110 found
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  1.  26
    The Ethos and Ethics of Translational Research.Jane Maienschein, Mary Sunderland, Rachel A. Ankeny & Jason Scott Robert - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):43 – 51.
    Calls for the “translation” of research from bench to bedside are increasingly demanding. What is translation, and why does it matter? We sketch the recent history of outcome-oriented translational research in the United States, with a particular focus on the Roadmap Initiative of the National Institutes of Health (Bethesda, MD). Our main example of contemporary translational research is stem cell research, which has superseded genomics as the translational object of choice. We explore the nature of and obstacles to translational research (...)
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  2. Whose View of Life?: Embryos, Cloning and Stem Cells.Jane Maienschein - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (1):186-187.
  3. Science as a Process: An Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science. [REVIEW]Jane Maienschein - 1989 - Journal of the History of Biology 22 (3):507-509.
     
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  4. From Embryology to Evo-Devo: A History of Developmental Evolution.Manfred Laubichler & Jane Maienschein - 2008 - Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):579-582.
  5.  13
    Transforming Traditions in American Biology, 1880-1915.Jane Maienschein - 1991
  6. Styles of Scientific Thinking in the European Tradition.Alistair Crombie & Jane Maienschein - 1996 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (3):363.
     
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  7.  16
    Computational Perspectives in the History of Science: To the Memory of Peter Damerow.Manfred Laubichler, Jane Maienschein & Jürgen Renn - 2013 - Isis 104:119-130.
    Computational methods and perspectives can transform the history of science by enabling the pursuit of novel types of questions, dramatically expanding the scale of analysis , and offering novel forms of publication that greatly enhance access and transparency. This essay presents a brief summary of a computational research system for the history of science, discussing its implications for research, education, and publication practices and its connections to the open-access movement and similar transformations in the natural and social sciences that emphasize (...)
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  8.  13
    Epistemic Styles in German and American Embryology.Jane Maienschein - 1991 - Science in Context 4 (2):407-427.
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  9.  14
    Computational Perspectives in the History of Science: To the Memory of Peter Damerow.Manfred D. Laubichler, Jane Maienschein & Jürgen Renn - 2013 - Isis 104 (1):119-130.
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  10.  44
    Systems Bioethics and Stem Cell Biology.Jason Scott Robert, Jane Maienschein & Manfred D. Laubichler - 2006 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 3 (1-2):19-31.
    The complexities of modern science are not adequately reflected in many bioethical discussions. This is especially problematic in highly contested cases where there is significant pressure to generate clinical applications fast, as in stem cell research. In those cases a more integrated approach to bioethics, which we call systems bioethics, can provide a useful framework to address ethical and policy issues. Much as systems biology brings together different experimental and methodological approaches in an integrative way, systems bioethics integrates aspects of (...)
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  11.  5
    Transforming Traditions in American Biology, 1880-1915.Jane Maienschein - 1992 - Journal of the History of Biology 25 (1):157-162.
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  12.  18
    Controlling Life: From Jacques Loeb to Regenerative Medicine. [REVIEW]Jane Maienschein - 2009 - Journal of the History of Biology 42 (2):215 - 230.
    In his 1987 book "Controlling Life: Jacques Loeb and the Engineering Ideal in Biology", Philip Pauly presented his readers with the biologist Jacques Loeb and his role in developing an emphasis on control of life processes. Loeb's work on artificial parthenogenesis, for example, provided an example of bioengineering at work. This paper revisits Pauly's study of Loeb and explores the way current research in regenerative medicine reflects the same tradition. A history of regeneration research reveals patterns of thinking and research (...)
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  13.  20
    How Can History of Science Matter to Scientists?Jane Maienschein, Manfred Laubichler & Andrea Loettgers - 2008 - Isis 99:341-349.
    History of science has developed into a methodologically diverse discipline, adding greatly to our understanding of the interplay between science, society, and culture. Along the way, one original impetus for the then newly emerging discipline—what George Sarton called the perspective “from the point of view of the scientist”—dropped out of fashion. This essay shows, by means of several examples, that reclaiming this interaction between science and history of science yields interesting perspectives and new insights for both science and history of (...)
