Results for 'Javier Gonz��lez de Prado Salas'

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  1.  46
    Defeasibility and Inferential Particularism.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (1):80-98.
    In this paper I argue that defeasible inferences are occasion-sensitive: the inferential connections of a given claim depend on features of the circumstances surrounding the occasion of inference. More specifically, it is an occasion-sensitive matter which possible defeaters have to be considered explicitly by the premises of an inference and which possible defeaters may remain unconsidered, without making the inference enthymematic. As a result, a largely unexplored form of occasion-sensitivity arises in inferentialist theories of content that appeal to defeasible inferences.
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  2. Schroeder and Whiting on Knowledge and Defeat.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2016 - Logos and Episteme 7 (2):231-238.
    Daniel Whiting has argued, in this journal, that Mark Schroeder’s analysis of knowledge in terms of subjectively and objectively sufficient reasons for belief makes wrong predictions in fake barn cases. Schroeder has replied that this problem may be avoided if one adopts a suitable account of perceptual reasons. I argue that Schroeder’s reply fails to deal with the general worry underlying Whiting’s purported counterexample, because one can construct analogous potential counterexamples that do not involve perceptual reasons at all. Nevertheless, I (...)
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  3.  37
    No Reasons to Believe the False.Javier González De Prado Salas - 2019 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 100 (3):703-722.
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  4.  28
    Rationality, Appearances, and Apparent Facts.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2018 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 14 (2).
    Ascriptions of rationality are related to our practices of praising and criticizing. This seems to provide motivation for normative accounts of rationality, more specifically for the view that rationality is a matter of responding to normative reasons. However, rational agents are sometimes guided by false beliefs. This is problematic for those reasons-based accounts of rationality that are also committed to the widespread thesis that normative reasons are facts. The critical aim of the paper is to present objections to recent proposed (...)
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  5.  48
    Choosing Expert Statistical Advice: Practical Costs and Epistemic Justification.Javier González De Prado Salas & David Teira - 2015 - Episteme 12 (1):117-129.
    We discuss the role of practical costs in the epistemic justification of a novice choosing expert advice, taking as a case study the choice of an expert statistician by a lay politician. First, we refine Goldman’s criteria for the assessment of this choice, showing how the costs of not being impartial impinge on the epistemic justification of the different actors involved in the choice. Then, drawing on two case studies, we discuss in which institutional setting the costs of partiality can (...)
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  6.  24
    Inference and Action: Relating Beliefs to the World.Javier Gonzalez De Prado Salas - unknown
    The goal of this dissertation is to offer a practice-based account of intentionality. My aim is to examine what sort of practices agents have to engage in so as to count as talking and thinking about the way the world is – that is, what sort of practices count as representational. Representational practices answer to the way the world is: what is correct within such practices depends on the way things are, rather than on the attitudes of agents. An account (...)
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  7.  14
    Pragmatism and Semantic Particularism.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2016 - Disputatio 8 (43):219-232.
    Pragmatist views inspired by Peirce characterize the content of claims in terms of their practical consequences. The content of a claim is, on these views, determined by what actions are rationally recommended or supported by that claim. In this paper I examine the defeasibility of these relations of rational support. I will argue that such defeasibility introduces a particularist, occasion-sensitive dimension in pragmatist theories of content. More precisely, my conclusion will be that, in the sort of framework naturally derived from (...)
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  8.  54
    Whose Purposes? Biological Teleology and Intentionality.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2018 - Synthese 195 (10):4507-4524.
    Teleosemantic theories aspire to develop a naturalistic account of intentional agency and thought by appeal to biological teleology. In particular, most versions of teleosemantics study the emergence of intentionality in terms of biological purposes introduced by Darwinian evolution. The aim of this paper is to argue that the sorts of biological purposes identified by these evolutionary approaches do not allow for a satisfactory account of intentionality. More precisely, I claim that such biological purposes should be attributed to reproductive chains or (...)
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  9.  56
    Recommending Beauty: Semantics and Pragmatics of Aesthetic Predicates.Ivan Milić & Javier González de Prado Salas - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (2):198-221.
    The paper offers a semantic and pragmatic analysis of statements of the form ‘x is beautiful’ as involving a double speech act: first, a report that x is beautiful relative to the speaker’s aesthetic standard, along the lines of naive contextualism; second, the speaker’s recommendation that her audience comes to share her appraisal of x as beautiful. We suggest that attributions of beauty tend to convey such a recommendation due to the role that aesthetic practices play in fostering and enhancing (...)
