Results for 'Jeffrey A. Kaye'

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  1.  63
    Context processing in older adults: evidence for a theory relating cognitive control to neurobiology in healthy aging.Todd S. Braver, Deanna M. Barch, Beth A. Keys, Cameron S. Carter, Jonathan D. Cohen, Jeffrey A. Kaye, Jeri S. Janowsky, Stephan F. Taylor, Jerome A. Yesavage & Martin S. Mumenthaler - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):746.
  2.  8
    Domain Experts on Dementia-Care Technologies: Mitigating Risk in Design and Implementation.Jeffrey Kaye, George Demiris & Clara Berridge - 2021 - Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (1):1-24.
    There is an urgent need to learn how to appropriately integrate technologies into dementia care. The aims of this Delphi study were to project which technologies will be most prevalent in dementia care in five years, articulate potential benefits and risks, and identify specific options to mitigate risks. Participants were also asked to identify technologies that are most likely to cause value tensions and thus most warrant a conversation with an older person with mild dementia when families are deciding about (...)
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  3.  69
    Ablaut and Ambiguity: Phonology of a Moroccan Arabic Dialect.Alan S. Kaye & Jeffrey Heath - 1989 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 109 (1):133.
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  4.  11
    Improving the Assessment of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Advanced Age With a Novel Multi-Feature Automated Speech and Language Analysis of Verbal Fluency.Liu Chen, Meysam Asgari, Robert Gale, Katherine Wild, Hiroko Dodge & Jeffrey Kaye - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  5.  4
    Ethical Issues in Palliative Care--Reflections and Considerations: Edited by P Webb. Hochland and Hochland, 2000, pound15.95, Pp 138. ISBN 1-898507-27-9.P. Kaye - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (2):121-122.
    This book is a collection of essays by a variety of specialists with a particular interest in palliative care. It contains seven chapters by six different authors. The first chapter Why is the study of ethics important? is by Patricia Webb, a lecturer in palliative care with a background in nursing. She tells us that studying ethics encourages logical reasoned thinking in the face of difficult decisions such as allocation of resources, access to services, best care, clinical research, and rights (...)
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  6.  81
    Ethical Issues in Palliative Care—Reflections and Considerations Edited by P Webb. Hochland and Hochland, 2000, £15.95, Pp 138. ISBN 1–898507–27–9. [REVIEW]P. Kaye - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (2):121-122.
    This book is a collection of essays by a variety of specialists with a particular interest in palliative care. It contains seven chapters by six different authors. The first chapter Why is the study of ethics important? is by Patricia Webb, a lecturer in palliative care with a background in nursing. She tells us that studying ethics encourages logical reasoned thinking in the face of difficult decisions such as allocation of resources, access to services, best care, clinical research, and rights (...)
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  7.  10
    Mad about hue.Jeffrey Foss - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):189-189.
    Despite the heat of their attack, Saunders & van Brakel do illuminate various shortcomings of color research in the tradition of Berlin & Kay. Berlin and Kay elicit a pan-cultural pattern in color language, but the pattern does not provide much insight into the human mind.
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  8. Précis of The neuropsychology of anxiety: An enquiry into the functions of the septo-hippocampal system.Jeffrey A. Gray - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):469-484.
    A model of the neuropsychology of anxiety is proposed. The model is based in the first instance upon an analysis of the behavioural effects of the antianxiety drugs in animals. From such psychopharmacologi-cal experiments the concept of a “behavioural inhibition system” has been developed. This system responds to novel stimuli or to those associated with punishment or nonreward by inhibiting ongoing behaviour and increasing arousal and attention to the environment. It is activity in the BIS that constitutes anxiety and that (...)
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  9.  38
    Genetic testing without consent: the implications of the new Human Tissue Act 2004.A. Lucassen & J. Kaye - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (12):690-692.
    Despite its focus on consent the new Human Tissue Act 2004 allows for testing without consent where a relative could benefitIn recognition of the fact that genetic test results in people can have implications for close relatives, the new Human Tissue Act 2004 allows for a direction to access a person’s tissue so that testing can be carried out for the benefit of a relative, without the consent of that person. Clinical practice governed by common law and statute, before this (...)
