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  1.  57
    Reasoning as a Lie Detection Device (Commentary on Mercier and Sperber:'Why Do Humans Reason? Arguments for an Argumentative Theory').Jean-Louis Dessalles - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (2):76-77.
    The biological function of human reasoning abilities cannot be to improve shared knowledge. This is at best a side effect. A more plausible function of argumentation, and thus of reasoning, is to advertise one's ability to detect lies and errors. Such selfish behavior is closer to what we should expect from a naturally selected competence.
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  2.  8
    Remembered Events Are Unexpected.Jean-Louis Dessalles - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  3.  14
    Storing Events to Retell Them.Jean-Louis Dessalles - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):321-322.
    Episodic memory is certainly a unique endowment, but its primary purpose is something other than to provide raw material for creative synthesis of future scenarios. Remembered episodes are exactly those that are worth telling. The function of episodic memory, in my view, is to accumulate stories that are relevant to recount in conversation.
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  4. Semantic Abilities Evolved as Well-Electronic Commentary on M. Arbib:'From Monkey-Like Action Recognition to Human Language'.Jean-Louis Dessalles & Laleh Ghadakpour - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2).
  5.  13
    From Reflex to Reflection: Two Tricks AI Could Learn From Us.Jean-Louis Dessalles - 2019 - Philosophies 4 (2):27-0.
    Deep learning and other similar machine learning techniques have a huge advantage over other AI methods: they do function when applied to real-world data, ideally from scratch, without human intervention. However, they have several shortcomings that mere quantitative progress is unlikely to overcome. The paper analyses these shortcomings as resulting from the type of compression achieved by these techniques, which is limited to statistical compression. Two directions for qualitative improvement, inspired by comparison with cognitive processes, are proposed here, in the (...)
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  6.  14
    Understanding Narrative Interest: Some Evidence on the Role of Unexpectedness.Adrian Dimulescu & Jean-Louis Dessalles - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
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  7. Symposium on J.-L. Dessalles’s Why We Talk : Precis by J.-L. Dessalles, Commentaries by E. Machery, F. Cowie, and J. Alexander, Replies by J.-L. Dessalles. [REVIEW]Edouard Machery, Jean-Louis Dessalles, Fiona Cowie & Jason Alexander - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (5):851-901.
    This symposium discusses J.-L. Dessalles's account of the evolution of language, which was presented in Why we Talk (OUP 2007).
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  8.  3
    From Metonymy to Syntax in the Communication of Events.Jean-Louis Dessalles - 2008 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 9 (1):51-65.
    A modular analysis of spontaneous language use provides support for the existence of an identifiable step in language evolution, protolanguage. Our suggestion is that a grammarless form of expression would have evolved to signal unexpected events, a behavior still prevalent in our species. Words could not be so specific as to refer to whole, non-recurring, situations. They referred to elements such as objects or locations, and the communicated event was inferred metonymically. Compositionality was achieved, without syntax, through multi-metonymy, as words (...)
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  9.  73
    Object Recognition is Not Predication.Jean-Louis Dessalles & Laleh Ghadakpour - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):290-291.
    Predicates involved in language and reasoning are claimed to radically differ from categories applied to objects. Human predicates are the cognitive result of a contrast between perceived objects. Object recognition alone cannot generate such operations as modification and explicit negation. The mechanism studied by Hurford constitutes at best an evolutionary prerequisite of human predication ability.
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  10.  20
    From Metonymy to Syntax in the Communication of Events.Jean-Louis Dessalles - 2008 - Interaction Studies 9 (1):51-66.
    A modular analysis of spontaneous language use provides support for the existence of an identifiable step in language evolution, protolanguage. Our suggestion is that a grammarless form of expression would have evolved to signal unexpected events, a behavior still prevalent in our species. Words could not be so specific as to refer to whole, non-recurring, situations. They referred to elements such as objects or locations, and the communicated event was inferred metonymically. Compositionality was achieved, without syntax, through multi-metonymy, as words (...)
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  11.  20
    Symposium on J.-L. Dessalles’s Why We Talk : Precis by J.-L. Dessalles, Commentaries by E. Machery, F. Cowie, and J. Alexander, Replies by J.-L. Dessalles.Jean-Louis Dessalles, Edouard Machery, Fiona Cowie & Jason Mckenzie Alexander - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (5):851-901.
    This symposium discusses J.-L. Dessalles's account of the evolution of language, which was presented in Why we Talk.
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  12.  9
    Sharing Cognitive Dissonance as a Way to Reach Social Harmony.Jean-Louis Dessalles - 2011 - Social Science Information 50 (1):116-127.
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  13.  17
    The Problematic Transition From Specific Competences to General Competence.James R. Hurford & Jean-Louis Dessalles - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):690-691.
    Postulating a variety of mutually isolated thought domains for prelinguistic creatures is both unparsimonious and implausible, requiring unexplained parallel evolution of each separate module. Furthermore, the proposal that domain-general concepts are not accessible without prior exposure to phonetically realized human language utterances cannot be implemented by any concept-acquisition mechanism.
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  14.  19
    Why is Language Well Designed for Communication?Jean-Louis Dessalles - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):518-519.
    Selection through iterated learning explains no more than other non-functional accounts, such as Universal Grammar (UG), why language is so well designed for communicative efficiency. It does not predict several distinctive features of language, such as central embedding, large lexicons, or the lack of iconicity, which seem to serve communication purposes at the expense of learnability.
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  15.  2
    Self-Sacrifice as a Social Signal.Jean-Louis Dessalles - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  16. From Conceptual Spaces to Predicates.Jean-Louis Dessalles - 2015 - In Peter Gärdenfors & Frank Zenker (eds.), Applications of Conceptual Spaces. Springer Verlag.
     
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