Results for 'Jean-Fran��ois Bonnefon'

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  1. Jean-Fran^ Ois Lyotard.Stefan Lange - 2004 - In Gisela Riescher (ed.), Politische Theorie der Gegenwart in Einzeldarstellungen. Von Adorno Bis Young. Alfred Kröner Verlag. pp. 343--305.
     
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  2.  7
    The Pheromonal Role of Cuticular Hydrocarbons inDrosophila Melanogaster.Jean-Fran�ois Ferveur - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (4):353-358.
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  3. Michael Bacharach, Kenneth Binmore, Steven Brams, David Gauthier, Peter Hammond, John Harsanyi, Aiain Haurie, Alan Kirman, David Kreps, Jean-Jacaues Laffont, Jean-Fran~; ois Mertens, Fioravante Patrone, Ariel Rubinstein, Piero Tani, Stephanus Tij $.Centro Interuniversitario di Teoria Dei Giochi & E. Applicazioni - 1990 - Theory and Decision 28 (378).
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  4.  2
    Heidegger and Practical Philosophy.Fran?ois Raffoul & David Pettigrew (eds.) - 2002 - State University of New York Press.
    Leading scholars address the ethical and practical dimensions of Heidegger's thought.
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  5.  43
    Book Review: Jean-François Lyotard, Pourquoi Philosopher? [REVIEW]Matthew R. McLennan - 2012 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 20 (2):208-211.
    The posthumous Pourquoi Philosopher? collects Jean-Fran ç ois Lyotard’s previously unpublished four-part introductory course in philosophy, delivered to students of the Sorbonne in 1964. The interest of this text is both historical (appearing at an important juncture in French thought) and meta-philosophical (answering the question "why philosophize?" in such a way that a philosophy of philosophy - or rather several - is offered for consideration). The text will be of interest to readers of various levels of philosophical sophistication.
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  6. Philosopher En Franðcais Langue de la Philosophie Et Langue Nationale.Jean-franðcois Mattâei & Evandro Agazzi - 2001
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  7.  3
    General Theory of Victims.Fran?ois Laruelle - 2015 - Polity.
    The most accessible expression of François Laruelles non-philosophical, or non-standard, thought, _General Theory of Victims_ forges a new role for contemporary philosophers and intellectuals by rethinking their relation to victims. A key text in recent continental philosophy, it is indispensable for anyone interested in the debates surrounding materialism, philosophy of religion, and ethics. Transforming Joseph de Maistres adage that the executioner is the cornerstone of society, _General Theory of Victims_ instead proposes the victim as the cornerstone of humanity and the (...)
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  8. Utilitarisme et écologie sont-ils réconciliables?Fran‡ois Blais - 1998 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 96 (3):449-452.
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  9. Pour Un Droit Pluriel.Jean-Fran÷Cois Perrin, Jean Kellerhals, Dominique Manaèi & Robert Roth - 2002
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  10. Modus Tollens, Modus Shmollens: Contrapositive Reasoning and the Pragmatics of Negation.Jean-Fran - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (2):207 – 222.
    The utterance of a negative statement invites the pragmatic inference that some reason exists for the proposition it negates to be true; this pragmatic inference paves the way for the logically unexpected Modus Shmollens inference: “If p then q ; not- q ; therefore, p .” Experiment 1 shows that a majority of reasoners endorse Modus Shmollens from an explicit major conditional premise and a negative utterance as a minor premise: e.g., reasoners conclude that “the soup tastes like garlic” from (...)
     
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  11.  8
    Heidegger From Metaphysics to Thought.Dominique Janicaud & Jean-Fran?Cois Matt?Ei - 1994 - State University of New York Press.
    Janicaud clarifies the project of “overcoming” metaphysics, a project that Heidegger himself recognized as open to innumerable misunderstandings, and Mattei inquires into the major Heideggerian texts produced between 1935 and 1969 to detect the cosmic figure of the Geviert, the initial Fourfold where “earth and sky, the divine ones and the mortals” gather.
