Results for 'Jayne M. Waterworth'

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  1.  7
    A Philosophical Analysis of Hope.Jayne M. Waterworth - 2003 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Despite the familiarity of hope in human experience, it is a phenomenon infrequently considered from a philosophical point of view. This book charts the centrality of hope in thought and action from first, second and third person perspectives. From everyday situations to extreme circumstances of trail and endings in life, the contours of hope are given a phenomenological description and subjected to conceptual analysis. This consistently secular account of hope sheds a different light on questions of agency and meaning.
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  2.  8
    The Healing Gods of Ancient Civilizations. By Walter Addison Jayne, M.D. Pp. Xxxix + 569. Oxford: University Press, and New Haven: Yale University Press, 1925. £1 3s. [REVIEW]J. R. H. - 1926 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 46 (2):263-264.
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  3. Abnormalities in the Awareness of Action.Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, Daniel M. Wolpert & Christopher D. Frith - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (6):237-242.
  4.  54
    The Development of Metacognitive Ability in Adolescence.Sarah-Jayne Blakemore Leonora G. Weil, Stephen M. Fleming, Iroise Dumontheil, Emma J. Kilford, Rimona S. Weil, Geraint Rees, Raymond J. Dolan - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):264.
    Introspection, or metacognition, is the capacity to reflect on our own thoughts and behaviours. Here, we investigated how one specific metacognitive ability develops in adolescence, a period of life associated with the emergence of self-concept and enhanced self-awareness. We employed a task that dissociates objective performance on a visual task from metacognitive ability in a group of 56 participants aged between 11 and 41 years. Metacognitive ability improved significantly with age during adolescence, was highest in late adolescence and plateaued going (...)
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  5.  43
    I Don’T Know Where to Look: The Impact of Intolerance of Uncertainty on Saccades Towards Non-Predictive Emotional Face Distractors.Jayne Morriss, Eugene McSorley & Carien M. van Reekum - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (5):953-962.
    ABSTRACTAttentional bias to uncertain threat is associated with anxiety disorders. Here we examine the extent to which emotional face distractors and individual differences in intolerance of uncertainty, impact saccades in two versions of the “follow a cross” task. In both versions of the follow the cross task, the probability of receiving an emotional face distractor was 66.7%. To increase perceived uncertainty regarding the location of the face distractors, in one of the tasks additional non-predictive cues were presented before the onset (...)
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  6. Jewish Thought, Utopia, and Revolution.Elena Namli, Jayne Svenungsson & Alana M. Vincent (eds.) - 2014 - Editions Rodopi.
    In response to the grim realities of the present world Jewish thought has not tended to retreat into eschatological fantasy, but rather to project utopian visions precisely on to the present moment, envisioning redemptions that are concrete, immanent, and necessarily political in nature. In difficult times and through shifting historical contexts, the messianic hope in the Jewish tradition has functioned as a political vision: the dream of a peaceful kingdom, of a country to return to, or of a leader who (...)
     
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  7.  8
    Increasing Bacterial Disease Resistance in Plants Utilizing Antibacterial Genes From Insects.Jesse M. Jaynes, Kleanthis G. Xanthopoulos, Luis Destéfano-Beltrán & John H. Dodds - 1987 - Bioessays 6 (6):263-270.
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  8. Regeneration of Plants of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas L.) Transformed by Agro Bacterium Rhizogenes Containing a Synthetic Protein Gene.N. O. Espinoza, M. S. Yang, J. M. Jaynes & J. H. Dodds - 1987 - Bioessays 6:261-267.
     
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  9. Sweetpotato Transformation with Agrobacterium Ryzogenes.N. Espinoza, M. Yang, J. Jaynes & J. H. Dodds - 1987 - Bioessays 6:261-267.
