Results for 'Jason Staley'

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  1.  30
    Complex Demonstratives.Jason Staley - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (4):605-609.
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  2. Kent Staley Reviewed Work: Image and Logic: A Material Culture of Microphysics by Peter Galison. [REVIEW]Kent Staley - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (2):339-341.
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  3.  14
    Einstein's Generation: The Origins of the Relativity Revolution.Richard Staley - 2008 - University of Chicago Press.
    Much of the history of physics at the beginning of the twentieth century has been written with a sharp focus on a few key figures and a handful of notable events. Einstein’s Generation offers a distinctive new approach to the origins of modern physics by exploring both the material culture that stimulated relativity and the reaction of Einstein’s colleagues to his pioneering work. Richard Staley weaves together the diverse strands of experimental and theoretical physics, commercial instrument making, and the (...)
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  4.  33
    Revisiting the History of Relativity.Lewis Pyenson, Sean Johnston, Alberto Martínez & Richard Staley - 2011 - Metascience 20 (1):53-73.
    Revisiting the history of relativity Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9466-4 Authors Lewis Pyenson, Department of History, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5242, USA Sean F. Johnston, School of Interdisciplinary Studies, University of Glasgow, Rutherford-McCowan Building, Dumfries, Glasgow, Scotland G2 0RB, UK Alberto A. Martínez, Department of History, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station B7000, Austin, TX 78712-0220, USA Richard Staley, Department of the History of Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 226 Bradley Memorial Building, 1225 Linden Drive, Madison, (...)
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  5.  12
    (Almost) All About Error.Kent W. Staley - 2012 - Metascience 21 (3):709-713.
    (Almost) All about error Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9618-1 Authors Kent W. Staley, Department of Philosophy, Saint Louis University, 3800 Lindell Blvd., St. Louis, MO 63108, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  6. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science.Kent W. Staley - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book guides readers by gradual steps through the central concepts and debates in the philosophy of science. Using concrete examples from the history of science, Kent W. Staley shows how seemingly abstract philosophical issues are relevant to important aspects of scientific practice. Structured in two parts, the book first tackles the central concepts of the philosophy of science, such as the problem of induction, falsificationism, and underdetermination, and important figures and movements, such as the logical empiricists, Thomas Kuhn, (...)
     
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  7. The Evidence for the Top Quark: Objectivity and Bias in Collaborative Experimentation.Kent W. Staley - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Evidence for the Top Quark offers both a historical and philosophical perspective on an important recent discovery in particle physics: evidence for the elementary particle known as the top quark. Drawing on published reports, oral histories, and internal documents from the large collaboration that performed the experiment, Kent Staley explores in detail the controversies and politics that surrounded this major scientific result. At the same time the book seeks to defend an objective theory of scientific evidence based on (...)
     
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  8. Robust Evidence and Secure Evidence Claims.Kent W. Staley - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (4):467-488.
    Many philosophers have claimed that evidence for a theory is better when multiple independent tests yield the same result, i.e., when experimental results are robust. Little has been said about the grounds on which such a claim rests, however. The present essay presents an analysis of the evidential value of robustness that rests on the fallibility of assumptions about the reliability of testing procedures and a distinction between the strength of evidence and the security of an evidence claim. Robustness can (...)
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  9. Evidential Collaborations: Epistemic and Pragmatic Considerations in "Group Belief".Kent W. Staley - 2007 - Social Epistemology 21 (3):321 – 335.
    This paper examines the role of evidential considerations in relation to pragmatic concerns in statements of group belief, focusing on scientific collaborations that are constituted in part by the aim of evaluating the evidence for scientific claims (evidential collaborations). Drawing upon a case study in high energy particle physics, I seek to show how pragmatic factors that enter into the decision to issue a group statement contribute positively to the epistemic functioning of such groups, contrary to the implications of much (...)
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  10. Error-Statistical Elimination of Alternative Hypotheses.Kent Staley - 2008 - Synthese 163 (3):397 - 408.
    I consider the error-statistical account as both a theory of evidence and as a theory of inference. I seek to show how inferences regarding the truth of hypotheses can be upheld by avoiding a certain kind of alternative hypothesis problem. In addition to the testing of assumptions behind the experimental model, I discuss the role of judgments of implausibility. A benefit of my analysis is that it reveals a continuity in the application of error-statistical assessment to low-level empirical hypotheses and (...)
