Results for 'Jeffrey R. Bentley'

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  1.  4
    The Roving Naturalist: Travel Letters of Theodosius Dobzhansky. Bentley Glass.Jeffrey R. Powell - 1982 - Isis 73 (1):125-125.
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  2.  54
    The Allegiance of Thomas Hobbes.Jeffrey R. Collins - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    The Allegiance of Thomas Hobbes offers a new interpretation of Thomas Hobbes's response to the English Revolution. By focusing on his religious thought, it debunks the standard view of him as a royalist, and recovers his sympathies with the religious projects of the 1640s and 1650s. This reinterpretation culminates with an exploration of Hobbes's surprising sympathies with Oliver Cromwell and his supporters. By placing Thomas Hobbes within fresh contexts, Professor Collins offers a new angle of vision on the religious significance (...)
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  3.  71
    The Neurobiology of Semantic Memory.Jeffrey R. Binder & Rutvik H. Desai - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (11):527-536.
  4.  50
    An Examination of Differences in Ethical Decision-Making Between Canadian Business Students and Accounting Professionals.Jeffrey R. Cohen, Laurie W. Pant & David J. Sharp - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (4):319 - 336.
    This study investigates the differences in individuals'' ethical decision making between Canadian university business students and accounting professionals. We examine the differences in three measures known to be important in the ethical decision-making process: ethical awareness, ethical orientation, and intention to perform questionable acts. We tested for differences in these three measures in eight different questionable actions among three groups: students starting business studies, those in their final year of university, and professional accountants.The measures of awareness capture the extent to (...)
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  5.  9
    The Disputed Root of Salvation in Eighteenth‐Century English Deism: Thomas Chubb and Thomas Morgan Debate the Impact of the Fall.Jeffrey R. Wigelsworth - 2009 - Intellectual History Review 19 (1):29-43.
  6.  54
    The Applicability of a Contingent Factors Model to Accounting Ethics Research.Jeffrey R. Cohen & Nonna Martinov Bennie - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (1):1-18.
    This paper discusses the relevancy of a contingent factors model posited by Jones for conducting accounting ethics research. Using a sample of 37 experienced Australian auditing managers and partners of all of the ‘Big Four’ multinational accounting firms, we find that the contextual model developed by Jones can help guide accounting ethics research by isolating the contingent factors that affect ethical decision making. Moreover, we examine how the factors differ across different accounting settings. Implications for accounting ethics research and accounting (...)
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  7.  58
    Why Be Nice? Psychological Constraints on the Evolution of Cooperation.Jeffrey R. Stevens & Marc D. Hauser - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (2):60-65.
  8.  8
    A Pre-Socratic Source for John Toland's Pantheisticon.Jeffrey R. Wigelsworth - 2008 - History of European Ideas 34 (1):61-65.
    Scholars have long debated the sources John Toland used to compose Pantheisticon: or the Form of Celebrating the Socratic-Society. In contrast to suggestions that point to the mystic worldview of the Renaissance thinker Giordano Bruno or a revival of Epicurean atomism, this paper puts forth the pre-Socratic philosopher Anaxagoras as an inspiration force on Toland. This is based on Toland's known reading of Anaxagoras and the close parallels between Pantheisticon and the extant fragments of Anaxagoras.
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  9. Evolving the Psychological Mechanisms for Cooperation.Jeffrey R. Stevens & Marc D. Hauser - unknown
    ■ Abstract Cooperation is common across nonhuman animal taxa, from the hunting of large game in lions to the harvesting of building materials in ants. Theorists have proposed a number of models to explain the evolution of cooperative behavior. These ultimate explanations, however, rarely consider the proximate constraints on the implementation of cooperative behavior. Here we review several types of cooperation and propose a suite of cognitive abilities required for each type to evolve. We propose that several types of cooperation, (...)
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  10.  41
    A Pyrrhonist Interpretation of Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.Jeffrey R. Tiel - 1996 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 34 (2):257-271.
  11.  34
    Cultural and Socioeconomic Constraints on International Codes of Ethics: Lessons From Accounting. [REVIEW]Jeffrey R. Cohen, Laurie W. Pant & David J. Sharp - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (9):687 - 700.