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  10. The mind-brain identity theory as a scientific hypothesis.Jeffrey A. Gray - 1971 - Philosophical Quarterly 21 (July):247-254.
  11.  49
    Spatial mapping only a special case of hippocampal function.Jeffrey A. Gray - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):501-503.
  12.  30
    Sodium amobarbital, the hippocampal theta rhythm, and the partial reinforcement extinction effect.Jeffrey A. Gray - 1970 - Psychological Review 77 (5):465-480.
  13. Dynamic partitioning and the conventionality of kinds.Jeffrey A. Barrett - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (4):527-546.
    Lewis sender‐receiver games illustrate how a meaningful term language might evolve from initially meaningless random signals (Lewis 1969; Skyrms 2006). Here we consider how a meaningful language with a primitive grammar might evolve in a somewhat more subtle sort of game. The evolution of such a language involves the co‐evolution of partitions of the physical world into what may seem, at least from the perspective of someone using the language, to correspond to canonical natural kinds. While the evolved language may (...)
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  14.  14
    A Structural Interpretation Of Pure Wave Mechanics.Jeffrey A. Barrett - 2010 - Humana Mente 4 (13).
  15. Numerical simulations of the Lewis signaling game: Learning strategies, pooling equilibria, and the evolution of grammar.Jeffrey A. Barrett - unknown
    David Lewis (1969) introduced sender-receiver games as a way of investigating how meaningful language might evolve from initially random signals. In this report I investigate the conditions under which Lewis signaling games evolve to perfect signaling systems under various learning dynamics. While the 2-state/2- term Lewis signaling game with basic urn learning always approaches a signaling system, I will show that with more than two states suboptimal pooling equilibria can evolve. Inhomogeneous state distributions increase the likelihood of pooling equilibria, but (...)
     
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  16.  18
    Consciousness, schizophrenia and scientific theory.Jeffrey A. Gray - 1993 - In Gregory R. Bock & Joan Marsh (eds.), Experimental and Theoretical Studies of Consciousness (CIBA Foundation Symposia Series, No. 174). Wiley. pp. 174--263.
  17.  59
    On the Coevolution of Theory and Language and the Nature of Successful Inquiry.Jeffrey A. Barrett - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S4):1-14.
    Insofar as empirical inquiry involves the coevolution of descriptive language and theoretical commitments, a satisfactory model of empirical knowledge should describe the coordinated evolution of both language and theory. But since we do not know what conceptual resources we might need to express our future theories or to provide our best future faithful descriptions of the world, we do not now know even what the space of future descriptive options might be. One strategy for addressing this shifting-resource problem is to (...)
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  18. Algorithmic Randomness and Probabilistic Laws.Jeffrey A. Barrett & Eddy Keming Chen - manuscript
    We consider two ways one might use algorithmic randomness to characterize a probabilistic law. The first is a generative chance* law. Such laws involve a nonstandard notion of chance. The second is a probabilistic* constraining law. Such laws impose relative frequency and randomness constraints that every physically possible world must satisfy. While each notion has virtues, we argue that the latter has advantages over the former. It supports a unified governing account of non-Humean laws and provides independently motivated solutions to (...)
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  19.  26
    Is there any need for conditioning in Eysenck's conditioning model of neurosis?Jeffrey A. Gray - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (2):169-171.
  20.  28
    On the difference between pain and fear.Jeffrey A. Gray - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):310-310.
  21.  18
    The Problem of Difference: Phenomenology and Poststructuralism.Jeffrey A. Bell (ed.) - 1998 - University of Toronto Press.
    Jeffrey A. Bell here presents a finely constructed survey of the contemporary continental philosophers, focusing on how they have dealt with the problem of difference.
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  22.  91
    Pure wave mechanics and the very idea of empirical adequacy.Jeffrey A. Barrett - 2015 - Synthese 192 (10):3071-3104.
    Hugh Everett III proposed his relative-state formulation of pure wave mechanics as a solution to the quantum measurement problem. He sought to address the theory’s determinate record and probability problems by showing that, while counterintuitive, pure wave mechanics was nevertheless empirically faithful and hence empirical acceptable. We will consider what Everett meant by empirical faithfulness. The suggestion will be that empirical faithfulness is well understood as a weak variety of empirical adequacy. The thought is that the very idea of empirical (...)
