Results for 'Jeffrey N. Howard'

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  1.  51
    Let's Make a Deal: Quality and Availability of Second-Stage Information as a Catalyst for Change.Jeffrey N. Howard, Charles G. Lambdin & Darcee L. Datteri - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (3):248 – 272.
    The Monty Hall Problem (MHP), a process of two-stage decision making, was presented in atypical form via a custom software game. Differing from the normal three-box MHP, the game added one additional box on-screen for each game—culminating on game 23 with 25 on-screen boxes to initially choose from. A total of 108 participants played 23 games (trials) in one of four conditions; (1) “Vanish” condition—all non-winning boxes totally removed from the screen; (2) “Empty” condition—all non-winning boxes remain on-screen, but with (...)
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  2. Eliminativism and Evolutionary Debunking.Jeffrey N. Bagwell - 2021 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 8:496-522.
    Eliminativists sometimes invoke evolutionary debunking arguments against ordinary object beliefs, either to help them establish object skepticism or to soften the appeal of commonsense ontology. I argue that object debunkers face a self-defeat problem: their conclusion undermines the scientific support for one of their premises, because evolutionary biology depends on our object beliefs. Using work on reductionism and multiple realizability from the philosophy of science, I argue that it will not suffice for an eliminativist debunker to simply appeal to some (...)
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  3.  33
    Is There a Free Lunch in Inference?Jeffrey N. Rouder, Richard D. Morey, Josine Verhagen, Jordan M. Province & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (3):520-547.
    The field of psychology, including cognitive science, is vexed by a crisis of confidence. Although the causes and solutions are varied, we focus here on a common logical problem in inference. The default mode of inference is significance testing, which has a free lunch property where researchers need not make detailed assumptions about the alternative to test the null hypothesis. We present the argument that there is no free lunch; that is, valid testing requires that researchers test the null against (...)
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  4.  7
    A Hierarchical Process-Dissociation Model.Jeffrey N. Rouder, Jun Lu, Richard D. Morey, Dongchu Sun & Paul L. Speckman - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 137 (2):370-389.
  5.  6
    Comparing Categorization Models.Jeffrey N. Rouder & Roger Ratcliff - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (1):63-82.
  6.  7
    The Nature of Psychological Thresholds.Jeffrey N. Rouder & Richard D. Morey - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):655-660.
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  7.  38
    Jeffrey N.Wasserstrom, Greg Grandin, Lynn Hunt, and Marlyn B. Young (Eds): Human Rights and Revolutions, 2nd Edition. [REVIEW]Robert Van Wyk - 2009 - Human Rights Review 10 (2):283-285.
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  8.  16
    Three-Prong Approach to Risk Prevention.Jeffrey N. Younggren - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (1):88-90.
  9.  21
    The Evolutionary History of the First Three Enzymes in Pyrimidine Biosynthesis.Jeffrey N. Davidson, Kuey C. Chen, Robert S. Jamison, Lisa A. Musmanno & Christine B. Kern - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (3):157-164.
  10.  7
    Gradual Growth Versus Shape Invariance in Perceptual Decision Making.Jeffrey N. Rouder, Yu Yue, Paul L. Speckman, Michael S. Pratte & Jordan M. Province - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (4):1267-1274.
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  11.  15
    Shareholder Initiative: An Informal Social Choice and Game Theoretic Approach.Jeffrey N. Gordon - manuscript
    Current arguments to increase shareholder power in the large public U.S. corporation need to take account of the well-established historical practice of extensive delegation by shareholders of business decision-making and agenda-control to management and the board, what might be characterized as an absolute delegation rule. This practice sharply limits the power of shareholders to put either business or governance proposals to the shareholders for dispositive resolution. The paper, originally published in 1991 but newly relevant, argues that the rule is based (...)
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  12.  7
    Modeling the Effects of Choice-Set Size on the Processing of Letters and Words.Jeffrey N. Rouder - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (1):80-93.
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  13.  15
    Scholarship on Shanghai Student Activism.Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom - 1993 - Chinese Studies in History 27 (1-2):13-21.
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  14.  1
    Narrative Magic and the Construction of Selfhood in Antidepressant Advertising.Jeffrey N. Stepnisky - 2007 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 27 (1):24-36.
    This article examines the way in which selfhood is constructed in direct-to-consumer advertisements for antidepressant medications. The sample consists of advertisements that appeared in nine popular magazines between 1997 and 2005, television commercials that ran between 2003 and 2005, and online promotional Web sites. The analysis is divided into three sections. First, it is argued that the ads rely on metaphors of communication, information exchange, and plenitude to construct a relationship between biology and selfhood. Second, in offering the choice for (...)
