Results for 'Jason D���Cruz'

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  1.  25
    Promising to Try.Jason D’Cruz and Justin Kalef - 2015 - Ethics 125 (3):797-806,.
    We maintain that in many contexts promising to try is expressive of responsibility as a promiser. This morally significant application of promising to try speaks in favor of the view that responsible promisers favor evidentialism about promises. Contra Marušić, we contend that responsible promisers typically withdraw from promising to act, and instead promise to try, in circumstances where they recognize that there is a significant chance that they will not succeed.
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  2.  82
    Promising to Try.Jason D’Cruz & Justin Kalef - 2015 - Ethics 125 (3):797-806.
    We maintain that in many contexts promising to try is expressive of responsibility as a promiser. This morally significant application of promising to try speaks in favor of the view that responsible promisers favor evidentialism about promises. Contra Berislav Marušić, we contend that responsible promisers typically withdraw from promising to act and instead promise to try, in circumstances in which they recognize that there is a significant chance that they will not succeed.
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  3.  63
    Humble Trust.Jason D’Cruz - 2019 - Philosophical Studies 176 (4):933-953.
    I challenge the common view that trust is characteristically risky compared to distrust by drawing attention to the moral and epistemic risks of distrust. Distrust that is based in real fear yet fails to target ill will, lack of integrity, or incompetence, serves to marginalize and exclude individuals who have done nothing that would justify their marginalization or exclusion. I begin with a characterization of the suite of behaviors characteristic of trust and distrust. I then survey the epistemic and moral (...)
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  4. Rationalization as Performative Pretense.Jason D'Cruz - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (7):980-1000.
    Rationalization in the sense of biased self-justification is very familiar. It's not cheating because everyone else is doing it too. I didn't report the abuse because it wasn't my place. I understated my income this year because I paid too much in tax last year. I'm only a social smoker, so I won't get cancer. The mental mechanisms subserving rationalization have been studied closely by psychologists. However, when viewed against the backdrop of philosophical accounts of the regulative role of truth (...)
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  5. Rationalization, Evidence, and Pretense.Jason D'Cruz - 2015 - Ratio 28 (3):318-331.
    In this paper I distinguish the category of “rationalization” from various forms of epistemic irrationality. I maintain that only if we model rationalizers as pretenders can we make sense of the rationalizer's distinctive relationship to the evidence in her possession. I contrast the cognitive attitude of the rationalizer with that of believers whose relationship to the evidence I describe as “waffling” or “intransigent”. In the final section of the paper, I compare the rationalizer to the Frankfurtian bullshitter.
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  6. Volatile Reasons.Jason D'Cruz - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (1):31 - 40.
    I argue for the existence of a category of practical reasons which I call "Deliberation-Volatile Reasons" or "DVRs". DVRs have the distinguishing feature that their status as reasons for action is diminished when they are weighed in deliberation by the agent. I argue that DVRs are evidence of "deliberative blind spots". I submit that an agent manifests a peculiar kind of practical irrationality in so far as she endeavours to find a deliberative path to what she has reason to do, (...)
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  7. Are Digital Images Allographic?Jason D'cruz & P. D. Magnus - 2014 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 72 (4):417-427.
    Nelson Goodman's distinction between autographic and allographic arts is appealing, we suggest, because it promises to resolve several prima facie puzzles. We consider and rebut a recent argument that alleges that digital images explode the autographic/allographic distinction. Regardless, there is another familiar problem with the distinction, especially as Goodman formulates it: it seems to entirely ignore an important sense in which all artworks are historical. We note in reply that some artworks can be considered both as historical products and as (...)
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  8. Trust, Trustworthiness, and the Moral Consequence of Consistency.Jason D'cruz - 2015 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 1 (3):467-484.
    Situationists such as John Doris, Gilbert Harman, and Maria Merritt suppose that appeal to reliable behavioral dispositions can be dispensed with without radical revision to morality as we know it. This paper challenges this supposition, arguing that abandoning hope in reliable dispositions rules out genuine trust and forces us to suspend core reactive attitudes of gratitude and resentment, esteem and indignation. By examining situationism through the lens of trust we learn something about situationism (in particular, the radically revisionary moral implications (...)
