Results for 'Jeffrey S. Carroll'

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  1. Maximal R.e. Equivalence relations.Jeffrey S. Carroll - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (3):1048-1058.
    The lattice of r.e. equivalence relations has not been carefully examined even though r.e. equivalence relations have proved useful in logic. A maximal r.e. equivalence relation has the expected lattice theoretic definition. It is proved that, in every pair of r.e. nonrecursive Turing degrees, there exist maximal r.e. equivalence relations which intersect trivially. This is, so far, unique among r.e. submodel lattices.
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    Is Visiting the Pharmacy Like Voting at the Poll? Behavioral Asymmetry in Pharmaceutical Freedom.Jeffrey Carroll - 2022 - HEC Forum 34 (3):213-232.
    Jessica Flanigan argues that individuals have the right to self-medicate. Flanigan presents two arguments in defense of this right. The first she calls the epistemic argument and the second she calls the rights-based argument. I argue that the right to self-medicate hangs and falls on the rights-based argument. This is because for the epistemic argument to be sound agents must be assumed to be epistemically competent. But, Flanigan’s argument for a constitutionally mandated right to self-medicate models agents as epistemically incompetent. (...)
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  3.  15
    There is no right to a competent electorate.Brian Kogelmann & Jeffrey Carroll - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    This paper addresses the debate surrounding epistocracy. While many discussions of epistocracy focus on its instrumental defenses, this paper aims to critically examine the non-instrumental jury argument offered by Jason Brennan. Brennan’s argument equates the rights of individuals in political decisions to their rights in jury decisions, asserting that just as individuals have a right to a competent jury, they likewise have a right to a competent electorate. We disagree. By juxtaposing the costs of enforcing such rights and the severity (...)
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  4.  13
    Philosophy as Responsibility: A Celebration of Hendrik Hart's Contribution to the Discipline.James H. Olthuis, Hendrik M. Vroom, John H. Kok, Dirk H. Th Vollenhoven, Nicholas John Ansell, Stoffel N. D. Francke, Gary R. Shahinian, Jeffrey Dudiak, Lambert Zuidervaart, D. Vaden House, Carroll Guen Hart, Janet Catherina Wesselius & Perry Recker (eds.) - 2002 - Upa.
    This festschrift collects a number of insightful essays by a group of accomplished Christian scholars, all of who have either worked with or studied under Hendrik Hart during his 35-year tenure as Senior Member in Systematic Philosophy at the Institute for Christian Studies, Toronto, Canada.
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  5. Directions For A New Aestheticism.Jeffrey Petts - 2005 - Postgraduate Journal of Aesthetics 2 (1):20-31.
    The idea of a new aestheticism is now explicit in both philosophical aesthetics and cultural theory with the publication of Gary Iseminger's The Aesthetic Function of Art and an anthology of essays edited by John Joughin and Simon Malpas critiquing the anti-aestheticism of literary theory. Both are significant in marking a wider trend reacting to, broadly speaking, intellectualised and historicised accounts of art, refocusing on the idea of appreciation itself, and working away from the emphasis on ideology and disregard for (...)
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  6. Data science ethical considerations: a systematic literature review and proposed project framework.Jeffrey S. Saltz & Neil Dewar - 2019 - Ethics and Information Technology 21 (3):197-208.
    Data science, and the related field of big data, is an emerging discipline involving the analysis of data to solve problems and develop insights. This rapidly growing domain promises many benefits to both consumers and businesses. However, the use of big data analytics can also introduce many ethical concerns, stemming from, for example, the possible loss of privacy or the harming of a sub-category of the population via a classification algorithm. To help address these potential ethical challenges, this paper maps (...)
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  7.  1
    1855.Jeffrey S. Cramer - 2007 - In I to Myself: An Annotated Selection From the Journal of Henry D. Thoreau. Yale University Press. pp. 237-252.
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    1858.Jeffrey S. Cramer - 2007 - In I to Myself: An Annotated Selection From the Journal of Henry D. Thoreau. Yale University Press. pp. 349-377.
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    1853.Jeffrey S. Cramer - 2007 - In I to Myself: An Annotated Selection From the Journal of Henry D. Thoreau. Yale University Press. pp. 171-218.