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  10.  29
    Not Expressivist Enough: Normative Disagreement About Belief Attribution.Eduardo Pérez-Navarro, Víctor Fernández Castro, Javier González de Prado Salas & Manuel Heras–Escribano - 2019 - Res Philosophica 96 (4):409-430.
    The expressivist account of knowledge attributions, while claiming that these attributions are nonfactual, also typically holds that they retain a factual component. This factual component involves the attribution of a belief. The aim of this work is to show that considerations analogous to those motivating an expressivist account of knowledge attributions can be applied to belief attributions. As a consequence, we claim that expressivists should not treat the so-called factual component as such. The phenomenon we focus on to claim that (...)
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  11.  10
    Inferentialism, Degrees of Commitment, and Ampliative Reasoning.Jesús Zamora Bonilla, Xavier de Donato Rodríguez & Javier González de Prado Salas - 2017 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 4):909-927.
    Our purpose in this paper is to contribute to a practice-based characterization of scientific inference. We want to explore whether Brandom’s pragmatist–inferentialist framework can suitably accommodate several types of ampliative inference common in scientific reasoning and explanation. First, we argue that Brandom’s view of induction in terms of merely permissive inferences is inadequate; in order to overcome the shortcoming of Brandom’s proposal, we put forward an alternative conception of inductive, probabilistic reasoning by appeal to the notion of degrees of commitment. (...)
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  12. New Catholic Encyclopedia: Supplement 2012-2013: Ethics and Philosophy.Robert L. Fastiggi, Joseph W. Koterski, Trevor Lipscombe, Javier González De Prado Salas & Brendan Sweetman (eds.) - 2013 - Detroit, USA: Gale.
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  13.  42
    Relativism and the Expressivist Bifurcation.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2018 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 48 (3-4):357-378.
    Traditional expressivists want to preserve a contrast between the representational use of declarative sentences in descriptive domains and the non-representational use of declarative sentences in other areas of discourse. However, expressivists have good reasons to endorse minimalism about representational notions, and minimalism seems to threaten the existence of such a bifurcation. Thus, there are pressures for expressivists to become global anti-representationalists. In this paper I discuss how to reconstruct in non-representationalist terms the sort of bifurcation traditional expressivists were after. My (...)
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  14.  28
    Extreme Betting.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2019 - Ratio 32 (1):32-41.
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  15.  42
    Inferentialism, Degrees of Commitment, and Ampliative Reasoning.Rodríguez Xavier de Donato, Bonilla Jesús Zamora & Javier González De Prado Salas - forthcoming - Synthese:1-19.
    Our purpose in this paper is to contribute to a practice-based characterization of scientific inference. We want to explore whether Brandom’s pragmatist–inferentialist framework can suitably accommodate several types of ampliative inference common in scientific reasoning and explanation. First, we argue that Brandom’s view of induction in terms of merely permissive inferences is inadequate; in order to overcome the shortcoming of Brandom’s proposal, we put forward an alternative conception of inductive, probabilistic reasoning by appeal to the notion of degrees of commitment. (...)
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  16.  29
    Collective Actors Without Collective Minds: An Inferentialist Approach.Javier González de Prado Salas & Jesús Zamora-Bonilla - 2015 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (1):3-25.
    We present an inferentialist account of collective rationality and intentionality, according to which beliefs and other intentional states are understood in terms of the normative statuses attributed to, and undertaken by, the participants of a discursive practice—namely, their discursive or practical commitments and entitlements. Although these statuses are instituted by the performances and attitudes of the agents, they are not identified with any physical or psychological entity, process or relation. Therefore, we argue that inferentialism allows us to talk of collective (...)
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  17.  62
    Still Unsuccessful: The Unsolved Problems of Success Semantics.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2018 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 33 (1):5-22.
    Success semantics is a theory of content that characterizes the truth-conditions of mental representations in terms of the success-conditions of the actions derived from them. Nanay : 151-165, 2013) and Dokic and Engel have revised this theory in order to defend it from the objections that assailed its previous incarnations. I argue that both proposals have seemingly decisive flaws. More specifically, these revised versions of the theory fail to deal adequately with the open-ended possibility of unforeseen obstacles for the success (...)
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  18. Akrasia and the Desire to Become Someone Else: Venturinha on Moral Matters.Javier González De Prado Salas - forthcoming - Philosophia.
    This paper discusses practical akrasia from the perspective of the sophisticated form of moral subjectivism that can be derived from Nuno Venturinha’s (2018) remarks on moral matters.
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  19.  43
    Special Issue: Inferentialism in Philosophy of Science and in Epistemology—Introduction.Javier González de Prado Salas, Mauricio Suárez & Jesús Zamora-Bonilla - 2018 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 4):905-907.