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  15.  8
    Models of Verbal Working Memory Capacity: What Does It Take to Make Them Work?Nelson Cowan, Jeffrey N. Rouder, Christopher L. Blume & J. Scott Saults - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):480-499.
  16.  33
    Mental State Assessment and Validation Using Personalized Physiological Biometrics.Aashish N. Patel, Michael D. Howard, Shane M. Roach, Aaron P. Jones, Natalie B. Bryant, Charles S. H. Robinson, Vincent P. Clark & Praveen K. Pilly - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  17.  11
    "Models of Verbal Working Memory Capacity: What Does It Take to Make Them Work?": Correction to Cowan Et Al.Nelson Cowan, Jeffrey N. Rouder, Christopher L. Blume & J. Scott Saults - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):499-499.
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  18.  32
    Science Today: Problem or Crisis?Ralph Levinson & Jeffrey N. Thomas (eds.) - 1997 - Routledge.
    What is science? What is the purpose of science education? Should we be training scientists, or looking towards a greater public understanding of science? In this exciting text, some of the key figures in the fields of science and science education address this debate. Their contributions form an original dialogue on science education and the general public awareness of science, tackling both formal and informal aspects of science learning. the editors argue that a greater knowledge of science can lead to (...)
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  19.  26
    Legacies of Radicalism: China's Cultural Revolution and the Democracy Movement of 1989.Craig Calhoun & Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom - 1999 - Thesis Eleven 57 (1):33-52.
    Students in 1989 were at pains to distinguish their actions from those taken by students in the Cultural Revolution. Yet there were important similarities. In the present paper, we identify influence on the Democracy Movement from the Cultural Revolution through (1) the expansion and/or widespread familiarization of repertories of collective action available to Chinese activists; (2) precedents for collective action that may have lowered the barriers to action for some while raising them for others; (3) the participation of people at (...)
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  20.  9
    Recognition Decisions From Visual Working Memory Are Mediated by Continuous Latent Strengths.J. Ricker Timothy, E. Thiele Jonathan, R. Swagman April & N. Rouder Jeffrey - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6):1510-1532.
    Making recognition decisions often requires us to reference the contents of working memory, the information available for ongoing cognitive processing. As such, understanding how recognition decisions are made when based on the contents of working memory is of critical importance. In this work we examine whether recognition decisions based on the contents of visual working memory follow a continuous decision process of graded information about the correct choice or a discrete decision process reflecting only knowing and guessing. We find a (...)
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  21.  42
    Punishment as Moral Fortification.Jeffrey W. Howard - 2017 - Law and Philosophy 36 (1):45-75.
    The proposal that the criminal justice system should focus on rehabilitation – rather than retribution, deterrence, or expressive denunciation – is among the least popular ideas in legal philosophy. Foremost among rehabilitation’s alleged weaknesses is that it views criminals as blameless patients to be treated, rather than culpable moral agents to be held accountable. This article offers a new interpretation of the rehabilitative approach that is immune to this objection and that furnishes the moral foundation that this approach has lacked. (...)
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  22.  50
    Moral Subversion and Structural Entrapment.Jeffrey W. Howard - 2016 - Journal of Political Philosophy 24 (1):24-46.
  23.  9
    Ian Howard, Swein Forkbeard's Invasions and the Danish Conquest of England, 991–1017. (Warfare in History.) Woodbridge, Eng., and Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell and Brewer, 2003. Pp. Xiv, 188; 14 Black-and-White Figures and Tables. $75. [REVIEW]Richard Abels - 2006 - Speculum 81 (2):533-536.
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  24. Jeffrey Howard Denton: A Personal Appreciation.Barrie Dobson - 2001 - Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 83 (3):9-26.
  25. The World is Not Enough.Nathan Robert Howard & N. G. Laskowski - 2021 - Noûs 55 (1):86-101.
    Throughout his career, Derek Parfit made the bold suggestion, at various times under the heading of the "Normativity Objection," that anyone in possession of normative concepts is in a position to know, on the basis of their competence with such concepts alone, that reductive realism in ethics is not even possible. Despite the prominent role that the Normativity Objection plays in Parfit's non-reductive account of the nature of normativity, when the objection hasn't been ignored, it's been criticized and even derided. (...)
