Results for 'Jeffrey N. Gordon'

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  1.  15
    Shareholder Initiative: An Informal Social Choice and Game Theoretic Approach.Jeffrey N. Gordon - manuscript
    Current arguments to increase shareholder power in the large public U.S. corporation need to take account of the well-established historical practice of extensive delegation by shareholders of business decision-making and agenda-control to management and the board, what might be characterized as an absolute delegation rule. This practice sharply limits the power of shareholders to put either business or governance proposals to the shareholders for dispositive resolution. The paper, originally published in 1991 but newly relevant, argues that the rule is based (...)
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  2.  32
    Is There a Free Lunch in Inference?Jeffrey N. Rouder, Richard D. Morey, Josine Verhagen, Jordan M. Province & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (3):520-547.
    The field of psychology, including cognitive science, is vexed by a crisis of confidence. Although the causes and solutions are varied, we focus here on a common logical problem in inference. The default mode of inference is significance testing, which has a free lunch property where researchers need not make detailed assumptions about the alternative to test the null hypothesis. We present the argument that there is no free lunch; that is, valid testing requires that researchers test the null against (...)
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  3.  34
    New Philosophy for New Media.Mark B. N. Hansen - 2004 - MIT Press.
    In New Philosophy for New Media, Mark Hansen defines the image in digital art in terms that go beyond the merely visual. Arguing that the "digital image" encompasses the entire process by which information is made perceivable, he places the body in a privileged position -- as the agent that filters information in order to create images. By doing so, he counters prevailing notions of technological transcendence and argues for the indispensability of the human in the digital era.Hansen examines new (...)
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  4.  6
    A Hierarchical Process-Dissociation Model.Jeffrey N. Rouder, Jun Lu, Richard D. Morey, Dongchu Sun & Paul L. Speckman - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 137 (2):370-389.
  5.  5
    Comparing Categorization Models.Jeffrey N. Rouder & Roger Ratcliff - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (1):63-82.
  6.  46
    Let's Make a Deal: Quality and Availability of Second-Stage Information as a Catalyst for Change.Jeffrey N. Howard, Charles G. Lambdin & Darcee L. Datteri - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (3):248 – 272.
    The Monty Hall Problem (MHP), a process of two-stage decision making, was presented in atypical form via a custom software game. Differing from the normal three-box MHP, the game added one additional box on-screen for each game—culminating on game 23 with 25 on-screen boxes to initially choose from. A total of 108 participants played 23 games (trials) in one of four conditions; (1) “Vanish” condition—all non-winning boxes totally removed from the screen; (2) “Empty” condition—all non-winning boxes remain on-screen, but with (...)
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  7.  6
    The Nature of Psychological Thresholds.Jeffrey N. Rouder & Richard D. Morey - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):655-660.
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  8.  15
    Three-Prong Approach to Risk Prevention.Jeffrey N. Younggren - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (1):88-90.
  9.  53
    The Carneades Model of Argument Invention.Douglas N. Walton & Thomas F. Gordon - 2012 - Radical Philosophy Review of Books 20 (1):1-31.
    Argument invention is a method that can be used to help an arguer find arguments that could be used to prove a claim he needs to defend. The aim of this paper is to show how argumentation systems recently developed in artificial intelligence can be applied to the task of argument invention. One such system called Carneades is featured. Carneades can be used to analyze arguments, evaluate arguments, to make an argument diagram, and to construct arguments from a database. Using (...)
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  10.  10
    The Carneades Model of Argument Invention.Douglas N. Walton & Thomas F. Gordon - 2012 - Pragmatics and Cognition 20 (1):1-31.
    Argument invention is a method that can be used to help an arguer find arguments that could be used to prove a claim he needs to defend. The aim of this paper is to show how argumentation systems recently developed in artificial intelligence can be applied to the task of argument invention. One such system called Carneades is featured. Carneades can be used to analyze arguments, evaluate arguments, to make an argument diagram, and to construct arguments from a database. Using (...)
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  11.  5
    Gradual Growth Versus Shape Invariance in Perceptual Decision Making.Jeffrey N. Rouder, Yu Yue, Paul L. Speckman, Michael S. Pratte & Jordan M. Province - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (4):1267-1274.
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  12.  6
    Models of Verbal Working Memory Capacity: What Does It Take to Make Them Work?Nelson Cowan, Jeffrey N. Rouder, Christopher L. Blume & J. Scott Saults - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):480-499.
