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Jean Gayon
Université paris 1
  1. Darwinism's Struggle for Survival: Heredity and the Hypothesis of Natural Selection.Jean Gayon - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    In Darwinism's Struggle for Survival Jean Gayon offers a philosophical interpretation of the history of theoretical Darwinism. He begins by examining the different forms taken by the hypothesis of natural selection in the nineteenth century and the major difficulties which it encountered, particularly with regard to its compatibility with the theory of heredity. He then shows how these difficulties were overcome during the seventy years which followed the publication of Darwin's Origin of Species, and he concludes by analysing the major (...)
     
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  2.  37
    The Singular Fate of Genetics in the History of French Biology, 1900?1940.Richard M. Burian, Jean Gayon & Doris Zallen - 1988 - Journal of the History of Biology 21 (3):357-402.
    In this study we have examined the reception of Mendelism in France from 1900 to 1940, and the place of some of the extra-Mendelian traditions of research that contributed to the development of genetics in France after World War II.
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  3. Defining Life.Jean Gayon, Christophe Malaterre, Michel Morange, Florence Raulin-Cerceau & Stéphane Tirard - unknown
    This Special Issue of Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres contains papers based on the contributions presented at the Conference "Defining Life" held in Paris (France) on 4-5 February, 2008. The main objective of this Conference was to confront speakers from several disciplines--chemists, biochemists, biologists, exo/astrobiologists, computer scientists, philosophers and historians of science--on the topic of the definition of life. Different viewpoints of the problem approached from different perspectives have been expounded and, as a result, common grounds as well (...)
     
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  4.  17
    The Role of the Vilmorin Company in the Promotion and Diffusion of the Experimental Science of Heredity in France, 1840–1920.Jean Gayon & Doris T. Zallen - 1998 - Journal of the History of Biology 31 (2):241 - 262.
  5.  97
    The Individuality of the Species: A Darwinian Theory? — From Buffon to Ghiselin, and Back to Darwin. [REVIEW]Jean Gayon - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (2):215-244.
    Since the 1970s, there has been a tremendous amount of literature on Ghiselin's proposal that species are individuals. After recalling the origins and stakes of this thesis in contemporary evolutionary theory, I show that it can also be found in the writings of the French naturalist Buffon in the 18th Century. Although Buffon did not have the conception that one species could be derived from another, there is an interesting similarity between the modern argument and that of Buffon regarding the (...)
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  6. Hérédité des caractères acquis.Jean Gayon - 2006 - In Pietro Corsi (ed.), Lamarck, Philosophe de la Nature. Presses Universitaires de France. pp. 105--163.
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  7. Critics and Criticisms of the Modern Synthesis: The Viewpoint of a Philosopher.Jean Gayon - unknown
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  8.  36
    Nietzsche and Darwin.Jean Gayon - 1999 - In Jane Maienschein & Michael Ruse (eds.), Biology and the Foundation of Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 154--197.
  9.  18
    10 From Darwin to Today in Evolutionary Biology.Jean Gayon - 2003 - In J. Hodges & Gregory Radick (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Darwin. Cambridge University Press. pp. 240.
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  10.  37
    The Concept of Individuality in Canguilhem's Philosophy of Biology.Jean Gayon - 1998 - Journal of the History of Biology 31 (3):305 - 325.
    This paper does not intend to provide an exhaustive account of Canguilhem's thinking. It will focus on his philosophical approach to the biological sciences.
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  11. Raisonnement Fonctionnel Et Niveaux d'Intégration En Biologie.Jean Gayon - 2010 - In Jean Gayon & Armand de Ricqlès (eds.), Les Fonctions: Des Organismes aux Artefacts. Presses Universitaires de France. pp. 125--138.
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  12.  12
    The Contributions – and Collapse – of Lamarckian Heredity in Pasteurian Molecular Biology: 1. Lysogeny, 1900–1960.Laurent Loison, Jean Gayon & Richard M. Burian - 2017 - Journal of the History of Biology 50 (1):5-52.
    This article shows how Lamarckism was essential in the birth of the French school of molecular biology. We argue that the concept of inheritance of acquired characters positively shaped debates surrounding bacteriophagy and lysogeny in the Pasteurian tradition during the interwar period. During this period the typical Lamarckian account of heredity treated it as the continuation of protoplasmic physiology in daughter cells. Félix d’Hérelle applied this conception to argue that there was only one species of bacteriophage and Jules Bordet applied (...)
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  13.  13
    Does Oxygen Have a Function, or Where Should the Regress of Functional Ascriptions Stop in Biology?Jean Gayon - 2013 - In Philippe Huneman (ed.), Functions: Selection and Mechanisms. Springer. pp. 67--79.
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  14. Philosophy of Biology: An Historico-Critical Characterization.Jean Gayon - unknown
    Literally speaking, "Philosophy of biology" is a rather old expression. William Whewell coined it in 1840, at the very time he introduced the expression "philosophy of science". Whewell was fond of creating neologisms, like Auguste Comte, his French counterpart in the field of the philosophical reflection about science. Historians of science know that a few years earlier, in 1834, Whewell had generated a small scandal when he proposed the word "scientist" as a general term by which "the students of the (...)
     