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  10.  20
    Effects of 7.5% CO2 Inhalation on Allocation of Spatial Attention to Facial Cues of Emotional Expression.Robbie M. Cooper, Jayne E. Bailey, Alison Diaper, Rachel Stirland, Lynne E. Renton, Christopher P. Benton, Ian S. Penton-Voak, David J. Nutt & Marcus R. Munafò - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (4):626-638.
  11.  50
    The Familia in Imperial Rome and Late Antiquity - M. Harlow, L. Larsson Lovén Families in the Roman and Late Antique World. Pp. XVI + 272, Figs, Ills. London and New York: Continuum, 2012. Cased, £65. Isbn: 978-1-4411-7468-0. [REVIEW]Emma-Jayne Graham - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (1):210-212.
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  12.  16
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Sue Ellen Henry, Edmund Short, Ernestine K. Enomoto, Rita S. Saslaw, Wayne J. Urban, Donald Vandenberg, Malcolm B. Campbell, Jayne R. Beilke & Jacqueline M. Griesdorn - 1996 - Educational Studies 27 (2):123-163.
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  13.  10
    The Bohm Approach to Cavity Quantum Scalar Field Dynamics. Part II: The Interaction of the Field with Matter. [REVIEW]M. M. Lam & C. Dewdney - 1994 - Foundations of Physics 24 (1):29-60.
    The deterministic process of the detection of a single quantum of energy in Bohm's approach to quantum field theory is illustrated using the Jaynes-Cummings model with a scalar field. The nonlocality of differing quantum states of the scalar field is also explored, and this description is compared with the causal picture of an unquantized field acting on the detector.
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  14. Enhancing the Index of Refraction in a Nonabsorbing Medium: Phaseonium Versus a Mixture of Two-Level Atoms.M. Fleischhauer, C. H. Keitel & Shi-Yao Zhu - 1993 - In E. T. Jaynes, Walter T. Grandy & Peter W. Milonni (eds.), Physics and Probability: Essays in Honor of Edwin T. Jaynes. Cambridge University Press. pp. 73.
  15.  84
    The Metaphoric Origins of Objectivity, Subjectivity, and Consciousness in the Direct Perception of Reality.Stanley A. Mulaik - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (2):283-303.
    This paper utilizes the theories of metaphor of George Lakoff, Mark Johnson and Julian Jaynes to extend Jaynes' metaphor theory of consciousness by treating consciousness as an operator that works with 'covert behavior' so that humans can integrate temporally discontinuous percepts with concepts based on metaphoric extensions of the embodied schemas of direct and immediate perception and thereby transcend the limitations of direct perception. A theory of first-person expressions and covert behavior to account for self-conscious awareness as language-based is advanced. (...)
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  16.  96
    Review: The Work of E. T. Jaynes on Probability, Statistics and Statistical Physics. [REVIEW]E. T. Jaynes, D. A. Lavis & P. J. Milligan - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (2):193 - 210.
    An important contribution to the foundations of probability theory, statistics and statistical physics has been made by E. T. Jaynes. The recent publication of his collected works provides an appropriate opportunity to attempt an assessment of this contribution.
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  17.  1
    Physics and Probability: Essays in Honor of Edwin T. Jaynes.E. T. Jaynes, Walter T. Grandy & Peter W. Milonni (eds.) - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    The pioneering work of Edwin T. Jaynes in the field of statistical physics, quantum optics, and probability theory has had a significant and lasting effect on the study of many physical problems, ranging from fundamental theoretical questions through to practical applications such as optical image restoration. Physics and Probability is a collection of papers in these areas by some of his many colleagues and former students, based largely on lectures given at a symposium celebrating Jaynes' contributions, on the occasion of (...)
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  18. Julian Jaynes' Software Archaeology.Daniel C. Dennett - 1986 - Canadian Psychology 27:149-54.
  19. The Origins of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind.Julian Jaynes - 1976 - Houghton Mifflin.
  20.  16
    Deflating the Neuroenhancement Bubble.Jayne C. Lucke, Stephanie Bell, Brad Partridge & Wayne D. Hall - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 2 (4):38-43.