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  9.  51
    Preserving the Autographic/Allographic Distinction.Jason D'cruz & P. D. Magnus - 2015 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 73 (4):453-457.
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  10.  45
    Displacement and Gratitude: Accounting for the Political Obligation of Refugees.Jason D'Cruz - 2014 - Ethics and Global Politics 7 (1):1-17.
    On what basis, and to what extent, are refugees obligated to obey the laws of their host countries? Consideration of the specific case of asylum-seekers generates, I think, two competing intuitions: the refugee has a prima facie obligation to obey the laws of her host country and none of the popularly canvassed substrates of political obligation—consent, tacit consent, fairness, or social role—is at all apt to explain the presence of this obligation. I contend that the unfashionable gratitude account of political (...)
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  11.  25
    Trust Within Limits.Jason D’Cruz - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 26 (2):240-250.
    There have two recent challenges to the orthodoxy that ‘X trusts Y to ø’ is the fundamental notion of trust. Domenicucci and Holton maintain that trust, like love and friendship, is fundamentally two-place. Paul Faulkner argues to the more radical conclusion that the one-place ‘X is trusting’ is explanatorily basic. I argue that ‘X trusts Y in domain D’ is the explanatorily basic notion. I make the case that only by thinking of trust as domain-specific can we make sense of (...)
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  12.  15
    Rationalization and Self-Sabotage.Jason D'Cruz - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    In making the case that “rationalization is rational,” Cushman downplays its signature liability: Rationalization exposes a person to the hazard of delusion and self-sabotage. In paradigm cases, rationalization undermines instrumental rationality by introducing inaccuracies into the representational map required for planning and effective agency.
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  13.  14
    Emotion in Imaginative Resistance.Dylan Campbell, William Kidder, Jason D'Cruz & Brendan Gaesser - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology.
    Imaginative resistance refers to cases in which one’s otherwise flexible imaginative capacity is constrained by an unwillingness or inability to imaginatively engage with a given claim. In three studies, we explored which specific imaginative demands engender resistance when imagining morally deviant worlds and whether individual differences in emotion predict the degree of this resistance. In Study 1 (N = 176), participants resisted the notion that harmful actions could be morally acceptable in the world of a narrative regardless of the author’s (...)
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  14. Promises and Consistency.Rachel Cohon & Jason D'Cruz - 2017 - In Iskra Fileva (ed.), Questions of Character. New York, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 215-230.
    Situationists in moral philosophy infer from empirical studies in social psychology that human beings lack cross-situational behavioral consistency: that is, for the most part, we human beings are not able to act in the same trait-relevant way across a range of distinct types of situations, because those situational differences trigger differences in behavior. In this paper we defend the following thesis: one who accepts this conclusion (that is, one who judges that human beings in general are not possessed of behavioral (...)
     
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  15. Wisdom as an Expert Skill.Jason D. Swartwood - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (3):511-528.
    Practical wisdom is the intellectual virtue that enables a person to make reliably good decisions about how, all-things-considered, to live. As such, it is a lofty and important ideal to strive for. It is precisely this loftiness and importance that gives rise to important questions about wisdom: Can real people develop it? If so, how? What is the nature of wisdom as it manifests itself in real people? I argue that we can make headway answering these questions by modeling wisdom (...)
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  16. Virtues, Ecological Momentary Assessment/Intervention and Smartphone Technology.Jason D. Runyan & Ellen G. Steinke - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology:1-24.
    Virtues, broadly understood as stable and robust dispositions for certain responses across morally relevant situations, have been a growing topic of interest in psychology. A central topic of discussion has been whether studies showing that situations can strongly influence our responses provide evidence against the existence of virtues (as a kind of stable and robust disposition). In this review, we examine reasons for thinking that the prevailing methods for examining situational influences are limited in their ability to test dispositional stability (...)
