Results for 'Jason Hilton'

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Jason Hilton
Simpson College
  1.  15
    Geologic Characterization of a Lower Cambrian Marine Shale: Implications for Shale Gas Potential in Northwestern Hunan, South China.Zhenghui Xiao, Jisong Liu, Jingqiang Tan, Rongfeng Yang, Jason Hilton, Ping Zhou, Zhaohui Wang & Yunjiang Cao - 2018 - Interpretation: SEG 6 (3):T635-T647.
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  2.  56
    Language in Context: Selected Essays.Stanley Jason - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Egalitarianism, the view that equality matters, attracts a great deal of attention amongst contemporary political theorists. And yet it has turned out to be surprisingly difficult to provide a fully satisfactory egalitarian theory. The cutting-edge articles in Egalitarianism move the debate forward. They are written by some of the leading political philosophers in the field.
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  3.  39
    The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking.David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.) - 2005 - Routledge.
    It is human nature to wonder how things might have turned out differently--either for the better or for the worse. For the past two decades psychologists have been intrigued by this phenomenon, which they call counterfactual thinking. Specifically, researchers have sought to answer the "big" questions: Why do people have such a strong propensity to generate counterfactuals, and what functions does counterfactual thinking serve? What are the determinants of counterfactual thinking, and what are its adaptive and psychological consequences? This important (...)
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  4.  58
    Mental Models and Causal Explanation: Judgements of Probable Cause and Explanatory Relevance.Denis J. Hilton - 1996 - Thinking and Reasoning 2 (4):273 – 308.
    Good explanations are not only true or probably true, but are also relevant to a causal question. Current models of causal explanation either only address the question of the truth of an explanation, or do not distinguish the probability of an explanation from its relevance. The tasks of scenario construction and conversational explanation are distinguished, which in turn shows how scenarios can interact with conversational principles to determine the truth and relevance of explanations. The proposed model distinguishes causal discounting from (...)
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  5.  43
    The Suppression of Modus Ponens as a Case of Pragmatic Preconditional Reasoning.Jean-Francois Bonnefon & Denis J. Hilton - 2002 - Thinking and Reasoning 8 (1):21 – 40.
    The suppression of the Modus Ponens inference is described as a loss of confidence in the conclusion C of an argument ''If A1 then C; If A2 then C; A1'' where A2 is a requirement for C to happen. It is hypothesised that this loss of confidence is due to the derivation of the conversational implicature ''there is a chance that A2 might not be satisfied'', and that different syntactic introductions of the requirement A2 (e.g., ''If C then A2'') will (...)
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  6.  90
    Does Virtue Epistemology Provide a Better Account of the Ad Hominem Argument? A Reply to Christopher Johnson.Gary James Jason - 2011 - Philosophy 86 (1):95-119.
    Christopher Johnson has put forward in this journal the view that ad hominem reasoning may be more generally reasonable than is allowed by writers such as myself, basing his view on virtue epistemology. I review his account, as well as the standard account, of ad hominem reasoning, and show how the standard account would handle the cases he sketches in defense of his own view. I then give four criticisms of his view generally: the problems of virtue conflict, vagueness, conflation (...)
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  7.  78
    The Role of Error in Computer Science.Gary Jason - 1989 - Philosophia 19 (4):403-416.
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  8.  37
    Is There a Case for Ad Hominem Arguments?Gary James Jason - 1984 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62 (2):182 – 185.
  9.  28
    The Transition From Feudalism to Capitalism.R. H. Hilton & Christopher Hill - 1953 - Science and Society 17 (4):340 - 351.
  10.  54
    Notes Tow Ard a Formal Conversation Theory.Gary James Jason - 1980 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 10 (1):119-139.
    Dialectic, as commonly approached, is not an analytic study, as the notion is defined in the paper. Where it is analytically approached (as, for example, by Grice and Hamblin), the result is pragmatic in nature, as well as syntactic and semantic. This paper lays the foundations of a purely formal (nonpragmatic) analysis of conversations. This study is accordingly called "Conversation Theory". The key notions of "conversation", "dialogue", "conversation game", "rules of response", "epistemic community" and "channel of informations" are defined precisely, (...)
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  11.  33
    The Nature of the Argumentum Ad Baculum.Gary Jason - 1987 - Philosophia 17 (4):491-499.
  12.  21
    Information Systems Ethics: A Practitioner Survey. [REVIEW]Thomas Hilton - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 28 (4):279 - 284.
