24 found
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  1.  36
    Rationing at the Bedside: Immoral or Unavoidable?Morten Magelssen, Per Nortvedt & Jan Helge Solbakk - 2016 - Clinical Ethics 11 (4):112-121.
    Although most theorists of healthcare rationing argue that rationing, including rationing that takes place in the physician–patient relationship is unavoidable, some health professionals strongly disagree. In a recent essay, Vegard Bruun Wyller argues that bedside rationing is immoral and thoroughly at odds with a sound view of the physician–patient relationship. We take Wyller to be an articulate exponent of the reluctance to participate in rationing found among some clinicians. Our essay attempts to refute the five crucial premises of his argument (...)
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  2.  46
    Ethical Endgames: Broad Consent for Narrow Interests; Open Consent for Closed Minds.Jan Reinert Karlsen, Jan Helge Solbakk & Søren Holm - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (4):572-583.
    The ongoing legal and bioethics debates on consent requirements for collecting, storing, and utilizing human biological material for purposes of basic and applied research—that is, genomic research biobanking—have already managed to pass through three ostensibly dissimilar stages.
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  3.  62
    Teaching Old Dogs New Tricks: The Role of Analogies in Bioethical Analysis and Argumentation Concerning New Technologies. [REVIEW]Bjørn Hofmann, Jan Helge Solbakk & Søren Holm - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (5):397-413.
    New medical technologies provide us with new possibilities in health care and health care research. Depending on their degree of novelty, they may as well present us with a whole range of unforeseen normative challenges. Partly, this is due to a lack of appropriate norms to perceive and handle new technologies. This article investigates our ways of establishing such norms. We argue that in this respect analogies have at least two normative functions: they inform both our understanding and our conduct. (...)
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  4.  6
    Back to WHAT? The Role of Research Ethics in Pandemic Times.Jan Helge Solbakk, Heidi Beate Bentzen, Søren Holm, Anne Kari Tolo Heggestad, Bjørn Hofmann, Annette Robertsen, Anne Hambro Alnæs, Shereen Cox, Reidar Pedersen & Rose Bernabe - 2021 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 24 (1):3-20.
    The Covid-19 pandemic creates an unprecedented threatening situation worldwide with an urgent need for critical reflection and new knowledge production, but also a need for imminent action despite prevailing knowledge gaps and multilevel uncertainty. With regard to the role of research ethics in these pandemic times some argue in favor of exceptionalism, others, including the authors of this paper, emphasize the urgent need to remain committed to core ethical principles and fundamental human rights obligations all reflected in research regulations and (...)
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  5.  38
    Analogical Reasoning in Handling Emerging Technologies: The Case of Umbilical Cord Blood Biobanking.Bjørn Hofmann, Jan Helge Solbakk & Søren Holm - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):49 – 57.
    How are we individually and as a society to handle new and emerging technologies? This challenging question underlies much of the bioethical debates of modern times. To address this question we need suitable conceptions of the new technology and ways of identifying its proper management and regulation. To establish conceptions and to find ways to handle emerging technologies we tend to use analogies extensively. The aim of this article is to investigate the role that analogies play or may play in (...)
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  6.  15
    Use and Abuse of Empirical Knowledge in Contemporary Bioethics.Jan Helge Solbakk - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (1):5-16.
    In 1997 a debate broke out about the ethical acceptability of using placebo as a comparative alternative to establishe effective treatment in trials conducted in developing countries for the purpose of preventing perinatal HIV-transmission. The debate has now been going on for more than five years. In spite of extensive and numerous attempts at resolving the controversy, the case seems far from being settled. The aim of this paper is to provide an updated account of the debate, by identifying empirical (...)
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  7.  29
    Therapeutic Doubt and Moral Dialogue.Jan Helge Solbakk - 2004 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 29 (1):93 – 118.