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  21.  11
    Everyday Material Engagement: Supporting Self and Personhood in People with Alzheimer’s Disease.Jayne Yatczak - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (1):223-240.
    Threats to the self and personhood of people with ADRD include the disturbing images of Alzheimer’s disease as the death before death, culturally based assumption that status as a full human being is dependent upon cognition and memory, and a decrease in personal possessions with a move to a 24-h care setting. This paper presents the findings of an ethnographic study of self and personhood in Alzheimer’s disease in an American long-term care facility. It argues that the lifeworld in which (...)
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  22.  83
    Legal Personhood for Artificial Intelligence: Citizenship as the Exception to the Rule.Tyler L. Jaynes - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (2):343-354.
    The concept of artificial intelligence is not new nor is the notion that it should be granted legal protections given its influence on human activity. What is new, on a relative scale, is the notion that artificial intelligence can possess citizenship—a concept reserved only for humans, as it presupposes the idea of possessing civil duties and protections. Where there are several decades’ worth of writing on the concept of the legal status of computational artificial artefacts in the USA and elsewhere, (...)
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  23.  23
    Papers on Probability, Statistics and Statistical Physics.E. T. Jaynes & R. D. Rosenkrantz - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (2):193-210.
    An important contribution to the foundations of probability theory, statistics and statistical physics has been made by E. T. Jaynes. The recent publication of his collected works provides an appropriate opportunity to attempt an assessment of this contribution.
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  24. Towards a Smart Population: A Public Health Framework for Cognitive Enhancement.Jayne Lucke & Brad Partridge - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (2):419-427.
    This paper presents a novel view of the concept of cognitive enhancement by taking a population health perspective. We propose four main modifiable healthy lifestyle factors for optimal cognitive functioning across the population for which there is evidence of safety and efficacy. These include i) promoting adequate sleep, ii) increasing physical activity, iii) encouraging a healthy diet, including minimising consumption of stimulants, alcohol and other drugs including nicotine, iv) and promoting good mental health. We argue that it is not ethical (...)
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  25. The Well-Posed Problem.Edwin T. Jaynes - 1973 - Foundations of Physics 3 (4):477-493.
    Many statistical problems, including some of the most important for physical applications, have long been regarded as underdetermined from the standpoint of a strict frequency definition of probability; yet they may appear wellposed or even overdetermined by the principles of maximum entropy and transformation groups. Furthermore, the distributions found by these methods turn out to have a definite frequency correspondence; the distribution obtained by invariance under a transformation group is by far the most likely to be observed experimentally, in the (...)
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  26. On Feeling (the) Present: An Evolutionary Account of the Sense of Presence in Physical and Electronically-Mediated Environments.John Waterworth, E. Waterworth, Fabrizia Mantovani & Giuseppe Riva - 2010 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 17 (1-2):167-178.
  27.  78
    II—M.G.F. Martin.M. G. F. Martin - 1997 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):75-98.
  28. What Dare I Think? The Challenge of Modern Science to Human Action & Belief, Including the Henry la Barre, Jayne Foundation Lectures for 1931.Julian Huxley & Henry La Barre Jayne Foundation - 1931 - Chatto & Windus.
     
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  29. String and M-Theory: Answering the Critics. [REVIEW]M. J. Duff - 2013 - Foundations of Physics 43 (1):182-200.
    Using as a springboard a three-way debate between theoretical physicist Lee Smolin, philosopher of science Nancy Cartwright and myself, I address in layman’s terms the issues of why we need a unified theory of the fundamental interactions and why, in my opinion, string and M-theory currently offer the best hope. The focus will be on responding more generally to the various criticisms. I also describe the diverse application of string/M-theory techniques to other branches of physics and mathematics which render the (...)
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  30.  36
    Compulsive Fantasy: Proposed Evidence of an Under-Reported Syndrome Through a Systematic Study of 90 Self-Identified Non-Normative Fantasizers.Jayne Bigelsen & Cynthia Schupak - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1634-1648.