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  14.  10
    JHB as a Collaborative Effort.Garland E. Allen & Jane Maienschein - 2017 - Journal of the History of Biology 50 (3):469-471.
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  15.  3
    JHB as a Collaborative Effort.Jane Maienschein & Garland Allen - 2017 - Journal of the History of Biology 50 (3):469-471.
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  16.  8
    How Can History of Science Matter to Scientists?Jane Maienschein, Manfred Laubichler & Andrea Loettgers - 2008 - Isis 99 (2):341-349.
  17.  13
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “The Ethos and Ethics of Translational Research”.Jason Scott Robert, Mary Sunderland, Rachel A. Ankeny & Jane Maienschein - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):1-3.
    Calls for the “translation” of research from bench to bedside are increasingly demanding. What is translation, and why does it matter? We sketch the recent history of outcome-oriented translational research in the United States, with a particular focus on the Roadmap Initiative of the National Institutes of Health. Our main example of contemporary translational research is stem cell research, which has superseded genomics as the translational object of choice. We explore the nature of and obstacles to translational research and assess (...)
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  18.  6
    What Determines Sex? A Study of Converging Approaches, 1880-1916.Jane Maienschein - 1984 - Isis 75:456-480.
  19.  11
    Human Embryos and the Language of Scientific Research.Jane Maienschein - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):6 – 7.
  20.  26
    Why Collaborate?Jane Maienschein - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (2):167-183.
    The recent escalation of concern about scientific integrity has provoked a larger discussion of many questions about why we do science the way we do, as well as about how we should do it. One of these questions concerns collaboration: who should count as a collaborator? This, in turn, raises the question why collaborators collaborate, and whether and when they should. Here, history offers insights that can illuminate the current debate.
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  21.  50
    From Presentation to Representation in E. B. Wilson's the Cell.Jane Maienschein - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (2):227-254.
    Diagrams make it possible to present scientific facts in more abstract and generalized form. While some detail is lost, simplified and accessible knowledge is gained. E. B. Wilson's work in cytology provides a case study of changing uses of diagrams and accompanying abstraction. In his early work, Wilson presented his data in photographs, which he saw as coming closest to “fact.” As he gained confidence in his interpretations, and as he sought to provide a generalized textbook account of cell development, (...)
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  22. Biology and Epistemology.Richard Creath & Jane Maienschein (eds.) - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    This set of original essays by some of the best names in philosophy of science explores a range of diverse issues in the intersection of biology and epistemology. It asks whether the study of life requires a special biological approach to knowledge and concludes that it does not. The studies, taken together, help to develop and deepen our understanding of how biology works and what counts as warranted knowledge and as legitimate approaches to the study of life. The first section (...)
     
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  23.  18
    Biology and the Foundation of Ethics.Jane Maienschein & Michael Ruse (eds.) - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    There has been much attention devoted in recent years to the question of whether our moral principles can be related to our biological nature. This collection of new essays focuses on the connection between biology, in particular evolutionary biology, and foundational questions in ethics. The book asks such questions as whether humans are innately selfish, and whether there are particular facets of human nature that bear directly on social practices. The volume is organised historically beginning with Aristotle and covering such (...)
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  24.  17
    Garland Allen, Thomas Hunt Morgan, and Development.Jane Maienschein - 2016 - Journal of the History of Biology 49 (4):587-601.
    Garland E. Allen’s 1978 biography of the Nobel Prize winning biologist Thomas Hunt Morgan provides an excellent study of the man and his science. Allen presents Morgan as an opportunistic scientist who follows where his observations take him, leading him to his foundational work in Drosophila genetics. The book was rightfully hailed as an important achievement and it introduced generations of readers to Morgan. Yet, in hindsight, Allen’s book largely misses an equally important part of Morgan’s work – his study (...)
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  25.  11
    Regenerative Medicine in Historical Context.Jane Maienschein - 2009 - Medicine Studies 1 (1):33-40.
    The phrase “regenerative medicine” is used so often and for so many different things, with such enthusiasm or worry, and often with a sense that this is something radically new. This paper places studies of regeneration and applications in regenerative medicine into historical perspective. In fact, the first stem cell experiment was carried out in 1907, and many important lines of research have contributed since. This paper explores both what we can learn about the history and what we can learn (...)