    Fortune 500 non-management employees who work in their company's information systems department were polled via a mail survey; of 191 surveys sent (one to a company), 123 (64%) were returned. Virtually all respondents (97%) indicated that management should define ethical computer use for employees. A majority of respondents (60%) reported that the method management uses to do this should be some form of consensus building. Almost two thirds of respondents (63%) reported that the definition of ethical computer use was well (...)
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  13.  84
    Red and Green All Over Again.John Hilton - 1961 - Analysis 22 (December):47-48.
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  14.  65
    Book Review Of: R. J. McNally, Remembering Trauma.Gary James Jason - 2006 - Philosophia 34 (4):477-481.
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  15.  56
    On the Nonexistence of Computer Ethics.Gary Jason - 1990 - Social Philosophy Today 4:197-206.
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  16.  38
    Deontologism and Dialectic.Gary Jason - 1983 - Journal of Value Inquiry 17 (2):119-131.
  17.  62
    An Integral Perspective on the Political Economy of "Big Change".Brian Hilton - 2007 - World Futures 63 (2):127 – 136.
    The integral age demands a new economic vision. This has to emphasize exchange as a processes not the exchange of things. It must address humanity's unique compulsion to learn using collaborative learning networks. These are what energize the self-organizing global change now accelerating the emergence of new global economic institutions and processes. This new vision requires political economy (i.e., economics integrated with its sociopolitical context).
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  18.  29
    Book Review Of: R. Turner, Logics for AI. [REVIEW]Gary James Jason - 1989 - Philosophia 19 (1):73-83.
  19.  43
    Science and Common Sense.Gary James Jason - 1985 - Journal of Critical Analysis 8 (4):117-123.
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  20.  39
    A Concept of Discovery.Gary James Jason - 1979 - Journal of Critical Analysis 7 (4):109-118.
  21.  23
    Book Review Of: D. N. Walton, Logical Dialogue-Games and Fallacies. [REVIEW]Gary James Jason - 1987 - Philosophia 17 (1):97-99.
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  22. Logic and Causal Attribution.Denis J. Hilton - 1988 - In Contemporary Science and Natural Explanation: Commonsense Conceptions of Causality. New York University Press.
     
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  23.  44
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Zeno Vendler, M. Glouberman, Gary Jason, George N. Schlesinger, Roberto Torretti, Bowman L. Clarke, Richard T. De George, Avner Cohen, Tecla Mazzarese, A. Modal Logician & J. Gellman - 1987 - Philosophia 17 (2):211-216.
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  24.  41
    Dialectic and Desiderata.Gary Jason - 1984 - Journal of Value Inquiry 18 (2):139-144.
  25.  40
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Ben-Ami Scharfstein, Stewart Shapiro, Gary Jason, John Blackmore, R. A. Naulty & F. Bradford Wallack - 1987 - Philosophia 17 (4):551-570.
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  26.  25
    Routine Retrieval of Organs as an Alternative to Xenografts: Moral Considerations of Communitarian Ethics.Buffalo Hilton - unknown
    I offer a critique of how we have gotten to the point of considering xenografts into humans through a kind of moral failure to generate an efficient system of organ harvesting from human cadavers. I consider several proposals for increasing the supply of transplantable human organs, including one recently proposed in detail by James Lindemann Nelson of the Hastings Center for routine retrieval with an opt-out option.
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  27.  16
    APULEIUS' FLORIDA V. J. C. Hunink (Ed.): Apuleius of Madauros. Florida. Pp. 258. Amsterdam: J. C. Gieben, 2001. Cased Hfl. 120. ISBN: 90-5063-218-. [REVIEW]John Hilton - 2002 - The Classical Review 52 (02):303-.
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  28.  22
    S. G. Miller: The Tomb of Lyson and Kallikles. A Painted Macedonian Tomb. Pp. Xlv+129; 32 Plates. Mainz Am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, 1993. Cased, DM 148. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Hilton - 1995 - The Classical Review 45 (01):195-.
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  29.  24
    Is the Challenge for Psychologists to Return to Behaviourism?Denis J. Hilton - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):415-416.
    I suggest that contemporary economics shares many of the characteristics of methodological behaviourism in psychology, with its emphasis on the influence of motivation, learning, and situational incentives on behaviour, and minimal interest in the details of the cognitive processes that transform input (information) into output (behaviour). The emphasis on these characteristics has the same strengths and weaknesses in economics as in behaviourist psychology.
