Results for 'Jeffrey N. Howard'

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  1.  57
    Let's make a deal: Quality and availability of second-stage information as a catalyst for change.Jeffrey N. Howard, Charles G. Lambdin & Darcee L. Datteri - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (3):248 – 272.
    The Monty Hall Problem (MHP), a process of two-stage decision making, was presented in atypical form via a custom software game. Differing from the normal three-box MHP, the game added one additional box on-screen for each game—culminating on game 23 with 25 on-screen boxes to initially choose from. A total of 108 participants played 23 games (trials) in one of four conditions; (1) “Vanish” condition—all non-winning boxes totally removed from the screen; (2) “Empty” condition—all non-winning boxes remain on-screen, but with (...)
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  2. Eliminativism and Evolutionary Debunking.Jeffrey N. Bagwell - 2021 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 8:496-522.
    Eliminativists sometimes invoke evolutionary debunking arguments against ordinary object beliefs, either to help them establish object skepticism or to soften the appeal of commonsense ontology. I argue that object debunkers face a self-defeat problem: their conclusion undermines the scientific support for one of their premises, because evolutionary biology depends on our object beliefs. Using work on reductionism and multiple realizability from the philosophy of science, I argue that it will not suffice for an eliminativist debunker to simply appeal to some (...)
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  3.  37
    Is There a Free Lunch in Inference?Jeffrey N. Rouder, Richard D. Morey, Josine Verhagen, Jordan M. Province & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (3):520-547.
    The field of psychology, including cognitive science, is vexed by a crisis of confidence. Although the causes and solutions are varied, we focus here on a common logical problem in inference. The default mode of inference is significance testing, which has a free lunch property where researchers need not make detailed assumptions about the alternative to test the null hypothesis. We present the argument that there is no free lunch; that is, valid testing requires that researchers test the null against (...)
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  4.  18
    Three-Prong Approach to Risk Prevention.Jeffrey N. Younggren - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (1):88-90.
  5.  8
    The nature of psychological thresholds.Jeffrey N. Rouder & Richard D. Morey - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):655-660.
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  6.  26
    The evolutionary history of the first three enzymes in pyrimidine biosynthesis.Jeffrey N. Davidson, Kuey C. Chen, Robert S. Jamison, Lisa A. Musmanno & Christine B. Kern - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (3):157-164.
    Some metabolic pathways are nearly ubiquitous among organisms: the genes encoding the enzymes for such pathways must therefore be ancient and essential. De novo pyrimidine biosynthesis is an example of one such metabolic pathway. In animals a single protein called CADAbbreviations: CAD, trifunctional protein catalyzing the first three steps of de novo pyrimidine biosynthesis in higher eukaryotes; CPS, carbamyl phosphate synthetase domain; CPSase, carbamyl phosphate synthetase activity; ATC, aspartate transcarbamylase domain; ATCase, aspartate transcarbamylase activity; DHO, dihydroorotase domain; DHOase, dihydroorotase activity; (...)
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  7. Debunking Interface Theory: Why Hoffman's Skepticism (Really) is Self-Defeating.Jeffrey N. Bagwell - 2023 - Synthese 201 (25):1-23.
    Cognitive scientist Donald Hoffman and others have recently advanced an evolutionary debunking argument aimed at our perceptual beliefs in ordinary objects, based on the Interface Theory of Perception. In contrast with most recent criticisms of Interface Theory, which have targeted its characterizations of perception and veridicality, I raise a broad dialectical problem for Hoffman’s debunking argument. I show that the argument is self-defeating, and that responding to this problem by appealing to Universal Darwinism leads to a fatal dilemma for the (...)
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  8.  1
    China and the Town Square Test.Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom - 2011 - ProtoSociology 28:173-185.
    This essay assesses the way that issues relating to freedom of speech and public and private forms of dissent have and have not changed in the People’s Republic of China in recent decades. It looks at the way China’s unusual trajectory suggests that Nathan Sharansky’s famous “town square test,” which is often used to divide countries along a single axis (with “free” nations on one side, “fear” nations on the other) is problematic. The need to take regional variations within China (...)
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  9.  18
    Scholarship on Shanghai Student Activism.Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom - 1993 - Chinese Studies in History 27 (1-2):13-21.
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  10.  11
    Gradual growth versus shape invariance in perceptual decision making.Jeffrey N. Rouder, Yu Yue, Paul L. Speckman, Michael S. Pratte & Jordan M. Province - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (4):1267-1274.
