Results for 'Jeffrey R. Lacasse'

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  1.  3
    Narrating the Brain.Edwin E. Gantt, Jeffrey R. Lacasse, Jacob Z. Hess & Nathan Vierling-Claassen - 2014 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 45 (2):168-208.
    Public conversation about biological contributors to mental disorder often centers on whether the problem is “biological or not.” In this paper, we propose moving beyond this bifurcation to a very different question:how exactlyare these problems understood to be biological? Specifically, we consider four issues around which different interpretations of the body’s relationship to mental disorder exist:1. The body’s relationship to day-to-day action; 2. The extent to which the body is changeable; 3. The body’s relationship to context; 4. The degree to (...)
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  2.  51
    An Examination of Differences in Ethical Decision-Making Between Canadian Business Students and Accounting Professionals.Jeffrey R. Cohen, Laurie W. Pant & David J. Sharp - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (4):319 - 336.
    This study investigates the differences in individuals'' ethical decision making between Canadian university business students and accounting professionals. We examine the differences in three measures known to be important in the ethical decision-making process: ethical awareness, ethical orientation, and intention to perform questionable acts. We tested for differences in these three measures in eight different questionable actions among three groups: students starting business studies, those in their final year of university, and professional accountants.The measures of awareness capture the extent to (...)
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  3.  73
    The Neurobiology of Semantic Memory.Jeffrey R. Binder & Rutvik H. Desai - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (11):527-536.
  4.  2
    The Peaceful Coexistence of Ethics and Quantitative Research.Jeffrey R. Edwards - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (1):31-40.
    This essay concerns the extent to which quantitative research in management and organizational studies is divorced from ethics, as alleged in a recent JBE editorial by Zyphur and Pierides. After carefully examining the criticisms set forth by Zyphur and Pierides and the merits of the alternative they propose, I conclude that the problems with QR and the researchers who conduct it are arguably much less extreme that Zyphur and Pierides claim. This conclusion is informed by a sampling of QR studies (...)
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  5.  56
    The Applicability of a Contingent Factors Model to Accounting Ethics Research.Jeffrey R. Cohen & Nonna Martinov Bennie - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (1):1-18.
    This paper discusses the relevancy of a contingent factors model posited by Jones for conducting accounting ethics research. Using a sample of 37 experienced Australian auditing managers and partners of all of the ‘Big Four’ multinational accounting firms, we find that the contextual model developed by Jones can help guide accounting ethics research by isolating the contingent factors that affect ethical decision making. Moreover, we examine how the factors differ across different accounting settings. Implications for accounting ethics research and accounting (...)
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  6.  34
    Cultural and Socioeconomic Constraints on International Codes of Ethics: Lessons From Accounting. [REVIEW]Jeffrey R. Cohen, Laurie W. Pant & David J. Sharp - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (9):687 - 700.
    This paper provides a framework for the examination of cultural and socioeconomic factors that could impede the acceptance and implementation of a profession's international code of conduct. We apply it to the Guidelines on Ethics for Professional Accountants issued by the International Federation of Accountants (1990). To examine the cultural effects, we use Hofstede's (1980a) four work-related values: power distance, uncertainty avoidance, individualism, and masculinity. The socioeconomic factors are the level of development of the profession and the availability of economic (...)
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  7.  58
    Why Be Nice? Psychological Constraints on the Evolution of Cooperation.Jeffrey R. Stevens & Marc D. Hauser - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (2):60-65.
  8.  27
    An Examination of the Perceived Impact of Flexible Work Arrangements on Professional Opportunities in Public Accounting.Jeffrey R. Cohen & Louise E. Single - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (4):317 - 328.
    Since 1990, the multinational public accounting firms have all adopted flexible work arrangement policies. In part, the firms are doing this to fulfill an ethical obligation in creating an appropriate professional environment for their employees. This study examines the effect of participation in a flexible work arrangement program on an individual''s professional success and anticipated turnover as perceived by the participant''s peers and superiors. Subjects from one Big Five accounting firm read a description of a manager and answered a series (...)
