Results for 'Jaroslav Krej����'

394 found
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  1. Review of 'Wilfrid Sellars' (James O'Shea 2007) and 'Wilfrid Sellars' (Willem deVries 2005).Jaroslav Peregrin, James O'shea & James R. O'Shea - 2008 - Erkenntnis 69 (1):131-135.
    A review of deVries' and O'Shea's books, both titled "Wilfrid Sellars". By Jaroslav Peregrin.
     
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  2.  9
    Tales of the Mighty Dead.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2003 - Erkenntnis 59 (3):421-424.
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  3.  12
    Tales of the Mighty Dead.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2005 - Filosoficky Casopis 53 (3):782-785.
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  4.  23
    Jaroslav Peregrin.Jaroslav Peregrin - unknown
    The paper presents an argument against a "metaphysical'* conception of logic according to which logic spells out a specific kind of mathematical structure that is somehow inherently related to our factual reasoning. In contrast, it is argued that it is always an empirical question as to whether a given mathematical structure really does captures a principle of reasoning. lMore generally, it is argued that it is not meaningful to replace an empirical investigation of a thing by an investigation of its (...)
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  5.  9
    Meaning.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2000 - Erkenntnis 53 (3):415-422.
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  6. Nieznany utwór dramatyczny z pogranicza czesko-niemieckiego jako wyraz myśli społecznej końca XVI wieku/Jaroslav Panék.Jaroslav Pánek - 2002 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 47:247-255.
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  7.  15
    Two Approaches to Business Ethics.Jaroslav A. Jirásek - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (4):343 - 347.
    Following an historical survey of ethical perspectives, the author focuses on an emerging "market ethics" dictating economic, cultural and legal principles and practices. He is especially concerned with the subsequent loss of human and social capital, and suggests the need for reviving those vital ethical considerations, especially during this time of transition for The Czech Republic and other Eastern European nations.
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  8.  1
    The Paths of Civilization: Understanding the Currents of History.Jaroslav Krejčí - 2004 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    In this ambitious exploration of humanity and civilizations throughout history, major historical events and processes in the history of mankind are looked at in order to understand the "currents" of history. Jaroslav Krejc analyzes the whole history of civilization and considers historical events such as feudalism and the development of science. By bringing both sociological and historical insights to this broad subject, and particular attention to different types of knowledge (such as religion and its impact state law labor and (...)
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  9. Jaroslav Rössler: Czech Avant-Garde Photographer.Vladimír Birgus & Jan Mlcoch (eds.) - 2006 - MIT Press.
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  10. Inferentialism and the Normativity of Meaning.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (1):75-97.
    There may be various reasons for claiming that meaning is normative, and additionally, very different senses attached to the claim. However, all such claims have faced fierce resistance from those philosophers who insist that meaning is not normative in any nontrivial sense of the word. In this paper I sketch one particular approach to meaning claiming its normativity and defend it against the anti-normativist critique: namely the approach of Brandomian inferentialism. However, my defense is not restricted to inferentialism in any (...)
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  11. Meaning as an Inferential Role.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2006 - Erkenntnis 64 (1):1-35.
    While according to the inferentialists, meaning is always a kind of inferential role, proponents of other approaches to semantics often doubt that actual meanings, as they see them, can be generally reduced to inferential roles. In this paper we propose a formal framework for considering the hypothesis of the.
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  12.  79
    Is Inferentialism Circular?Jaroslav Peregrin - 2018 - Analysis 78 (3):450-454.
    Variations on the argument “Inferences are moves from meaningful statements to meaningful statements; hence the meanings cannot be inferential roles” are often used as knock-down argument against inferentialism. In this short paper I indicate that the argument is simply a non sequitur.
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  13.  9
    Jaroslav Pelikan, "The Mystery of Continuity. Time and History, Memory and Eternity in the Thought of Saint Augustine". [REVIEW]Louis H. Mackey - 1988 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (3):476.
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  14.  33
    No Change.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2001 - The Philosophers' Magazine 13:59-59.
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  15.  87
    Criteria for Logical Formalization.Jaroslav Peregrin & Vladimír Svoboda - 2013 - Synthese 190 (14):2897-2924.
    The article addresses two closely related questions: What are the criteria of adequacy of logical formalization of natural language arguments, and what gives logic the authority to decide which arguments are good and which are bad? Our point of departure is the criticism of the conception of logical formalization put forth, in a recent paper, by M. Baumgartner and T. Lampert. We argue that their account of formalization as a kind of semantic analysis brings about more problems than it solves. (...)
