Results for 'Jay Carlson'

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  1. Epistemology of Disagreement, Bias, and Political Deliberation: The Problems for a Conciliatory Democracy.Jay Carlson - 2018 - Topoi 40 (5):1161-1171.
    In this paper, I will discuss the relevance of epistemology of disagreement to political disagreement. The two major positions in the epistemology of disagreement literature are the steadfast and the conciliationist approaches: while the conciliationist says that disagreement with one’s epistemic equals should compel one to epistemically “split the difference” with those peers, the steadfast approach claims that one can maintain one’s antecedent position even in the face of such peer disagreement. Martin Ebeling applies a conciliationist approach to democratic deliberations, (...)
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  2. POLITICAL JUSTIFICATIONISM: A CASUISTIC EPISTEMOLOGY OF POLITICAL DISAGREEMENT.Jay Carlson - 2020 - TRAMES 24 (3):339-361.
    The conciliationist and steadfast approaches have dominated the conversation in the epistemology of disagreement. In this paper, drawing on Jennifer Lackey’s justificationist approach and the casuistry paradigm in medical ethics, I will develop a more contextual epistemology of political disagreement. On this account, a given political disagreement’s scope, domain, genealogy, and consequence can be helpful for determining whether we should respond to that disagreement at the level of our confidence, beliefs, or with policy. Though some may argue that responding with (...)
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  3.  43
    Psychoanalysis as the jurisprudence of freedom.Jeanne L. Schroeder & David Gray Carlson - 2009 - In Francis J. Mootz & William S. Boyd (eds.), On Philosophy in American Law. Cambridge University Press.
    What is the future of legal philosophy? No doubt it has many. But we are betting that jurisprudence will gravitate towards freedom. Freedom, the attribute of the human subject, has largely been absent from legal philosophy. This is a lack that psychoanalytic jurisprudence aims to correct. In this essay, drafted as chapter in "On Philosophy in American Law" (Francis Jay Mootz III, ed.) to be published by the Cambridge University Press, we set forth what we think are the primary differences (...)
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  4.  16
    Education, Eco-Progressivism and the Nature of School Reform.Jay Roberts - 2007 - Educational Studies 41 (3):212-229.
    This article is an attempt to critique some of the limitations of dominant school reform discourses in education, drawing upon the work of Michel Foucault, Michael Apple, Maxine Greene, and Dennis Carlson, in addition to writers in the emerging field of what might be called ?eco-progressivism.? The intersections between ecology and education can help construct a distinct counternarrative of progressive educational reform that is informed by ecological discourses, movements, and zeitgeists. Through the field of conservation biology, I hope to (...)
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  5.  10
    Appleton, Jay. The Symbolism of Habitat: An Interpretation of Landscape in The Arts.Allen Carlson - 1992 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 50 (1):79-79.
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  6.  26
    Elementary patterns of resemblance.Timothy J. Carlson - 2001 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 108 (1-3):19-77.
    We will study patterns which occur when considering how Σ 1 -elementary substructures arise within hierarchies of structures. The order in which such patterns evolve will be seen to be independent of the hierarchy of structures provided the hierarchy satisfies some mild conditions. These patterns form the lowest level of what we call patterns of resemblance . They were originally used by the author to verify a conjecture of W. Reinhardt concerning epistemic theories 449–460; Ann. Pure Appl. Logic, to appear), (...)
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  7. Mere Addition and Two Trilemmas of Population Ethics.Erik Carlson - 1998 - Economics and Philosophy 14 (2):283.
    A principal aim of the branch of ethics called ‘population theory’ or ‘population ethics’ is to find a plausible welfarist axiology, capable of comparing total outcomes with respect to value. This has proved an exceedingly difficult task. In this paper I shall state and discuss two ‘trilemmas’, or choices between three unappealing alternatives, which the population ethicist must face. The first trilemma is not new. It originates with Derek Parfit's well-known ‘Mere Addition Paradox’, and was first explicitly stated by Yew-Kwang (...)
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  8. Deliberation, Foreknowledge, and Morality as a Guide to Action.Carlson Erik - 2002 - Erkenntnis 57 (1):71-89.
    In Section 1, I rehearse some arguments for the claim that morality should be ``action-guiding'', and try to state the conditions under which a moral theory is in fact action-guiding. I conclude that only agents who are cognitively and conatively ``ideal'' are in general able to use a moral theory as a guide to action. In Sections 2 and 3, I discuss whether moral ``actualism'' implies that morality cannot be action-guiding even for ideal agents. If actualism is true, an ideal (...)
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  9.  80
    Effect of Ethical Climate on Turnover Intention: Linking Attitudinal- and Stress Theory.Jay P. Mulki, Jorge F. Jaramillo & William B. Locander - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):559-574.