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  26.  9
    Heredity/Development in the United States, Circa 1900.Jane Maienschein - 1987 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 9 (1):79 - 93.
    Historians have emphasized the appearance of a productive research program in genetics after 1910, and philosophers and biologists have considered endorsement of genetics as a progressive move, indeed as a starting point for modern experimental biology. These efforts focus on what biology had changed to. This paper examines the condition from which biology moved, stressing the way in which Americans held heredity and development as a natural, intimately intertwined couple. Heredity accounts for likenesses, development for variation, and the two act (...)
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  27.  7
    What Determines Sex? A Study of Converging Approaches, 1880-1916.Jane Maienschein - 1984 - Isis 75 (3):457-480.
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  28.  19
    The Embryo Project: An Integrated Approach to History, Practices, and Social Contexts of Embryo Research. [REVIEW]Jane Maienschein & Manfred D. Laubichler - 2010 - Journal of the History of Biology 43 (1):1 - 16.
    This essay describes the approach and early results of the collaborative Embryo Project and its on-line encyclopedia. The project is based on a relational database that allows federated searches and inclusion of multiple types of objects targeted for multiple user groups. The emphasis is on the history and varied contexts of developmental biology, focusing on people, places, institutions, techniques, literature, images, and other aspects of study of embryos. This essay introduces the ways of working as well as the long-term goals (...)
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  29. Biology and Epistemology.Richard Creath & Jane Maienschein - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (2):411-414.
     
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  30.  9
    Cell Lineage, Ancestral Reminiscence, and the Biogenetic Law.Jane Maienschein - 1978 - Journal of the History of Biology 11 (1):129 - 158.
  31.  94
    The J.H.B. Bookshelf.Marjorie Grene, Sherrie L. Lyons, Mark V. Barrow Jr, Ronald Rainger, Susan Lindee, Jane Maienschein, Michael Fortun & Joel B. Hagen - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (1):161-175.
  32.  52
    'It's a Long Way From "Amphioxus"' Anton Dohrn and Late Nineteenth Century Debates About Vertebrate Origins.Jane Maienschein - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (3):465 - 478.
    Anton Dohrn rejected the popular Amphioxus-ascidian theory of vertebrate origin, which saw Amphioxus as the most primitive vertebrate and ascidians as vertebrate ancestors. Instead he argued for the segmented annelids as the more likely candidate. Attacked for being 'unscientific' by such popular morphologists as Carl Gegenbaur and Ernst Haeckel, Dohrn countered with similar accusations. Since the debate peaked as Dohrn was establishing his Stazione Zoologica in Naples at the end of the nineteenth century, it gained him valuable attention and may (...)
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  33.  26
    Introduction: Between Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.James P. Collins, John Beatty & Jane Maienschein - 1986 - Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):169-180.
  34.  44
    Stem Cell Research: A Target Article Collection Part II - What's in a Name: Embryos, Clones, and Stem Cells.Jane Maienschein - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (1):12 – 19.
    In 2001, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the "Human Cloning Prohibition Act" and President Bush announced his decision to allow only limited research on existing stem cell lines but not on "embryos." In contrast, the U.K. has explicitly authorized "therapeutic cloning." Much more will be said about bioethical, legal, and social implications, but subtleties of the science and careful definitions of terms have received much less consideration. Legislators and reporters struggle to discuss "cloning," "pluripotency," "stem cells," and "embryos," and (...)
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  35. What is an 'Embryo' and How Do We Know?Jane Maienschein - 2007 - In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  36. Biology & Epistemology.David Magnus, Richard Creath & Jane Maienschein - 2000 - In Richard Creath & Jane Maienschein (eds.), Biology and Epistemology. Cambridge University Press.
  37.  18
    Eloge: Philip J. Pauly, 3 September 1950–2 April 2008.Jane Maienschein - 2009 - Isis 100 (2):369-371.