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  11. What Experiment Did We Just Do?Kent W. Staley - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (2):279-99.
    Experimenters sometimes insist that it is unwise to examine data before determining how to analyze them, as it creates the potential for biased results. I explore the rationale behind this methodological guideline from the standpoint of an error statistical theory of evidence, and I discuss a method of evaluating evidence in some contexts when this predesignation rule has been violated. I illustrate the problem of potential bias, and the method by which it may be addressed, with an example from the (...)
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  12.  19
    The CDF Collaboration and Argumentation Theory: The Role of Process in Objective Knowledge.William Rehg & Kent W. Staley - 2008 - Perspectives on Science 16 (1):1-25.
    : For philosophers of science interested in elucidating the social character of science, an important question concerns the manner in which and degree to which the objectivity of scientific knowledge is socially constituted. We address this broad question by focusing specifically on philosophical theories of evidence. To get at the social character of evidence, we take an interdisciplinary approach informed by categories from argumentation studies. We then test these categories by exploring their applicability to a case study from high-energy physics. (...)
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  13. What Experiment Did We Just Do? Counterfactual Error Statistics and Uncertainties About the Reference Class.Kent W. Staley - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (2):279-299.
    Experimenters sometimes insist that it is unwise to examine data before determining how to analyze them, as it creates the potential for biased results. I explore the rationale behind this methodological guideline from the standpoint of an error statistical theory of evidence, and I discuss a method of evaluating evidence in some contexts when this predesignation rule has been violated. I illustrate the problem of potential bias, and the method by which it may be addressed, with an example from the (...)
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  14.  50
    Strategies for Securing Evidence Through Model Criticism.Kent Staley - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (1):21-43.
    Some accounts of evidence regard it as an objective relationship holding between data and hypotheses, perhaps mediated by a testing procedure. Mayo’s error-statistical theory of evidence is an example of such an approach. Such a view leaves open the question of when an epistemic agent is justified in drawing an inference from such data to a hypothesis. Using Mayo’s account as an illustration, I propose a framework for addressing the justification question via a relativized notion, which I designate security , (...)
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  15.  90
    Internalist and Externalist Aspects of Justification in Scientific Inquiry.Kent Staley & Aaron Cobb - 2011 - Synthese 182 (3):475-492.
    While epistemic justification is a central concern for both contemporary epistemology and philosophy of science, debates in contemporary epistemology about the nature of epistemic justification have not been discussed extensively by philosophers of science. As a step toward a coherent account of scientific justification that is informed by, and sheds light on, justificatory practices in the sciences, this paper examines one of these debates—the internalist-externalist debate—from the perspective of objective accounts of scientific evidence. In particular, we focus on Deborah Mayo’s (...)
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  16.  46
    Evidence and Justification in Groups with Conflicting Background Beliefs.Kent W. Staley - 2010 - Episteme 7 (3):232-247.
    Some prominent accounts of scientific evidence treat evidence as an unrelativized concept. But whether belief in a hypothesis is justified seems relative to the epistemic situation of the believer. The issue becomes yet more complicated in the context of group epistemic agents, for then one confronts the problem of relativizing to an epistemic situation that may include conflicting beliefs. As a step toward resolution of these difficulties, an ideal of justification is here proposed that incorporates both an unrelativized evidence requirement (...)
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  17.  39
    Does Virtue Epistemology Provide a Better Account of the Ad Hominem Argument? A Reply to Christopher Johnson.Gary James Jason - 2011 - Philosophy 86 (1):95-119.
    Christopher Johnson has put forward in this journal the view that ad hominem reasoning may be more generally reasonable than is allowed by writers such as myself, basing his view on virtue epistemology. I review his account, as well as the standard account, of ad hominem reasoning, and show how the standard account would handle the cases he sketches in defense of his own view. I then give four criticisms of his view generally: the problems of virtue conflict, vagueness, conflation (...)