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  17. Becoming a Cosmopolitan: What It Means to Be a Human Being in the New Millennium.Jason D. Hill - 2011 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this highly original book, Jason Hill defends a strong form of moral cosmopolitanism and lays the groundwork for a new view of the self. To achieve a radical cosmopolitan identity, he argues it may be necessary to forget aspects of one's racial and ethnic socialization. The idea of forgetting where one came from demands that morally recreated persons disown parts or even all of their cultures if these cultures are oppressive or denigrate human life. Hill draws on existentialism, (...)
     
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  18.  5
    Calling, Virtue, and the Practice of Medicine.Jason D. Whitt - 2019 - Christian Bioethics 25 (3):315-330.
    This essay argues that an account of vocation that ties one’s work with divine calling stands counter to the biblical witness of calling in the New Testament. Rather than calling to a particular profession, the biblical account of calling is to a unique way of living that is to exemplify the followers of Christ. Therefore, the re-enchantment of medicine is not accomplished when one makes the practice itself sacred simply by imagining it as one’s divine calling. Rather, the sacredness of (...)
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  19. Human Agency and Neural Causes.Jason D. Runyan - 2013 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
  20.  6
    Social Security Survivors Benefits: The Effects of Reproductive Pathways and Intestacy Law on Attitudes.Jason D. Hans & Martie Gillen - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (2):514-524.
    According to the Social Security Administration, 98% of minor children are eligible to receive survivors benefits if a working parent dies. However, the eligibility of children born, and even conceived, after a working parent dies is less clear. In recent years, the Social Security Administration has received more than 100 applications for survivors benefits filed on behalf of children conceived after a parent's death, and one such case, Astrue v. Capato, was heard by the U.S. Supreme Court in 2012. In (...)
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  21.  5
    Beyond Blood Identities: Posthumanity in the Twenty First Century.Jason D. Hill - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    Introduction -- Moral reasoning from a cosmopolitan perspective : the problem of culture -- Culturalism and moral reasoning -- Towards a moral conceptual base of culture -- Cosmopolitanism : a definition and the question of tolerance -- Who owns culture : a moral cosmopolitan inquiry -- Culture-faith : the mystification of culture -- Culture-faith applied : cultural privacy and the ownership of native culture -- Counter arguments against applied culture faith : the right to cultural privacy -- Representation without authorization (...)
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  22.  17
    ‘Doing Dignity Work’: Indian Security Guards’ Interface with Precariousness.Ernesto Noronha, Saikat Chakraborty & Premilla D’Cruz - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 162 (3):553-575.
    Increasing global competition has intensified the use of informal sector workforce worldwide. This phenomenon is true with regard to India, where 92% of the workers hold precarious jobs. Our study examines the dynamics of workplace dignity in the context of Indian security guards deployed as contract labour by private suppliers, recognising that security guards’ jobs were marked by easy access, low status, disrespect and precariousness. The experiences of guards serving bank ATMs were compared with those working in large reputed organisations. (...)
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  23.  15
    Navigating Embeddedness: Experiences of Indian IT Suppliers and Employees in the Netherlands.Ernesto Noronha, Premilla D’Cruz & Muneeb Ul Lateef Banday - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):95-113.
    In this article, we shift the usual analytical attention of the GPN framework from lead firms to suppliers in the network and from production to IT services. Our focus is on how Indian IT suppliers embed in the Netherlands along the threefold characterization of societal, territorial and network embeddedness. We argue that Indian IT suppliers attempt to display societal embeddedness when they move to The Netherlands. Our findings reveal that the endeavour by Indian IT suppliers to territorially dis-embed from the (...)
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  24.  56
    How We Forget May Depend on How We Remember.Talya Sadeh, Jason D. Ozubko, Gordon Winocur & Morris Moscovitch - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (1):26-36.
  25.  29
    Processing of Invisible Social Cues.M. Ida Gobbini, Jason D. Gors, Yaroslav O. Halchenko, Howard C. Hughes & Carlo Cipolli - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):765-770.
