Results for 'Jason P. Leddington'

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  1.  39
    Sounds Fully Simplified.Jason P. Leddington - 2019 - Analysis 79 (4):any075.
    In ‘The Ockhamization of the event sources of sound’ (2013), Roberto Casati, Elvira Di Bona, and Jérôme Dokic argue that ‘ockhamizing’ Casey O’Callaghan’s account of sounds as proper parts of their event sources yields their preferred view: that sounds are identical with their event sources. This article argues that the considerations Casati et al. marshal in favor of their view are actually stronger considerations in favor of a quite different view: a variant on the Lockean conception of sounds as ‘sensible (...)
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  2.  22
    Fallibility for Infallibilists.Jason Leddington - 2018 - In Johan Gersel, Rasmus Thybo Jensen, Søren Overgaard & Morten S. Thaning (eds.), In the Light of Experience: Essays on Reasons and Perception. Oxford, UK: pp. 161-185.
    Infallibilism is the view that knowledge requires conclusive grounds. Despite its intuitive appeal, most contemporary epistemology rejects Infallibilism; however, there is a strong minority tradition that embraces it. Showing that Infallibilism is viable requires showing that it is compatible with the undeniable fact that we can go wrong in pursuit of perceptual knowledge. In other words, we need an account of fallibility for Infallibilists. By critically examining John McDowell’s recent attempt at such an account, this paper articulates a very important (...)
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  3.  44
    Social Psychology as a Natural Kind.Jason P. Mitchell - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (6):246.
  4. What We Hear.Jason Leddington - 2014 - In Richard Brown (ed.), Consciousness Inside and Out: Phenomenology, Neuroscience, and the Nature of Experience. Springer Studies in Brain and Mind.
    A longstanding philosophical tradition holds that the primary objects of hearing are sounds rather than sound sources. In this case, we hear sound sources by—or in virtue of—hearing their sounds. This paper argues that, on the contrary, we have good reason to believe that the primary objects of hearing are sound sources, and that the relationship between a sound and its source is much like the relationship between a color and its bearer. Just as we see objects in seeing their (...)
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  5.  42
    The False Dichotomy Between Simulation and Theory-Theory: The Argument's Error.Jason P. Mitchell - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (8):363-364.
  6.  40
    Anchoring and Adjustment During Social Inferences.Diana I. Tamir & Jason P. Mitchell - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):151.
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  7.  13
    Contextual Variations in Implicit Evaluation.Jason P. Mitchell, Brian A. Nosek & Mahzarin R. Banaji - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (3):455.
  8. Module Three: Vulnerable/Special Participant Populations.Jason P. Lott - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (1):30–54.
    ABSTRACT This module is designed to sensitise you to the special needs of participants who belong to populations that are more vulner.
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  9.  72
    Fortune and the Dao: A Comparative Study of Machiavelli, the Daodejing, and the Han Feizi.Jason P. Blahuta - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    Times of prolonged conflict spur great minds to seek a lasting peace. Thus was the case of Warring States China, which saw the rise of the Hundred Schools of Thought, including the Doadejing and the Han Feizi, and Renaissance Italy, which produced Niccolò Machiavelli. Witnessing their respective societies fall prey to internal corruption and external aggression, all three thinkers sought ways to produce a strong, stable state that would allow both the leader and the populace to endure. Fortune and the (...)
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  10.  16
    Status Signals: Adaptive Benefits of Displaying and Observing the Nonverbal Expressions of Pride and Shame.Jason P. Martens, Jessica L. Tracy & Azim F. Shariff - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (3):390-406.
  11.  38
    The Experience of Magic.Jason Leddington - 2016 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 74 (3):253-264.
    Despite its enduring popularity, theatrical magic remains all but ignored by art critics, art historians, and philosophers. This is unfortunate, since magic offers a unique and distinctively intellectual aesthetic experience and raises a host of interesting philosophical questions. Thus, this article initiates a philosophical investigation of the experience of magic. Section I dispels two widespread misconceptions about the nature of magic and discusses the sort of depiction it requires. Section II asks, “What cognitive attitude is involved in the experience of (...)
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  12.  30
    Towards a Global Human Embryonic Stem Cell Bank.Jason P. Lott & Julian Savulescu - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (8):37 – 44.
    An increasingly unbridgeable gap exists between the supply and demand of transplantable organs. Human embryonic stem cell technology could solve the organ shortage problem by restoring diseased or damaged tissue across a range of common conditions. However, such technology faces several largely ignored immunological challenges in delivering cell lines to large populations. We address some of these challenges and argue in favor of encouraging contribution or intentional creation of embryos from which widely immunocompatible stem cell lines could be derived. Further, (...)
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  13. Perceptual Presence.Jason Leddington - 2009 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 90 (4):482-502.
