36 found
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Jane Johnson [25]Janet H. Johnson [7]Janet Johnson [5]Janell Johnson [3]
Janet Elise Johnson [1]
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  1.  10
    A Belmont Report for Animals?—Erratum.Hope Ferdowsian, L. Syd M. Johnson, Jane Johnson, Andrew Fenton, Adam Shriver & John Gluck - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (1):19-37.
    :Human and animal research both operate within established standards. In the United States, criticism of the human research environment and recorded abuses of human research subjects served as the impetus for the establishment of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, and the resulting Belmont Report. The Belmont Report established key ethical principles to which human research should adhere: respect for autonomy, obligations to beneficence and justice, and special protections for vulnerable individuals and (...)
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  2.  4
    Communicable Disease Surveillance Ethics in the Age of Big Data and New Technology.Gwendolyn L. Gilbert, Chris Degeling & Jane Johnson - 2019 - Asian Bioethics Review 11 (2):173-187.
    Surveillance is essential for communicable disease prevention and control. Traditional notification of demographic and clinical information, about individuals with selected infectious diseases, allows appropriate public health action and is protected by public health and privacy legislation, but is slow and insensitive. Big data–based electronic surveillance, by commercial bodies and government agencies, which draws on a plethora of internet- and mobile device–based sources, has been widely accepted, if not universally welcomed. Similar anonymous digital sources also contain syndromic information, which can be (...)
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  3.  15
    Does One Health Require a Novel Ethical Framework?Jane Johnson & Chris Degeling - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (4):239-243.
    Emerging infectious diseases remain a significant and dynamic threat to the health of individuals and the well-being of communities across the globe. Over the last decade, in response to these threats, increasing scientific consensus has mobilised in support of a One Health approach so that OH is now widely regarded as the most effective way of addressing EID outbreaks and risks. Given the scientific focus on OH, there is growing interest in the philosophical and ethical dimensions of this approach, and (...)
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  4.  5
    A Belmont Report for Animals?—Erratum.Hope Ferdowsian, L. Syd M. Johnson, Jane Johnson, Andrew Fenton, Adam Shriver & John Gluck - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (1):163-163.
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  5. Book Review: Hagar, Sarah, and Their Children: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim PerspectivesHagar, Sarah, and Their Children: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Perspectivesedited byTriblePhyllisandRussellLetty M.Westminster John Knox, Louisville, 2006. 211 Pp. $24.95. ISBN 0-664-22982-4. [REVIEW]Janell Johnson - 2007 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 61 (1):94-95.
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  6.  37
    Vulnerable Subjects? The Case of Nonhuman Animals in Experimentation.Jane Johnson - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (4):497-504.
    The concept of vulnerability is deployed in bioethics to, amongst other things, identify and remedy harms to participants in research, yet although nonhuman animals in experimentation seem intuitively to be vulnerable, this concept and its attendant protections are rarely applied to research animals. I want to argue, however, that this concept is applicable to nonhuman animals and that a new taxonomy of vulnerability developed in the context of human bioethics can be applied to research animals. This taxonomy does useful explanatory (...)
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  7.  23
    Joint Issues – Conflicts of Interest, the ASR Hip and Suggestions for Managing Surgical Conflicts of Interest.Jane Johnson & Wendy Rogers - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):63.
    Financial and nonfinancial conflicts of interest in medicine and surgery are troubling because they have the capacity to skew decision making in ways that might be detrimental to patient care and well-being. The recent case of the Articular Surface Replacement (ASR) hip provides a vivid illustration of the harmful effects of conflicts of interest in surgery.
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  8.  11
    Device Representatives in Hospitals: Are Commercial Imperatives Driving Clinical Decision-Making?Quinn Grundy, Katrina Hutchison, Jane Johnson, Brette Blakely, Robyn Clay-Wlliams, Bernadette Richards & Wendy A. Rogers - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (9):589-592.
    Despite concerns about the relationships between health professionals and the medical device industry, the issue has received relatively little attention. Prevalence data are lacking; however, qualitative and survey research suggest device industry representatives, who are commonly present in clinical settings, play a key role in these relationships. Representatives, who are technical product specialists and not necessarily medically trained, may attend surgeries on a daily basis and be available to health professionals 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, to provide (...)
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  9.  36
    Chimpanzees as Vulnerable Subjects in Research.Jane Johnson & Neal D. Barnard - 2014 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 35 (2):133-141.
    Using an approach developed in the context of human bioethics, we argue that chimpanzees in research can be regarded as vulnerable subjects. This vulnerability is primarily due to communication barriers and situational factors—confinement and dependency—that make chimpanzees particularly susceptible to risks of harm and exploitation in experimental settings. In human research, individuals who are deemed vulnerable are accorded special protections. Using conceptual and moral resources developed in the context of research with vulnerable humans, we show how chimpanzees warrant additional safeguards (...)