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  16.  28
    Logically Incorrect Arguments.Vladimír Svoboda & Jaroslav Peregrin - 2016 - Argumentation 30 (3):263-287.
    What do we learn when we find out that an argument is logically incorrect? If logically incorrect means the same as not logically correct, which in turn means not having a valid logical form, it seems that we do not learn anything too useful—an argument which is logically incorrect can still be conclusive. Thus, it seems that it makes sense to fix a stronger interpretation of the term under which a logically incorrect argument is guaranteed to be wrong. In this (...)
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  17.  14
    A New View of REA State Machine.Frantisek Hunka & Jaroslav Zacek - 2015 - Applied Ontology 10 (1):25-39.
  18. The Enigma of Rules.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2010 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (3):377-394.
    In a remarkable early paper, Wilfrid Sellars warned us that if we cease to recognize rules, we may well find ourselves walking on four feet; and it is obvious that within human communities, the phenomenon of rules is ubiquitous. Yet from the viewpoint of the sciences, rules cannot be easily accounted for. Sellars himself, during his later years, managed to put a lot of flesh on the normative bones from which he assembled the remarkable skeleton of the early paper; and (...)
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  19.  58
    What is the Logic of Inference?Jaroslav Peregrin - 2008 - Studia Logica 88 (2):263-294.
    The topic of this paper is the question whether there is a logic which could be justly called the logic of inference. It may seem that at least since Prawitz, Dummett and others demonstrated the proof-theoretical prominency of intuitionistic logic, the forthcoming answer is that it is this logic that is the obvious choice for the accolade. Though there is little doubt that this choice is correct (provided that inference is construed as inherently single-conclusion and complying with the Gentzenian structural (...)
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  20.  15
    Polemics on Ethical Aspects in the Compost Business.Josef Maroušek, Simona Hašková, Robert Zeman, Jaroslav Žák, Radka Vaníčková, Anna Maroušková, Jan Váchal & Kateřina Myšková - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (2):581-590.
    This paper focuses on compost use in overpasses and underpasses for wild animals over roads and other similar linear structures. In this context, good quality of compost may result in faster and more resistant vegetation cover during the year. Inter alia, this can be interpreted also as reduction of damage and saving lives. There are millions of tones of plant residue produced every day worldwide. These represent prospective business for manufacturers of compost additives called “accelerators”. The opinions of the sale (...)
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  21.  97
    An Inferentialist Approach to Semantics: Time for a New Kind of Structuralism?Jaroslav Peregrin - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (6):1208-1223.
    The perennial question – What is meaning? – receives many answers. In this paper I present and discuss inferentialism – a recent approach to semantics based on the thesis that to have ( such and such ) a meaning is to be governed by ( such and such ) a cluster of inferential rules . I point out that this thesis presupposes that looking for meaning requires seeing language as a social institution (rather than, say, a psychological reality). I also (...)
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  22.  23
    Great Revolutions of the 20th Century in a Civilizational Perspective.Jaroslav Krejčí - 2000 - Thesis Eleven 62 (1):71-90.
    The great revolutions of modern times have been analysed from various angles, but their civilizational aspects and contexts have on the whole been neglected. More specifically, the major 20th-century revolutions can be seen as particularly important cases of intercivilizational encounters. They represent different responses to the ascendant and challenging civilization of the West. The Western civilizational trajectory (or set of trajectories), based on a shift from fideism to empiricism and on multiple social dynamics fuelled by this cultural reorientation (such as (...)
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  23.  79
    Inferentializing Semantics.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (3):255 - 274.
    The entire development of modern logic is characterized by various forms of confrontation of what has come to be called proof theory with what has earned the label of model theory. For a long time the widely accepted view was that while model theory captures directly what logical formalisms are about, proof theory is merely our technical means of getting some incomplete grip on this; but in recent decades the situation has altered. Not only did proof theory expand into new (...)
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  24.  19
    Význam a Struktura.Jaroslav Peregrin - 1999 - Oikoymenh.
    V knize konfrontuji běžné pojetí jazyka, podle kterého je význam záležitostí vztahu slovo-věc, se strukturalistickým pohledem, podle kterého význam nemůže existovat bez toho, aby byly výrazy určitým způsobem provázány mezi sebou. Ukazuji, že takový strukturalismus není jen věcí Ferdinanda de Saussura, ale že se vyskytuje (pod jménem holismus) i v základech (post)analytické filosofie Quina, Davidsona, Sellarse a Brandoma. Ukazuji také, že není neslučitelný s formálně-logickým přístupem k významu, jaký byl rozpracován Carnapem, Montaguem a dalšími.