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  38.  22
    Hans Spemann on Vitalism in Biology: Translation of a Portion of Spemann's Autobiography. [REVIEW]Viktor Hamburger, Garland E. Allen, Jane Maienschein & Hans Spemann - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (2):231 - 243.
  39.  6
    “Organization” as Setting Boundaries of Individual Development.Jane Maienschein - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (1):73-79.
    “Development” suggests that there is something that is developing, or changing over time. We can ask about temporal boundaries of that developmental process, asking when development begins or ends and whether it has defined stages along the way, for example. We can ask about spatial boundaries as well: where does the developing object start and end? For this article, I ask about the boundary definition of the developing organism in particular. What is an individual organism, and what defines it as (...)
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  40. Made From This Earth: American Women and Nature.Vera Norwood & Jane Maienschein - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (3):493.
     
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  41.  4
    Competing Epistemologies and Developmental Biology.Jane Maienschein - 2000 - In Richard Creath & Jane Maienschein (eds.), Biology and Epistemology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 122--137.
  42.  27
    Body Worlds as Education and Humanism.Jane Maienschein & Richard Creath - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (4):26 – 27.
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  43.  10
    Arguments for Experimentation in Biology.Jane Maienschein - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:180 - 195.
    By 1900 most biologists accepted experimentation as appropriate for at least parts of biology. Some claimed experimentation as the best or only proper approach to biology, while others regarded it as an acceptable addition to existing methodologies. Different researchers defined experimentation in different ways, and they held different aspirations for their experimental programs. This paper explores three sets of ideas, represented respectively by the French in the 1870s, the Germans in the 1880s, and the Americans in the 1890s. It examines (...)
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  44.  7
    What Difference Does History of Science Make, Anyway?Jane Maienschein & George Smith - 2008 - Isis 99:318-321.
    This essay opens up the question of what difference the history of science makes. What is the value of the history of science, beyond its role as an academic pursuit that we historians of science know and love? It introduces the set of essays that follow as explorations that grew out of a seminar on this topic and that arise from the authors' particular concerns both that historians of science do not work hard enough to make their work of value (...)
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  45.  29
    Cutting Edges Cut Both Ways.Jane Maienschein - 1994 - Biology and Philosophy 9 (1):1-24.
    Emphasis on cutting edge science is common today. This paper shows that the concept, which selects some science at any given time as epistemically preferable and therefore better, actually gained acceptance by the turn of this century in biology and began immediately to have consequences for what biological research was done. The result, that some research is cut out while other work is privileged, can have pernicious results. Some of what is designated as not cutting edge may, in a different (...)
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  46. The JHB Bookshelf.Mark V. Barrow Jr, Keith R. Benson, Paula Findlen, Deborah Fitzgerald, Joel B. Hagen, Joy Harvey, Sharon E. Kingsland, Jane Maienschein, Gregg Mitman & Lynn K. Nyhart - 1996 - Journal of the History of Biology 29:463-479.
     
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  47.  43
    ``Why Study History for Science?''.Jane Maienschein - 2000 - Biology and Philosophy 15 (3):339-348.
    David Hull has demonstrated a marvelous ability to annoy everyone who caresabout science (or should), by forcing us to confront deep truths about howscience works. Credit, priority, precularities, and process weave together tomake the very fabric of science. As Hull's studies reveal, the story is bothmessier and more irritating than those limited by a single disciplinaryperspective generally admit. By itself history is interesting enough, andphilosophy valuable enough. But taken together, they do so much in tellingus about science and by puncturing (...)
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  48.  3
    What Difference Does History of Science Make, Anyway?Jane Maienschein & George Smith - 2008 - Isis 99 (2):318-321.
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  49.  38
    The J.H.B. Bookshelf.Lynn K. Nyhart, P. F. Stevens, Jane Maienschein & Mark V. Barrow Jr - 1992 - Journal of the History of Biology 25 (3):497-504.
  50.  22
    Frederic Lawrence Holmes. Reconceiving the Gene: Seymour Benzer’s Adventures in Phage Genetics. Edited by, William C. Summers. Xiv + 334 Pp., Figs., Index. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2006. $50. [REVIEW]Jane Maienschein - 2007 - Isis 98 (1):212-213.
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