  13.  37
    The Blood of the 3,000: Jeffrey Gordon Reflects on 9/11, and Sees That It Didn't Wake Us.Jeffrey Gordon - 2008 - Philosophy Now 68:21-21.
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  14.  20
    The Evolutionary History of the First Three Enzymes in Pyrimidine Biosynthesis.Jeffrey N. Davidson, Kuey C. Chen, Robert S. Jamison, Lisa A. Musmanno & Christine B. Kern - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (3):157-164.
  15.  7
    Modeling the Effects of Choice-Set Size on the Processing of Letters and Words.Jeffrey N. Rouder - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (1):80-93.
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  16. Narrative Magic and the Construction of Selfhood in Antidepressant Advertising.Jeffrey N. Stepnisky - 2007 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 27 (1):24-36.
    This article examines the way in which selfhood is constructed in direct-to-consumer advertisements for antidepressant medications. The sample consists of advertisements that appeared in nine popular magazines between 1997 and 2005, television commercials that ran between 2003 and 2005, and online promotional Web sites. The analysis is divided into three sections. First, it is argued that the ads rely on metaphors of communication, information exchange, and plenitude to construct a relationship between biology and selfhood. Second, in offering the choice for (...)
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  17.  35
    Jeffrey N.Wasserstrom, Greg Grandin, Lynn Hunt, and Marlyn B. Young (Eds): Human Rights and Revolutions, 2nd Edition. [REVIEW]Robert Van Wyk - 2009 - Human Rights Review 10 (2):283-285.
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  18.  14
    Scholarship on Shanghai Student Activism.Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom - 1993 - Chinese Studies in History 27 (1-2):13-21.
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  19.  5
    Jeffrey Andrew Barash on Continental Divide: Heidegger, Cassirer, Davos, by Peter E. Gordon[REVIEW]Jeffrey Andrew Barash - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):436-450.
    In 1929 Ernst Cassirer and Martin Heidegger participated in a momentous debate in Davos, Switzerland, which is widely held to have marked an important division in twentieth-century European thought. Peter E. Gordon’s recent book, Continental Divide: Heidegger, Cassirer, Davos, centers on this debate between these two philosophical adversaries. In his book Gordon examines the background of the debate, the issues that distinguished the respective positions of Cassirer and Heidegger, and the legacy of the debate for later decades. Throughout (...)
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  20.  14
    Inhibitory Control in Mind and Brain 2.0: Blocked-Input Models of Saccadic Countermanding.Gordon D. Logan, Motonori Yamaguchi, Jeffrey D. Schall & Thomas J. Palmeri - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (2):115-147.
  21. Nagel or Camus on the Absurd?Jeffrey Gordon - 1984 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (1):15-28.
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  22. Is the Existence of God Relevant to the Meaning of Life?Jeffrey Gordon - 1983 - Modern Schoolman 60 (4):227-246.
  23.  25
    Legacies of Radicalism: China's Cultural Revolution and the Democracy Movement of 1989.Craig Calhoun & Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom - 1999 - Thesis Eleven 57 (1):33-52.
    Students in 1989 were at pains to distinguish their actions from those taken by students in the Cultural Revolution. Yet there were important similarities. In the present paper, we identify influence on the Democracy Movement from the Cultural Revolution through (1) the expansion and/or widespread familiarization of repertories of collective action available to Chinese activists; (2) precedents for collective action that may have lowered the barriers to action for some while raising them for others; (3) the participation of people at (...)
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  24.  11
    "Models of Verbal Working Memory Capacity: What Does It Take to Make Them Work?": Correction to Cowan Et Al.Nelson Cowan, Jeffrey N. Rouder, Christopher L. Blume & J. Scott Saults - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):499-499.
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  25.  39
    Ethical Issues Surrounding Concussions and Player Safety in Professional Ice Hockey.Jeffrey G. Caron & Gordon A. Bloom - 2015 - Neuroethics 8 (1):5-13.
    Concussions in professional sports have received increased attention, which is partly attributable to evidence that found concussion incidence rates were much higher than previously thought. Further to this, professional hockey players articulated how their concussion symptoms affected their professional careers, interpersonal relationships, and qualities of life. Researchers are beginning to associate multiple/repeated concussions with Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, a structural brain injury that is characterized by tau protein deposits in distinct areas of the brain. Taken together, concussions impact many people in (...)
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  26.  12
    On the Autonomy of Mental Processes: A Case Study of Arithmetic.N. Jane Zbrodoff & Gordon D. Logan - 1986 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 115 (2):118-130.