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  25.  2
    Tomáš Marvan. Otázka významu.Jaroslav Růžička - 2011 - Pro-Fil 11 (2).
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  26. Helena Kurzova (Ed.), The Megarians: Fragments.Jaroslav Rytiř - 2009 - Rhizai. A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science:215-220.
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  27. "Masaryk's" New Europe".Jaroslav Sabata - 2012 - Filosoficky Casopis 60 (5):705-736.
     
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  28. Inferentialism: From Logic to Language.Jaroslav Peregrin - unknown
    1.1 INFERENTIALISM AND REPRESENTATIONALISM 1.2 INFERENTIALISM AND LOGIC 1.3 FROM PROOF THEORY TO SEMANTICS 1.4 BRANDOM'S NORMATIVE INFERENTIALISM..
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  29. Inferentialism and the Compositionality of Meaning.Jaroslav Peregrin - unknown
    Inferentialism, which I am going to present in detail in the following sections, is the view that meanings are, roughly, roles that are acquired by types of sounds and inscriptions in virtue of their being treated according to rules of our language games, roughly in the sense in which wooden pieces acquire certain roles by being treated according the rules of chess. The most important consequences are that (i) a meaning is not an object labeled (stood for, represented ...) by (...)
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  30.  79
    Language and its Models: Is Model Theory a Theory of Semantics?Jaroslav Peregrin - 1997 - Nordic Journal of Philosophical Logic 2 (1):1-23.
    Tarskian model theory is almost universally understood as a formal counterpart of the preformal notion of semantics, of the “linkage between words and things”. The wide-spread opinion is that to account for the semantics of natural language is to furnish its settheoretic interpretation in a suitable model structure; as exemplified by Montague 1974.
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  31.  95
    The "Natural" and the "Formal".Jaroslav Peregrin - 2000 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 29 (1):75-101.
    The paper presents an argument against a "metaphysical" conception of logic according to which logic spells out a specific kind of mathematical structure that is somehow inherently related to our factual reasoning. In contrast, it is argued that it is always an empirical question as to whether a given mathematical structure really does captures a principle of reasoning. (More generally, it is argued that it is not meaningful to replace an empirical investigation of a thing by an investigation of its (...)
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  32.  59
    Should One Be A Left or A Right Sellarsian?Jaroslav Peregrin - 2016 - Metaphilosophy 47 (2):251-263.
    The followers of Wilfrid Sellars are often divided into “right” and “left” Sellarsians, according to whether they believe, in Mark Lance's words, that “linguistic roles constitutive of meaning and captured by dot quoted words are ‘normative all the way down.’” The present article anatomizes this division and argues that it is not easy to give it a nontrivial sense. In particular, the article argues that it is not really possible to construe it as a controversy related to ontology, and goes (...)
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  33. What is Inferentialism?Jaroslav Peregrin - unknown
    Inferentialism is the conviction that to be meaningful in the distinctively human way, or to have a 'conceptual content', is to be governed by a certain kind of inferential rules. The term was coined by Robert Brandom as a label for his theory of language; however, it is also naturally applicable (and is growing increasingly common) within the philosophy of logic.
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  34.  4
    The Human Predicament: Its Changing Image: A Study in Comparative Religion and History.Jaroslav Krejci - 1994 - Philosophy East and West 44 (4):741-743.
  35. Inferentialism: Logic and Language.Jaroslav Peregrin - unknown
    In recent years, I have published a number of papers addressing various aspect of inferentialism. These papers, I believe, do provide for a relatively multifaceted picture of (my version of) this enterprise; though still a picture that is in some respects patchy. This has made me start working on this book – it should bring my ideas of various aspects and dimensions of inferentialism to a desirable synthesis. Building the individual chapters, I usually start from taking parts of my published (...)
     
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  36.  7
    Literary Dissent in Communist China.Jaroslav Prušek, M. Goldman & Jaroslav Prusek - 1968 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 88 (3):613.
  37. Scientific and Technical Progress and the Peace Movement.Jaroslav Purš - 1980 - Institute of Czechoslovak and World History of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences.
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  38. Scientific and Technological Revolution and the Fight for Peace: Xvth International Congress of Historical Sciences Bucharest 1980.Jaroslav Purš - 1980 - Institute of Czechoslovak and World History of the Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences.
