The Costs and Benefits of Animal Experiments: Andrew Knight, 2011, Palgrave Macmillan.Jan Deckers - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (4):515-517.
  25.  25
    The New EU Directive on the Use of Animals for Research and the Value of Moral Consistency.Jan Deckers - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (4):377-379.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  4
    Una crítica al pensamiento reciente del Magisterio Católico sobre la ética animal.Jan Deckers - 2022 - Dilemata 39:33-49.
    En tiempos recientes, el magisterio de la Iglesia Católica publicó dos textos influyentes con pertinencia para la ética animal: el Catecismo de la Iglesia Católica y la carta encíclica Laudato Si’. Estos textos se examinan en este artículo, centrándose en el consumo humano de animales para la alimentación. Si bien el concepto de ‘valor intrínseco’, que ha dominado el trabajo en ética animal, se aplica a los animales no humanos, no existe un análisis riguroso de lo que podría significar este (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  17
    What Is Wrong with the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance’s Definition of Antisemitism?Jan Deckers & Jonathan Coulter - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (4):733-752.
    The International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA) developed a ‘Working Definition of Antisemitism’ in 2016. Whilst the definition has received a significant amount of media attention, we are not aware of any comprehensive philosophical analysis. This article analyses this definition. We conclude that the definition and its list of examples ought to be rejected. The urgency to do so stems from the fact that pro-Israel activists can and have mobilised the IHRA document for political goals unrelated to tackling antisemitism, notably to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  60
    Why Rewilding is Crucial for Human Health.Jan Deckers - 2018 - Diametros 56:142-150.
  29.  3
    Ethics of Artificial Intelligence.Francisco Lara & Jan Deckers (eds.) - 2023 - Springer Nature Switzerland.
    This book presents the reader with a comprehensive and structured understanding of the ethics of Artificial Intelligence (AI). It describes the main ethical questions that arise from the use of AI in different areas, as well as the contribution of various academic disciplines such as legal policy, environmental sciences, and philosophy of technology to the study of AI. AI has become ubiquitous and is significantly changing our lives, in many cases, for the better, but it comes with ethical challenges. These (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  62
    What policy should be adopted to curtail the negative global health impacts associated with the consumption of farmed animal products? [REVIEW]Jan Deckers - 2010 - Res Publica 16 (1):57-72.
    The negative global health impacts (GHIs) associated with the consumption of farmed animal products are wide-ranging and morally significant. This paper considers four options that policy-makers might adopt to curtail the negative GHIs associated with the consumption of farmed animal products. These options are: 1. to introduce a ban on the consumption of farmed animal products; 2. to increase the costs of farmed animal products; 3. to educate people about the negative GHIs associated with the consumption of farmed animal products; (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  31.  18
    Minimizing Marriage: Marriage, Morality, and the Law by E. Brake, 2012 Oxford, Oxford University Pressx + 256 pp., £64.00 , £16.99. [REVIEW]Jan Deckers - 2014 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (4):442-444.