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  11.  7
    Modeling the Effects of Choice-Set Size on the Processing of Letters and Words.Jeffrey N. Rouder - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (1):80-93.
  12.  18
    Shareholder initiative: An informal social choice and game theoretic approach.Jeffrey N. Gordon - manuscript
    Current arguments to increase shareholder power in the large public U.S. corporation need to take account of the well-established historical practice of extensive delegation by shareholders of business decision-making and agenda-control to management and the board, what might be characterized as an absolute delegation rule. This practice sharply limits the power of shareholders to put either business or governance proposals to the shareholders for dispositive resolution. The paper, originally published in 1991 but newly relevant, argues that the rule is based (...)
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  13.  6
    Narrative Magic and the Construction of Selfhood in Antidepressant Advertising.Jeffrey N. Stepnisky - 2007 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 27 (1):24-36.
    This article examines the way in which selfhood is constructed in direct-to-consumer advertisements for antidepressant medications. The sample consists of advertisements that appeared in nine popular magazines between 1997 and 2005, television commercials that ran between 2003 and 2005, and online promotional Web sites. The analysis is divided into three sections. First, it is argued that the ads rely on metaphors of communication, information exchange, and plenitude to construct a relationship between biology and selfhood. Second, in offering the choice for (...)
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  14.  2
    Commercialisation of healthcare: a global guide from practical law.Jeffrey S. Graham & Jeffrey N. Gibbs (eds.) - 2015 - London: Thomson Reuters.
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  15.  37
    Legacies of Radicalism: China's Cultural Revolution and the Democracy Movement of 1989.Craig Calhoun & Jeffrey N. Wasserstrom - 1999 - Thesis Eleven 57 (1):33-52.
    Students in 1989 were at pains to distinguish their actions from those taken by students in the Cultural Revolution. Yet there were important similarities. In the present paper, we identify influence on the Democracy Movement from the Cultural Revolution through (1) the expansion and/or widespread familiarization of repertories of collective action available to Chinese activists; (2) precedents for collective action that may have lowered the barriers to action for some while raising them for others; (3) the participation of people at (...)
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  16.  38
    Mental State Assessment and Validation Using Personalized Physiological Biometrics.Aashish N. Patel, Michael D. Howard, Shane M. Roach, Aaron P. Jones, Natalie B. Bryant, Charles S. H. Robinson, Vincent P. Clark & Praveen K. Pilly - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  17.  18
    Models of verbal working memory capacity: What does it take to make them work?Nelson Cowan, Jeffrey N. Rouder, Christopher L. Blume & J. Scott Saults - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):480-499.
  18.  17
    "Models of verbal working memory capacity: What does it take to make them work?": Correction to Cowan et al. (2012).Nelson Cowan, Jeffrey N. Rouder, Christopher L. Blume & J. Scott Saults - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (3):499-499.
  19.  14
    Recognition Decisions From Visual Working Memory Are Mediated by Continuous Latent Strengths.J. Ricker Timothy, E. Thiele Jonathan, R. Swagman April & N. Rouder Jeffrey - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6):1510-1532.
    Making recognition decisions often requires us to reference the contents of working memory, the information available for ongoing cognitive processing. As such, understanding how recognition decisions are made when based on the contents of working memory is of critical importance. In this work we examine whether recognition decisions based on the contents of visual working memory follow a continuous decision process of graded information about the correct choice or a discrete decision process reflecting only knowing and guessing. We find a (...)
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  20.  3
    Ethics in the age of the Spirit: race, women, war, and the Assemblies of God.Howard N. Kenyon - 2019 - Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications. Edited by Martin W. Mittelstadt.
    Chapter 1: Then . . . -- Chapter 2: In Search of the Fellowship's Ethical Pulse -- Chapter 3: The Fellowship's Roots -- Chapter 4: Development of the General Council -- Chapter 5: Building Blocks of a Pentecostal Worldview -- Chapter 6: Interracial Roots (prior to 1914) -- Chapter 7: Withdrawal and Separation (1914-38) -- Chapter 8: The Struggle for Inclusion (1939-62) -- Chapter 9: Adjusting to a Changing Society (1955-75) -- Chapter 10: Becoming a Church for All Peoples (1960-80s) (...)