    The experiences of 90 individuals who self-identify as “excessive” or “maladaptive” fantasizers are summarized in this report. Our sample consisted of 75 female and 15 male participants, ranging in age from 18 to 63 who responded to online announcements. Participants completed a 14-question emailed survey requesting descriptions of their fantasy habits and causes of potential distress regarding fantasy. Results demonstrated that participants shared a number of remarkably specific behaviors and concerns regarding their engagement in extensive periods of highly-structured, immersive imaginative (...)
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  31.  73
    Citizenship as the Exception to the Rule: An Addendum.Tyler L. Jaynes - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (3):911-930.
    This addendum expands upon the arguments made in the author’s 2020 essay, “Legal Personhood for Artificial Intelligence: Citizenship as the Exception to the Rule”, in an effort to display the significance human augmentation technologies will have on (feasibly) inadvertently providing legal protections to artificial intelligence systems (AIS)—a topic only briefly addressed in that work. It will also further discuss the impacts popular media have on imprinting notions of computerised behaviour and its subsequent consequences on the attribution of legal protections to (...)
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  32.  12
    Dealing with Ennui: To What Extent Is “Cognitive Enhancement” a Form of Self-Medication for Symptoms of Depression?Jayne Lucke, Brad Partridge & Wayne Hall - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 4 (1):17-17.
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  33.  23
    Reproductive Autonomy Is an Illusion.Jayne C. Lucke - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (6):44-45.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 6, Page 44-45, June 2012.
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  34.  46
    M. Poincaré's Science Et Hypothése.M. PoincarÉ - 1906 - Mind 15 (57):141-b-143.
  35.  56
    Subjective Rightness: Holly M. Smith.Holly M. Smith - 2010 - Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (2):64-110.
    Twentieth century philosophers introduced the distinction between “objective rightness” and “subjective rightness” to achieve two primary goals. The first goal is to reduce the paradoxical tension between our judgments of what is best for an agent to do in light of the actual circumstances in which she acts and what is wisest for her to do in light of her mistaken or uncertain beliefs about her circumstances. The second goal is to provide moral guidance to an agent who may be (...)
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  36.  5
    E.T. Jaynes’s Solution to the Problem of Countable Additivity.Colin Elliot - 2022 - Erkenntnis 87 (1):287-308.
    Philosophers cannot agree on whether the rule of Countable Additivity should be an axiom of probability. Edwin T. Jaynes attacks the problem in a way which is original to him and passed over in the current debate about the principle: he says the debate only arises because of an erroneous use of mathematical infinity. I argue that this solution fails, but I construct a different argument which, I argue, salvages the spirit of the more general point Jaynes makes. I argue (...)
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  37.  3
    The Return of Religion or the End of Religion? On the Need to Rethink Religion as a Category of Social and Political Life.Jayne Svenungsson - 2020 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 46 (7):785-809.
    During the last decades of the 20th century, Western philosophy saw a renewed interest in religion, often referred to as ‘the return of religion’. At about the same time, a growing number of anthro...
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  38.  19
    A Two-Tiered Theory of Emotions: Affect and Feeling.Julian Jaynes - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):434-435.
  39. The Significant Other: The Value of Jewellery in the Conception, Design and Experience of Body Focused Digital Devices. [REVIEW]Jayne Wallace, Andy Dearden & Tom Fisher - 2007 - AI and Society 22 (1):53-62.
    In this paper, we demonstrate how craft practice in contemporary jewellery opens up conceptions of ‘digital jewellery’ to possibilities beyond merely embedding pre-existing behaviours of digital systems in objects, which follow shallow interpretations of jewellery. We argue that a design approach that understands jewellery only in terms of location on the body is likely to lead to a world of ‘gadgets’, rather than anything that deserves the moniker ‘jewellery’. In contrast, by adopting a craft approach, we demonstrate that the space (...)