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  39.  30
    Jaroslav Pelican, Christianity and Classical Culture: The Metamorphosis of Natural Theology in the Christian Encounter with Hellenism. [REVIEW]Victoria Nichole Voytko - 1997 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 41 (3):184-186.
  40.  29
    Semantics as Based on Inference.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2006 - In Johan van Benthem, Gerhard Heinzman, M. Rebushi & H. Visser (eds.), The Age of Alternative Logics. Springer. pp. 25--36.
  41.  31
    Rules as the Impetus of Cultural Evolution.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2014 - Topoi 33 (2):531-545.
    In this paper I put forward a thesis regarding the anatomy of “cultural evolution”, in particular the way the “cultural” transmission of behavioral patterns came to piggyback, through us humans, on the transmission effected by genetic evolution. I claim that what grounds and supports this new kind of transmission is a complex behavioral “meta-pattern” that makes it possible to grasp a pattern as something that “ought to be”, i.e. that transforms the pattern into what we can call a rule. (Here (...)
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  42.  46
    Consequence & Inference.Jaroslav Peregrin - unknown
    Logic is usually considered to be the study of logical consequence – of the most basic laws governing how a statement’s truth depends on the truth of other statements. Some of the pioneers of modern formal logic, notably Hilbert and Carnap, assumed that the only way to get hold of the relation of consequence was to reconstruct it as a relation of inference within a formal system built upon explicit inferential rules. Even Alfred Tarski in 1930 seemed to foresee no (...)
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  43. The Use-Theory of Meaning and the Rules of Our Language Games.Jaroslav Peregrin - 2011 - In K. Turner (ed.), Making semantics pragmatic. Emerald.
    While most theoreticians of meaning in the first half of the twentieth century subscribed to a representational theory (viewing meanings as entities stood for by the expressions), the second half of the century was marked by the rise of various versions of use-theories of meaning. The roots of this ‘pragmatist turn’ are detectable in the writings of the later Wittgenstein, the Oxford speech act theorists (Austin, Grice) and the American neopragmatists (Quine, Sellars). Though it is now rather popular (and sometimes (...)
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  44.  11
    Která formule je ta pravá?(Kritéria adekvátnosti logické analýzy).Jaroslav Peregrin–Vladimír Svoboda - 2012 - Organon F: Medzinárodný Časopis Pre Analytickú Filozofiu 19:163-179.
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  45. Embodiment and Metaphysics. Deconstruction as Lying Between Good and Bad Dialectic.Jaroslav Trnka - 2010 - Filosoficky Casopis 58 (1):57-64.
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  46.  6
    Studies in Dravidian and General Linguistics: A Festschrift for Bh. Krishnamurti.Jaroslav Vacek, Bh Krishnamurti, B. Lakshmi Bai & B. Ramakrishna Reddy - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (4):701.
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  47.  41
    Creatures of Norms as Uncanny Niche Constructors.Jaroslav Peregrin - unknown
    Imagine a Paleolithic hunter, who has failed to hunt down anything for a couple of days and is hungry. He has an urgent desire, the desire to eat, which he is not able to fulfill – his desire is frustrated by the world. Now imagine our contemporary bank clerk, who went to work forgetting his wallet at home and is hungry too. He too is not able to fulfill his urgent desire to eat because it is frustrated by the world. (...)
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  48.  80
    Brandom and Davidsom: What Do We Need to Account for Thinking and Agency?Jaroslav Peregrin - 2005 - Philosophica 75.
    There are various approaches to truth and knowledge (in fact, cataloguing them has become something of a philosophical industry of its own); and in many cases, their explanations are taken to underlie the explanation of other crucial concepts, like language, reason etc. Especially in recent years, some of the approaches have come to be based on reducing semantics to pragmatics. An outstanding example of such a pragmatist approach is that of Bob Brandom, who bases the explication of both truth and (...)
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  49.  33
    The Logic of Anaphora.Jaroslav Peregrin - manuscript
    The paper addresses foundational questions concerning the dynamic semantics of natural language based on dynamic logic of the Groenendijko-Stokhofian kind. Discussing a series of model calculi of increasing complexity, it shows in detail how the usual semantics of dynamic logic can be seen as emerging from the account for certain inferential patterns of natural language, namely those governing anaphora. In this way, the current ‘dynamic turn’ of logic is argued to be reasonably seen not as the product of changing the (...)
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  50. Stuchlik, Jaroslav on the Existential Approach to the Psychology of Propaganda-Comment.V. Borecky - 1990 - Filosoficky Casopis 38 (6):851-852.
     
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