    This paper provides a framework for the examination of cultural and socioeconomic factors that could impede the acceptance and implementation of a profession's international code of conduct. We apply it to the Guidelines on Ethics for Professional Accountants issued by the International Federation of Accountants (1990). To examine the cultural effects, we use Hofstede's (1980a) four work-related values: power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism, and masculinity. The socioeconomic factors are the level of development of the profession and the availability of economic (...)
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  12.  10
    Does Positive Affect Broaden and Negative Affect Narrow Attentional Scope? A New Answer to an Old Question.Jeffrey R. Huntsinger - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (4):595-600.
  13.  2
    Competing to Popularize Newtonian Philosophy.Jeffrey R. Wigelsworth - 2003 - Isis 94 (3):435-455.
  14.  24
    Who Is the Good Entrepreneur? An Exploration Within the Catholic Social Tradition.Jeffrey R. Cornwall & Michael J. Naughton - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 44 (1):61 - 75.
    Entrepreneurship is a critical need in society, and an entrepreneur's life can be a life wonderfully lived. However, most of the literature examining entrepreneurship takes an overly narrow financial viewpoint when examining entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial success. Our paper surveys the current entrepreneurial literature on what constitutes successful entrepreneurship. We then engage key conceptual ideas within the Catholic social tradition to analyze what we see as an undeveloped notion of success. We then move to construct a richer notion of success through (...)
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  15.  3
    The Affective Control of Thought: Malleable, Not Fixed.Jeffrey R. Huntsinger, Linda M. Isbell & Gerald L. Clore - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (4):600-618.
  16.  50
    Choosing a Food Future: Differentiating Among Alternative Food Options. [REVIEW]Jeffrey R. Follett - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (1):31-51.
    This article examines the diversity of food networks that fit within the alternative food system of the United States. While farmers’ markets, community supported agriculture schemes, and corporate organic food markets all fit within the alternative food system, they differ greatly in the conventions and beliefs that they represent. The alternative food system has divided into two movements: corporate, weak alternative food networks; and local, strong alternative food networks. The weak corporate version focuses on protecting the environment; however, it neglects (...)
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  17.  2
    The Peaceful Coexistence of Ethics and Quantitative Research.Jeffrey R. Edwards - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (1):31-40.
    This essay concerns the extent to which quantitative research in management and organizational studies is divorced from ethics, as alleged in a recent JBE editorial by Zyphur and Pierides. After carefully examining the criticisms set forth by Zyphur and Pierides and the merits of the alternative they propose, I conclude that the problems with QR and the researchers who conduct it are arguably much less extreme that Zyphur and Pierides claim. This conclusion is informed by a sampling of QR studies (...)
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  18.  51
    Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability.R. Carnap & R. Jeffrey (eds.) - 1971 - University of California Press.
  19.  73
    The Ethics of Espionage.Tony Pfaff & Jeffrey R. Tiel - 2004 - Journal of Military Ethics 3 (1):1-15.
    Professional soldiers and academics have spent considerable effort trying to conclude when it is permissible to set aside the usual moral prohibition against killing in order to achieve the goals set before them. What has received much less attention, however, is when it is appropriate to set aside other moral considerations such as the prohibition against deception, theft and blackmail. This makes some sense, since if it is moral to kill someone, whether or not it is appropriate to deceive him (...)
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  20.  13
    An Analysis of Glass Ceiling Perceptions in the Accounting Profession.Jeffrey R. Cohen, Derek W. Dalton, Lori L. Holder-Webb & Jeffrey J. McMillan - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):17-38.
    Access to a deep pool of talent is essential to the success of every professional services firm. The supply of that talent is contingent upon the available rewards for the exercise of that talent, and both the existence of the potential rewards and the beliefs that individuals hold about the existence of the rewards affect the decision to remain in the field. One structural factor that may affect the judgment about whether to remain in a profession concerns promotions based on (...)
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  21.  10
    Replicability and Reproducibility in Comparative Psychology.Jeffrey R. Stevens - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  22.  30
    Beyond Bean Counting: Establishing High Ethical Standards in the Public Accounting Profession. [REVIEW]Jeffrey R. Cohen & Laurie W. Pant - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (1):45 - 56.