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  15. Economic Natural Selection: What Concept of Selection?Jean Gayon - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (4):320-325.
    The article examines two cases of adoption of evolutionary ways of thinking by modern economists: Nelson and Winter’s (Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change, 1982), and evolutionary game theory (1990s and after). In both cases, the authors explicitly refer to natural selection in an economic context. I show that natural selection is taken in two different senses, which correspond to two general conceptions of the principle of natural selection, one of which contains reproduction and heredity as key elements, whereas the other (...)
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  16.  25
    On the Uses of the Category of Style in the History of Science.Jean Gayon - 1999 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 32 (3):233 - 246.
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  17. Genetics After World War II: The Laboratories at Gif.Richard Burian & Jean Gayon - 1990 - Cahiers Pour l'Histoire du CNRS 7:25-48.
  18.  21
    Marjorie Grene: Personal Memories.Jean Gayon - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (2):188-190.
  19. The Genetics of Experimental Populations: L'Héritier and Teissier's Populations Cages.Jean Gayon & Michel Veuille - unknown
  20.  9
    Animalité et végétalité dans les représentations de l’hérédité.Jean Gayon - 1992 - Revue de Synthèse 113 (3-4):423-438.
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  21.  18
    La biologie darwinienne de l'évolution est-elle 'reductionniste'?Jean Gayon - 1995 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 93 (1):111-139.
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  22.  4
    Philosophie de L’Inconnu: Le Vivant Et la Recherche. [REVIEW]Jean Gayon - 2002 - Isis 93:650-654.
  23.  3
    Leukemia and ApoptosisClaude Debru. Philosophie de L’Inconnu: Le Vivant Et la Recherche. Xii + 443 Pp., Illus., Index. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1998. Fr 158. [REVIEW]Jean Gayon - 2002 - Isis 93 (4):650-654.
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  24.  20
    À Propos de : Courtine, Dagognet, Descombes, Gauchet, Gayon, Guenancia.Paul Audi, Christian Godin, Vincent Descombes, Didier Mineur, Jean Gayon & Pierre Guenancia - 2014 - Cités 58 (2):179.
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  25. Human Enhancement: An Interdisciplinary Inquiry.Simone Bateman, Jean Gayon, Sylvie Allouche, Jérôme Goffette & Michela Marzano - unknown
     
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  26. L'épistémologie Française, 1830-1970.Michel Bitbol & Jean Gayon (eds.) - 2006 - Presses Universitaires de France.
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  27. Lamarck, Philosophe de la Nature.Pietro Corsi, Jean Gayon, Gabriel Gohau & Stéphane Tirard - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (3):580-581.
     