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  20.  31
    Indicatives at Stake.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2019 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 62 (7):755-778.
    ABSTRACTSeveral authors have claimed that indicative conditionals are sensitive to the epistemic perspective of agents. According to this sort of view, the truth of an indicative conditional depends on the background evidence of some relevant agent or group of agents. In this paper, I argue that the context-dependence of indicative conditionals goes beyond this. Indicative conditionals are not only sensitive to the evidence of agents, but also to contextual factors that determine what is inferable from such background evidence. More specifically, (...)
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  21.  29
    A Defence of the Indispensability of Metaphor.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2019 - Philosophical Investigations 42 (3):241-263.
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  22.  37
    The Contrast Between Permissions to Act and Permissions to Believe.Javier González de Prado Salas - 2017 - Philosophical Explorations 20 (1):21-34.
    There is an interesting contrast between permissions to act and permissions to believe. Plausibly, if it is permissible to believe something from a perspective with incomplete evidence, it cannot become impermissible to believe it from a second perspective with complete evidence. In contrast, it seems that something permissible to do for an agent in a perspective with limited evidence can become impermissible in a second perspective in which all the relevant evidence is available. What is more, an agent with incomplete (...)
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  23. Dispossessing Defeat.Javier González de Prado - 2020 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 101 (2):323-340.
    Higher‐order evidence can make an agent doubt the reliability of her reasoning. When this happens, it seems rational for the agent to adopt a cautious attitude towards her original conclusion, even in cases where the higher‐order evidence is misleading and the agent's original reasons were actually perfectly good. One may think that recoiling to a cautious attitude in the face of misleading self‐doubt involves a failure to properly respond to one's reasons. My aim is to show that this is not (...)
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  24.  3
    García-Carpintero & Kölbel, Eds. 2012. The Continuum Companion to the Philosophy of Language.Javier González de Prado - 2014 - Theoria 29 (3):436-439.
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  25.  11
    Interlocking Content and Attitude: A Reply to the Anti-Normativist.Javier González de Prado & Víctor M. Verdejo - 2021 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 64 (10):1051-1072.
    ABSTRACT Anti-normativists have advanced the view that the involvement of content in norms is not an essential feature of content, but a contingent feature or side effect of the normativity governing attitudes. In this paper, we argue that, in its original formulation, this view puts too much weight on the idea that belief is the fundamental, and perhaps the only, source of content-involving normativity. In its more refined formulation, however, the view does not make justice to a neutral and encompassing (...)
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  26.  31
    García-Carpintero & Kölbel, Eds. 2012. The Continuum Companion to the Philosophy of Language.Javier González de Prado - 2014 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 29 (3):436.
  27.  10
    Still Unsuccessful: The Unsolved Problems of Success Semantics.Javier González de Prado - 2018 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 33 (1).
    Success semantics is a theory of content that characterizes the truth-conditions of mental representations in terms of the success-conditions of the actions derived from them. Nanay : 151-165, 2013) and Dokic and Engel have revised this theory in order to defend it from the objections that assailed its previous incarnations. I argue that both proposals have seemingly decisive flaws. More specifically, these revised versions of the theory fail to deal adequately with the open-ended possibility of unforeseen obstacles for the success (...)
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  28.  16
    Manuel García-Carpintero & Max Kölbel, Eds. The Continuum Companion to the Philosophy of Language. [REVIEW]Javier González de Prado - 2014 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 29 (3):436-439.
  29.  4
    Akrasia and the Desire to Become Someone Else: Venturinha on Moral Matters.Javier González de Prado - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (5):1705-1711.
    This paper discusses practical akrasia from the perspective of the sophisticated form of moral subjectivism that can be derived from Nuno Venturinha’s remarks on moral matters.
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  30.  5
    Editors’ Introduction.Marc Artiga & Javier González de Prado - 2022 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 37 (1):5-6.
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  31. Editors' Introduction.Marc Artiga & Javier González de Prado - 2022 - Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 37 (1).
    Editors' introduction to 'James Woodward: Causal and explanatory asymmetries'.
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  32. Equivalencia geométrica en flujos de clase c2 en sistemas planares.Carlos Mario Escobar Callejas, Jos Rodrigo Gonz Lez Granada & Fern Ndez S. Nchez Oscar - 2011 - Scientia et Technica 16.