    Business professions are increasingly faced with the question of how to best monitor the ethical behavior of their members. Conflicts could exist between a profession's desire to self-regulate and its accountability to the public at large. This study examines how members of one profession, public accounting, evaluate the relative effectiveness of various self-regulatory and externally imposed mechanisms for promoting a climate of high ethical behavior. Specifically, the roles of independent public accountants, regulatory and rule setting agencies, and undergraduate accounting education (...)
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  23.  36
    The Nature of Nurturant Niches in Ontogeny.Jeffrey R. Alberts - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (3):295 – 303.
    The concept of ontogenetic niche is used here to interpret how species-typical behaviors develop through active, context-dependent processes. Ontogenetic niches typically include social stimuli, such as those arising from parents, siblings, and others that provide 'nurturing' in the form of resources, stimulation, and affordances for development. This approach is a useful alternative to wrestling with artificial dichotomies such as nature-nurture.
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  24.  8
    Fetal Privacy and Confidentiality.Jeffrey R. Botkin - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (5):32-39.
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  25.  25
    An Examination of the Perceived Impact of Flexible Work Arrangements on Professional Opportunities in Public Accounting.Jeffrey R. Cohen & Louise E. Single - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (4):317 - 328.
    Since 1990, the multinational public accounting firms have all adopted flexible work arrangement policies. In part, the firms are doing this to fulfill an ethical obligation in creating an appropriate professional environment for their employees. This study examines the effect of participation in a flexible work arrangement program on an individual''s professional success and anticipated turnover as perceived by the participant''s peers and superiors. Subjects from one Big Five accounting firm read a description of a manager and answered a series (...)
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  26.  21
    Legal Frameworks for Addressing the Well-Being of Terminally Ill Children.Adrian M. Viens & Jeffrey R. Bibbee - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):74-76.
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  27.  80
    The Supply of Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosures Among U.S. Firms.Lori Holder-Webb, Jeffrey R. Cohen, Leda Nath & David Wood - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (4):497-527.
    Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a dramatically expanding area of activity for managers and academics. Consumer demand for responsibly produced and fair trade goods is swelling, resulting in increased demands for CSR activity and information. Assets under professional management and invested with a social responsibility focus have also grown dramatically over the last 10 years. Investors choosing social responsibility investment strategies require access to information not provided through traditional financial statements and analyses. At the same time, a group of mainstream (...)
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  28.  14
    Confusion in the Determination of Death: Distinguishing Philosophy From Physiology.Jeffrey R. Botkin & Stephen G. Post - 1991 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 36 (1):129-138.
  29.  40
    Ethical Issues and Practical Problems in Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis.Jeffrey R. Botkin - 1998 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 26 (1):17-28.
    Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is a new method of prenatal diagnosis that is developing from a union of in vitro fertilization technology and molecular biology. Briefly stated, PGD involves the creation of several embryos in vitro from the eggs and sperm of an interested couple. The embryos are permitted to develop to a 6-to-10-cell stage, at which point one of the embryonic cells is removed from each embryo and the cellular DNA is analyzed for chromosomal abnormalities or genetic mutations. An embryo (...)
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  30.  59
    How Emotions Inform Judgment and Regulate Thought.Gerald L. Clore & Jeffrey R. Huntsinger - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (9):393-399.
  31.  33
    On the Role of Set When Reading Aloud: A Dissociation Between Prelexical and Lexical Processing.Jeffrey R. Paulitzki, Evan F. Risko, Shannon O’Malley, Jennifer A. Stolz & Derek Besner - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):135-144.
    Two experiments investigated the role that mental set plays in reading aloud using the task choice procedure developed by Besner and Care [Besner, D., & Care, S. . A paradigm for exploring what the mind does while deciding what it should do. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 57, 311–320]. Subjects were presented with a word, and asked to either read it aloud or decide whether it appeared in upper/lower case. Task information, in the form of a brief auditory cue, appeared (...)
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  32.  12
    Concerns About Justification for Fetal Genome Sequencing.Jeffrey R. Botkin, Leslie P. Francis & Nancy C. Rose - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):23-25.
  33.  51
    Virginia Moyer, Steven M. Teutsch, and Jeffrey R. Botkin Reply.Virginia Moyer, Steven M. Teutsch & Jeffrey R. Botkin - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (1):7-8.