    Attitudinal- and stress theory are used to investigate the effect of ethical climate on job outcomes. Responses from 208 service employees who work for a country health department were used to test a structural model that examines the process through which ethical climate (EC) affects turnover intention (TI). This study shows that the EC–TI relationship is fully mediated by role stress (RC), interpersonal conflict (IC), emotional exhaustion (EE), trust in supervisor (TS), and job satisfaction (JS). Results show that EC reduces (...)
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  10.  92
    Critical Role of Leadership on Ethical Climate and Salesperson Behaviors.Jay P. Mulki, Jorge Fernando Jaramillo & William B. Locander - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (2):125-141.
    Leaders play a critical role in setting the tone for ethical climate in organizations. In recent years, there has been an increased skepticism about the role played by corporate executives in developing and implementing ethics in business practices. Sales and marketing practices of businesses, particularly in the pharmaceutical industry, have come under increased scrutiny. This study identifies a type of leadership style that can help firms develop an ethical climate. Responses from 333 salespeople working for a North American subsidiary of (...)
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  11. Consequentialism, Distribution and Desert.Erik Carlson - 1997 - Utilitas 9 (3):307.
    This paper criticizes the consequentialist theory recently put forward by Fred Feldman. I argue that this theory violates two crucial requirements. Another theory, proposed by Peter Vallentyne, is similarly flawed. Feldman's basic ideas could, however, be developed into a more plausible theory. I suggest one possible way of doing this.
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  12.  3
    Fischer on the Time of Death’s Badness.Erik Carlson, Karl Ekendahl & Jens Johansson - 2024 - Philosophia:1-10.
    In a recent article in this journal, John Martin Fischer defends the view that death harms its victim after she dies. More specifically, he develops a “truthmaking” account in order to solve what he calls the Problem of Predication for this view. In this reply, we argue that Fischer’s proposed solution to this problem is unsuccessful.
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  13.  32
    Knowledge, Machines, and the Consistency of Reinhardt's Strong Mechanistic Thesis.Timothy J. Carlson - 2000 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 105 (1--3):51--82.
    Reinhardt 's strong mechanistic thesis, a formalization of “I know I am a Turing machine”, is shown to be consistent with Epistemic Arithmetic.
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  14.  5
    The Frontiers of science and medicine.Rick J. Carlson (ed.) - 1975 - London: Wildwood House.
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  15. The Aesthetics of Landscape.Allen Carlson - 1992 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 50 (4):343-345.
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  16. Ressentiment, value, and self-vindication : making sense of Nietzsche's slave revolt.R. Jay Wallace - 2007 - In Brian Leiter & Neil Sinhababu (eds.), Nietzsche and morality. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 110--137.
     
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  17.  19
    Role Playing and Identity: The Limits of Theatre as Metaphor.Marvin Carlson - 1985 - Noûs 19 (4):644-646.
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  18. Reason and value: themes from the moral philosophy of Joseph Raz.R. Jay Wallace (ed.) - 2004 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Reason and Value collects 15 new papers by leading contemporary philosophers on themes from the work of Joseph Raz. Raz has made major contributions in a wide range of areas, including jurisprudence, political philosophy, and the theory of practical reason; but all of his work displays a deep engagement with central themes in moral philosophy. The subtlety and power of Raz's reflections on ethical topics make his writings a fertile source for anyone working in this area. Especially significant are his (...)
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  19. The silent world of doctor and patient.Jay Katz - 1984 - Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    In this eye-opening look at the doctor-patient decision-making process, physician and law professor Jay Katz examines the time-honored belief in the virtue of silent care and patient compliance. Historically, the doctor-patient relationship has been based on a one-way trust -- despite recent judicial attempts to give patients a greater voice through the doctrine of informed consent. Katz criticizes doctors for encouraging patients to relinquish their autonomy, and demonstrates the detrimental effect their silence has on good patient care. Seeing a growing (...)
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  20. The Virtuous Influence of Ethical Leadership Behavior: Evidence from the Field.Mitchell J. Neubert, Dawn S. Carlson, K. Michele Kacmar, James A. Roberts & Lawrence B. Chonko - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):157-170.
    This study examines a moderated/mediated model of ethical leadership on follower job satisfaction and affective organizational commitment. We proposed that managers have the potential to be agents of virtue or vice within organizations. Specifically, through ethical leadership behavior we argued that managers can virtuously influence perceptions of ethical climate, which in turn will positively impact organizational members’ flourishing as measured by job satisfaction and affective commitment to the organization. We also hypothesized that perceptions of interactional justice would moderate the ethical (...)