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  30.  12
    Romantic Contraries: Freedom Versus Destiny (Review).Nelson Hilton - 1985 - Philosophy and Literature 9 (2):232-233.
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  31.  17
    Executive Perceptions of Superior and Subordinate Information Control: Practice Versus Ethics. [REVIEW]Ronald E. Dulek, William H. Motes & Chadwick B. Hilton - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (11):1175-1184.
    This study examines executive perceptions of business information control. Specifically, the study explores (a) whether executives perceive certain types of information control being practiced within their businesses; and, (b) whether the executives regard such practices as ethical. In essence, the study suggests that both superiors and subordinates selectively practice information control. Even more importantly, however, executives see such practices as ethically acceptable on the part of superiors but as ethically questionable on the part of subordinates. A closer look at the (...)
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  32.  8
    Indeterminate Determinism.John Hilton - 1964 - Mind 73 (289):117-124.
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  33.  5
    Book Reviews : Harry Redner, The Ends of Science: An Essay in Scientific Authority. Westview, Boulder, CO, 1987. Pp. Xiv, 344, $43.50. [REVIEW]D. J. Hilton - 1992 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (2):259-262.
  34. Apuleius: Rhetorical Works.S. J. Harrison, J. L. Hilton & Vincent Hunink (eds.) - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    These rhetorical texts by Apuleius, second-century Latin writer and author of the famous novel Metamorphoses or Golden Ass, have not been translated into English since 1909. They are some of the very few Latin speeches surviving from their century, and constitute important evidence for Latin and Roman North African social and intellectual culture in the second century AD, a period where there is increasing interest amongst classicists and ancient historians. They are the work of a talented writer who is being (...)
     
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  35. Contemporary Science and Natural Explanation: Commonsense Conceptions of Causality.Denis J. Hilton (ed.) - 1988 - New York University Press.
     
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  36. God Reveals Himself.Patricia A. Hilton - 1969 - [Valley Forge, Pa., American Baptist Board of Education and Publication.
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  37. Introduction, Images of Science and Commonsense Explanation.Denis J. Hilton - 1988 - In Contemporary Science and Natural Explanation: Commonsense Conceptions of Causality. New York University Press.
     
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  38.  22
    La ética del voto y el gobierno de los pocos. A propósito de Jason Brennan y John Stuart Mill.Francisco Javier Gil Martín - 2017 - Télos 21 (1):43-71.
    In this article Jason Brennan’s arguments about the moral duties relating to our practice of voting are examined. These arguments provide an epistocratic approach of politics and present a conception of abstention at four levels: abstention as a personal choice, as a moral responsibility, as a duty legally enforceable and as an obligation decided by lot. The contrast with John Stuart Mill’s positions helps to highlight the postdemocratic ambivalences and the latent paternalism behind Brennan’s rejection of massive voting and (...)
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  39.  50
    The Ontological Status of Embryos: A Reply to Jason Morris.Patrick Lee, Christopher Tollefsen & Robert P. George - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (5):483-504.
    In various places we have defended the position that a new human organism, that is, an individual member of the human species, comes to be at fertilization, the union of the spermatozoon and the oocyte. This individual organism, during the ordinary course of embryological development, remains the same individual and does not undergo any further substantial change, unless monozygotic twinning, or some form of chimerism occurs. Recently, in this Journal Jason Morris has challenged our position, claiming that recent findings (...)
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  40.  8
    ‘Short on Heroics’: Jason in the Argonautica.R. Hunter - 1988 - Classical Quarterly 38 (2):436-453.
    Jason…chosen leader because his superior declines the honour, subordinate to his comrades, except once, in every trial of strength, skill, or courage, a great warrior only with the help of magical charms, jealous of honour but incapable of asserting it, passive in the face of crisis, timid and confused before trouble, tearful at insult, easily despondent, gracefully treacherous in his dealings with the love-sick Medea but cowering before her later threats and curses, coldly efficient in the time-serving murder of (...)
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  41.  92
    The Inquiring Mind: On Intellectual Virtues and Virtue Epistemology. By Jason Baehr. (Oxford UP, 2011. Pp. Viii + 235. Price £35.00.).J. Adam Carter - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (250):184-187.
    This is a book review of Jason Baehr's 'The Inquiring Mind: On Intellectual Virtues and Virtue Epistemology'.
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  42.  10
    Negative Theology and Utopian Thought in Contemporary American Poetry: Determined Negations by Jason Lagapa.Scarlett Higgins - 2019 - Utopian Studies 29 (3):434-438.