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  23. Synesthesia: A window on the hard problem of consciousness.Jeffrey A. Gray - 2005 - In Lynn C. Robertson & Noam Sagiv (eds.), Synesthesia: Perspectives From Cognitive Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 127-146.
  24.  86
    Schiller’s Critique of Kant’s Moral Psychology.Jeffrey A. Gauthier - 1997 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 27 (4):513-543.
    Mention of the name of Friedrich Schiller among both critics and defenders of Kant's moral philosophy has most often been with reference to the well known quip:“Gladly I serve my friends, but alas I do it with pleasure.Hence I am plagued with doubt that I am not a virtuous person.““Sure, your only resource is to try to despise them entirely,And then with aversion to do what your duty enjoins you.''This attention, however, has served to obscure the fact that Schiller truly (...)
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  25. The single-mind and many-minds versions of quantum mechanics.Jeffrey A. Barrett - 1995 - Erkenntnis 42 (1):89-105.
    There is a long tradition of trying to find a satisfactory interpretation of Everett's relative-state formulation of quantum mechanics. Albert and Loewer recently described two new ways of reading Everett: one we will call the single-mind theory and the other the many-minds theory. I will briefly describe these theories and present some of their merits and problems. Since both are no-collapse theories, a significant merit is that they can take advantage of certain properties of the linear dynamics, which Everett apparently (...)
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  26.  32
    Not to harm a fly: our ethical obligations to insects.Jeffrey A. Lockwood - 1988 - Between the Species 4 (3):12.
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  27.  61
    On the nature of measurement records in relativistic quantum field theory.Jeffrey A. Barrett - unknown
    A resolution of the quantum measurement problem would require one to explain how it is that we end up with determinate records at the end of our measurements. Metaphysical commitments typically do real work in such an explanation. Indeed, one should not be satisfied with one's metaphysical commitments unless one can provide some account of determinate measurement records. I will explain some of the problems in getting determinate records in relativistic quantum field theory and pay particular attention to the relationship (...)
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  28. The contents of consciousness: A neuropsychological conjecture.Jeffrey A. Gray - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (4):659-76.
    Drawing on previous models of anxiety, intermediate memory, the positive symptoms of schizophrenia, and goal-directed behaviour, a neuropsychological hypothesis is proposed for the generation of the contents of consciousness. It is suggested that these correspond to the outputs of a comparator that, on a moment-by-moment basis, compares the current state of the organism's perceptual world with a predicted state. An outline is given of the information-processing functions of the comparator system and of the neural systems which mediate them. The hypothesis (...)
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  29.  52
    Introduction.Jeffrey A. Barrett - 1995 - Topoi 14 (1):1-6.
    On Bohm's formulation of quantum mechanics particles always have determinate positions and follow continuous trajectories. Bohm's theory, however, requires a postulate that says that particles are initially distributed in a special way: particles are randomly distributed so that the probability of their positions being represented by a point in any regionR in configuration space is equal to the square of the wave-function integrated overR. If the distribution postulate were false, then the theory would generally fail to make the right statistical (...)
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  30.  21
    Hegel and Feminist Social Criticism: Justice, Recognition, and the Feminine.Jeffrey A. Gauthier (ed.) - 1997 - State University of New York Press.
    Bringing Hegelian texts into a critical dialogue with the work of a number of important feminists, h.
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  31.  7
    Aging and Loving: Christian Faith and Sexuality in Later Life, by James M. Childs Jr.Jeffrey A. Schooley - 2023 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 43 (2):421-422.
  32.  79
    Truth and Probability in Evolutionary Games.Jeffrey A. Barrett - unknown
    This paper concerns two composite Lewis-Skyrms signaling games. Each consists in a base game that evolves a language descriptive of nature and a metagame that coevolves a language descriptive of the base game and its evolving language. The first composite game shows how a pragmatic notion of truth might coevolve with a simple descriptive language. The second shows how a pragmatic notion of probability might similarly coevolve. Each of these pragmatic notions is characterized by the particular game and role that (...)
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  33. The suggestive properties of quantum mechanics without the collapse postulate.Jeffrey A. Barrett - 1994 - Erkenntnis 41 (2):233 - 252.