    Plausibly, any adequate theory of perception must (a) solve what Alva Noë calls 'the problem of perceptual presence,' and (b) do justice to the direct realist idea that what is given in perception are garden-variety spatiotemporal particulars. This paper shows that, while Noë's sensorimotor view arguably satisfies the first of these conditions, it does not satisfy the second. Moreover, Noë is wrong to think that a naïve realist approach to perception cannot handle the problem of perceptual presence. Section three of (...)
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  14.  82
    Emerging in the Image of God to Know Good and Evil.Jason P. Roberts - 2011 - Zygon 46 (2):471-481.
    Abstract. Found in the Primeval History in Genesis, the biblical concepts of the “image of God” and the “knowledge of good and evil” remain integral to Christian anthropology, especially with regard to the theologoumena of “fall” and “original sin.” All of these symbols are remained important and appropriate descriptors of the human condition, provided that contemporary academic theological anthropology engages in constructive dialogue with the natural and social sciences. Using Paul Ricoeur's notion of “second naïveté experience,” I illustrate the hermeneutical (...)
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  15.  27
    The Enjoyment of Negative Emotions in the Experience of Magic.Jason Leddington - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
    Theatrical magic is designed to elicit negative emotions such as feelings of vulnerability, loss of control, apprehension, fear, confusion, and bafflement. This commentary suggests that the DISTANCE-EMBRACING model proposed by Menninghaus et al. can help us to understand how the experience of magic can be aesthetically pleasurable, not despite, rather thanks to, some of the strong negative emotions it provokes.
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  16.  26
    How Useful Is the Analogy of Divorce in Theorizing About Secession?Jason P. B. Lahuta - 2001 - Dialogue 40 (2):241-.
    Résumé: Les analogies peuvent être des outils précieux d’argumentation lors-qu’elles sont bonnes, mais quand elles sont mauvaises, elles faussent inévitablement la question qu’elles sont censées élucider. Tel est le cas de la comparaison entre la sécession et le divorce, qu’il s’agisse du divorce sous conditions ou du divorce sans égard à la faute. L’objectif de cet article est de montrer que la sécession se distingue empirique ment d’un divorce par trois différences significatives: entre personnes et peuple, entre mariage et union (...)
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  17.  29
    Reaching for the Unknown: Multiple Target Encoding and Real-Time Decision-Making in a Rapid Reach Task.Craig S. Chapman, Jason P. Gallivan, Daniel K. Wood, Jennifer L. Milne, Jody C. Culham & Melvyn A. Goodale - 2010 - Cognition 116 (2):168-176.
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  18.  8
    The Heuristic Basis of Remembering and Classification: Fluency, Generation, and Resemblance.Bruce W. A. Whittlesea & Jason P. Leboe - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 129 (1):84-106.
  19.  30
    Turning I Into Me: Imagining Your Future Self.C. Neil Macrae, Jason P. Mitchell, Kirsten A. Tait, Diana L. McNamara, Marius Golubickis, Pavlos P. Topalidis & Brittany M. Christian - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 37:207-213.
  20. Comic Impossibilities.Jason Leddington - 2020 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 78 (4):547-558.
    Argues for the controversial and initially counterintuitive thesis that theatrical magic (that is, the performance of conjuring tricks) is a form of standup comedy.
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  21.  14
    The Politics of Crisis: Machiavelli in the Colonial Fleet.Jason P. Blahuta - 2008 - In Jason T. Eberl (ed.), Battlestar Galactica and Philosophy: Knowledge Here Begins Out There. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 40--51.
  22. 21st Century Climate Change in the Middle East.Jason P. Evans - forthcoming - Climatic Change.
    This study examined the performance and future predictions for the Middle East produced by 18 global climate models participating in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fourth Assessment Report. Under the Special Report on Emission Scenarios A2 emissions scenario the models predict an overall temperature increase of ~1.4 K by mid-century, increasing to almost 4 K by late-century for the Middle East. In terms of precipitation the southernmost portion of the domain experiences a small increase in precipitation due to the (...)
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  23.  88
    A Response to Commentators on "Towards a Global Human Embryonic Stem Cell Bank".Jason P. Lott & Julian Savulescu - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (8):4-6.
    An increasingly unbridgeable gap exists between the supply and demand of transplantable organs. Human embryonic stem cell technology could solve the organ shortage problem by restoring diseased or damaged tissue across a range of common conditions. However, such technology faces several largely ignored immunological challenges in delivering cell lines to large populations. We address some of these challenges and argue in favor of encouraging contribution or intentional creation of embryos from which widely immunocompatible stem cell lines could be derived. Further, (...)
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  24.  32
    Response To: “Public Health Dilemmas Concerning a Two-Year Old Hepatitis-B Carrier”. [REVIEW]Jason P. Lott - 2008 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 5 (1):81-82.