    Successful interactions between people are dependent on rapid recognition of social cues. We investigated whether head direction – a powerful social signal – is processed in the absence of conscious awareness. We used continuous flash interocular suppression to render stimuli invisible and compared the reaction time for face detection when faces were turned towards the viewer and turned slightly away. We found that faces turned towards the viewer break through suppression faster than faces that are turned away, regardless of eye (...)
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  26.  16
    A New Way of Scoring Moral Judgement Interviews.Peter E. Langford & J. Vin D'Cruz - 1989 - Journal of Moral Education 18 (2):118-130.
    Two studies of the categorisation of justifications for judgements of the morality of the actions of others were reported, using a scoring scheme not previously reported. Results showed that a reaspnable degree of inter-rater reliability was achieved, and that developmental trends detected weere robust both with respect to interviewer and interview content, although interview content had an expected and comprehensible influence on the frequency of items within content categories. Results were interpreted within the context of a model of the development (...)
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  27.  76
    Ralston, D. Christopher, and Justin Ho (Eds): Philosophical Reflections on Disability. [REVIEW]Jason D. Whitt - 2013 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (5):441-446.
  28.  26
    Editorial: Inner Experiences: Theory, Measurement, Frequency, Content, and Functions.Alain Morin, Jason D. Runyan & Thomas M. Brinthaupt - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  29.  15
    Cognitive Control in the Self-Regulation of Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior.Jude Buckley, Jason D. Cohen, Arthur F. Kramer, Edward McAuley & Sean P. Mullen - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  30. A Theory of Ordinary Proper Names.M. D'Cruz - 2000 - Mind 109 (436):721-756.
    It is widely believed that the semantic function of an ordinary proper name (e.g. 'Aristotle') is inexplicable in terms of the semantic function of an ordinary definite description (e.g. 'the last great ancient philosopher'), given a Russellian analysis of the latter. This paper questions this belief by suggesting a possible semantic explication. In brief, I propose that an ordinary proper name is a mere placeholder for an arbitrary ordinary definite description true of a given individual. The proposal is set out (...)
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  31.  10
    Top-Down Structure Influences Learning of Nonadjacent Dependencies in an Artificial Language.Felix Hao Wang, Jason D. Zevin & Toben H. Mintz - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (12):1738-1748.
  32. Beyond Blood Identities: Posthumanity in the Twenty First Century.Jason D. Hill - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    In Beyond Blood Identities, Jason D. Hill presents a bold defense of a form of cosmopolitanism according to which only individual persons—not cultures, races, or ethic groups—are the bearers of rights and the possessors of an inviolable status worthy of respect.
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  33. Beyond Blood Identities: Posthumanity in the Twenty First Century.Jason D. Hill - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    In Beyond Blood Identities, Jason D. Hill presents a bold defense of a form of cosmopolitanism according to which only individual persons_not cultures, races, or ethic groups_are the bearers of rights and the possessors of an inviolable status worthy of respect.
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  34.  10
    Experience and the Ever-Changing Brain: What the Transcriptome Can Reveal.Todd G. Rubin, Jason D. Gray & Bruce S. McEwen - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (11):1072-1081.
  35.  79
    What Is So Morbid About Viaticals? An Examination of the Ethics of Economic Ideas and Economic Reality.Katherina Glac, Jason D. Skirry & David Vang - 2012 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 31 (3-4):453-473.
    A viatical settlement (or viatical) is a transaction in which an investor purchases the life insurance policy from a terminally ill person for a lump sum so that the investor can receive those benefits at the time of death. While there is an ongoing debate in the insurance and financial planning industry about viaticals, including the ethics of this practice, the focus has been predominantly on abuses in the course of buying and selling viaticals and less on the fundamental ethicality (...)
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  36.  44
    Carolyn D'Cruz, Identity Politics in Deconstruction: Calculating with the Incalculable.Miriam Bankovsky - 2010 - Critical Horizons 11 (1):149-155.