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  10.  83
    Book Review: Conceiving a Nation: The Development of Political Discourse in the Hebrew BibleConceiving a Nation: The Development of Political Discourse in the Hebrew Bible by MorgensternMiraPennsylvania State University Press, University Park, 2009. 240 Pp. $ 65.00 . ISBN 978-0-271-03473-7. [REVIEW]Janell Johnson - 2011 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 65 (1):94-95.
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  11.  17
    Justice and Surgical Innovation: The Case of Robotic Prostatectomy.Katrina Hutchison, Jane Johnson & Drew Carter - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (7):536-546.
    Surgical innovation promises improvements in healthcare, but it also raises ethical issues including risks of harm to patients, conflicts of interest and increased injustice in access to health care. In this article, we focus on risks of injustice, and use a case study of robotic prostatectomy to identify features of surgical innovation that risk introducing or exacerbating injustices. Interpreting justice as encompassing matters of both efficiency and equity, we first examine questions relating to government decisions about whether to publicly fund (...)
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  12.  31
    Addressing Within-Role Conflicts of Interest in Surgery.Wendy A. Rogers & Jane Johnson - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (2):219-225.
    In this paper we argue that surgeons face a particular kind of within-role conflict of interests, related to innovation. Within-role conflicts occur when the conflicting interests are both legitimate goals of professional activity. Innovation is an integral part of surgical practice but can create within-role conflicts of interest when innovation compromises patient care in various ways, such as by extending indications for innovative procedures or by failures of informed consent. The standard remedies for conflicts of interest are transparency and recusal, (...)
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  13.  19
    Impure Politics and Pure Science: Efficacious Ebola Medications Are Only a Palliation and Not a Cure for Structural Disadvantage.Chris Degeling, Jane Johnson & Christopher Mayes - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (4):43-45.
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  14.  3
    Community Perspectives on the Benefits and Risks of Technologically Enhanced Communicable Disease Surveillance Systems: A Report on Four Community Juries.Chris Degeling, Stacy M. Carter, Antoine M. van Oijen, Jeremy McAnulty, Vitali Sintchenko, Annette Braunack-Mayer, Trent Yarwood, Jane Johnson & Gwendolyn L. Gilbert - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-14.
    BackgroundOutbreaks of infectious disease cause serious and costly health and social problems. Two new technologies – pathogen whole genome sequencing and Big Data analytics – promise to improve our capacity to detect and control outbreaks earlier, saving lives and resources. However, routinely using these technologies to capture more detailed and specific personal information could be perceived as intrusive and a threat to privacy.MethodFour community juries were convened in two demographically different Sydney municipalities and two regional cities in New South Wales, (...)
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  15.  19
    Animals-as-Patients: Improving the Practice of Animal Experimentation.Jane Johnson & Christopher Degeling - 2012 - Between the Species 15 (1):4.
    In this paper we propose a new way of conceptualizing animals in experimentation – the animal-as-patient. Construing and treating animals as patients offers a way of successfully addressing some of the entrenched epistemological and ethical problems within a practice of animal experimentation directed to human clinical benefit. This approach is grounded in an epistemological insight and builds on work with so-called ‘pet models’. It relies upon the occurrence and characterization of analogous human and nonhuman animal diseases, where, if certain criteria (...)
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  16.  22
    Details Matter—Definitions and Context Can’T Be Glossed Over When Managing Innovation.Jane Johnson, Katrina Hutchison & Wendy A. Rogers - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):28-29.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page 28-29.
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  17.  25
    Hegel on Punishment : A More Sophisticated Retributivism.Jane Johnson - unknown
  18.  5
    The Chicken Challenge–What Contemporary Studies Of Fowl Mean For Science And Ethics.Carolynn L. Smith & Jane Johnson - 2012 - Between the Species 15 (1):6.
    Studies with captive fowl have revealed that they possess greater cognitive capacities than previously thought. We now know that fowl have sophisticated cognitive and communicative skills, which had hitherto been associated only with certain primates. Several theories have been advanced to explain the evolution of such complex behavior. Central to these theories is the enlargement of the brain in species with greater mental capacities. Fowl present us with a conundrum, however, because they show the behaviors anticipated by the theories but (...)
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  19.  17
    Citizens, Consumers and Animals: What Role Do Experts Assign to Public Values in Establishing Animal Welfare Standards?Chris Degeling & Jane Johnson - 2015 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (5):961-976.