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  26.  39
    Medicine's Duty to Treat Pandemic Illness: Solidarity and Vulnerability.Howard Brody & Eric N. Avery - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (1):40-48.
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  27.  69
    Punishment, Socially Deprived Offenders, and Democratic Community.Jeffrey Howard - 2013 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (1):121-136.
    The idea that victims of social injustice who commit crimes ought not to be subject to punishment has attracted serious attention in recent legal and political philosophy. R. A. Duff has argued, for example, a states that perpetrates social injustice lacks the standing to punish victims of such injustice who commit crimes. A crucial premiss in his argument concerns the fact that when courts in liberal society mete out legitimate criminal punishments, they are conceived as acting in the name of (...)
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  28. Trust in God: An Evaluative Review of the Literature and Research Proposal.Daniel Howard-Snyder, Daniel J. McKaughan, Joshua N. Hook, Daryl R. Van Tongeren, Don E. Davis, Peter C. Hill & M. Elizabeth Lewis Hall - 2021 - Mental Health, Religion and Culture 24:745-763.
    Until recently, psychologists have conceptualised and studied trust in God (TIG) largely in isolation from contemporary work in theology, philosophy, history, and biblical studies that has examined the topic with increasing clarity. In this article, we first review the primary ways that psychologists have conceptualised and measured TIG. Then, we draw on conceptualizations of TIG outside the psychology of religion to provide a conceptual map for how TIG might be related to theorised predictors and outcomes. Finally, we provide a research (...)
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  29. Division 24 Convention Program 1994.Jeffrey P. Lindstrom, Stephen C. Yanchar, Beyond Complementarity, Lisa M. Osbeck, Brent D. Slife, Adelbert H. Jenkins, Free Will & George S. Howard - 1994 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology: Journal of Division 24 14 (1):107.
     
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  30.  59
    Dangerous Speech.Jeffrey W. Howard - 2019 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 47 (2):208-254.
    Philosophy &Public Affairs, Volume 47, Issue 2, Page 208-254, Spring 2019.
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  31.  11
    Against Jeffrey Howard on Entrapment.Jonathan Stanhope - 2019 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 15 (3).
    Jeffrey Howard has recently argued that entrapment and similar phenomena are wrongful - and wrong the induced agent - because they violate a regulative obligation of respect for the first moral power According to Howard, this obligation grounds a duty not to foreseeably increase the likelihood that another agent acts wrongly While I accept the existence of the more fundamental obligation, I try to show that it doesn't support DUTY. Therefore, it doesn't support the wrongfulness of entrapment (...)
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  32.  11
    Wilhelm Dilthey. A Hermeneutic Approach to the Study of History and Culture.Howard N. Tuttle & Ilse N. Bulhof - 1982 - History and Theory 21 (1):125.
  33.  11
    The Labors of Justice: Democracy, Respect, and Judicial Review.Jeffrey W. Howard - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 22 (2):176-199.
  34.  34
    The Strength of the $\delta$-System Lemma.Paul Howard & Jeffrey Solski - 1992 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 34 (1):100-106.
  35.  9
    The Use of the PPST and Intelligence Tests in Teacher Education Programs.Howard Carvajal, Jeffrey Kixmiller, Megan Knapp, Joseph Vitt & Kenneth A. Weaver - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (2):192-194.
  36.  46
    Place as Relationship Partner: An Alternative Metaphor for Understanding the Quality of Visitor Experience in a Backcountry Setting.Jeffrey J. Brooks, George N. Wallace & Daniel R. Williams - 2006 - Leisure Science: An Interdisciplinary Journal 28 (4):331-349.
    This article presents empirical evidence to address how some visitors build relationships with a wildland place over time. Insights are drawn from qualitative interviews of recreation visitors to the backcountry at Rocky Mountain National Park in Colorado. The article describes relationship to place as the active construction and accumulation of place meanings. The analysis is organized around three themes that describe how people develop relationships to place: time and experience accrued in place, social and physical interactions in and with the (...)
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  37.  27
    Effects of Alcohol, Rumination, and Gender on the Time Course of Negative Affect.Jeffrey S. Simons, Noah N. Emery, Raluca M. Simons, Thomas A. Wills & Michael K. Webb - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (7):1405-1418.
    This study modelled associations between gender, ruminative cognitive style, alcohol use, and the time course of negative affect over the course of 43,111 random assessments in the natural environment. Participants completed 49 days of experience sampling over 1.3 years. The data indicated that rumination at baseline was positively associated with alcohol dependence symptoms at baseline as well as higher negative affect over the course of the study. Consistent with negative reinforcement models, drinking served to decrease the persistence of negative affect (...)