  37.  8
    Jason D. Hansen. Mapping the Germans: Statistical Science, Cartography, and the Visualization of the German Nation, 1848–1914. Xv + 192 Pp., Maps, Illus., Bibl., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. £60. [REVIEW]Iris Schröder - 2017 - Isis 108 (3):715-716.
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  38.  23
    Compass and Rule: Architecture as Mathematical Practice in England, 1500-1750.Jason D. LaFountain - 2011 - Early Science and Medicine 16 (6):617-618.
  39. Using Experience Sampling to Examine Links Between Compassion, Eudaimonia, and Prosocial Behavior.Jason D. Runyan, Brian N. Fry, Timothy A. Steenbergh, Nathan L. Arbuckle, Kristen Dunbar & Erin E. Devers - 2019 - Journal of Personality 87 (3):690-701.
    Objective: Compassion has been associated with eudaimonia and prosocial behavior, and has been regarded as a virtue, both historically and cross-culturally. However, the psychological study of compassion has been limited to laboratory settings and/or standard survey assessments. Here, we use an experience sampling method (ESM) to compare naturalistic assessments of compassion with standard assessments, and to examine compassion, its variability, and associations with eudaimonia and prosocial behavior. -/- Methods: Participants took a survey which included standard assessments of compassion and eudaimonia. (...)
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  40. A Skill-Based Framework for Teaching Morality and Religion.Jason D. Swartwood - 2019 - Teaching Ethics 18 (1):39-62.
    One important aim of moral philosophy courses is to help students build the skills necessary to make their own well-reasoned decisions about moral issues. This includes the skill of determining when a particular moral reason provides a good answer to a moral question or not. Helping students think critically about religious reasons like “because God says so” and “because scripture explicitly says so” can be challenging because such lessons can be misperceived as coercive or anti-religious. I describe a framework for (...)
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  41.  3
    Should Emergentologists Follow Up on Patients Diagnosed with UTI Having Negative Urine Cultures? Implications for Processing Post-Discharge Laboratory Results.Jason D. Woodfine & Carl van Walraven - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
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  42.  3
    Should Emergentologists Follow Up on Patients Diagnosed with UTI Having Negative Urine Cultures? Implications for Processing Post‐Discharge Laboratory Results.Jason D. Woodfine & Carl Walraven - 2019 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 25 (2):260-264.
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  43.  23
    Social Security Survivors Benefits: The Effects of Reproductive Pathways and Intestacy Law on Attitudes.Jason D. Hans & Martie Gillen - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (2):514-524.
    Most minor children are eligible for Social Security survivors benefits if a wage-earning parent dies, but eligibility of children not in utero at the time of death is more nuanced. The purpose of this study was to examine attitudes concerning access to Social Security survivors benefits in the context of posthumous reproduction. A probability sample of 540 Florida households responded to a multiple-segment factorial vignette designed to examine the effects of state intestacy laws and five reproductive pathways – normative, posthumous (...)
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  44. The Apophora and the “Leasing” of Property to Slaves and Manumitted Slaves in Classical Athens.Jason D. Porter - 2021 - História 70 (2):185.
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  45.  12
    Pleasure in Others’ Misfortune: Three Distinct Types of Schadenfreude Found in Ancient, Modern, and Contemporary Philosophy.Jason D. Gray - 2021 - Journal of Value Inquiry 55 (1):175-188.
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  46.  37
    John Arthur, Race, Equality, and the Burdens of History.Jason D. Grinnell - 2010 - Journal of Value Inquiry 44 (2):269-272.
  47.  29
    Rodney E. Hero, Racial Diversity and Social Capital: Equality and Community in America. [REVIEW]Jason D. Grinnell - 2009 - Journal of Value Inquiry 43 (4):547-550.
  48. Emotion, Suffering, and Hope: Commentary on``How Much Emotion Is Enough?''.Jason D. Higginson - 2007 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 18 (4):377.
     
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  49.  2
    Book Review: O'Neill, Onora. Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics. [REVIEW]Jason D. Morrow - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (3):261-270.
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  50.  69
    O'Neill, Onora. Autonomy and Trust in Bioethics.Jason D. Morrow - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (3):261-269.
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