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    1854.Jeffrey S. Cramer - 2007 - In I to Myself: An Annotated Selection From the Journal of Henry D. Thoreau. Yale University Press. pp. 219-236.
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  11.  1
    1851.Jeffrey S. Cramer - 2007 - In I to Myself: An Annotated Selection From the Journal of Henry D. Thoreau. Yale University Press. pp. 62-120.
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  12.  3
    Acknowledgments.Jeffrey S. Cramer - 2007 - In I to Myself: An Annotated Selection From the Journal of Henry D. Thoreau. Yale University Press.
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  13.  1
    Introduction.Jeffrey S. Cramer - 2007 - In I to Myself: An Annotated Selection From the Journal of Henry D. Thoreau. Yale University Press.
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  14.  3
    1830s.Jeffrey S. Cramer - 2007 - In I to Myself: An Annotated Selection From the Journal of Henry D. Thoreau. Yale University Press. pp. 1-14.
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  15.  34
    Deep problems with neural network models of human vision.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Gaurav Malhotra, Marin Dujmović, Milton Llera Montero, Christian Tsvetkov, Valerio Biscione, Guillermo Puebla, Federico Adolfi, John E. Hummel, Rachel F. Heaton, Benjamin D. Evans, Jeffrey Mitchell & Ryan Blything - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e385.
    Deep neural networks (DNNs) have had extraordinary successes in classifying photographic images of objects and are often described as the best models of biological vision. This conclusion is largely based on three sets of findings: (1) DNNs are more accurate than any other model in classifying images taken from various datasets, (2) DNNs do the best job in predicting the pattern of human errors in classifying objects taken from various behavioral datasets, and (3) DNNs do the best job in predicting (...)
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  16.  5
    Essays: A Fully Annotated Edition.Jeffrey S. Cramer (ed.) - 2013 - Yale University Press.
    This new selection of Thoreau’s essays traces his trajectory as a writer for the outlets of his day—the periodical press, newspapers, and compendiums—and as a frequent presenter on the local lecture circuit. By arranging the writings chronologically, the volume re-creates the experience of Thoreau’s readers as they followed his developing ideas over time. Jeffrey S. Cramer, award-winning editor of six previous volumes of works by Thoreau, offers the most accurate text available for each essay and provides convenient on-page annotations. (...)
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  17.  5
    Essays: A Fully Annotated Edition.Jeffrey S. Cramer (ed.) - 2013 - Yale University Press.
    This new selection of Thoreau’s essays traces his trajectory as a writer for the outlets of his day—the periodical press, newspapers, and compendiums—and as a frequent presenter on the local lecture circuit. By arranging the writings chronologically, the volume re-creates the experience of Thoreau’s readers as they followed his developing ideas over time. Jeffrey S. Cramer, award-winning editor of six previous volumes of works by Thoreau, offers the most accurate text available for each essay and provides convenient on-page annotations. (...)
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  18.  50
    The practical and principled problems with educational neuroscience.Jeffrey S. Bowers - 2016 - Psychological Review 123 (5):600-612.
  19.  18
    On the biological plausibility of grandmother cells: Implications for neural network theories in psychology and neuroscience.Jeffrey S. Bowers - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (1):220-251.
    A fundamental claim associated with parallel distributed processing theories of cognition is that knowledge is coded in a distributed manner in mind and brain. This approach rejects the claim that knowledge is coded in a localist fashion, with words, objects, and simple concepts, that is, coded with their own dedicated representations. One of the putative advantages of this approach is that the theories are biologically plausible. Indeed, advocates of the PDP approach often highlight the close parallels between distributed representations learned (...)
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  20. Stakeholder Theory, Value, and Firm Performance.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Andrew C. Wicks - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (1):97-124.
    This paper argues that the notion of value has been overly simplified and narrowed to focus on economic returns. Stakeholder theory provides an appropriate lens for considering a more complex perspective of the value that stakeholders seek as well as new ways to measure it. We develop a four-factor perspective for defining value that includes, but extends beyond, the economic value stakeholders seek. To highlight its distinctiveness, we compare this perspective to three other popular performance perspectives. Recommendations are made regarding (...)
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  21. Aristotle's Definition of Happiness (NE 1.7, 1098a16–18)'.Jeffrey S. Purinton - 1998 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 16:259-297.