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  21.  8
    The emerging perceptual representation of faces decoded from human neuromagnetic recordings.Carlson Thomas & Dakin Steven - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  22. The Rightness of Acts and the Goodness of Lives.”.R. Jay Wallace - 2004 - In Reason and value: themes from the moral philosophy of Joseph Raz. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  23.  61
    Dynamic Inconsistency and Performable Plans.Carlson Erik - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 113 (2):181 - 200.
    An agent may abandon an initiated action plan, although he doesnot acquire new information or encounter unforeseen obstacles.Such dynamic inconsistency can be to the agent'';s guaranteeddisadvantage, and there is a debate on how it should rationallybe avoided. The main contenders are the sophisticated andthe resolute approaches. I argue that this debate is misconceived,since both approaches rely on false assumptions about theperformability of action plans. The debate can be reformulated,so as to avoid these mistaken assumptions. I try to show that sucha (...)
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  24.  70
    In Defence of the Mind Argument.Erik Carlson - 2002 - Philosophia 29 (1-4):393-400.
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  25. A case of syntactical learning and judgment: How conscious and how abstract?Donelson E. Dulany, Richard A. Carlson & G. I. Dewey - 1984 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 113:541-555.
  26.  50
    Force fields: between intellectual history and cultural critique.Martin Jay - 1993 - New York: Routledge.
    Force Fields collects the recent essays of Martin Jay, an intellectual historian and cultural critic internationally known for his extensive work on the history of Western Marxism and the intellectual migration from Germany to America.
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  27.  23
    Moore and the new realism.George R. Carlson - 1987 - Philosophical Papers 16 (1):41-52.
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  28.  21
    Rationality and non-trivial universalizability.George Carlson - 1995 - Philosophical Papers 24 (3):197-207.
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  29.  11
    Wants and rationality.George Carlson - 1981 - Philosophical Papers 10 (2):51-65.
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  30.  17
    Optimal experimental design for model discrimination.Jay I. Myung & Mark A. Pitt - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):499-518.
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  31.  37
    What Gardens Mean.Allen Carlson - 1999 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 57 (3):376-377.
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  32.  57
    Torbjörn Tännsjö Hedonistic Utilitarianism, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1998, pp. vi + 185.Erik Carlson - 2000 - Utilitas 12 (2):248.
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  33.  17
    An incentive model of rewarding brain stimulation.Jay A. Trowill, Jaak Panksepp & Ronald Gandelman - 1969 - Psychological Review 76 (3):264-281.
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  34. Reason and responsibility.R. Jay Wallace - 1997 - In Garrett Cullity & Berys Nigel Gaut (eds.), Ethics and practical reason. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 321--345.
  35.  8
    Mother of One to Mother of Two: A Textual Analysis of Second-Time Mothers’ Posts on the BabyCenter LLC Website.Emma Beyers-Carlson, Sarita Schoenebeck & Brenda L. Volling - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Mothers use online resources frequently to obtain information on pregnancy, birth, and parenting. Yet, second-time mothers may have different concerns than first-time mothers given they have a newborn infant and another child at home. The current study conducted an on-line textual analysis of the posts of second-time mothers during pregnancy and the first months postpartum on the BabyCenter LLC website, one of the largest online parenting communities. Latent Dirichlet Allocation analysis on roughly 16,000 posts to BabyCenter birth clubs in 2017 (...)
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  36. Philosophy without ambiguity: a logico-linguistic essay.Jay David Atlas - 1989 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book expounds and defends a new conception of the relation between truth and meaning. Atlas argues that the sense of a sense-general sentence radically underdetermines its truth-conditional content. He applies this linguistic analysis to illuminate old and new philosophical problems of meaning, truth, falsity, negation, existence, presupposition, and implicature. In particular, he demonstrates how the concept of ambiguity has been misused and confused with other concepts of meaning, and how the interface between semantics and pragmatics has been misunderstood. The (...)
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  37.  60
    The Education of John Dewey: A Biography.Jay Martin - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    During John Dewey's lifetime, one public opinion poll after another revealed that he was esteemed to be one of the ten most important thinkers in American history. His body of thought, conventionally identified by the shorthand word "Pragmatism," has been the distinctive American philosophy of the last fifty years. His work on education is famous worldwide and is still influential today, anticipating as it did the ascendance in contemporary American pedagogy of multiculturalism and independent thinking. His University of Chicago Laboratory (...)
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  38.  32
    Mechanisms of Reference Frame Selection in Spatial Term Use: Computational and Empirical Studies.Holger Schultheis & Laura A. Carlson - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (2):276-325.
    Previous studies have shown that multiple reference frames are available and compete for selection during the use of spatial terms such as “above.” However, the mechanisms that underlie the selection process are poorly understood. In the current paper we present two experiments and a comparison of three computational models of selection to shed further light on the nature of reference frame selection. The three models are drawn from different areas of human cognition, and we assess whether they may be applied (...)