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  9.  61
    Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability.R. Carnap & R. Jeffrey (eds.) - 1971 - University of California Press.
    A basic system of inductive logic; An axiomatic foundation for the logic of inductive generalization; A survey of inductive systems; On the condition of partial exchangeability; Representation theorems of the de finetti type; De finetti's generalizations of excahngeability; The structure of probabilities defined on first-order languages; A subjectivit's guide to objective chance.
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  10. Evolving the Psychological Mechanisms for Cooperation.Jeffrey R. Stevens & Marc D. Hauser - unknown
    ■ Abstract Cooperation is common across nonhuman animal taxa, from the hunting of large game in lions to the harvesting of building materials in ants. Theorists have proposed a number of models to explain the evolution of cooperative behavior. These ultimate explanations, however, rarely consider the proximate constraints on the implementation of cooperative behavior. Here we review several types of cooperation and propose a suite of cognitive abilities required for each type to evolve. We propose that several types of cooperation, (...)
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  11.  13
    An Analysis of Glass Ceiling Perceptions in the Accounting Profession.Jeffrey R. Cohen, Derek W. Dalton, Lori L. Holder-Webb & Jeffrey J. McMillan - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 164 (1):17-38.
    Access to a deep pool of talent is essential to the success of every professional services firm. The supply of that talent is contingent upon the available rewards for the exercise of that talent, and both the existence of the potential rewards and the beliefs that individuals hold about the existence of the rewards affect the decision to remain in the field. One structural factor that may affect the judgment about whether to remain in a profession concerns promotions based on (...)
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  12.  10
    Does Positive Affect Broaden and Negative Affect Narrow Attentional Scope? A New Answer to an Old Question.Jeffrey R. Huntsinger - 2012 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 141 (4):595-600.
  13.  26
    Who Is the Good Entrepreneur? An Exploration Within the Catholic Social Tradition.Jeffrey R. Cornwall & Michael J. Naughton - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 44 (1):61 - 75.
    Entrepreneurship is a critical need in society, and an entrepreneur's life can be a life wonderfully lived. However, most of the literature examining entrepreneurship takes an overly narrow financial viewpoint when examining entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial success. Our paper surveys the current entrepreneurial literature on what constitutes successful entrepreneurship. We then engage key conceptual ideas within the Catholic social tradition to analyze what we see as an undeveloped notion of success. We then move to construct a richer notion of success through (...)
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  14.  50
    Choosing a Food Future: Differentiating Among Alternative Food Options. [REVIEW]Jeffrey R. Follett - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (1):31-51.
    This article examines the diversity of food networks that fit within the alternative food system of the United States. While farmers’ markets, community supported agriculture schemes, and corporate organic food markets all fit within the alternative food system, they differ greatly in the conventions and beliefs that they represent. The alternative food system has divided into two movements: corporate, weak alternative food networks; and local, strong alternative food networks. The weak corporate version focuses on protecting the environment; however, it neglects (...)
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  15.  56
    The Allegiance of Thomas Hobbes.Jeffrey R. Collins - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    The Allegiance of Thomas Hobbes offers a new interpretation of Thomas Hobbes's response to the English Revolution. By focusing on his religious thought, it debunks the standard view of him as a royalist, and recovers his sympathies with the religious projects of the 1640s and 1650s. This reinterpretation culminates with an exploration of Hobbes's surprising sympathies with Oliver Cromwell and his supporters. By placing Thomas Hobbes within fresh contexts, Professor Collins offers a new angle of vision on the religious significance (...)
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  16.  3
    The Affective Control of Thought: Malleable, Not Fixed.Jeffrey R. Huntsinger, Linda M. Isbell & Gerald L. Clore - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (4):600-618.
  17.  30
    Beyond Bean Counting: Establishing High Ethical Standards in the Public Accounting Profession. [REVIEW]Jeffrey R. Cohen & Laurie W. Pant - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (1):45 - 56.