    This paper aims at analysing the problem of remainder and regret in moral conflicts. Four different approaches are subject of investigation: a moral-theoretical strategy aimed at consistency; a narrative approach of moral coherence and open consensus; Plato's moral methodology of dialogue and aporetic resolution of moral conflicts and finally, an approach deduced from Greek tragedy of emotional resolution of moral conflicts. A central argument is that since there exists no theoretically convincing way of solving the problem of remainder and regret, (...)
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  8.  4
    What is It to Do Good Medical Ethics? On the Concepts of 'Good' and 'Goodness' in Medical Ethics.Jan Helge Solbakk - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (1):12-16.
  9.  3
    Катарсис и моральная терапия (II) в учении аристотеля.Jan Helge Solbakk - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (1):141-156.
    This paper aims at analysing the ancient Greek notions of catharsis, to holon and therapeia to assess whether they may be of help in addressing a set of questions concerning the didactics of medical ethics: What do medical students actually experience and learn when they attend classes of medical ethics? How should teachers of medical ethics proceed didactically to make students benefit morally from their teaching? And finally, to what extent and in what forms and formats can the kind of (...)
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  10.  4
    Bioethics and Imagination: Towards a Narrative Bioethics Committed to Social Action and Justice.Camilo Hernán Manchola Castillo & Jan Helge Solbakk - 2017 - Medical Humanities 43 (3):166-171.
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  11.  22
    Catharsis and Moral Therapy I: A Platonic Account. [REVIEW]Jan Helge Solbakk - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (2):141-153.
    This article aims at analysing Aristotle’s poetic conception of catharsis to assess whether it may be of help in enlightening the particular didactic challenges involved when training medical students to cope morally with complex or tragic situations of medical decision-making. A further aim of this investigation is to show that Aristotle’s criteria for distinguishing between history and tragedy may be employed to reshape authentic stories of sickness into tragic stories of sickness. Furthermore, the didactic potentials of tragic stories of sickness (...)
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  12.  11
    The Whole and the Art of Medical Dialectic: A Platonic Account. [REVIEW]Jan Helge Solbakk - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):39-52.
    The aim of this paper is to investigate Plato’s conception of the whole in the Phaedrus and the theory of medical dialectic underlying this conception. Through this analysis Plato’s conception of kairos will also be adressed. It will be argued that the epistemological holism developed in the dialogue and the patient-typology emerging from it provides us with a way of perceiving individual situations of medical discourse and decision-making that makes it possible to bridge the gap between observations of a professional (...)
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  13.  14
    Bioethics on the Couch.Jan Helge Solbakk - 2013 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (3):319-327.
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  14.  25
    Bays, Beaches, and Bioethical Barkings.Jan Helge Solbakk - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (2):185-190.
    From my flat on the eighth floor, I enjoy the panoramic view of the bay and beaches of Montevideo. Except for days of rain and stormy weather—which happen often in these months of winter—the beach is frequented by dogs and their masters and mistresses. I have a passion for dogs, and every morning and afternoon I take short breaks to watch from my window the playfulness of my four-feeted soulmates. They differ in race, color, and size, but from a bird’s-eye (...)
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  15.  23
    In the Ruins of Babel: Pitfalls on the Way Toward a Universal Language for Research Ethics and Benefit Sharing.Jan Helge Solbakk - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (3):341-355.
    At the end of a paper on international research ethics published in the July-August 2010 issue of the Hastings Center Report, London and Zollman argue the need for grounding our duties in international medical and health-related research within a broader normative framework of social, distributive, and rectificatory justice. The same goes for Thomas Pogge, who, in a whole range of publications during the past years, has argued for a human-rights-based approach to international research. In a thought-provoking paper in the June (...)
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  16.  26
    Catharsis and Moral Therapy I: A Platonic Account.Jan Helge Solbakk - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (1):57-67.