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  18. Agency and Objectivity in the Search for the Top Qjjark.Kent W. Staley - 2005 - In P. Achinstein (ed.), Scientific Evidence: Philosophical Theories & Applications. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
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  19. Probability in Fine-Tuning Design Arguments.Kent Staley - unknown
    This paper examines probabilistic versions of the fine-tuning argument for design (FTA), with an emphasis on the interpretation of the probability statements involved in such arguments. Three categories of probability are considered: physical, epistemic, and logical. Of the three possibilities, I argue that only logical probability could possibly support a cogent probabilistic FTA. However, within that framework, the premises of the argument require a level of justification that has not been met, and, it is reasonable to believe, will not be (...)
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  20.  11
    Strategies for Securing Evidence Through Model Criticism.Kent W. Staley - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (1):21-43.
    : I propose an epistemological extension of the error-statistical (ES) account of inference advocated by Deborah Mayo. To supplement the unrelativized account of evidence provided by ES, I propose a relativized notion, which I designate security, meant to conceptualize practices aimed at the justification of inferences from evidence. I then show how the notion of security can be put to use by showing how two very different theoretical approaches to model criticism in statistics can both be viewed as strategies for (...)
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  21.  88
    Dirac's “Fine-Tuning Problem”: A Constructive Use of Anachronism?Kent W. Staley - 2012 - Perspectives on Science 20 (4):476-503.
  22. Securing Reliable Evidence.Kent W. Staley - unknown
    : Evidence claims depend on fallible assumptions. Three strategies for making true evidence claims in spite of this fallibility are strengthening the support for those assumptions, weakening conclusions, and using multiple independent tests to produce robust evidence. Reliability itself, understood in frequentist terms, does not explain the usefulness of all three strategies; robustness, in particular, sometimes functions in a way that is not well-characterized in terms of reliability. I argue that, in addition to reliability, the security of evidence claims is (...)
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  23. Two Ways to Rule Out Error: Severity and Security.Kent Staley - unknown
    I contrast two modes of error-elimination relevant to evaluating evidence in accounts that emphasize frequentist reliability. The contrast corresponds to that between the use of of a reliable inference procedure and the critical scrutiny of a procedure with regard to its reliability, in light of what is and is not known about the setting in which the procedure is used. I propose a notion of security as a category of evidential assessment for the latter. In statistical settings, robustness theory and (...)
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  24.  28
    Golden Events and Statistics: What's Wrong with Galison's Image/Logic Distinction?Kent W. Staley - 1999 - Perspectives on Science 7 (2):196-230.
    : Peter Galison has recently claimed that twentieth-century microphysics has been pursued by two distinct experimental traditions--the image tradition and the logic tradition--that have only recently merged into a hybrid tradition. According to Galison, the two traditions employ fundamentally different forms of experimental argument, with the logic tradition using statistical arguments, while the image tradition strives for non-statistical demonstrations based on compelling ("golden") single events. I show that discoveries in both traditions have employed the same statistical form of argument, even (...)
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  25.  3
    The Journal Mind in its Early Years, 1876–1920: An Introduction.Thomas W. Staley - 2009 - Journal of the History of Ideas 70 (2):259-263.
  26.  26
    The Coding of Technical Images of Nanospace.Thomas W. Staley - 2008 - Techne 12 (1):1-22.
    This paper argues that intrinsically metaphorical leaps are required to interpret and utilize information acquired at the atomic scale. Accordingly, what we ‘see’ with our instruments in nanospace is both fundamentally like, and fundamentally unlike, nanospace itself; it involves both direct translation and also what Goodman termed “calculated category mistakes.” Similarly, and again necessarily, what we ‘do’ in nanospace can be treated as only metaphorically akin to what we do in our comfortable mesoworld. These conclusions indicate that future developments in (...)
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  27.  12
    User Involvement Leads to More Ethically Sound Research.Kristina Staley & Virginia Minogue - 2006 - Clinical Ethics 1 (2):95-100.
    Involving service users and carers in clinical research can help to improve its quality and relevance. By defining the limits of ethical acceptability, improving research design and management, ensuring information for participants is accessible and ensuring the views of participants are properly respected, user involvement can also improve the ethical conduct of research. But research proposals with good quality user involvement have experienced difficulties in obtaining ethical approval. Not all Research Ethics Committees (RECs) fully understand the active role of service (...)
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  28.  54
    Parts and Wholes.Kevin M. Staley - 1992 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 66:203-213.
