Results for 'Jeffrey J. Berg'

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  1.  1
    The Stability of Visual Perspective and Vividness During Mental Time Travel.Jeffrey J. Berg, Adrian W. Gilmore, Ruth A. Shaffer & Kathleen B. McDermott - 2021 - Consciousness and Cognition 92:103116.
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  2.  1
    Model-Based and Model-Free Social Cognition: Investigating the Role of Habit in Social Attitude Formation and Choice.Leor M. Hackel, Jeffrey J. Berg, Björn R. Lindström & David M. Amodio - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  3.  16
    Advancing Lie Detection by Inducing Cognitive Load on Liars: A Review of Relevant Theories and Techniques Guided by Lessons From Polygraph-Based Approaches. [REVIEW]Jeffrey J. Walczyk, Frank P. Igou, Alexa P. Dixon & Talar Tcholakian - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  4.  4
    The Wollstonecraftian Mind.Alan M. S. J. Coffee, Sandrine Berges & Eileen Hunt Botting (eds.) - 2019 - London: Routledge.
    There has been a rising interest in the study of Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) in philosophy, political theory, literary studies and the history of political thought in recent decades. The Wollstonecraftian Mind seeks to provide a comprehensive survey of her work, not only placing it in its historical context but also exploring its contemporary significance. Comprising 38 chapters by a team of international contributors this handbook covers: the background to Wollstonecraft’s work Wollstonecraft’s major works the relationship between Wollstonecraft and other major (...)
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  5.  57
    The Family Covenant and Genetic Testing.David J. Doukas & Jessica W. Berg - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (3):2 – 10.
    The physician-patient relationship has changed over the last several decades, requiring a systematic reevaluation of the competing demands of patients, physicians, and families. In the era of genetic testing, using a model of patient care known as the family covenant may prove effective in accounting for these demands. The family covenant articulates the roles of the physician, patient, and the family prior to genetic testing, as the participants consensually define them. The initial agreement defines the boundaries of autonomy and benefit (...)
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  6.  12
    Attention and Processing Capacity in Auditory Recognition.Jeffrey J. Moore & Dominic W. Massaro - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (1):49-54.
  7.  38
    Human Subjects Protections in Biomedical Enhancement Research: Assessing Risk and Benefit and Obtaining Informed Consent.Maxwell J. Mehlman & Jessica W. Berg - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):546-549.
    The protection of human subjects in biomedical research relies on two principal mechanisms: assessing and comparing the risks and potential benefits of proposed research, and obtaining potential subjects' informed consent. While these have been discussed extensively in the literature, no attention has been paid to whether the processes should be different when the objective of an experimental biomedical intervention is to improve individual appearance, performance, or capability rather than to prevent, cure, or mitigate disease . This essay examines this question (...)
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  8.  10
    Human Subjects Protections in Biomedical Enhancement Research: Assessing Risk and Benefit and Obtaining Informed Consent.Maxwell J. Mehlman & Jessica W. Berg - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):546-559.
    There are two critical steps in determining whether a medical experiment involving human subjects can be conducted in an ethical manner: assessing risks and potential benefits and obtaining potential subjects’ informed consent. Although an extensive literature on both of these aspects exists, virtually nothing has been written about human experimentation for which the objective is not to prevent, cure, or mitigate a disease or condition, but to enhance human capabilities. One exception is a 2004 article by Rebecca Dresser on preimplantation (...)
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  9.  17
    Can Natural Law Defend Advertising?Jeffrey J. Maciejewski - 2003 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 18 (2):111-122.
    To advance the philosophical debate of advertising's role in society, in this article I situate the natural tendencies of individuals that manifest themselves in economic relationships within the broader context of natural-law theory. I propose that a natural tendency to exchange goods underscores the classical liberal economic model. As a result, individuals have a natural inclination toward the use of persuasive rhetoric. In addition, as animale symbolicum, individuals have a natural tendency toward symbol use and creation, which in turn affects (...)
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  10.  44
    Ethical and Legal Issues in Enhancement Research on Human Subjects.Maxwell J. Mehlman, Jessica W. Berg, Eric T. Juengst & Eric Kodish - 2011 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 20 (1):30--45.
    The United States, along with other nations and international organizations, has developed an elaborate system of ethical norms and legal rules to govern biomedical research using human subjects. These policies govern research that might provide direct health benefits to participants and research in which there is no prospect for participant health benefits. There has been little discussion, however, about how well these rules would apply to research designed to improve participants’ capabilities or characteristics beyond the goal of good health. When (...)
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  11.  74
    The Making of the Global Gambling Industry: An Application and Extension of Field Theory.Jeffrey J. Sallaz - 2006 - Theory and Society 35 (3):265-297.