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  39. Logic, meaning, and conversation: semantical underdeterminacy, implicature, and their interface.Jay David Atlas - 2005 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This fresh look at the philosophy of language focuses on the interface between a theory of literal meaning and pragmatics--a philosophical examination of the relationship between meaning and language use and its contexts. Here, Atlas develops the contrast between verbal ambiguity and verbal generality, works out a detailed theory of conversational inference using the work of Paul Grice on Implicature as a starting point, and gives an account of their interface as an example of the relationship between Chomsky's Internalist Semantics (...)
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  40. Normativity, Commitment, and Instrumental Reason.Jay Wallace - 2001 - Philosophers' Imprint 1.
    This paper addresses some connections between conceptions of the will and the theory of practical reason. The first two sections argue against the idea that volitional commitments should be understood along the lines of endorsement of normative principles. A normative account of volition cannot make sense of akrasia, and it obscures an important difference between belief and intention. Sections three and four draw on the non-normative conception of the will in an account of instrumental rationality. The central problem is to (...)
     
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  41.  14
    "Where is Your God?" Theophany and The Angel of History.Gary Grieve-Carlson - 2006 - Renascence 58 (4):289-303.
  42.  13
    "Where is Your God?" Theophany and The Angel of History.Gary Grieve-Carlson - 2006 - Renascence 58 (4):289-303.
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  43.  11
    Inter-process relations in spatial language: Feedback and graded compatibility.Holger Schultheis & Laura A. Carlson - 2018 - Cognition 176 (C):140-158.
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  44. Engaging Buddhism: Why It Matters to Philosophy.Jay L. Garfield - 2015 - New York, US: Oxford University Press USA.
    This is a book for scholars of Western philosophy who wish to engage with Buddhist philosophy, or who simply want to extend their philosophical horizons. It is also a book for scholars of Buddhist studies who want to see how Buddhist theory articulates with contemporary philosophy. Engaging Buddhism: Why it Matters to Philosophy articulates the basic metaphysical framework common to Buddhist traditions. It then explores questions in metaphysics, the philosophy of mind, phenomenology, epistemology, the philosophy of language and ethics as (...)
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  45. Empowerment, agency, and power.Jay Drydyk - 2013 - Journal of Global Ethics 9 (3):249-262.
    Journal of Global Ethics, Volume 9, Issue 3, Page 249-262, December 2013.
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  46.  6
    Rights versus Right Order: Two Theological Traditions of Justice and Their Implications for Christian Ethics and Pluralistic Polities.John D. Carlson - 2016 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 36 (2):79-100.
    Recent religious reflection on the nature of justice divides largely along two camps: Nicholas Wolterstorff and others perceive strong compatibility between Christian thought and justice-as-natural rights, while “right-order” theorists committed to premodern notions of justice, such as Oliver O’Donovan, challenge the theological integrity of rights. Much is at stake in this debate. O’Donovan worries that Christian enthrallment with justice-as-rights betokens conceptual desperation. Wolterstorff argues that justice-as-right-order discounts human dignity. There is some truth to each claim, although each thinker also overlooks (...)
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  47.  36
    Exploring the effects of galantamine paired with meditation and dream reliving on recalled dreams: Toward an integrated protocol for lucid dream induction and nightmare resolution.Gregory Sparrow, Ryan Hurd, Ralph Carlson & Ana Molina - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 63:74-88.
  48.  9
    Bodily Sensibility: Intelligent Action.Jay Schulkin - 2004 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Although we usually identify our abilities to reason, to adapt to situations, and to solve problems with the mind, recent research has shown that we should not, in fact, detach these abilities from the body. This work provides an integrative framework for understanding how these abilities are affected by visceral reactions. Schulkin presents provocative neuroscientific research demonstrating that thought is not on one side and bodily sensibility on the other; from a biological point of view, they are integrated. Schulkin further (...)
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  49. Conceptual foundations of radical behaviorism.Jay Moore - 2008 - Cornwall-on-Hudson, NY: Sloan.
    Conceptual Foundations of Radical Behaviorism is intended for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students in courses within behavior analytic curricula dealing with conceptual foundations and radical behaviorism as a philosophy. Each chapter of the text presents what radical behaviorism says about an important topic in a science of behavior, and then contrasts the radical behaviorist perspective with that of other forms of behaviorism, as well as other forms of psychology.
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  50. .Jay Zeman - unknown
    Over a decade ago, John Sowa did the AI community the great service of introducing it to the Existential Graphs of Charles Sanders Peirce. EG is a formalism which lends itself well to the kinds of thing that Conceptual Graphs are aimed at. But it is far more; it is a central element in the mathematical, logical, and philosophical thought of Peirce; this thought is fruitful in ways that are seldom evident when we first encounter it. In one of his (...)
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