    Business professions are increasingly faced with the question of how to best monitor the ethical behavior of their members. Conflicts could exist between a profession's desire to self-regulate and its accountability to the public at large. This study examines how members of one profession, public accounting, evaluate the relative effectiveness of various self-regulatory and externally imposed mechanisms for promoting a climate of high ethical behavior. Specifically, the roles of independent public accountants, regulatory and rule setting agencies, and undergraduate accounting education (...)
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  18.  37
    The Nature of Nurturant Niches in Ontogeny.Jeffrey R. Alberts - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (3):295 – 303.
    The concept of ontogenetic niche is used here to interpret how species-typical behaviors develop through active, context-dependent processes. Ontogenetic niches typically include social stimuli, such as those arising from parents, siblings, and others that provide 'nurturing' in the form of resources, stimulation, and affordances for development. This approach is a useful alternative to wrestling with artificial dichotomies such as nature-nurture.
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  19.  52
    Virginia Moyer, Steven M. Teutsch, and Jeffrey R. Botkin Reply.Virginia Moyer, Steven M. Teutsch & Jeffrey R. Botkin - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (1):7-8.
  20.  31
    The Moderating Effect of Employee Political Skill on the Link Between Perceptions of a Victimizing Work Environment and Job Performance.Jeffrey R. Bentley, Darren C. Treadway, Lisa V. Williams, Brooke Ann Gazdag & Jun Yang - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  21.  10
    Replicability and Reproducibility in Comparative Psychology.Jeffrey R. Stevens - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  22.  81
    The Supply of Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosures Among U.S. Firms.Lori Holder-Webb, Jeffrey R. Cohen, Leda Nath & David Wood - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (4):497-527.
    Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a dramatically expanding area of activity for managers and academics. Consumer demand for responsibly produced and fair trade goods is swelling, resulting in increased demands for CSR activity and information. Assets under professional management and invested with a social responsibility focus have also grown dramatically over the last 10 years. Investors choosing social responsibility investment strategies require access to information not provided through traditional financial statements and analyses. At the same time, a group of mainstream (...)
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  23.  60
    How Emotions Inform Judgment and Regulate Thought.Gerald L. Clore & Jeffrey R. Huntsinger - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (9):393-399.
  24.  8
    Fetal Privacy and Confidentiality.Jeffrey R. Botkin - 1995 - Hastings Center Report 25 (5):32-39.
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  25.  41
    Ethical Issues and Practical Problems in Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis.Jeffrey R. Botkin - 1998 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 26 (1):17-28.
    Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is a new method of prenatal diagnosis that is developing from a union of in vitro fertilization technology and molecular biology. Briefly stated, PGD involves the creation of several embryos in vitro from the eggs and sperm of an interested couple. The embryos are permitted to develop to a 6-to-10-cell stage, at which point one of the embryonic cells is removed from each embryo and the cellular DNA is analyzed for chromosomal abnormalities or genetic mutations. An embryo (...)
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  26.  14
    Confusion in the Determination of Death: Distinguishing Philosophy From Physiology.Jeffrey R. Botkin & Stephen G. Post - 1991 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 36 (1):129-138.
  27.  14
    Emotion-Specific Modulation of Early Visual Perception.Jeffrey R. Nicol, Steven Perrotta, Sabina Caliciuri & Mark P. Wachowiak - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (8):1478-1485.
  28.  13
    Concerns About Justification for Fetal Genome Sequencing.Jeffrey R. Botkin, Leslie P. Francis & Nancy C. Rose - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (1):23-25.
  29.  33
    Thomas Hobbes, Heresy, and the Theological Project of Leviathan.Jeffrey R. Collins - 2013 - Hobbes Studies 26 (1):6-33.
  30.  20
    Preventing Exploitation in Pediatric Research.Jeffrey R. Botkin - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):31-32.
  31.  3
    Ethical Issues and Practical Problems in Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis.Jeffrey R. Botkin - 1998 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 26 (1):17-28.