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  29.  19
    Reason and Resonance.Thomas W. Staley - 2011 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 15 (2):188-189.
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  30.  13
    The Nature of the Argumentum Ad Baculum.Gary James Jason - 1987 - Philosophia 17 (4):491-499.
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  31.  26
    The Role of Error in Computer Science.Gary James Jason - 1989 - Philosophia 19 (4):403-416.
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  32.  36
    Metaphysics and the Good Life.Kevin M. Staley - 1991 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 65 (1):1-28.
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  33.  12
    Novelty, Severity, and History in the Testing of Hypotheses: The Case of the Top Quark.Kent W. Staley - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):255.
    It is sometimes held that facts confirm a hypothesis only if they were not used in the construction of that hypothesis. This requirement of "use novelty" introduces a historical aspect into the assessment of evidence claims. I examine a methodological principle invoked by physicists in the experimental search for the top quark that bears a striking resemblance to this view. However, this principle is better understood, both historically and philosophically, in terms of the need to conduct a severe test than (...)
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  34.  18
    Aristotle, Augustine, and Aquinas on the Good and the Human Good.Kevin M. Staley - 1995 - Modern Schoolman 72 (4):311-322.
  35.  45
    Securing Scientific Evidence.Kent Staley - unknown
    Evidence claims depend on fallible assumptions. Three strategies for making true evidence claims in spite of this fallibility are strengthening the support for those assumptions, weakening conclusions, and using multiple independent tests to produce robust evidence. Reliability itself, understood in frequentist terms, does not explain the usefulness of all three strategies; robustness, in particular, sometimes functions in a way that is not well-characterized in terms of reliability. I argue that, in addition to reliability, the security of evidence claims is of (...)
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  36.  37
    Using Inferential Robustness to Establish the Security of an Evidence Claim.Kent W. Staley - unknown
    : Evidence claims depend on fallible assumptions. This paper discusses inferential robustness as a strategy for justifying evidence claims in spite of this fallibility. I argue that robustness can be understood as a means of establishing the partial security of evidence claims. An evidence claim is secure relative to an epistemic situation if it remains true in all scenarios that are epistemically possible relative to that epistemic situation.
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  37.  16
    Is There a Case for Ad Hominem Arguments?Gary James Jason - 1984 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62 (2):182 – 185.
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  38.  15
    Deontologism and Dialectic.Gary James Jason - 1983 - Journal of Value Inquiry 17 (2):119-131.
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  39.  22
    Person and Being: The Aquinas Lecture, 1993. By W. Norris Clarke.Kevin Staley - 1994 - Modern Schoolman 71 (2):154-156.
  40.  30
    Book Review Of: R. J. McNally, Remembering Trauma.Gary James Jason - 2006 - Philosophia 34 (4):477-481.
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  41.  14
    Comments on William Harper's “Isaac Newton's Scientific Method”.Kent W. Staley - 2010 - Modern Schoolman 87 (3-4):303-313.
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  42.  23
    On the Nonexistence of Computer Ethics.Gary James Jason - 1990 - Social Philosophy Today 4:197-206.
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  43.  11
    Special Editor's Introduction to Experimental and Theoretical Knowledge.Kent W. Staley - 2010 - Modern Schoolman 87 (3-4):185-189.
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  44.  20
    Science and Common Sense.Gary James Jason - 1985 - Journal of Critical Analysis 8 (4):117-123.
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  45.  11
    Book Review Of: R. Turner, Logics for AI. [REVIEW]Gary James Jason - 1989 - Philosophia 19 (1):73-83.
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  46.  17
    Book Review Of: N. Phillipson: Adam Smith: An Enlightened Life.Gary James Jason - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (4):919-922.
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  47.  10
    Lange, Marc. Natural Laws in Scientific Practice.Kent Staley - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (2):435-436.
  48.  22
    Introduction.Kent W. Staley - 2008 - Synthese 163 (3):299-304.
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  49.  15
    Goodness and Rightness in Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologiae.Kevin M. Staley - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 48 (1):141-142.
  50.  23
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Ben-Ami Scharfstein, Stewart Shapiro, Gary Jason, John Blackmore, R. A. Naulty & F. Bradford Wallack - 1987 - Philosophia 17 (4):551-570.
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