  12.  22
    The Associations in Our Heads Belong to Us: Searching for Attitudes and Knowledge in Implicit Evaluation.Brian A. Nosek & Jeffrey J. Hansen - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (4):553-594.
  13.  20
    An Embodied Theory of Cognitive Development: Within Reach?Jeffrey J. Lockman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):48-48.
    Thelen et al. not only offer an important new theoretical account of the Stage 4 object permanence error but provide the foundation of a new theory of cognitive development that is grounded in action. The success of dynamic field theory as a more general account of cognitive functioning, however, will depend on the degree to which it can model more generative capacities that are not limited to simple choice situations. Imitation and problem solving are suggested as two capacities that might (...)
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  14.  20
    Reason as a Nexus of Natural Law and Rhetoric.Jeffrey J. Maciejewski - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 59 (3):247-257.
    . Although the pages of Journal of Business Ethics have hosted an ongoing dialogue on the ethics of rhetoric and persuasion, the debates have been unable to account for the underlying morality of the human propensity to engage in rhetorical discourse as a part of living in society. In this paper, I offer natural-law ethical theory as a moral paradigm in which to examine rhetoric. In this context, I assert that rhetoric services reason, which in turn services our dispositions or (...)
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  15.  6
    Modeling Confidence and Response Time in Recognition Memory.Roger Ratcliff & Jeffrey J. Starns - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (1):59-83.
  16.  49
    Modeling Single Versus Multiple Systems in Implicit and Explicit Memory.Jeffrey J. Starns, Roger Ratcliff & Gail McKoon - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (4):195-196.
  17.  15
    Individual Scapetribing and Responsibility Ascriptions.Jeffrey J. Bailey - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (1):47-53.
    Individual scapetribing is identified as pointing the finger of blame at organizations (or groups, institutions, and systems) as a means of excusing or inaccurately ascribing responsibility for one's own actions and their consequences. This type of behavior is shown to be related to corporate scape-goating as described by Wilson (1993). The paper addresses responsibility ascriptions and the importance of corporate responsibility as a significantly influential multi-person system.
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  18.  44
    Place as Relationship Partner: An Alternative Metaphor for Understanding the Quality of Visitor Experience in a Backcountry Setting.Jeffrey J. Brooks, George N. Wallace & Daniel R. Williams - 2006 - Leisure Science: An Interdisciplinary Journal 28 (4):331-349.
    This article presents empirical evidence to address how some visitors build relationships with a wildland place over time. Insights are drawn from qualitative interviews of recreation visitors to the backcountry at Rocky Mountain National Park in Colorado. The article describes relationship to place as the active construction and accumulation of place meanings. The analysis is organized around three themes that describe how people develop relationships to place: time and experience accrued in place, social and physical interactions in and with the (...)
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  19.  1
    Genetic Testing and the Family Covenant.D. J. Doukas & J. W. Berg - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (3):2-10.
    The physician-patient relationship has changed over the last several decades, requiring a systematic reevaluation of the competing demands of patients, physicians, and families. In the era of genetic testing, using a model of patient care known as the family covenant may prove effective in accounting for these demands. The family covenant articulates the roles of the physician, patient, and the family prior to genetic testing, as the participants consensually define them. The initial agreement defines the boundaries of autonomy and benefit (...)
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  20.  16
    The Flow of Blood in Medieval Norwich.Jeffrey J. Cohen - 2004 - Speculum 79 (1):26-65.
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  21.  41
    Moral Reasoning "on Hold" During a Competitive Game.Michael J. Reall, Jeffrey J. Bailey & Sharon K. Stoll - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (11):1205-1210.
    When a person engages in a "game," that person may reason and behave in a manner that is inconsistent with non-game-situation moral reasoning. In this study we measured moral reasoning with the Defining Issues Test (DIT). We then engaged the students in a competitive game and collected accounts of their "reasoning" by having them explain their decisions with a forced choice inventory. The results indicate that there were significant inconsistencies in moral reasoning between non-game and game situations. The implications of (...)
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  22.  15
    The Approximate Number System Acuity Redefined: A Diffusion Model Approach.Joonkoo Park & Jeffrey J. Starns - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  23.  5
    Modeling Confidence Judgments, Response Times, and Multiple Choices in Decision Making: Recognition Memory and Motion Discrimination.Roger Ratcliff & Jeffrey J. Starns - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (3):697-719.