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  12. Defective Truth Tables and Falsifying Cards: Two Measurement Models Yield No Evidence of an Underlying Fleshing-Out Propensity.Jean-Fran - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (3):231 – 243.
    Using a latent variable modelling strategy we study individual differences in patterns of answers to the selection task and to the truth table task. Specifically we investigate the prediction of mental model theory according to which the individual tendency to select the false consequent card (in the selection task) is negatively correlated with the tendency to judge the false antecedent cases as irrelevant (in the truth table task). We fit a psychometric model to two large samples ( N = 486, (...)
     
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  13. Implicit Learning in Rule Induction and Problem Solving.Aldo Zanga & Jean-Fran - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (1):55 – 83.
    Using the Chinese Ring Puzzle, we studied the effect on rule discovery of having to plan actions or not in order to reach a goal state. This was done by asking participants to predict legal moves as in implicit learning tasks and by asking participants to make legal moves as in problem-solving tasks. Our hypothesis was that having a specific goal state to reach has a dual effect on rule discovery. The first effect is positive and related to feedback from (...)
     
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  14.  14
    Rezension: Medizin und Pharmazie in Bern. Eine Zeitreise von Ingrid Müller-Landgraf und Fran?ois Ledermann.Fritz Krafft - 2003 - Berichte Zur Wissenschafts-Geschichte 26 (3):232-232.
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  15.  7
    A Theory of Utility Conditionals: Paralogical Reasoning From Decision-Theoretic Leakage.Jean-François Bonnefon - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):888-907.
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  16.  32
    When Some is Actually All: Scalar Inferences in Face-Threatening Contexts.Jean-François Bonnefon, Aidan Feeney & Gaëlle Villejoubert - 2009 - Cognition 112 (2):249-258.
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  17.  86
    The 'Whys' and 'Whens' of Individual Differences in Thinking Biases.Wim De Neys & Jean-François Bonnefon - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (4):172-178.
  18.  56
    Defective Truth Tables and Falsifying Cards: Two Measurement Models Yield No Evidence of an Underlying Fleshing-Out Propensity.Jean-François Bonnefon & Stéphane Vautier - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (3):231-243.
    Using a latent variable modelling strategy we study individual differences in patterns of answers to the selection task and to the truth table task. Specifically we investigate the prediction of mental model theory according to which the individual tendency to select the false consequent card (in the selection task) is negatively correlated with the tendency to judge the false antecedent cases as irrelevant (in the truth table task). We fit a psychometric model to two large samples ( N = 486, (...)
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  19.  3
    Moral Inferences.Jean-François Bonnefon & Bastien Trémolière (eds.) - 2017 - Routledge.
    Moral Inferences is the first volume to thoroughly explore the relationship between morality and reasoning. Drawing on the expertise of world-leading researchers, this text provides ground-breaking insight into the importance of studying these distinct fields together. The volume integrates the latest research into morality with current theories in reasoning to consider the prominent role reasoning plays in everyday moral judgements. Featuring contributions on topics such as moral arguments, causal models, and dual process theory, this text provides a new perspectives on (...)
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  20.  17
    The Modular Nature of Trustworthiness Detection.Jean-François Bonnefon, Astrid Hopfensitz & Wim De Neys - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):143.
  21.  92
    Pragmatics, Mental Models and One Paradox of the Material Conditional.Jean-françois Bonnefon & Guy Politzer - 2011 - Mind and Language 26 (2):141-155.
    Most instantiations of the inference ‘y; so if x, y’ seem intuitively odd, a phenomenon known as one of the paradoxes of the material conditional. A common explanation of the oddity, endorsed by Mental Model theory, is based on the intuition that the conclusion of the inference throws away semantic information. We build on this explanation to identify two joint conditions under which the inference becomes acceptable: (a) the truth of x has bearings on the relevance of asserting y; and (...)