  22.  22
    Interfering neighbours: The impact of novel word learning on the identification of visually similar words.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Colin J. Davis & Derek A. Hanley - 2005 - Cognition 97 (3):B45-B54.
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  23.  62
    Stakeholder Theory at the Crossroads.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Jay B. Barney - 2020 - Business and Society 59 (2):203-212.
    The stakeholder perspective has provided a rich forum for a variety of debates at the intersection of business and society. Scholars gathered for two consecutive years, first in North America, and then in Europe, to discuss the major issues surrounding what has come to be known as stakeholder theory, to attempt to find common ground, and to uncover areas in need of further inquiry. Those meetings led to a list of “tensions” and a call for papers for this special issue (...)
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  24.  32
    Harmful Stakeholder Strategies.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Andrew C. Wicks - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 169 (3):405-419.
    Stakeholder theory focuses on how more value is created if stakeholder relationships are governed by ethical principles such as integrity, respect, fairness, generosity and inclusiveness. However, it has not adequately addressed strategies that stakeholders perceive as harmful to their interests and how this perception can even lead some stakeholders to view the firm’s strategies as unethical. To fill the void, this paper directly addresses strategies that stakeholders perceive as harmful to their interests, or what we refer to as harmful stakeholder (...)
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  25.  48
    Neural networks learn highly selective representations in order to overcome the superposition catastrophe.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Ivan I. Vankov, Markus F. Damian & Colin J. Davis - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (2):248-261.
  26.  19
    Mitochondrial membrane permeabilization: the sine qua non for cell death.Jeffrey S. Armstrong - 2006 - Bioessays 28 (3):253-260.
  27.  21
    The redox regulation of intermediary metabolism by a superoxide–aconitase rheostat.Jeffrey S. Armstrong, Matthew Whiteman, Hongyuan Yang & Dean P. Jones - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (8):894-900.
    In this article, we discuss a hypothesis to explain the preferential synthesis of the superoxide sensitive form of aconitase in mitochondria and the phenotype observed in manganese superoxide dismutase mutant mice, which show a gross over accumulation of stored fat in liver. The model proposes that intermediary metabolism is redox regulated by mitochondrial superoxide generated during mitochondrial respiration. This regulates the level of reducing equivalents (NADH) entering the electron transport chain (ETC) through the reversible inactivation of mitochondrial aconitase. This control (...)
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  28.  81
    The Apologetic Stance.Jeffrey S. Helmreich - 2015 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 43 (2):75-108.
  29.  19
    Why do some neurons in cortex respond to information in a selective manner? Insights from artificial neural networks.Jeffrey S. Bowers, Ivan I. Vankov, Markus F. Damian & Colin J. Davis - 2016 - Cognition 148 (C):47-63.
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  30.  30
    Must Theology Re‐Kant?Jeffrey S. Privette - 1999 - Heythrop Journal 40 (2):166–183.
  31.  19
    Topicalization in Child Language.Jeffrey S. Gruber - 1967 - Foundations of Language 3 (1):37-65.
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  32. Brill Online Books and Journals.Jeffrey S. Purinton - 1999 - Phronesis 44 (4).
  33.  30
    Magnifying Epicurean Minima.Jeffrey S. Purinton - 1994 - Ancient Philosophy 14 (1):115-146.
  34.  7
    Magnifying Epicurean Minima.Jeffrey S. Purinton - 1994 - Ancient Philosophy 14 (1):115-146.
  35. Mechanism and explanation in cognitive neuroscience.Jeffrey S. Poland & Barbara Von Eckardt - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):972-984.
    The aim of this paper is to examine the usefulness of the Machamer, Darden, and Craver (2000) mechanism approach to gaining an understanding of explanation in cognitive neuroscience. We argue that although the mechanism approach can capture many aspects of explanation in cognitive neuroscience, it cannot capture everything. In particular, it cannot completely capture all aspects of the content and significance of mental representations or the evaluative features constitutive of psychopathology.
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  36.  6
    Priming is not all bias: Commentary on Ratcliff and McKoon (1997).Jeffrey S. Bowers - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (3):582-596.
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  37. Corporate Social Responsibility: A Three-Domain Approach.Mark S. Schwartz & Archie B. Carroll - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (4):503-530.