  24. J. Berg, Bolzano's Logic.P. Lorenzen - 1964 - Philosophische Rundschau 12:286.
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  25.  38
    Claimed Identities, Personal Projects, and Relationship to Place: A Hermeneutic Interpretation of the Backcountry/Wilderness Experience at Rocky Mountain National Park.Jeffrey J. Brooks - 2003 - Dissertation, Colorado State University
    Captured in narrative textual form through open-ended and tape-recorded interview conversations, visitor experience was interpreted to construct a description of visitors' relationships to place while at the same time providing insights for those who manage the national park. Humans are conceived of as meaning-makers, and outdoor recreation is viewed as emergent experience that can enrich peoples' lives rather than a predictable outcome of processing information encountered in the setting. This process-oriented approach positions subjective well-being and positive experience in the ongoing (...)
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  26. Thomas Aquinas on Persuasion: Action, Ends, and Natural Rhetoric.Jeffrey J. Maciejewski - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    Jeffrey J. Maciejewski’s Thomas Aquinas on Persuasion: Action, Ends, and Natural Rhetoric reveals why human nature is dependent on an internally constituted form of persuasive discourse to bring about human action. This book puts forth that use of rhetorical discourse is natural to the human person and makes possible the fullest apprehension of human goods.
     
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  27.  10
    “I Don't Like That, It's Tricking People Too Much…”: Acute Informed Consent to Participation in a Trial of Thrombolysis for Stroke.M. Mangset, R. Førde, J. Nessa, E. Berge & T. Bruun Wyller - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (10):751-756.
    Background: Informed consent is regarded as a contract between autonomous and equal parties and requires the elements of information disclosure, understanding, voluntariness and consent. The validity of informed consent for critically ill patients has been questioned. Little is known about how these patients experience the process of consent.Objective: The aim of this study was to explore critically ill patients’ experience with the principle of informed consent in a clinical trial and their ability to give valid informed consent.Design: 11 stroke patients (...)
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  28.  63
    Gender Differences in Determining the Ethical Sensitivity of Future Accounting Professionals.Elsie C. Ameen, Daryl M. Guffey & Jeffrey J. McMillan - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (5):591 - 597.
    This paper explores possible connections between gender and the willingness to tolerate unethical academic behavior. Data from a sample of 285 accounting majors at four public institutions reveal that females are less tolerant than males when questioned about academic misconduct. Statistically significant differences were found for 17 of 23 questionable activities. Furthermore, females were found to be less cynical and less often involved in academic dishonesty. Overall, the results support the finding of Betz et al. (1989) that the gender socialization (...)
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  29. Recent Books Which Relate Indian and Western Philosophy.Jeffrey J. Lunstead - 1977 - Journal of the History of Ideas 38 (4):719.
  30.  11
    Recent Books Which Relate Indian and Western PhilosophyEpistemology, Logic, and Grammar in Indian Philosophical Analysis.Phenomenology and Ontology.Mysticism and Morality: Oriental Thought and Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW]Jeffrey J. Lunstead, Bimal K. Matilal, J. N. Mohanty & Arthur C. Danto - 1977 - Journal of the History of Ideas 38 (4):719.
  31.  6
    Commentary 4: Are in-Text Ads Deceptive?Jeffrey J. Maciejewski - 2007 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 22 (4):359 – 361.
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  32.  2
    Identifying and Managing Bias.Jeffrey J. Maciejewski - 2013 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 28 (1):74 - 76.
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  33.  15
    Justice as a Nexus of Natural Law and Rhetoric.Jeffrey J. Maciejewski - 2008 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 41 (1):72-93.
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  34.  6
    Natural Law, Natural Rhetoric, and Rhetorical Perversions.Jeffrey J. Maciejewski - 2005 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 79:173-187.
    Observers, including the Catholic Church, have consistently demonstrated a keen ability to identify instances of rhetoric, such as advertising, that are distasteful or offensive. Although they have not necessarily characterized such endeavors as immoral, I submit that a developing notion of “natural rhetoric” may permit such criticism by contextualizing rhetoric as natural, unnatural or even perverse. Following this approach I assert that natural rhetoric, in service to reason, makes possible the apprehension of the basic good of societas. Consequently, rhetoric of (...)
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  35.  28
    Natural Rhetoric and the Praxis of Understanding.Jeffrey J. Maciejewski - 2010 - Heythrop Journal 51 (3):363-376.
    Although rhetoric might be thought of as nothing more than an archaic art of manipulation, its ability to bring about action—particularly as the intellect and will engage in acts of persuasion amid the operations of the practical intellect—is a possibility that has gone largely unnoticed among philosophers of human nature. In this paper I explore the possibility that natural rhetoric, much as it serves the practical intellect in precipitating action, serves the speculative intellect as it stimulates acts of cognizing and (...)