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  33. Proceedings of the IX Conference of the Spanish Society of Lógic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science.Cristian Saborido, Sergi Oms & Javier González de Prado (eds.) - 2018
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  34.  20
    Discussion and Shared Decision-Making in a 'State Of Permanent Distress'.Concepcion Prados, Elisabet Martinez-Ceron, Javier Barbero, Ana Santiago & Rodolfo Alvarez-Sala - 2013 - Clinical Ethics 8 (1):35-37.
    It is the case of a 66-year-old man in a permanent vegetative state which his family is blocked due to suffering. A process and a document of a shared decision-making between the family and the professional team allowed giving emotional support, unlocking the situation and preventing complicated grief.
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  35.  19
    A Defence of the Indispensability of Metaphor.Javier Prado Salas - 2019 - Philosophical Investigations 42 (3):241-263.
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  36. Historia de la Imagen y Del Monasterio de Ntra. Sra. Del Prado de Lima, de Agustinas Recoletas.Francisco Javier Campos Y. Fernández de Sevilla - 1996 - Revista Agustiniana 37 (113):565-659.
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  37. Historia de la Imagen y Del Monasterio de Ntra. Sra. Del Prado de Lima, de Agustinas Recoletas.F. Javier Campos - 1996 - Revista Agustiniana 37 (113):565-659.
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  38. Jaime de Salas ortueta: El conocimiento Del mundo externo Y el problema crítico en Leibniz Y en Hume. [REVIEW]Javier EcheverrÍa - 1977 - Studia Leibnitiana 9:301.
  39. Zubiri y Heidegger: la obra de arte como expresión de la realidad en tanto que temperie y como puesta en obra de la verdad.Javier Prado Galán - 1999 - Revista de Filosofía (México) 32 (96):431-446.
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  40. Entrevista: Yvonne Maggie. Uma Antropóloga No Campo: Dos Terreiros de Umbanda Às Salas de Aula de Escolas Públicas Do Rio de Janeiro.Ludmila Fernandes de Freitas, Yvonne Maggie & Ana Pires do Prado - 2013 - Enfoques: Sociologia e Antropologia da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro 13 (1).
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  41. Dios, Patria y Rey. José de la Riva-Agüero y Javier Prado.Víctor Samuel Rivera - 2010 - Araucaria 12 (24).
    El artículo es una presentación de una de las obras más emblemáticas del pensamiento político peruano de inicios del siglo XX: Carácter de la literatura del Perú independiente, la primera obra de José de la Riva-Agüero y Osma. La historiografía ha considerado este texto como una obra de historia de la literatura; también como un trabajo “liberal”. Carácter de la literatura sería en realidad una obra de filosofía social positivista. Pero sería además una versión peruana del positivismo monarquista royaliste. Riva-Agüero (...)
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  42.  9
    Análisis del aborto desde un punto de vista conceptual.Francisco Javier Aznar Sala - 2019 - Persona y Bioética 23 (1).
    Abortion analysis from a conceptual point of view Análise do abordo do ponto de vista conceitual Abortion is one of the most serious attacks against intergenerational solidarity because it directly attacks filiation. The diachrony establishes the protection of the weakest and the love between parents and children. This is broken from the attacks on the figure of the child. This paper moves in the concepts and the need to contribute in favor of life in today’s society. For this, it is (...)
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  43.  18
    San Martín Sala, Javier: Antropología Filosófica I. De la Antropología científica a la filosófica, Madrid, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia.Agata Bak - 2014 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 61.
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  44. El solipsismo en la filosofía de Husserl.Javier San Martín Sala - 1993 - Endoxa 1:239-258.
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  45. La Fenomenología y El Pensamiento No Étnico Como Cultura de Paz.Javier San Martín Sala - 2010 - In Irene Comins Mingol & Sonia París Albert (eds.), Investigación Para la Paz: Estudios Filosóficos. Icaria Editorial.
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  46. Zubiri, hombre, filósofo y¿ fenomenólogo?. Reflexiones al filo de la lectura de su biografía.Javier San Martín Sala - 2007 - Investigaciones Fenomenológicas: Anuario de la Sociedad Española de Fenomenología 5:7.
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  47. El Legado de Kant En la Fenomenología.Javier San Martín Sala - 2005 - Cuadernos Salmantinos de Filosofía 32:13-28.
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  48. Poésie et nature.Francisco Javier Deco Prados - 2007 - Cahiers Internationaux de Symbolisme 116:17-24.
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  49.  4
    Notas Para Una Filosofía de la Cultura: Comentario a la Filosofía de la Cultura, de J. Mosterín.José Javier San Martín Sala - 1994 - Endoxa 1 (3):337.
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  50.  13
    El solipsismo en la filosofía de Husserl.José Javier San Martín Sala - 1993 - Endoxa 1 (1):239.
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