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  28. A Non-Darwinian Darwin.Jean Gayon & Michel Veuille - unknown
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  29. Bachelard Dans le Monde.Jean Gayon & Jean-Jacques Wunenburger - 2000
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  30. Bachelard dans le monde.Jean Gayon & Jean-Jacques Wunenburger - 2000 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 190 (4):525-525.
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  31.  82
    Chance, Explanation, and Causation in Evolutionary Theory.Jean Gayon - 2005 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 27 (3/4):395 - 405.
    Chance comes into plays at many levels of the explanation of the evolutionary process; but the unity of sense of this category is problematic. The purpose of this talk is to clarify the meaning of chance at various levels in evolutionary theory: mutations, genetic drift, genetic revolutions, ecosystems, macroevolution. Three main concepts of chance are found at these various levels: luck (popular concept), randomness (probabilistic concept), and contingency relative to a given theoretical system (epistemological concept). After identifying which concept(s) of (...)
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  32.  32
    Cultural Evolution: A General Appraisal.Jean Gayon - 2005 - Ludus Vitalis 13 (23):139-150.
    The first objective of the paper is to propose a classification and characterize the major approaches to the modes of cultural evolution: (1) Research programs on the origins of the cultural capacity of the human species. (2) Description and explanation of cultural change with the help of concepts or models inspired by the schemes of population genetics. (3) Research on parallel evolution of genes and culture. (4) Narrow coupling between biological evolution and cultural evolution, or the “gene-culture coevolution paradigm.” These (...)
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  33. Corps Et Individuation.Jean Gayon & Pierre-françois Moreau - 1998
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  34. Darwin and Darwinism in France After 1900.Jean Gayon - unknown
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  35.  4
    Darwin, Darwinisme, Evolutionnisme by Daniel Becquemont. [REVIEW]Jean Gayon - 1994 - Isis 85:161-162.
  36.  4
    Darwin, Darwinisme, Evolutionnisme. Daniel Becquemont.Jean Gayon - 1994 - Isis 85 (1):161-162.
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  37. Darwin Et l'Après Darwin.Jean Gayon - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (1):161-163.
  38.  14
    De la Croissance Relative À l'Allométrie (1918-1936)/From Relative Growth to Allometry (1918-1936).Jean Gayon - 2000 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 53 (3):475-498.
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  39. Darwin's Struggle for Survival: Heredity and the Hypothesis of Natural Selection.Jean Gayon & Matthew Cobb - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (2):413-415.
    In Darwinism's Struggle for Survival Jean Gayon offers a philosophical interpretation of the history of theoretical Darwinism. He begins by examining the different forms taken by the hypothesis of natural selection in the nineteenth century and the major difficulties which it encountered, particularly with regard to its compatibility with the theory of heredity. He then shows how these difficulties were overcome during the seventy years which followed the publication of Darwin's Origin of Species, and he concludes by analysing the major (...)
     
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  40. Darwinism's Struggle for Survival: Heredity and the Hypothesis of Natural Selection.Jean Gayon & Matthew Cobb - 2001 - Mind 110 (437):204-207.
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  41. Eugenics: An Historical and Philosophical Schema.Jean Gayon - 1997 - Ludus Vitalis 5 (8):81-99.
     
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  42. Edited volumes-Bachelard dans le monde.Jean Gayon & Jean-Jacques Wunenburger - 2000 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (3):453.
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  43. From Relative Growth to Allometry (1918-1936).Jean Gayon - 2000 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 53 (3-4):475-498.
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  44. Les Fonctions: Des Organismes aux Artefacts.Jean Gayon & Armand de Ricqlès (eds.) - 2010 - Presses Universitaires de France.
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  45. Les Figures de la Forme.Jean Gayon & Jean-Jacques Wunenburger - 1992
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  46. Le Paradigme de la Filiation.Jean Gayon & Jean-Jacques Wunenburger - 1995
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  47. Le paradigme de la filiation.Jean Gayon & Jean-Jacques Wunenburger - 1997 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 187 (2):250-250.
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  48.  24
    Philosophy and History of Science in Sober: Comments on Did Write the Origin Backwards?Jean Gayon - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (3):803-811.
    Did Darwin Write the Origin Backwards is Sober’s book that comes closest to history of science. Some reviews have expressed reservations about Sober’s inclination to subordinate historical accuracy to analytical clarity, and to contemporary discussions . My comments will be devoted to the kind of relationship that Sober entertains with history of science. I do not think that the author’s interest in history is superficial and instrumental.In the first section, I try to locate Sober’s book within ‘&HPS’ , a recent (...)
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  49.  10
    The Modern Synthesis: Theoretical or Institutional Event?Jean Gayon & Philippe Huneman - 2019 - Journal of the History of Biology 52 (4):519-535.
    This paper surveys questions about the nature of the Modern Synthesis as a historical event : was it rather theoretical than institutional? When and where did it actually happen? Who was involved? It argues that all answers to these questions are interrelated, and that systematic sets of answers define specific perspectives on the Modern Synthesis that are all complementary.
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  50.  11
    Évolution et hasard.Jean Gayon - 2005 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 61 (3):527-537.
    Dans la théorie contemporaine de l’évolution, trois sens classiques de la notion de hasard interviennent : la notion ordinaire de chance, la notion probabiliste de l’aléatoire, et la notion épistémologique de contingence relativement à un système théorique. Ces trois notions suffisent à définir le statut du hasard aux principaux niveaux du processus évolutif où l’on invoque communément des effets fortuits : mutations, dérive génétique, révolutions génétiques, changements écologiques, macroévolution. On se demande enfin si les divers sens du hasard rencontrés dans (...)
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