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  25.  47
    Analyzing Moral Issues.Jason P. Matzke - 2001 - Teaching Philosophy 24 (3):282-285.
  26. Walking in Nature.Jason P. Matzke - 2012 - Environment, Space, Place 4 (2):75-88.
    It has been argued by philosophers and cultural historians that the notion of wilderness as it has been developed in the West problematically separates—conceptually and practically—humans from wild nature. The human/wilderness dichotomy, it is said, potentially leads even well-intentioned, environmentally minded people to work for wilderness preservation at the expense of paying attention to our local, lived environment. Although Henry David Thoreau and John Muir are often taken to be key architects of the inherited notion of wilderness, I draw from (...)
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  27.  52
    “Fill and Subdue”? Imaging God in New Social and Ecological Contexts.Jason P. Roberts - 2015 - Zygon 50 (1):42-63.
    While the social and ecological landscape of the twenty-first century is worlds away from the historical-cultural context in which the biblical myth-symbols of the image of God and the knowledge of good and evil first emerged, Philip Hefner's understanding that Homo sapiens image God as created co-creators presents a plausible starting point for constructing a second naïveté interpretation of biblical anthropology and a fruitful concept for envisioning and enacting our human future.
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  28.  12
    From 'Is' to 'Ought': Contemporary Anthropological Approaches to Theological Ethics.Jason P. Roberts - 2017 - Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences 4 (2):203.
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  29.  47
    Milton Studies.Jason P. Rosenblatt - 1979 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 54 (4):452-456.
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  30.  21
    The Adaptive Continuum and How Species Succeed and Fail.Jason P. Sexton - 2019 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 11.
    Why do species fail to adapt? This has been a long-standing question since Darwin posed it, and is still often asked. How should we evaluate the adaptive success of an organism, and what is the relevant timescale to evaluate adaptation? Over a generation? Across the time span of a species? Here, I frame a perspective on the adaptive process and discuss how adaptation occurs and what factors affect adaptive potential. To provide a broad context for adaptation, I describe generalized species (...)
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  31. Understanding “Understanding” in Public Understanding of Science.Joanna K. Huxster, Matthew Slater, Jason Leddington, Victor LoPiccolo, Jeffrey Bergman, Mack Jones, Caroline McGlynn, Nicolas Diaz, Nathan Aspinall, Julia Bresticker & Melissa Hopkins - 2017 - Public Understanding of Science 28:1-16.
    This study examines the conflation of terms such as “knowledge” and “understanding” in peer-reviewed literature, and tests the hypothesis that little current research clearly distinguishes between importantly distinct epistemic states. Two sets of data are presented from papers published in the journal Public Understanding of Science. In the first set, the digital text analysis tool, Voyant, is used to analyze all papers published in 2014 for the use of epistemic success terms. In the second set of data, all papers published (...)
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  32. A Nonrepresentational Approach to Perception.Jason Leddington - 2011 - In Georg Bertram, Robin Celikates, Christophe Laudou & David Lauer (eds.), Expérience et Réflexivité. L'Harmattan. pp. 45-54.
    This paper challenges the common assumption that perceptual episodes are bearers of representational content by developing a naïve realist theory of perception that can account for a number of central perceptual phenomena.
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  33. Look-Blindness.Jason Leddington - 2012 - Analysis 72 (2):244-251.
    In Consciousness Revisited: Materialism without Phenomenal Concepts 2009, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, Michael Tye claims that seeing can occur independently of seeing-that. Call this The Independence Claim (TIC). Tye supports this ‘general point’ by appeal to cases of ‘ubiquitous error’ (2009: 95). In this article, I show that this strategy fails: it is guilty of a certain blindness to how things look.
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  34. Magic: The Art of the Impossible.Jason Leddington - 2017 - In David Goldblatt, Lee B. Brown & Stephanie Patridge (eds.), Aesthetics: A Reader in the Philosophy of the Arts. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 373-379.
    An introduction to the philosophical study of theatrical magic.
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  35.  66
    Sonic Pictures.Jason Leddington - forthcoming - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism.
    Winning essay of the American Society for Aesthetics' inaugural Peter Kivy Prize. Extends Kivy's notion of sonic picturing through engagement with recent work in philosophy of perception. Argues that sonic pictures are more widespread and more aesthetically and artistically important than even Kivy envisioned. Topics discussed include: the nature of sonic pictures; the nature of sounds; what we can (and more importantly, cannot) conclude from musical listening; sonic pictures in film; beatboxing as an art of sonic picturing; and cover songs (...)
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  36.  8
    The Snooze of Lose: Rapid Reaching Reveals That Losses Are Processed More Slowly Than Gains.Craig S. Chapman, Jason P. Gallivan, Jeremy D. Wong, Nathan J. Wispinski & James T. Enns - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (4):844-863.