    Everett proposed resolving the quantum measurement problem by dropping the nonlinear collapse dynamics from quantum mechanics and taking what is left as a complete physical theory. If one takes such a proposal seriously, then the question becomes how much of the predictive and explanatory power of the standard theory can one recover without the collapse postulate and without adding anything else. Quantum mechanics without the collapse postulate has several suggestive properties, which we will consider in some detail. While these properties (...)
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  34. Self-Assembling Networks.Jeffrey A. Barrett, Brian Skyrms & Aydin Mohseni - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (1):1-25.
    We consider how an epistemic network might self-assemble from the ritualization of the individual decisions of simple heterogeneous agents. In such evolved social networks, inquirers may be significantly more successful than they could be investigating nature on their own. The evolved network may also dramatically lower the epistemic risk faced by even the most talented inquirers. We consider networks that self-assemble in the context of both perfect and imperfect communication and compare the behaviour of inquirers in each. This provides a (...)
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  35.  14
    A virtue ethics critique of ethical dimensions of behavioral economics: Comments from a behavioral economist.Jeffrey A. Livingston - 2020 - Business and Society Review 125 (2):261-268.
    In “A Virtue Ethics Critique of Ethical Dimensions of Behavioral Economics,” Professor Daryl Koehn criticizes the field of behavioral economics. She argues that behavioral economists ignore many important factors that affect how people make decisions, that their results are derived from experiments where subjects make choices in overly restrictive, artificial, and thin contexts that do not capture the richness of reality, and that the approach brings up psychological motivations that affect behavior in a piecemeal, ad hoc way that does not (...)
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  36. Learning how to learn by self-tuning reinforcement.Christian Torsell & Jeffrey A. Barrett - 2024 - Synthese 203 (6):1-17.
    Humans and many animals are capable of learning and learning how to learn better. We are concerned here with one way that reinforcement learners might learn how to learn better. In an experiment described by Harlow in (Psychol Rev 56:51–65, 1949) a group of rhesus monkeys learn a new way of learning in the context of a specific type of problem. We will consider how such agents might coevolve a new learning dynamics and new attendant saliences. To this end, we (...)
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  37.  14
    Tv news photographer as equipment: A response.Jeffrey A. Marks - 1987 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 2 (2):18 – 20.
    In response to the preceding research report by Professor Steele, television news director Jeffrey Marks suggests that TV news photographers operate in a world not entirely of their own making. They are often treated as pieces of equipment whose insights and judgments are not taken into consideration when newscasts are produced. Seeing the world through a two?inch black and white viewfinder causes some distorted perceptions of reality and a certain detachment from ethical decision making. The author, chairman of the (...)
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  38.  22
    Seeing Trees: Investigating Poetics of Place‐Based, Aesthetic Environmental Education with Heidegger and Wittgenstein.Jeffrey A. Stickney - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 54 (5):1278-1305.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, Volume 54, Issue 5, Page 1278-1305, October 2020.
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  39.  31
    The ethics of biological control: Understanding the moral implications of our most powerful ecological technology.Jeffrey A. Lockwood - 1996 - Agriculture and Human Values 13 (1):2-19.
    A system of environmental ethics recently developed by Lawrence Johnson may be used to analyze the moral implications of biological control. According to this system, entities are morally relevant when they possess well-being interests (i.e., functions or processes that can be better or worse in so far as the entity is concerned). In this formulation of ethical analysis, species and ecosystems are morally relevant because they are not simply aggregates of individuals, so their processes, properties, and well-being interests are not (...)
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  40.  84
    Self-assembling Games.Jeffrey A. Barrett & Brian Skyrms - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (2):329-353.
    We consider how cue-reading, sensory-manipulation, and signaling games may initially evolve from ritualized decisions and how more complex games may evolve from simpler games by polymerization, template transfer, and modular composition. Modular composition is a process that combines simpler games into more complex games. Template transfer, a process by which a game is appropriated to a context other than the one in which it initially evolved, is one mechanism for modular composition. And polymerization is a particularly salient example of modular (...)