    Preimplantation genetic diagnosis is a new method of prenatal diagnosis that is developing from a union of in vitro fertilization technology and molecular biology. Briefly stated, PGD involves the creation of several embryos in vitro from the eggs and sperm of an interested couple. The embryos are permitted to develop to a 6-to-10-cell stage, at which point one of the embryonic cells is removed from each embryo and the cellular DNA is analyzed for chromosomal abnormalities or genetic mutations. An embryo (...)
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  32.  6
    Interpreting Thomas Hobbes in Competing Contexts.Jeffrey R. Collins - 2009 - Journal of the History of Ideas 70 (1):165-180.
  33.  34
    On the Role of Set When Reading Aloud: A Dissociation Between Prelexical and Lexical Processing.Jeffrey R. Paulitzki, Evan F. Risko, Shannon O’Malley, Jennifer A. Stolz & Derek Besner - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):135-144.
    Two experiments investigated the role that mental set plays in reading aloud using the task choice procedure developed by Besner and Care [Besner, D., & Care, S. . A paradigm for exploring what the mind does while deciding what it should do. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 57, 311–320]. Subjects were presented with a word, and asked to either read it aloud or decide whether it appeared in upper/lower case. Task information, in the form of a brief auditory cue, appeared (...)
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  34. Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability.R. Carnap & R. C. Jeffrey - 1975 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 26 (2):143-149.
     
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  35.  32
    The Inseparability of Religion and Politics in the Neoconservative Critique of Biotechnology.Jeffrey R. Bibbee & A. M. Viens - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):18 – 20.
  36.  9
    The Disputed Root of Salvation in Eighteenth‐Century English Deism: Thomas Chubb and Thomas Morgan Debate the Impact of the Fall.Jeffrey R. Wigelsworth - 2009 - Intellectual History Review 19 (1):29-43.
  37.  47
    How the Object of Affect Guides its Impact.Gerald L. Clore & Jeffrey R. Huntsinger - 2009 - Emotion Review 1 (1):39-54.
    In this article, we examine how affect influences judgment and thought, but also how thought transforms affect. The general thesis is that the nature and impact of affective reactions depends largely on their objects. We view affect as a representation of value, and its consequences as dependent on its object or what it is about. Within a review of relevant literature and a discussion of the nature of emotion, we focus on the role of the object of affect in governing (...)
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  38.  7
    Waving Goodbye to Waivers of Consent.Jeffrey R. Botkin - 2015 - Hastings Center Report 45 (6):inside back cover-inside back co.
    The Common Rule governs research on human subjects and attempts to balance respect for individual decision-making with efficiency when research risks are low. The regulations allow research to be conducted without consent if the data or biospecimens collected in a study are deidentified, and consent can be waived for identifiable data and biospecimens if the risks of the research are minimal and consent is deemed impracticable. These approaches have been widely used for research using clinical databases and residual clinical and (...)
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  39.  36
    The Virtue of Courage in Entrepreneurship: Engaging the Catholic Social Tradition and the Life-Cycle of the Business.Michael J. Naughton & Jeffrey R. Cornwall - 2006 - Business Ethics Quarterly 16 (1):69-93.
    The paper examines the problematic understanding of “risk” in entrepreneurial literature that locates courage in either the loss orgain of having or in the difficulty and hardship of the doing. We argue in this paper that what is lost in this vernacular view of courage is a deeper notion of the subjective dimension of work and the social need of society. Grounded within the Catholic social and moral tradition, we find a richer notion of courage, which in part corrects and (...)
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  40.  42
    A Pyrrhonist Interpretation of Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion.Jeffrey R. Tiel - 1996 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 34 (2):257-271.
  41.  18
    Renunciation in Hinduism: A Medieval Debate.Jeffrey R. Timm - 1990 - Philosophy East and West 40 (3):415-416.
  42.  29
    Prolegomenon to Vallabha's Theology of Revelation.Jeffrey R. Timm - 1988 - Philosophy East and West 38 (2):107-126.