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  22.  55
    The Pros and Cons of Identifying Critical Thinking with System 2 Processing.Jean-François Bonnefon - 2018 - Topoi 37 (1):113-119.
    The dual-process model of cognition but most especially its reflective component, system 2 processing, shows strong conceptual links with critical thinking. In fact, the salient characteristics of system 2 processing are so strikingly close to that of critical thinking, that it is tempting to claim that critical thinking is system 2 processing, no more and no less. In this article, I consider the two sides of that claim: Does critical thinking always require system 2 processing? And does system 2 processing (...)
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  23.  44
    The Causal Structure of Utility Conditionals.Jean-François Bonnefon & Steven A. Sloman - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (1):193-209.
    The psychology of reasoning is increasingly considering agents' values and preferences, achieving greater integration with judgment and decision making, social cognition, and moral reasoning. Some of this research investigates utility conditionals, ‘‘if p then q’’ statements where the realization of p or q or both is valued by some agents. Various approaches to utility conditionals share the assumption that reasoners make inferences from utility conditionals based on the comparison between the utility of p and the expected utility of q. This (...)
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  24.  34
    Utility Conditionals as Consequential Arguments: A Random Sampling Experiment.Jean-François Bonnefon - 2012 - Thinking and Reasoning 18 (3):379 - 393.
    Research on reasoning about consequential arguments has been an active but piecemeal enterprise. Previous research considered in depth some subclasses ofconsequential arguments, but further understanding of consequential arguments requires that we address their greater variety, avoiding the risk of over-generalisation from specific examples. Ideally we ought to be able to systematically generate the set of consequential arguments, and then engage in random sampling of stimuli within that set. The current article aims at making steps in that direction, using the theory (...)
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  25.  28
    Face-Ism and Kernels of Truth in Facial Inferences.Jean-François Bonnefon, Astrid Hopfensitz & Wim De Neys - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (8):421-422.
  26.  48
    The Suppression of Modus Ponens as a Case of Pragmatic Preconditional Reasoning.Jean-Francois Bonnefon & Denis J. Hilton - 2002 - Thinking and Reasoning 8 (1):21 – 40.
    The suppression of the Modus Ponens inference is described as a loss of confidence in the conclusion C of an argument ''If A1 then C; If A2 then C; A1'' where A2 is a requirement for C to happen. It is hypothesised that this loss of confidence is due to the derivation of the conversational implicature ''there is a chance that A2 might not be satisfied'', and that different syntactic introductions of the requirement A2 (e.g., ''If C then A2'') will (...)
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  27.  47
    The Psychology of Reasoning About Preferences and Unconsequential Decisions.Jean-François Bonnefon, Vittorio Girotto & Paolo Legrenzi - 2012 - Synthese 185 (S1):27-41.
    People can reason about the preferences of other agents, and predict their behavior based on these preferences. Surprisingly, the psychology of reasoning has long neglected this fact, and focused instead on disinterested inferences, of which preferences are neither an input nor an output. This exclusive focus is untenable, though, as there is mounting evidence that reasoners take into account the preferences of others, at the expense of logic when logic and preferences point to different conclusions. This article summarizes the most (...)
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  28.  35
    Qualitative Heuristics For Balancing the Pros and Cons.Jean-François Bonnefon, Didier Dubois, Hélène Fargier & Sylvie Leblois - 2008 - Theory and Decision 65 (1):71-95.
    Balancing the pros and cons of two options is undoubtedly a very appealing decision procedure, but one that has received scarce scientific attention so far, either formally or empirically. We describe a formal framework for pros and cons decisions, where the arguments under consideration can be of varying importance, but whose importance cannot be precisely quantified. We then define eight heuristics for balancing these pros and cons, and compare the predictions of these to the choices made by 62 human participants (...)
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  29.  34
    Some but Not All Dispreferred Turn Markers Help to Interpret Scalar Terms in Polite Contexts.Jean-François Bonnefon, Ethan Dahl & Thomas M. Holtgraves - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (2):230-249.