  37.  6
    Intellectual Traditions in the Life Sciences. II. Stereocomplementarity.Scott F. Gilbert & Jason P. Greenberg - 1984 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 28 (1):18-34.
  38.  23
    Final Fantasy and Philosophy: The Ultimate Walkthrough.William Irwin, Jason P. Blahuta & Michel S. Beaulieu (eds.) - 2009 - Wiley.
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  39.  9
    Descartes and Cartesianism.Nathan D. Smith & Jason P. Taylor (eds.) - 2005 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    PART ONE: Chapter 1 The Baconian Matrix of Descartes's Regulae Robert C. Miner For traditional histories of philosophy ...
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  40. Resilient Understanding: The Value of Seeing for Oneself.Matthew Slater & Jason Leddington - manuscript
    The primary aim of this paper is to argue that the value of understanding derives in part from a kind of subjective stability of belief that we call epistemic resilience. We think that this feature of understanding has been overlooked by recent work, and we think it’s especially important to the value of understanding for social cognitive agents such as us. We approach the concept of epistemic resilience via the idea of the experience of epistemic ownership and argue that the (...)
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  41.  7
    Informing Others is Associated with Behavioral and Neural Signatures of Value.Diana I. Tamir, Jamil Zaki & Jason P. Mitchell - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (6):1114-1123.
  42.  18
    Olfaction, Valuation, and Action: Reorienting Perception.Jason B. Castro & William P. Seeley - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    In the philosophy of perception, olfaction is the perennial problem child, presenting a range of difficulties to those seeking to define its proper referents, and its phenomenological content. Here, we argue that many of these difficulties can be resolved by recognizing the object-like representation of odors in the brain, and by postulating that the basic objects of olfaction are best defined by their biological value to the organism, rather than physico-chemical dimensions of stimuli. Building on this organism-centered account, we speculate (...)
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  43.  26
    On the Relationship Between Anxiety and Error Monitoring: A Meta-Analysis and Conceptual Framework.Jason S. Moser, Tim P. Moran, Hans S. Schroder, M. Brent Donnellan & Nick Yeung - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  44.  16
    Judaism Without Jews: Philosemitism and Christian Polemic in Early Modern England. By Eliane Glaser and Renaissance England's Chief Rabbi: John Selden. By Jason P. Rosenblatt. [REVIEW]Alastair Hamilton - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (6):1055-1056.
  45. A Neural Similarity Space for Beliefs.Anna Leshinskaya, Juan Manuel Contreras, Alfonso Caramazza & Jason P. Mitchell - 2017 - Cerebral Cortex 27 (1):1835-1842.
     
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  46.  22
    Personality Disorder Symptomatology is Associated with Anomalies in Striatal and Prefrontal Morphology.Doris E. Payer, Min Tae M. Park, Stephen J. Kish, Nathan J. Kolla, Jason P. Lerch, Isabelle Boileau & M. M. Chakravarty - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  47.  3
    Managing Conflicts and Maximizing Transparency in Industry-Funded Research.Gloria Stone Plottel, Rachel Adler, Chelsea Jenter & Jason P. Block - 2020 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 11 (4):223-232.
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  48. Exploring the Neural Structures Underlying the Procedural Memory Network as Predictors of Language Ability in Children and Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.Teenu Sanjeevan, Christopher Hammill, Jessica Brian, Jennifer Crosbie, Russell Schachar, Elizabeth Kelley, Xudong Liu, Robert Nicolson, Alana Iaboni, Susan Day Fragiadakis, Leanne Ristic, Jason P. Lerch & Evdokia Anagnostou - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    Introduction: There is significant overlap in the type of structural language impairments exhibited by children with autism spectrum disorder and children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. This similarity suggests that the cognitive impairment contributing to the structural language deficits in ASD and ADHD may be shared. Previous studies have speculated that procedural memory deficits may be the shared cognitive impairment. The procedural deficit hypothesis argues that language deficits can be explained by differences in the neural structures underlying the procedural memory (...)
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  49.  5
    Sources of Bias in Peoples’ Social-Comparative Estimates of Food Consumption.Aaron M. Scherer, Kathryn Bruchmann, Paul D. Windschitl, Jason P. Rose, Andrew R. Smith, Bryan Koestner, Linda Snetselaar & Jerry Suls - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 22 (2):173-183.
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  50.  3
    An Integrated Approach to Biases in Referent-Specific Judgments.Andrew R. Smith, Paul D. Windschitl & Jason P. Rose - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 26 (4):581-614.
    Judgments of direct comparisons, probabilities, proportions, and ranks can all be considered referent-specific judgments, for which a good estimate requires a target to be compared against...
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