    The public can influence animal welfare law and regulation. However what constitutes ‘the public’ is not a straightforward matter. A variety of different publics have an interest in animal use and this has implications for the governance of animal welfare. This article presents an ethnographic content analysis of how the concept of a public is mobilized in animal welfare journals from 2003 to 2012. The study was undertaken to explore how experts in the discipline define and regard the role of (...)
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  20. Revisiting Kantian Retributivism to Construct a Justification of Punishment.Jane Johnson - 2008 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 2 (3):291-307.
    The standard view of Kant’s retributivism, as well as its more recent reworking in the ‘limited’ or ‘partial’ retributivist reading are, it is argued here, inadequate accounts of Kant on punishment. In the case of the former, the view is too limited and superficial, and in the latter it is simply inaccurate as an interpretation of Kant. Instead, this paper argues that a more sophisticated and accurate rendering of Kant on punishment can be obtained by looking to his construction of (...)
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  21.  11
    Underdetermined Interests: Scientific 'Goods' and Animal Welfare.Chris Degeling & Jane Johnson - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (12):64-66.
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  22.  71
    Genesis 1:26–28.Janell Johnson - 2005 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 59 (2):176-178.
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  23.  8
    How Human Rights Advocates Influence Policy at the United Nations.Janet Elise Johnson & Xenia Marie Hestermann - 2019 - Human Rights Review 20 (2):145-160.
    This article examines strategies used by human rights advocates to lobby for policy at intergovernmental organizations. We suggest that the literatures’ central questions are about how best to organize, connect, and communicate, which are usually seen through theory on transnational advocacy networks and framing. We add that these questions should be seen as gendered, given the continued male dominance within diplomatic corps. With unusual access to their strategy, we conduct a case study of one advocate’s successful campaign to get the (...)
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  24.  16
    An Idealist Justification of Punishment : Kant, Hegel and the Problem of Punishment.Jane Johnson - unknown
    Though it involves significant harms and is a widespread and entrenched practice, legal punishment lacks a sure philosophical footing. In spite of frequent attempts by utilitarians, retributivists and so called "mixed solution" advocates the problem of justifying punishment remains. This book aims to redress this shortcoming by turning to the German thinkers Kant and Hegel and their idealism to fashion punishment's justification. In the case of Kant this is achieved by developing his construction of justice, while for Hegel it involves (...)
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  25.  12
    Orientalische Geschichte von Kyros bis Mohammed.Janet H. Johnson, E. Visser & H. Volkmann - 1975 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 95 (1):105.
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  26.  12
    Sekhmet Et la Protection du Monde.Janet H. Johnson & Philippe Germond - 1984 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 104 (2):361.
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  27.  3
    Letters to the Editor.Bernadine Z. Paulshock, Mark D. Altschule, Carl J. Marienfeld, Klaus Grossgebauer, Jane M. Orient, Fred D. Ledley & Janet H. Johnson - 1984 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 27 (2):320-325.
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  28.  7
    Textes Grecs. Demotiques Et Bilingues.Janet H. Johnson, E. Boswinkel & P. W. Pestman - 1982 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (2):396.
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  29.  5
    Life in a Multi-Cultural Society: Egypt From Cambyses to Constantine and Beyond.Anthony Leahy & Janet H. Johnson - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (3):518.
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  30.  5
    What's On in Philosophy.Ancaster Hall, Terence Wilkerson Esq, Jane Johnson, Mrs Marlene Teague, Michael Bavidge, Jonathan Wolff, Watford Campus, John Lippitt, Wall Hall & Roger Woolhouse - 1995 - Philosophy 1:3rd.
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  31.  5
    Sacrificing the Beast.Jane Johnson - 2010 - Metascience 19 (2):267-271.
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  32.  3
    An Outline of the Late Egyptian Verbal System.Janet H. Johnson & Paul John Frandsen - 1977 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 97 (4):590.
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  33.  4
    Introduction to Special Issue, Vol. 15, Issue 1.Jane Johnson - 2012 - Between the Species 15 (1):1.
  34.  5
    Lost in Translation: Gaps in Reasoning for Primate Stroke.Chris Degeling & Jane Johnson - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (5):23-25.
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  35. Der Text des "Nilhymnus".Janet H. Johnson & Wolfgang Helck - 1975 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 95 (1):104.
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  36. More Philosophical Work Needed in One Health on Ethical Frameworks and Theory.Jane Johnson & Chris Degeling - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2020-106243.
    We thank Zohar Lederman and Benjamin Capps for engaging with our paper on One Health and ethical frameworks, however we want to take issue with them on three points. First, they appear to misunderstand the distinction we appeal to between ethical theory and ethical frameworks, and so misinterpret what we are trying to achieve in our paper. Second, in spite of what they seem to imply, we agree that an OH approach can obscure differences in values, and that to progress (...)
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