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  36.  5
    On the Purposes and Ends of Natural Rhetoric.Jeffrey J. Maciejewski - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (3):361-379.
  37.  9
    Persuasion, Natural Rhetoric and the Gift of Counsel.Jeffrey J. Maciejewski - 2020 - Heythrop Journal 61 (1):115-126.
  38. Books Etcetera-Cognition in Children.Jeffrey J. Lockman - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (4):163.
  39.  7
    Missing in Action: Tool Use is Action Based.Jeffrey J. Lockman, Catherine S. Tamis-LeMonda & Karen E. Adolph - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    In this commentary on Osiurak and Reynaud's target article, we argue that action is largely missing in their account of the ascendance of human technological culture. We propose that an action-based developmental account can help to bridge the cognitive-sociocultural divide in explanations of the discovery, production, and cultural transmission of human tool use.
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  40.  30
    The Effects of Transgressor Sex on Judgments of Unethical Behavior.Karen J. Maher & Jeffrey J. Bailey - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 18 (2):157 - 171.
    This study investigated the effect of gender stereotypes on evaluator judgments of unethical behavior. Subjects were working adults who completed a mailed survey in which they evaluated unethical behavior depicted in written scenarios. Sex of the transgressor in the scenarios was manipulated. Both quantitative and qualitative analyses indicated that there are no stable differences in evaluations of men and women across scenarios. These results suggest that evaluators do not hold different standards of ethical behavior for men and women, they do (...)
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  41.  8
    Deep-Burial Dissolution and Brecciation in Dolostone Reservoirs: Striking Similarities Between the Devonian Keg River Formation of Western Canada and the Ordovician Ellenburger Group of West Texas.Jeffrey J. Dravis & Iain D. Muir - 2014 - Interpretation: SEG 2 (4):T221-T241.
    Deeper burial dissolution of dolomitized fabrics created most of the reservoir quality in several Devonian Keg River oil pools on the Comet Platform in northwestern Alberta, Canada. This process also created reservoir quality in two Ordovician Ellenburger dolostone oil pools on the Eastern Shelf of the Midland Basin in west Texas, and provided an alternative explanation for reservoir development unrelated to the subaerial karstification model. Several observations confirmed deeper burial dissolution of Keg River dolostones. First, dolomites replaced, or cemented, grains (...)
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  42.  9
    Developing Perceptions About the Council and the Preparatory Phase: 1960-62.Jeffrey J. Murphy - 2002 - The Australasian Catholic Record 79 (1):75.
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  43.  10
    Of Pilgrims and Progressives: Australian Bishops at Vatican II (the First Session: 1962).Jeffrey J. Murphy - 2002 - The Australasian Catholic Record 79 (2):189.
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  44.  9
    On the Threshold of Modernity: Australian Bishops at Vatican II (the Third Session: 1964).Jeffrey J. Murphy - 2002 - The Australasian Catholic Record 79 (4):444.
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  45.  11
    Romanita Mark II: Australian Bishops at Vatican II (The Second Session: 1963).Jeffrey J. Murphy - 2002 - The Australasian Catholic Record 79 (3):341.
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  46.  19
    'Sane, Advanced Conservatism': Australian Bishops at Vatican II (the Third Session Continues: 1964).Jeffrey J. Murphy - 2003 - The Australasian Catholic Record 80 (2):219.
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  47.  9
    The Far Milieu Called Home: Australian Bishops at Vatican II (the Final Session: 1965).Jeffrey J. Murphy - 2003 - The Australasian Catholic Record 80 (3):343.
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  48.  9
    The Lost (and Last) Animadversions of Daniel Mannix.Jeffrey J. Murphy - 1999 - The Australasian Catholic Record 76 (1):54.
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  49.  8
    'Up to Jerusalem': Australian Bishops' Suggestions for the Agenda of Vatican II.Jeffrey J. Murphy - 2001 - The Australasian Catholic Record 78 (1):30.
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  50.  16
    "I Don't Like That, It's Tricking People Too Much...": Acute Informed Consent to Participation in a Trial of Thrombolysis for Stroke.M. Mangset, R. Forde, J. Nessa, E. Berge & T. B. Wyller - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (10):751-756.
    Background: Informed consent is regarded as a contract between autonomous and equal parties and requires the elements of information disclosure, understanding, voluntariness and consent. The validity of informed consent for critically ill patients has been questioned. Little is known about how these patients experience the process of consent.Objective: The aim of this study was to explore critically ill patients’ experience with the principle of informed consent in a clinical trial and their ability to give valid informed consent.Design: 11 stroke patients (...)
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