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  40. Setting Things Before the Mind: M.G.F. Martin.M. G. F. Martin - 1998 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 43:157-179.
    Listening to someone from some distance in a crowded room you may experience the following phenomenon: when looking at them speak, you may both hear and see where the source of the sounds is; but when your eyes are turned elsewhere, you may no longer be able to detect exactly where the voice must be coming from. With your eyes again fixed on the speaker, and the movement of her lips a clear sense of the source of the sound will (...)
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  41.  14
    Begging the Question: Presupposing That TMS Can Be Shown to Enhance Eyewitness Testimony.Jayne C. Lucke & Wayne D. Hall - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 1 (3):34-35.
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  42. Robea M Brown, Jay J Janney, Karen Paul. An Empirical Investigation of the Relationship Between Change in Corporate Social Performance and Financial Performance: A Stakeholder Theory Perspective.Bernadette M. Ruf & Krishnarnurty Muralidhar - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (2).
     
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  43. H. M. Hyndman: A Rereading and a Reassessment.M. Bevir - 1991 - History of Political Thought 12 (1):125.
  44.  4
    “I Am Not Your Robot:” the Metaphysical Challenge of Humanity’s AIS Ownership.Tyler L. Jaynes - 2021 - AI and Society.
    Despite the reality that self-learning artificial intelligence systems are gaining in sophistication, humanity’s focus regarding SLAIS-human interactions are unnervingly centred upon transnational commercial sectors and, most generally, around issues of intellectual property law. But as SLAIS gain greater environmental interaction capabilities in digital spaces, or the ability to self-author code to drive their development as algorithmic models, a concern arises as to whether a system that displays a “deceptive” level of human-like engagement with users in our physical world ought to (...)
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  45.  27
    M. Hofinger: Lexicon Hesiodeum Cum Indice Inverso, Tome I . Pp. Xi + 170. Leiden: Brill, 1975. Paper, Fl.42.M. L. West - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (2):268-268.
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  46. K.M.W. Fulford: 1989, Moral Theory and Medical Practice, with a Philosophical Foreword by Baroness Mary Warnock, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Xxi+311 Pp. $ 54.50; $16.95 (Paper). [REVIEW]M. Lavin - 1992 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (5):557-561.
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  47.  13
    The Legal Ambiguity of Advanced Assistive Bionic Prosthetics: Where to Define the Limits of ‘Enhanced Persons’ in Medical Treatment.Tyler L. Jaynes - 2021 - Clinical Ethics 16 (3):171-182.
    The rapid advancement of artificial intelligence systems has generated a means whereby assistive bionic prosthetics can become both more effective and practical for the patients who rely upon the use of such machines in their daily lives. However, de lege lata remains relatively unspoken as to the legal status of patients whose devices contain self-learning CIS that can interface directly with the peripheral nervous system. As a means to reconcile for this lack of legal foresight, this article approaches the topic (...)
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  48. Self-Awareness and Action.Sarah-Jayne Blakemore & Chris Frith - 2003 - Current Opinion in Neurobiology. Special Issue 13 (2):219-224.
  49. Th.O.M.A.S.: An Exploratory Assessment of Theory of Mind in Schizophrenic Subjects.Francesca M. Bosco, Livia Colle, Silvia De Fazio, Adele Bono, Saverio Ruberti & Maurizio Tirassa - 2009 - Cogprints 18 (1):306-319.
    A large body of literature agrees that persons with schizophrenia suffer from a Theory of Mind deficit. However, most empirical studies have focused on third-person, egocentric ToM, underestimating other facets of this complex cognitive skill. Aim of this research is to examine the ToM of schizophrenic persons considering its various aspects, to determine whether some components are more impaired than others. We developed a Theory of Mind Assessment Scale and administered it to 22 persons with a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia (...)
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  50. BOX, M. A. The Suasive Art of David Hume. [REVIEW]M. A. Stewart - 1992 - Philosophy 67:266.
     
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