    This paper aims at analysing the ancient Greek notions of catharsis (clearing up, cleaning), to holon (the whole) and therapeia (therapy, treatment, healing) to assess whether they may be of help in addressing a set of questions concerning the didactics of medical ethics: What do medical students actually experience and learn when they attend classes of medical ethics? How should teachers of medical ethics proceed didactically to make students benefit morally from their teaching? And finally, to what extent and in (...)
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  17.  22
    Use and Abuse of Empirical Knowledge in Contemporary Bioethics: A Critical Analysis of Empirical Arguments Employed in the Controversy Surrounding Stem Cell Research.Jan Helge Solbakk - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (4):384-392.
    In two articles about the controversy surrounding stem cell research, Søren Holm claims that no argument has so far been advanced in the debate to justify the necessity of destructive research on human embryos for the therapeutic potential of stem cell research to be achieved, and that it is up to the scientists themselves to produce “convincing arguments” for their case. This seemingly defeatist statement on behalf of bioethics originates from the viewpoint that neither a reiteration of old arguments about (...)
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  18.  21
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Analogical Reasoning in Handling Emerging Technologies: The Case of Umbilical Cord Blood Biobanking”: Analogy is Like Air—Invisible and Indispensable.Bjørn Hofmann, Søren Holm & Jan Helge Solbakk - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):W13-W14.
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  19.  7
    Still a Moral Dilemma: How Ethiopian Professionals Providing Abortion Come to Terms with Conflicting Norms and Demands.Morten Magelssen, Jan Helge Solbakk, Viva Combs Thorsen & Demelash Bezabih Ewnetu - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundThe Ethiopian law on abortion was liberalized in 2005. However, as a strongly religious country, the new law has remained controversial from the outset. Many abortion providers have religious allegiances, which begs the question how to negotiate the conflicting demands of their jobs and their commitment to their patients on the one hand, and their religious convictions and moral values on the other.MethodA qualitative study based on in-depth interviews with 30 healthcare professionals involved in abortion services in either private/non-governmental clinics (...)
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  20.  21
    Illness as a Condition of Our Existence in the World: On Illness and Pathic Existence.Elin Håkonsen Martinsen & Jan Helge Solbakk - 2012 - Medical Humanities 38 (1):44-49.
    This paper seeks to find different ways of addressing illness as an experience essential to the understanding of being a human being. As a conceptual point of departure, we suggest the notion of ‘pathic existence’ as developed by the German physician and philosopher Viktor von Weizsäcker (1886–1957). Through an analysis of his conceptualisation of the pathic and of pathic categories, we demonstrate how this auxiliary typology may be of help in unveiling different modes of ill-being, or Kranksein. Furthermore, we show (...)
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  21.  8
    The Rise of Reimbursement-Based Medicine: The Case of Bone Metastasis Radiation Treatment.Marcos Santos, Jan Helge Solbakk & Volnei Garrafa - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (3):171-173.
    It has been hypothesised that the reimbursement system pertaining to radiotherapy is influencing prescription practices for patients with cancer with bone metastases. In this paper, we present and discuss the results of an empirical study that was undertaken on patient records, referred to radiotherapy for the treatment of bone metastases, in a medium-size city, in southern Brazil, during the period of March 2006 to March 2014. Our findings seem to confirm this hypothesis: after a change in the reimbursement method, radiation (...)
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  22. " Euro-Ethics"—the Emergence of Bioethics in Europe.Jan Helge Solbakk - 1995 - In Zbigniew Bańkowski & John H. Bryant (eds.), Poverty, Vulnerability, the Value of Human Life, and the Emergence of Bioethics: Highlights and Papers of the Xxviiith Cioms Conference, Ixtapa, Guerrero State, Mexico, 17-20 April 1994. Cioms. pp. 99.
     
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  23.  16
    Ethics Review Committees [in Biomedical Research] in the Nordic Countries: History, Organization, and Assignments. [REVIEW]Jan Helge Solbakk - 1991 - HEC Forum 3 (4):215-220.
  24.  16
    Guest Editorial.Jan Helge Solbakk - 2012 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (4):419-423.