    Jason Lagapa’s Negative Theology and Utopian Thought in Contemporary American Poetry tackles a question that has been a difficult one to address for critics attempting to discuss contemporary experimental poetry in the line of “ Language writing.” This is a tradition that claims to be politically engaged but which nevertheless does not tend explicitly to exhort its readers to take concrete political actions. How can we thus judge this poetry’s political efficacy when there are no clear or obvious political (...)
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  43.  63
    The Facts in Logical Space By Jason Turner. [REVIEW]Luca Incurvati - 2018 - Analysis 78 (2):367-371.
    This is a review of 'The Facts in Logical Space' by Jason Turner.
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  44.  40
    'Short on Heroics': Jason in the Argonautica.R. L. Hunter - 1988 - Classical Quarterly 38 (02):436-.
    Jason…chosen leader because his superior declines the honour, subordinate to his comrades, except once, in every trial of strength, skill, or courage, a great warrior only with the help of magical charms, jealous of honour but incapable of asserting it, passive in the face of crisis, timid and confused before trouble, tearful at insult, easily despondent, gracefully treacherous in his dealings with the love-sick Medea but cowering before her later threats and curses, coldly efficient in the time-serving murder of (...)
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  45.  27
    Care and Competence in Medical Practice: Francis Peabody Confronts Jason Posner. [REVIEW]James A. Marcum - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (2):143-153.
    In this paper, I discuss the role of care and competence, as well as their relationship to one another, in contemporary medical practice. I distinguish between two types of care. The first type, care1, represents a natural concern that motivates physicians to help or to act on the behalf of patients, i.e. to care about them. However, this care cannot guarantee the correct technical or right ethical action of physicians to meet the bodily and existential needs of patients, i.e. to (...)
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  46.  23
    Constituent Moments: Enacting the People in Postrevolutionary America by Jason Frank and Hybrid Constitutions: Challenging Legacies of Law, Privilege and Culture in Colonial America, by Vicki Hsueh.Ronald J. Schmidt - 2013 - Contemporary Political Theory 12 (1):e10-e15.
    Jason A. Frank, Constituent Moments: Enacting the People in Postrevolutionary America, Duke University Press, ISBN - 9780822346630Vicki Hsueh, Hybrid Constitutions: Challenging Legacies of Law, Privilege and Culture in Colonial America, Duke University Press, ISBN - 9780822346180.
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  47.  8
    Numbers and Acrostics: Two Notes on Jason’s Prayer at Pagasae in Apollonius’ Argonautica.Brian D. McPhee - 2017 - AKROPOLIS: Journal of Hellenic Studies 1.
    This paper presents two notes relating to Jason’s prayer to Apollo before the launch of the Argo in Apollonius’ Argonautica. In both cases, I examine what may be termed the “subtextual” facets of the passage: textual data that are significant—productive of meaningful interpretation—and yet hardly apparent on a surface-level reading of the poem. The first note concerns the changing total number of crewmembers aboard the Argo, an evolving figure which Apollonius encourages the reader to track as the narrative progresses. (...)
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  48.  26
    Jason MC Price.Jason Mc Price - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  49.  12
    Review of 'How Propaganda Works' by Jason Stanley: Princeton University Press , $56.95 Hb, 373 Pp, 9780691164427.A. J. Walsh - 2016 - Australian Book Review 380:52-53.
    Jason Stanley argues in his new book that propaganda is more prevalent within liberal democracies - and is of far greater concern - than is typically assumed. Indeed, Stanley suggests that the very idea that propaganda only proliferates within authoritarian regimes, which have ministries set aside for its production, is a central tenet of the propaganda of the West. Stanley's aim in this book is to outline the distinctive features of propaganda within a liberal democracy. On his account, the (...)
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  50.  41
    Clower, Jason: The Unlikely Buddhologist, Tiantai Buddhism in M Ou Zongsan’s New Confucianism.Sébastien Billioud - 2012 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 11 (1):101-104.
    Clower, Jason: The Unlikely Buddhologist, Tiantai Buddhism in M ou Zongsan’s New Confucianism Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11712-011-9261-y Authors Sébastien Billioud, Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité. UFR LCAO/East Asian Studies Department, Case 7009, 16 rue Marguerite Duras, 75205 Paris Cedex 13 Paris, France Journal Dao Online ISSN 1569-7274 Print ISSN 1540-3009.
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