    In polite contexts, people find it difficult to perceive whether they can derive scalar inferences from what others say . Because this uncertainty can lead to costly misunderstandings, it is important to identify the cues people can rely on to solve their interpretative problem. In this article, we consider two such cues: Making a long Pause before the statement, and prefacing the statement with Well. Data from eight experiments show that Pauses are more effective than Wells as cues to scalar (...)
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  30.  39
    An Overview of Possibilistic Handling of Default Reasoning, with Experimental Studies.Salem Benferhat, Jean F. Bonnefon & Rui da Silva Neves - 2005 - Synthese 146 (1-2):53-70.
    This paper first provides a brief survey of a possibilistic handling of default rules. A set of default rules of the form, "generally, from α deduce β", is viewed as the family of possibility distributions satisfying constraints expressing that the situation where α and β is true has a greater plausibility than the one where α and ⇁β is true. When considering only the subset of linear possibility distributions, the well-known System P of postulates proposed by Kraus, Lehmann and Magidor, (...)
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  31. Pragmatic Conditionals, Conditional Pragmatics, and the Pragmatic Component of Conditional Reasoning.Jean-Francois Bonnefon & Politzer & Guy - 2010 - In Mike Oaksford & Nick Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking. Oxford University Press.
     
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  32.  13
    Norms for Reasoning About Decisions.Jean-François Bonnefon - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (5):249-250.
    Reasoning research has traditionally focused on the derivation of beliefs from beliefs, but it is increasingly turning to reasoning about decisions. In the absence of a single, entrenched normative model, the drive toward normativism is weaker in this new field than in its parent fields. The current balance between normativism and descriptivism is illustrated by three approaches to reasoning about decisions.
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  33.  23
    New Ambitions for a New Paradigm: Putting the Psychology of Reasoning at the Service of Humanity.Jean-François Bonnefon - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):381-398.
  34.  8
    Two Varieties of Conditionals and Two Kinds of Defeaters Help Reveal Two Fundamental Types of Reasoning.Politzer Guy & Bonnefon Jean-Francois - 2006 - Mind Language 21 (4):484-503.
  35.  6
    “1-in-X” Bias: “1-in-X” Format Causes Overestimation of Health-Related Risks.Miroslav Sirota, Marie Juanchich & Jean-Francois Bonnefon - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 24 (4):431-439.
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  36.  1
    The Suppression of Modus Ponens as a Case of Pragmatic Preconditional Reasoning.Jean-Francois Bonnefon & Denis J. Hilton - 2002 - Thinking and Reasoning 8 (1):21-40.
  37.  28
    An Overview of Possibilistic Handling of Default Reasoning, with Experimental Studies.Salem Benferhat, Jean F. Bonnefon & Rui Silva Nevedas - 2005 - Synthese 146 (1-2):53 - 70.
    . This paper first provides a brief survey of a possibilistic handling of default rules. A set of default rules of the form, “generally, from α deduce β”, is viewed as the family of possibility distributions satisfying constraints expressing that the situation where α and β is true has a greater plausibility than the one where a and - β is true. When considering only the subset of linear possibility distributions, the well-known System P of postulates proposed by Kraus, Lehmann (...)
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  38. Het zijn en het niet. Proeve van een fenomenologische ontologie.Jean-Paul Sartre & Frans de Haan - 2005 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 67 (1):166-167.
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  39.  42
    Two Varieties of Conditionals and Two Kinds of Defeaters Help Reveal Two Fundamental Types of Reasoning.Guy Politzer & Jean-françois Bonnefon - 2006 - Mind and Language 21 (4):484-503.
    Two notions from philosophical logic and linguistics are brought together and applied to the psychological study of defeasible conditional reasoning. The distinction between disabling conditions and alternative causes is shown to be a special case of Pollock's (1987) distinction between 'rebutting' and 'undercutting' defeaters. 'Inferential' conditionals are shown to come in two varieties, one that is sensitive to rebutters, the other to undercutters. It is thus predicted and demonstrated in two experiments that the type of inferential conditional used as the (...)