  27. The Triumph of Sisyphus.Jeffrey Gordon - 2008 - Philosophy and Literature 32 (1):pp. 183-190.
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  28.  33
    Dissociation of Processes Underlying Spatial S-R Compatibility: Evidence for the Independent Influence of What and Where.Jeffrey P. Toth, Brian Levine, Donald T. Stuss, Alfred Oh, Gordon Winocur & Nachshon Meiran - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (4):483-501.
    The process-dissociation procedure was used to estimate the influence of spatial and form-based processing in the Simon task. Subjects made manual responses to the direction of arrows . The results provide evidence that the form and spatial location of a single stimulus can have functionally independent effects on performance. They also indicate the existence of two kinds of automaticity—an associative component that reflects prior S-R mappings and a nonassociative component that reflects the correspondence between stimulus and response codes.
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  29.  14
    Strategies in the Color-Word Stroop Task.Gordon D. Logan, N. Jane Zbrodoff & James Williamson - 1984 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (2):135-138.
  30.  70
    Reeh-Schlieder Meets Newton-Wigner.Gordon N. Fleming - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):515.
    The Reeh-Schlieder theorem asserts the vacuum and certain other states to be spacelike superentangled relative to local fields. This motivates an inquiry into the physical status of various concepts of localization. It is argued that a covariant generalization of Newton-Wigner localization is a physically illuminating concept. When analyzed in terms of nonlocally covariant quantum fields, creating and annihilating quanta in Newton-Wigner localized states, the vacuum is seen to not possess the spacelike superentanglement that the Reeh-Schlieder theorem displays relative to local (...)
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  31.  27
    Bad Faith: A Dilemma.Jeffrey Gordon - 1985 - Philosophy 60 (232):258 - 262.
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  32.  22
    The Rational Imperative to Believe.Jeffrey Gordon - 1993 - Religious Studies 29 (1):1 - 19.
    ‘The Will to Believe.’ The mere mention of this title cannot fail to elicit a reaction from philosophers. Written almost 100 years ago, it continues to intrigue, inspire, perplex and repel, often all in the selfsame reader. Few who make acquaintance with this robust and insightful lecture can remain neutral toward it. In 100 years there has been continuous debate about both the content of the argument and its merits. I will confess to being among those intrigued and inspired by (...)
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  33.  8
    Lorentz Invariant State Reduction, and Localization.Gordon N. Fleming - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:112-126.
    In this paper I will present conceptions of state reduction and particle and/or system localization which render these subjects fully compatible with the general requirements of a relativistic, i.e. Lorentz invariant, quantum theory. The approach consists of a systematic generalization of the concepts of initial data assignment at definite times, initiation and completion of measurements at definite times, and dynamical evolution as time dependence, to the concepts of initial data assignment on arbitrary space-like hyperplanes, initiation and completion of measurements on (...)
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  34.  88
    Pain: Ethics, Culture, and Informed Consent to Relief.Linda Farber Post, Jeffrey Blustein, Elysa Gordon & Nancy Neveloff Dubler - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (4):348-359.
    As medical technology becomes more sophisticate the ability to manipulate nature and manage disease forces the dilemma of when can becomes ought. Indeed, most bioethical discourse is framed in terms of balancing the values and interests and the benefits and burdens that inform principled decisions about how, when, and whether interventions should occur. Yet, despite advances in science and technology, one caregiver mandate remains as constant and compelling as it was for the earliest shaman—the relief of pain. Even when cure (...)
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  35.  28
    The Nature of Visual Self-Recognition Revisited.Gordon G. Gallup, Steven M. Platek & Kristina N. Spaulding - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (2):57-58.
  36.  22
    Sartre's Argument for Freedom.Jeffrey Gordon - 2011 - In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  37.  5
    Bad Faith: A Dilemma: Discussion.Jeffrey Gordon - 1985 - Philosophy 60 (232):258-262.
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  38. Thanks to Our Guest Reviewers.J. Alegria, V. Girotto, S. Nicholson, N. Alvarado, R. Gordon, R. Nisbett, M. Ashcraft, V. Goswami, D. Norris & T. Au - 1995 - Cognition 55:333.
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  39. Ideal Vs. Real: Revisiting Contraceptive Guidelines.Toby Schonfeld, Joseph Brown, N. Amoura & Bruce Gordon - 2010 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 32 (6):13-16.
    In their article in the September-October 2010 issue of IRB: Ethics & Human Research, Chris Kaposy and Françoise Baylis argue that the contraception policy of the University of Nebraska Medical Center’s institutional review board fails to meet an ethically ideal standard in establishing the criteria investigators should follow when including women of childbearing potential in clinical research. In this response, we argue that the UNMC IRB’s policy is evidence-based and pragmatically oriented and that it therefore better safeguards women’s autonomy than (...)