  43. In the Shadow of Leviathan: John Locke and the Politics of Conscience.Jeffrey R. Collins - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    Thomas Hobbes and John Locke sit together in the canon of political thought but are rarely treated in common historical accounts. This book narrates their intertwined careers during the Restoration period, when the two men found themselves in close proximity and entangled in many of the same political conflicts. Bringing new source material to bear, In the Shadow of Leviathan establishes the influence of Hobbesian thought over Locke, particularly in relation to the preeminent question of religious toleration. Excavating Hobbes's now (...)
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  44.  17
    The Virtue of Courage in Entrepreneurship: Engaging the Catholic Social Tradition and the Life-Cycle of the Business.Michael J. Naughton & Jeffrey R. Cornwall - 2006 - Business Ethics Quarterly 16 (1):69-93.
    The paper examines the problematic understanding of “risk” in entrepreneurial literature that locates courage in either the loss orgain of having or in the difficulty and hardship of the doing. We argue in this paper that what is lost in this vernacular view of courage is a deeper notion of the subjective dimension of work and the social need of society. Grounded within the Catholic social and moral tradition, we find a richer notion of courage, which in part corrects and (...)
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  45.  8
    A Pre-Socratic Source for John Toland's Pantheisticon.Jeffrey R. Wigelsworth - 2008 - History of European Ideas 34 (1):61-65.
    Scholars have long debated the sources John Toland used to compose Pantheisticon: or the Form of Celebrating the Socratic-Society. In contrast to suggestions that point to the mystic worldview of the Renaissance thinker Giordano Bruno or a revival of Epicurean atomism, this paper puts forth the pre-Socratic philosopher Anaxagoras as an inspiration force on Toland. This is based on Toland's known reading of Anaxagoras and the close parallels between Pantheisticon and the extant fragments of Anaxagoras.
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  46.  76
    The Ethics of Espionage.Tony Pfaff & Jeffrey R. Tiel - 2004 - Journal of Military Ethics 3 (1):1-15.
    Professional soldiers and academics have spent considerable effort trying to conclude when it is permissible to set aside the usual moral prohibition against killing in order to achieve the goals set before them. What has received much less attention, however, is when it is appropriate to set aside other moral considerations such as the prohibition against deception, theft and blackmail. This makes some sense, since if it is moral to kill someone, whether or not it is appropriate to deceive him (...)
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  47.  25
    Charles Walton, Ed. Into Print: Limits and Legacies of the Enlightenment. Essays in Honor of Robert Darnton , Pp. 244, $49.95 , ISBN 978 0 271 05012 6. [REVIEW]Jeffrey R. Wigelsworth - 2012 - Early Science and Medicine 17 (6):672-674.
  48.  21
    Legal Frameworks for Addressing the Well-Being of Terminally Ill Children.Adrian M. Viens & Jeffrey R. Bibbee - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):74-76.
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  49.  13
    Wrongful Birth: Medical, Legal, and Philosophical Issues.Jeffrey R. Botkin & Maxwell J. Mehlman - 1994 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 22 (1):21-28.
    “Wrongful birth” is a controversial malpractice action, which has arisen in the past two decades, secondary to an expanding knowledge of human genetics and the constitutionally protected access to abortion. Under the wrongful birth claim, parents of a child with a congenital illness or abnormality may bring suit against a physician who allegedly failed to provide appropriate prenatal counseling or information. Typically, the parents claim that they were inadequately warned of a potential problem in their child, and that this paucity (...)
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  50.  4
    Wrongful Birth: Medical, Legal, and Philosophical Issues.Jeffrey R. Botkin & Maxwell J. Mehlman - 1994 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 22 (1):21-28.
    “Wrongful birth” is a controversial malpractice action, which has arisen in the past two decades, secondary to an expanding knowledge of human genetics and the constitutionally protected access to abortion. Under the wrongful birth claim, parents of a child with a congenital illness or abnormality may bring suit against a physician who allegedly failed to provide appropriate prenatal counseling or information. Typically, the parents claim that they were inadequately warned of a potential problem in their child, and that this paucity (...)
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