  34.  31
    The Inseparability of Religion and Politics in the Neoconservative Critique of Biotechnology.Jeffrey R. Bibbee & A. M. Viens - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):18 – 20.
  35.  19
    Preventing Exploitation in Pediatric Research.Jeffrey R. Botkin - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):31-32.
  36.  2
    Ethical Issues and Practical Problems in Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis.Jeffrey R. Botkin - 1998 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 26 (1):17-28.
    Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is a new method of prenatal diagnosis that is developing from a union of in vitro fertilization technology and molecular biology. Briefly stated, PGD involves the creation of several embryos in vitro from the eggs and sperm of an interested couple. The embryos are permitted to develop to a 6-to-10-cell stage, at which point one of the embryonic cells is removed from each embryo and the cellular DNA is analyzed for chromosomal abnormalities or genetic mutations. An embryo (...)
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  37.  29
    Thomas Hobbes, Heresy, and the Theological Project of Leviathan.Jeffrey R. Collins - 2013 - Hobbes Studies 26 (1):6-33.
  38.  6
    Interpreting Thomas Hobbes in Competing Contexts.Jeffrey R. Collins - 2009 - Journal of the History of Ideas 70 (1):165-180.
  39.  6
    Waving Goodbye to Waivers of Consent.Jeffrey R. Botkin - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (6):inside back cover-inside back co.
    The Common Rule governs research on human subjects and attempts to balance respect for individual decision-making with efficiency when research risks are low. The regulations allow research to be conducted without consent if the data or biospecimens collected in a study are deidentified, and consent can be waived for identifiable data and biospecimens if the risks of the research are minimal and consent is deemed impracticable. These approaches have been widely used for research using clinical databases and residual clinical and (...)
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  40.  13
    Emotion-Specific Modulation of Early Visual Perception.Jeffrey R. Nicol, Steven Perrotta, Sabina Caliciuri & Mark P. Wachowiak - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (8):1478-1485.
  41.  1
    Religious Literacy: What Every American Needs to Know-And Doesn't.Jeffrey R. Thibert - 2008 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 43 (1):78-82.
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  42.  15
    Can Torture Be Justified?Jeffrey R. Tiel - 2019 - Journal of Military Ethics 18 (1):35-47.
    ABSTRACTTorture requires careful definition, because of the degree to which its definition often entails its moral condemnation. Torture involves the deliberate infliction of pain for coe...
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  43.  41
    The Dogma of Kornblith's Naturalism.Jeffrey R. Tiel - 1999 - Synthese 120 (3):311-324.
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  44.  29
    Prolegomenon to Vallabha's Theology of Revelation.Jeffrey R. Timm - 1988 - Philosophy East and West 38 (2):107-126.
  45.  23
    Report on the Sixth East-West Philosophers' Conference "Culture and Modernity: The Authority of the Past".Jeffrey R. Timm - 1991 - Philosophy East and West 41 (4):457-476.
  46.  11
    The Celebration of Emotion: Vallabha's Ontology of Affective Experience.Jeffrey R. Timm - 1991 - Philosophy East and West 41 (1):59-75.
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  47.  17
    Reflections on Suicide: Reactions to Marzio Barbagli's "Congedarsi Dal Mondo".Jeffrey R. Watt - 2010 - Polis: Research and studies on Italian society and politics 24 (1):101-110.
  48.  4
    Navigation and Newsprint: Advertising Longitude Schemes in the Public Sphere Ca. 1715.Jeffrey R. Wigelsworth - 2008 - Science in Context 21 (3):351-376.
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  49.  18
    The Freemason Who Explained Newton: Audrey T. Carpenter: John Theophilus Desaguliers: A Natural Philosopher, Engineer and Freemason in Newtonian England. London and New York: Continuum, 2011, Xvi+339pp, $39.95 PB.Jeffrey R. Wigelsworth - 2013 - Metascience 22 (1):181-184.
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  50.  4
    The Freemason Who Explained Newton: Audrey T. Carpenter: John Theophilus Desaguliers: A Natural Philosopher, Engineer and Freemason in Newtonian England. London and New York: Continuum, 2011, Xvi+ 339pp, $39.95 PB (Book Review). [REVIEW]Jeffrey R. Wigelsworth - 2013 - Metascience 22 (1):181-184.
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