10 found
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  1.  15
    Seeing Versus Doing: How Businesses Manage Tensions in Pursuit of Sustainability.Jay Joseph, Helen Borland, Marc Orlitzky & Adam Lindgreen - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (2):349-370.
    Management of organizational tensions can facilitate the simultaneous advancement of economic, social, and environmental priorities. The approach is based on managers identifying and managing tensions between the three priorities, by employing one of the three strategic responses. Although recent work has provided a theoretical basis for such tension acknowledgment and management, there is a dearth of empirical studies. We interviewed 32 corporate sustainability managers across 25 forestry and wood-products organizations in Australia. Study participants were divided into two groups: those considered (...)
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  2. The Equal Environment Assumption of the Classical Twin Method: A Criticalanalysis.Jay Joseph - 1998 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 19 (3):325-358.
    This paper analyzes a key theoretical assumption of the "classical twin method": the so-called "equal environment assumption" . The purpose of the discussion is to determine whether this assumption, which states that identical and fraternal twins experience similar environments, is valid. Following a brief discussion of the origins of the twin method and the views of its main critics, the arguments of its principal contemporary defenders are examined in detail. This discussion is followed by a critique of several studies which (...)
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  3. A Critique of the Finnish Adoptive Family Study of Schizophrenia.Jay Joseph - 1999 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 20 (2):133-154.
    This paper evaluates the ongoing Finnish Adoptive Family Study of Schizophrenia. The Tienari, Lahti et al. study is the most recent attempt to use adoptees as a way of testing the hypothesis that schizophrenia carries a genetic component, and the purpose here is to present what is probably the first in-depth critical analysis of its findings. The published reports of Tienari and associates are the primary focus of analysis, while problems with other schizophrenia adoption studies using similar research designs are (...)
     
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  4.  17
    A Human Genetics Parable.Jay Joseph - 2011 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 32 (3):209.
    Human genetics research appears to be approaching a period of re-examination due to the decades-long failure of molecular genetic research to uncover the genes presumed to underlie psychiatric disorders, psychological traits, and some common medical conditions. As currently dominant theories of genetic causation come more into question, we will see a renewed interest in reassessing the potential roles of genes and environment in these areas. To illustrate the potentially harmful and diversionary impact of emphasizing genetics over the environment, the author (...)
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  5.  1
    A Theory of Entrepreneurship and Peacebuilding.Jay Joseph & Harry Van Buren Iii - 2020 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 31:50-63.
    Conflict Zone Entrepreneurs include local businesses operating in conflict settings, which represent the dominant form of employment in poverty-conflict scenarios, often hosting the most vulnerable in society who live on the poverty line. Despite their importance in the peacebuilding equation, little is known about their role in the peacebuilding process, with a variety of ad hoc contributions from assorted fields often assuming peacebuilding links with entrepreneurship, with little empiricism to support these claims. Consolidating prior works, the paper appropriately positions entrepreneurship (...)
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  6.  22
    Ernst Rüdin: Hitler’s Racial Hygiene Mastermind. [REVIEW]Jay Joseph & Norbert A. Wetzel - 2013 - Journal of the History of Biology 46 (1):1-30.
    Ernst Rüdin was the founder of psychiatric genetics and was also a founder of the German racial hygiene movement. Throughout his long career he played a major role in promoting eugenic ideas and policies in Germany, including helping formulate the 1933 Nazi eugenic sterilization law and other governmental policies directed against the alleged carriers of genetic defects. In the 1940s Rüdin supported the killing of children and mental patients under a Nazi program euphemistically called “Euthanasia.” The authors document these crimes (...)
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  7. Genetic Relatedness and the Lifetime Risk for Being Diagnosed with Schizophrenia: Gottesman's 1991 Figure 10 Reconsidered. [REVIEW]Jay Joseph & Jonathan Leo - 2006 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 27 (1):73-89.
    This paper performs a critical analysis of Irving Gottesman’s 1991 “Figure 10,” which lists the lifetime risks of developing schizophrenia among the relatives of people diagnosed with schizophrenia. Figure 10, which has been cited in numerous psychiatry and abnormal psychology textbooks, is almost always discussed in support of important genetic influences on schizophrenia. However, the pooled results in Figure 10 can also be explained by environmental factors. Moreover, the risk percentages Gottesman reported are derived from biased research designs, some of (...)
     
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  8. Is Crime in the Genes? A Critical Review of Twin and Adoption Studies of Criminality and Antisocial Behavior.Jay Joseph - 2001 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 22 (2):179-218.
    This paper performs a critical review of twin and adoption studies looking at possible genetic factors in criminal and antisocial behavior. While most modern researchers acknowledge that family studies are unable to separate possible genetic and environmental influences, it is argued here that twin studies are similarly unable to disentangle these influences. The twin method of monozygotic–dizygotic comparison is predicated on the assumption that both types of twins share equal environments, and it is argued here that this assumption is false. (...)
     
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  9.  2
    Local Business, Local Peace? Intergroup and Economic Dynamics.Jay Joseph, John E. Katsos & Mariam Daher - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics.
    The field of “business for peace” recognizes the role that businesses can play in peacebuilding. However, like much of the discussion concerning business in conflict zones, it has prioritized the view of multinationals, often overlooking the role of indigenous local firms. The economic, social, and intergroup dynamics experienced by local businesses in conflict zones are understudied, with the current paper beginning by positioning micro- and small enterprises in the peacebuilding debate, then engaging with multidisciplinary works to understand how they foster (...)
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  10. The Use of the Classical Twin Method in the Social and Behavioral Sciences: The Fallacy Continues.Jay Joseph - 2013 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 34 (1):1-40.