     
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  40.  24
    Effects of Alcohol, Rumination, and Gender on the Time Course of Negative Affect.Jeffrey S. Simons, Noah N. Emery, Raluca M. Simons, Thomas A. Wills & Michael K. Webb - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (7):1405-1418.
    This study modelled associations between gender, ruminative cognitive style, alcohol use, and the time course of negative affect over the course of 43,111 random assessments in the natural environment. Participants completed 49 days of experience sampling over 1.3 years. The data indicated that rumination at baseline was positively associated with alcohol dependence symptoms at baseline as well as higher negative affect over the course of the study. Consistent with negative reinforcement models, drinking served to decrease the persistence of negative affect (...)
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  41.  75
    Shirokov's Contracting Lifetimes and the Interpretation of Velocity Eigenstates for Unstable Quantons.Gordon N. Fleming - unknown
    This paper is concerned with the interpretation of velocity eigenstates for unstable quantons, their relationship to space-like momentum eigenstates for such quantons and the explanation of Shirokov’s contracting lifetimes for such velocity eigenstates. It is an elaboration of a portion of the authors earlier study.
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  42.  39
    Keep Calm and Carry On: Maintaining Self-Control When Intoxicated, Upset, or Depleted.Jeffrey S. Simons, Thomas A. Wills, Noah N. Emery & Philip J. Spelman - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (8).
  43. Bernard N. Schumacher: Death and Mortality in Contemporary Philosophy, Trans. Michael J. Miller. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, 258 Pp, $28.99 (Paperback), ISBN 978-0-521-17119-9; Jeffrey P. Bishop: The Anticipatory Corpse: Medicine, Power, and the Care of the Dying. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2011, 411 Pp, $35.00 (Paperback), ISBN 978-0-268-02227-3. [REVIEW]Havi Carel - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (6):435-441.
  44.  78
    Observations on Hyperplanes: I State Reduction and Unitary Evolution.Gordon N. Fleming - unknown
    This is the first of two papers responding to ‘recent’ commentary on various aspects of hyperplane dependence by several authors. In this paper I focus on the issues of the relations of HD to state reduction and unitary evolution. The authors who’s comments I address here are Maudlin and Myrvold. In the second paper of this set I focus on HD dynamical variables and localizable properties and measurements and address comments of de Koning, Halvorson, Clifton and Wallace. Each paper ends (...)
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  45.  66
    The Dependence of Lorentz Boost Generators on the Presence and Nature of Interactions.Gordon N. Fleming - unknown
    The long established but infrequently discussed dependence of Lorentz boost generators on the presence and nature of interactions is reviewed in this tutorial note. The last third of the note presents a discussion of the covariant transformation and evolution equations for the non-conserved partial generators of the inhomogeneous Lorentz group for interacting subsystems.
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  46.  12
    How to Generalize Efficacy Results of Randomized Trials: Recommendations Based on a Systematic Review of Possible Approaches.Piet N. Post, Hans Beer & Gordon H. Guyatt - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):638-643.
  47. Uses of a Quantum Master Inequality.Gordon N. Fleming - unknown
    An inequality in quantum mechanics, which does not appear to be well known, is derived by elementary means and shown to be quite useful. The inequality applies to 'all' operators and 'all' pairs of quantum states, including mixed states. It generalizes the rule of the orthogonality of eigenvectors for distinct eigenvalues and is shown to imply all the Robertson generalized uncertainty relations. It severely constrains the difference between probabilities obtained from 'close' quantum states and the different responses they can have (...)
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  48.  87
    Operation Quantum Physics.Gordon N. Fleming - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31 (1):117-125.
  49.  22
    Review of Edward Skidelsky (Author 1st Book), Jeffrey Andrew Barash (Editor 2nd Book), (Book 1) Ernst Cassirer: The Last Philosopher of Culture; (Book 2) the Symbolic Construction of Reality: The Legacy of Ernst Cassirer[REVIEW]Peter E. Gordon - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (9).
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  50.  31
    Living the Good Life: An Introduction to Moral Philosophy.The Nature of Moral Thinking.How Should I Live? Philosophical Conversations About Moral Life.Morality. What's in It for Me? A Historical Introduction to Ethics.Gordon Graham, Francis Snare, Randolph M. Feezell, Curtis L. Hancock & William N. Nelson - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (171):256-259.
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