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  21. Division 24 Convention Program 1994.Jeffrey P. Lindstrom, Stephen C. Yanchar, Beyond Complementarity, Lisa M. Osbeck, Brent D. Slife, Adelbert H. Jenkins, Free Will & George S. Howard - 1994 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology: Journal of Division 24 14 (1):107.
     
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  22.  86
    Dangerous Speech.Jeffrey W. Howard - 2019 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 47 (2):208-254.
    Philosophy &Public Affairs, Volume 47, Issue 2, Page 208-254, Spring 2019.
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  23.  61
    Moral Subversion and Structural Entrapment.Jeffrey W. Howard - 2016 - Journal of Political Philosophy 24 (1):24-46.
  24.  38
    The strength of the $\Delta$-system lemma.Paul Howard & Jeffrey Solski - 1992 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 34 (1):100-106.
  25.  10
    The use of the PPST and intelligence tests in teacher education programs.Howard Carvajal, Jeffrey Kixmiller, Megan Knapp, Joseph Vitt & Kenneth A. Weaver - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (2):192-194.
  26.  50
    Punishment as Moral Fortification.Jeffrey W. Howard - 2017 - Law and Philosophy 36 (1):45-75.
    The proposal that the criminal justice system should focus on rehabilitation – rather than retribution, deterrence, or expressive denunciation – is among the least popular ideas in legal philosophy. Foremost among rehabilitation’s alleged weaknesses is that it views criminals as blameless patients to be treated, rather than culpable moral agents to be held accountable. This article offers a new interpretation of the rehabilitative approach that is immune to this objection and that furnishes the moral foundation that this approach has lacked. (...)
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  27.  43
    Criminal Wrongdoing, Restorative Justice, and the Moral Standing of Unjust States.Jeffrey W. Howard & Avia Pasternak - 2021 - Journal of Political Philosophy 31 (1):42-59.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  28.  47
    Medicine's Duty to Treat Pandemic Illness: Solidarity and Vulnerability.Howard Brody & Eric N. Avery - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (1):40-48.
    Most accounts of why physicians have a duty to treat patients during a pandemic look to the special ethical standards of the medical profession. An adequate account must be deeper and broader: it must set the professional duty alongside other individual commitments and broader social values.
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  29.  17
    Criminal Wrongdoing, Restorative Justice, and the Moral Standing of Unjust States.Jeffrey W. Howard & Avia Pasternak - 2021 - Journal of Political Philosophy 31 (1):42-59.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  30.  16
    Criminal Wrongdoing, Restorative Justice, and the Moral Standing of Unjust States.Jeffrey W. Howard & Avia Pasternak - 2021 - Journal of Political Philosophy 31 (1):42-59.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  31.  15
    Criminal Wrongdoing, Restorative Justice, and the Moral Standing of Unjust States.Jeffrey W. Howard & Avia Pasternak - 2021 - Journal of Political Philosophy 31 (1):42-59.
    Journal of Political Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  32.  86
    Punishment, Socially Deprived Offenders, and Democratic Community.Jeffrey Howard - 2013 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (1):121-136.
    The idea that victims of social injustice who commit crimes ought not to be subject to punishment has attracted serious attention in recent legal and political philosophy. R. A. Duff has argued, for example, a states that perpetrates social injustice lacks the standing to punish victims of such injustice who commit crimes. A crucial premiss in his argument concerns the fact that when courts in liberal society mete out legitimate criminal punishments, they are conceived as acting in the name of (...)
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  33.  15
    The labors of justice: democracy, respect, and judicial review.Jeffrey W. Howard - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 22 (2):176-199.
  34.  18
    The labors of justice: democracy, respect, and judicial review.Jeffrey W. Howard - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 22 (2):176-199.
  35.  12
    Can one explanation serve two laws?Howard N. Zelaznik & Robert W. Proctor - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):325-325.
    Several issues are raised concerning the notion that a single strategy explains Fitts' law and the linear speed/accuracy trade-off. Two additional concerns are discussed: (1) distance is programmed, (2) the fact that movements produced without the aid of vision obey Fitts' law does not mean that sighted movements must be explained without regard to vision.
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  36.  31
    Effects of alcohol, rumination, and gender on the time course of negative affect.Jeffrey S. Simons, Noah N. Emery, Raluca M. Simons, Thomas A. Wills & Michael K. Webb - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (7):1405-1418.