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  38. Bernard N. Schumacher: Death and Mortality in Contemporary Philosophy, Trans. Michael J. Miller. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, 258 Pp, $28.99 (Paperback), ISBN 978-0-521-17119-9; Jeffrey P. Bishop: The Anticipatory Corpse: Medicine, Power, and the Care of the Dying. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2011, 411 Pp, $35.00 (Paperback), ISBN 978-0-268-02227-3. [REVIEW]Havi Carel - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (6):435-441.
  39.  40
    Keep Calm and Carry On: Maintaining Self-Control When Intoxicated, Upset, or Depleted.Jeffrey S. Simons, Thomas A. Wills, Noah N. Emery & Philip J. Spelman - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (8).
  40.  14
    The Labors of Justice: Democracy, Respect, and Judicial Review.Jeffrey W. Howard - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy:1-24.
  41.  14
    Criminal Wrongdoing, Restorative Justice, and the Moral Standing of Unjust States☆.Jeffrey W. Howard & Avia Pasternak - forthcoming - Journal of Political Philosophy.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  42.  11
    Criminal Wrongdoing, Restorative Justice, and the Moral Standing of Unjust States☆.Jeffrey W. Howard & Avia Pasternak - forthcoming - Journal of Political Philosophy.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  43.  5
    Criminal Wrongdoing, Restorative Justice, and the Moral Standing of Unjust States☆.Jeffrey W. Howard & Avia Pasternak - forthcoming - Journal of Political Philosophy.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  44.  17
    The Idea of a Critical Theory: Habermas and the Frankfurt School.Howard N. Tuttle - 1984 - Review of Metaphysics 37 (4):848-849.
    The work under consideration is a purported explication of the Frankfurt School of German philosophy. Geuss's focus is on the thought of Jurgen Habermas, who is the most distinguished member of the group. This school, which also includes such members as the early Marcuse, Horkheimer, Adorno, and Wellmer, has attempted to develop those elements of historicism which were first generated by Hegel. They also attempt to form a "critical theory" which allows for the empirical observation of the social world and (...)
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  45.  20
    Hegel's Phenomenology: The Sociality of Reason.Howard N. Tuttle - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (3):673-674.
    Hegel is a philosopher whom we ignore at our own intellectual peril. His influence appears unending, and his philosophical positions are often appropriated as the assumptions of our contemporary social and historical condition. His Phenomenology of Spirit is usually taken to be the work that is most relevant to that condition, and Terry Pinkard's book is an interpretation of the Phenomenology from the perspective of the development of reason in the context of our social existence and practices. In other words, (...)
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  46.  13
    Some Issues in Ortega y Gasset's Critique of Heidegger's Doctrine of 'Sein'.Howard N. Tuttle - 1991 - Southwest Philosophical Studies 13:96-103.
    Extract in lieu of Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to propose a hypothesis to illuminate Ortega's critical response to Heidegger's question of being (Seinsfrage). While Ortega integrated the classical requirements for the idea of Being into his idea of human life as radical reality, Heidegger's delineation of human life (Dasein) was only preliminary to the final philosophical task of understanding the question of Being itself (Sein) as the transcendent horizon for human life. For Ortega human life is not (...)
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  47. Ronald N. Giere (Ed.): Cognitive Models of Science. [REVIEW]Jeffrey E. Foss - 1993 - Philosophy in Review 13 (6):311-315.
  48.  9
    Leon J. Goldstein, "Historical Knowing". [REVIEW]Howard N. Tuttle - 1978 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 16 (2):252.
  49.  11
    Founding Theory of American Sociology.Howard N. Tuttle - 1983 - Review of Metaphysics 36 (4):934-935.
    This book is a comparative study of the sociological theory of such founding American sociologists as Ward, Sumner, Keller, Giddings, Ross, Small, and Cooley. The work is divided into chapters such as the one on "Social Origins" in which the contributions of these sociologists are delineated and compared. Hinkle attempts to characterize the fundamental working assumptions of these men by relating their work to the materials of American history and to the structures of American society and academia around 1880-1915. Thus (...)
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  50. Crisis and the Renewal of Creation World and Church in the Age of Ecology.Jeffrey Golliher, William Bryant Logan & N. Cathedral of St John the Divine York - 1996
     
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