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  41.  29
    Testing the cognitive catalyst model of depression: Does rumination amplify the impact of cognitive diatheses in response to stress?Jeffrey A. Ciesla, Julia W. Felton & John E. Roberts - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (8):1349-1357.
  42. 2. The Unselfing Activity of the Holy Spirit in the Theology of Hans Urs von Balthasar.Jeffrey A. Vogel - 2007 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 10 (4).
     
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  43.  23
    The Unselfing Activity of the Holy Spirit in the Theology of Hans Urs von Balthasar.Jeffrey A. Vogel - 2007 - Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 10 (4):16-34.
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  44. Prostitution and Paternalism.Jeffrey A. Gauthier - 2014 - In David Boersema (ed.), Dimensions of Moral Agency. Cambridge Scholars. pp. 194-202.
    Both liberals and feminists have long criticized the paternalistic approach to prostitution found in most jurisdictions in the U.S. In his recent book Prostitution and Liberalism, Peter de Marneffe defends just such an intervention, arguing that the demonstrated harmfulness of a life of prostitution justifies paternalistic policies aimed at reducing the number of women who are involved in it. Although de Marneffe does not endorse the prohibitionist approach typical in the U.S., he argues that the best reasons for alternative approaches (...)
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  45.  33
    Philosophy at the Edge of Chaos: Gilles Deleuze and the Philosophy of Difference.Jeffrey A. Bell - 2006 - University of Toronto Press.
    From the early 1960s until his death, French philosopher Gilles Deleuze wrote many influential works on philosophy, literature, film, and fine art. One of Deleuze's main philosophical projects was a systematic inversion of the traditional relationship between identity and difference. This Deleuzian philosophy of difference is the subject of Jeffrey A. Bell's Philosophy at the Edge of Chaos. Bell argues that Deleuze's efforts to develop a philosophy of difference are best understood by exploring both Deleuze's claim to be a (...)
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  46. A Quantum-Mechanical Argument for Mind–Body Dualism.Jeffrey A. Barrett - 2006 - Erkenntnis 65 (1):97-115.
    I argue that a strong mind–body dualism is required of any formulation of quantum mechanics that satisfies a relatively weak set of explanatory constraints. Dropping one or more of these constraints may allow one to avoid the commitment to a mind–body dualism but may also require a commitment to a physical–physical dualism that is at least as objectionable. Ultimately, it is the preferred basis problem that pushes both collapse and no-collapse theories in the direction of a strong dualism in resolving (...)
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  47.  41
    Ignatius’s Exercises, Descartes’s Meditations, and Lonergan’s Insight.Jeffrey A. Allen - 2017 - Philosophy and Theology 29 (1):17-28.
    Both René Descartes and Bernard Lonergan were educated at Jesuit schools in their youth, and both had exposure—the former perhaps indirectly, the latter directly—to Ignatius of Loyola’s Spiritual Exercises. Several scholars have outlined parallels between Descartes’s Meditations on First Philosophy and the Exercises. This article reviews those parallels, and then uses them as guides for exploring traces of the Meditations in Lonergan’s Insight: A Study of Human Understanding.
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  48.  25
    Relation between stimulus intensity and operant response rate as a function of discrimination training and drive.Jeffrey A. Gray - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (1):9.
  49. Hegel and the Problem of Particularity in Moral Judgment.Jeffrey A. Gauthier - 1999 - Women's Philosophy Review 22:58-79.
    Barbara Herman's account of rules of moral salience goes far in explaining how Kantian moral theory can integrate historically emergent normative criticisms such as that offered by feminists. The ethical motives that initially lead historical agents to expand our moral categories, however, are often at odds with Kant's (and Herman's) theory of moral motivations. I argue that Hegel offers a more accurate account of ethical motivation under oppressive conditions.
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  50.  69
    Self-Assembling Games.Jeffrey A. Barrett & Brian Skyrms - unknown
    We consider how cue-reading, sensory-manipulation, and signaling games may initially evolve from ritualized decisions and how more complex games may evolve from simpler games by polymerization, template transfer, and modular composition. Modular composition is a process that combines simpler games into more complex games. Template transfer, a process by which a game is appropriated to a context other than the one in which it initially evolved, is one mechanism for modular composition. And polymerization is a particularly salient example of modular (...)
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