    This study modelled associations between gender, ruminative cognitive style, alcohol use, and the time course of negative affect over the course of 43,111 random assessments in the natural environment. Participants completed 49 days of experience sampling over 1.3 years. The data indicated that rumination at baseline was positively associated with alcohol dependence symptoms at baseline as well as higher negative affect over the course of the study. Consistent with negative reinforcement models, drinking served to decrease the persistence of negative affect (...)
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  37.  9
    No sex please, we're mitochondria: a hypothesis on the somatic unit of inheritance of mammalian mtDNA.Howard T. Jacobs, Sanna K. Lehtinen & Johannes N. Spelbrink - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (6):564-572.
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  38. The World is Not Enough.Nathan Robert Howard & N. G. Laskowski - 2019 - Noûs 55 (1):86-101.
    Throughout his career, Derek Parfit made the bold suggestion, at various times under the heading of the "Normativity Objection," that anyone in possession of normative concepts is in a position to know, on the basis of their competence with such concepts alone, that reductive realism in ethics is not even possible. Despite the prominent role that the Normativity Objection plays in Parfit's non-reductive account of the nature of normativity, when the objection hasn't been ignored, it's been criticized and even derided. (...)
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  39.  41
    Keep calm and carry on: Maintaining self-control when intoxicated, upset, or depleted.Jeffrey S. Simons, Thomas A. Wills, Noah N. Emery & Philip J. Spelman - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (8).
  40.  21
    Symposium: Measurement and Its Importance for Philosophy.N. R. Campbell & H. Jeffreys - 1938 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 17 (1):121 - 151.
  41.  1
    Symposium: Measurement and its Importance for Philosophy.N. R. Campbell & H. Jeffreys - 1938 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 17 (1):121-150.
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  42.  12
    Repertoire d'art et d'archeologieLeon Trotsky on Literature and ArtArte precolombino de Mexico y de la America CentralThe Homeric Imagination.Howard Clarke, Paul N. Siegel, Salvador Toscano & Paolo Vivante - 1971 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 30 (1):142.
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  43.  67
    Place as Relationship Partner: An Alternative Metaphor for Understanding the Quality of Visitor Experience in a Backcountry Setting.Jeffrey J. Brooks, George N. Wallace & Daniel R. Williams - 2006 - Leisure Science: An Interdisciplinary Journal 28 (4):331-349.
    This article presents empirical evidence to address how some visitors build relationships with a wildland place over time. Insights are drawn from qualitative interviews of recreation visitors to the backcountry at Rocky Mountain National Park in Colorado. The article describes relationship to place as the active construction and accumulation of place meanings. The analysis is organized around three themes that describe how people develop relationships to place: time and experience accrued in place, social and physical interactions in and with the (...)
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  44.  4
    Symposium: Measurement and its Importance for Philosophy.N. R. Campbell & H. Jeffreys - 1938 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 17 (1):121-150.
  45.  3
    Brian O'Neil 1921 - 1985.Howard N. Tuttle - 1986 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 59 (5):727 -.
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  46.  23
    Some Issues in Ortega y Gasset's Critique of Heidegger's Doctrine of 'Sein'.Howard N. Tuttle - 1991 - Southwest Philosophical Studies 13:96-103.
    Extract in lieu of Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to propose a hypothesis to illuminate Ortega's critical response to Heidegger's question of being (Seinsfrage). While Ortega integrated the classical requirements for the idea of Being into his idea of human life as radical reality, Heidegger's delineation of human life (Dasein) was only preliminary to the final philosophical task of understanding the question of Being itself (Sein) as the transcendent horizon for human life. For Ortega human life is not (...)
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  47.  7
    Wilhelm Dilthey's philosophy of historical understanding.Howard N. Tuttle - 1969 - Leiden,: Brill.
  48. Wilhelm Dilthey's Philosophy of Historical Understanding a Critical Analysis.Howard N. Tuttle - 1969 - Brill.
  49.  26
    Defending broad neutrality.Jeffrey W. Howard - 2020 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 23 (1):36-47.
  50.  27
    Kidnapped: The Ethics of Paying Ransoms.Jeffrey W. Howard - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 35 (4):675-688.
    Should governments pay ransoms to terrorist organisations that unjustly kidnap their citizens? The United Kingdom and the United States refuse to negotiate with terrorist groups that kidnap and threaten to kill their people. In contrast, continental European countries, such as France and Germany, have regularly paid ransoms to rescue hostages. Who is right? This debate has raged in the public domain in recent years, but no sustained attempt has been made to subject the matter to philosophical scrutiny. This article explores (...)
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