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  40.  34
    Two Varieties of Conditionals and Two Kinds of Defeaters Help Reveal Two Fundamental Types of Reasoning.Politzer Guy & Bonnefon Jean-Francois - 2006 - Mind and Language 21 (4):484-503.
    Two notions from philosophical logic and linguistics are brought together and applied to the psychological study of defeasible conditional reasoning. The distinction between disabling conditions and alternative causes is shown to be a special case of Pollock’s (1987) distinction between ‘rebutting’ and ‘undercutting’ defeaters. ‘Inferential’ conditionals are shown to come in two varieties, one that is sensitive to rebutters, the other to undercutters. It is thus predicted and demonstrated in two experiments that the type of inferential conditional used as the (...)
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  41.  10
    Frans H. Van Eemeren, Bart Garssen, Erik C.W. Krabbe, A. Francisca Snoeck Henkemans, Bart Verheij and Jean H.M. Wagemans: Handbook of Argumentation Theory. [REVIEW]Ton Haaften - 2016 - Argumentation 30 (3):345-351.
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  42. Postmoderne fabels.Jean-françois Lyotard, Ineke van der Burg & Frans van Peperstraeten - 1997 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 59 (2):375-376.
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  43.  12
    Machine Thinking, Fast and Slow.Jean-François Bonnefon & Iyad Rahwan - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (12):1019-1027.
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  44.  6
    Reinstatement, Floating Conclusions, and the Credulity of Mental Model Reasoning.Jean-Franĉois Bonnefon - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (4):621-631.
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  45. Augustinus' belijdenis.Jean-françois Lyotard, Chris Doude van Troostwijk & Frans van Peperstraten - 2000 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 62 (3):605-606.
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  46.  2
    Intuition Rather Than Deliberation Determines Selfish and Prosocial Choices.Bence Bago, Jean-François Bonnefon & Wim De Neys - 2021 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 150 (6):1081-1094.
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  47.  8
    Peoples’ Views About the Acceptability of Executive Bonuses and Compensation Policies.Marco Heimann, Étienne Mullet & Jean-François Bonnefon - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (3):661-671.
    We applied a technique borrowed from the field of bioethics to test whether justice-related factors influence laypersons’ decisions concerning business ethics. In the first experiment, participants judged the acceptability of remuneration policies and in the second that of executive bonuses. In each study, participants judged a set of 36 situations. To create the scenarios, we varied retributive justice—the amount of remuneration; procedural justice—the clarity of the procedure that determined the remuneration; distributive justice—the extent of the distribution of bonus payments amongst (...)
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  48.  26
    Deduction From If-Then Personality Signatures.Jean-François Bonnefon - 2010 - Thinking and Reasoning 16 (3):157-171.
    Personality signatures are sets of if-then rules describing how a given person would feel or act in a specific situation. These rules can be used as the major premise of a deductive argument, but they are mostly processed for social cognition purposes; and this common usage is likely to leak into the way they are processed in a deductive reasoning context. It is hypothesised that agreement with a Modus Ponens argument featuring a personality signature as its major premise is affected (...)
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  49.  4
    Moral Inference.Jean-François Bonnefon & Bastien Trémolière (eds.) - 2017 - Psychology Press.
    Moral Inferences is the first volume to thoroughly explore the relationship between morality and reasoning. Drawing on the expertise of world-leading researchers, this text provides ground-breaking insight into the importance of studying these distinct fields together. The volume integrates the latest research into morality with current theories in reasoning to consider the prominent role reasoning plays in everyday moral judgements. Featuring contributions on topics such as moral arguments, causal models, and dual process theory, this text provides a new perspectives on (...)
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  50. Two Aspects of Reasoning Competence: A Challenge for Current Accounts and a Call for New Conceptual Tools.Guy Politzer & Bonnefon & Jean-Francois - 2010 - In Mike Oaksford & Nick Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking. Oxford University Press.
     
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