    Abstract:Extrapolating from Carroll’s four domains of corporate social responsibility (1979) and Pyramid of CSR (1991), an alternative approach to conceptualizing corporate social responsibility (CSR) is proposed. A three-domain approach is presented in which the three core domains of economic, legal, and ethical responsibilities are depicted in a Venn model framework. The Venn framework yields seven CSR categories resulting from the overlap of the three core domains. Corporate examples are suggested and classified according to the new model, followed by a (...)
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  38.  17
    A fundamental limitation of the conjunctive codes learned in PDP models of cognition: Comment on Botvinick and Plaut (2006).Jeffrey S. Bowers, Markus F. Damian & Colin J. Davis - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):986-995.
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  39.  14
    Learning Representations of Wordforms With Recurrent Networks: Comment on Sibley, Kello, Plaut, & Elman (2008).Jeffrey S. Bowers & Colin J. Davis - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (7):1183-1186.
    Sibley et al. (2008) report a recurrent neural network model designed to learn wordform representations suitable for written and spoken word identification. The authors claim that their sequence encoder network overcomes a key limitation associated with models that code letters by position (e.g., CAT might be coded as C‐in‐position‐1, A‐in‐position‐2, T‐in‐position‐3). The problem with coding letters by position (slot‐coding) is that it is difficult to generalize knowledge across positions; for example, the overlap between CAT and TOMCAT is lost. Although we (...)
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  40. Explaining Science: A Cognitive Approach. [REVIEW]Jeffrey S. Poland - 1988 - Philosophical Review 100 (4):653-656.
  41.  46
    The Moderating Effects from Corporate Governance Characteristics on the Relationship Between Available Slack and Community-Based Firm Performance.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Joseph E. Coombs - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 107 (4):409-422.
    Recent perspectives on community investments suggest that they are opportunities for firms to create value for shareholders and other stakeholders. However, many corporate managers are still influenced by a widely held belief that such investments erode profits and are therefore unjustifiable from an agency perspective. In this paper, we refine and test theory regarding countervailing forces that influence community-based firm performance. We hypothesize that high levels of available slack will be associated with higher community-based performance, but that this relationship will (...)
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  42.  19
    John Poinsot On How to Be, Know, and Love a Nonexistent Possible.Jeffrey S. Coombs - 1994 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 68 (3):321-335.
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    1861.Jeffrey S. Cramer - 2007 - In I to Myself: An Annotated Selection From the Journal of Henry D. Thoreau. Yale University Press. pp. 447-458.
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  44.  2
    1857.Jeffrey S. Cramer - 2007 - In I to Myself: An Annotated Selection From the Journal of Henry D. Thoreau. Yale University Press. pp. 301-348.
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  45.  2
    1852.Jeffrey S. Cramer - 2007 - In I to Myself: An Annotated Selection From the Journal of Henry D. Thoreau. Yale University Press. pp. 121-170.
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  46.  2
    Bibliography.Jeffrey S. Cramer - 2007 - In I to Myself: An Annotated Selection From the Journal of Henry D. Thoreau. Yale University Press. pp. 463-470.
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  47.  2
    Frontmatter.Jeffrey S. Cramer - 2007 - In I to Myself: An Annotated Selection From the Journal of Henry D. Thoreau. Yale University Press.
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  48.  1
    Index.Jeffrey S. Cramer - 2007 - In I to Myself: An Annotated Selection From the Journal of Henry D. Thoreau. Yale University Press. pp. 471-493.
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  49.  30
    Corporate Social Performance and Economic Cycles.Jeffrey S. Harrison & Shawn L. Berman - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (2):279-294.
    Do firms respond to changes in economic growth by altering their corporate social responsibility programs? If they do respond, are their responses simply neglect of areas associated with corporate social performance or do they also cut back on positive programs such as profit sharing, public/private housing programs, or charitable contributions? In this paper, we argue that because CSP-related actions and programs tend to be discretionary, they are likely to receive less attention during tough economic times, a result of cost-cutting efforts. (...)
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  50.  39
    Business Versus Ethics? Thoughts on the Future of Business Ethics.M. Tina Dacin, Jeffrey S. Harrison, David Hess, Sheila Killian & Julia Roloff - 2022 - Journal of Business Ethics 180 (3):863-877.
    To commemorate 40 years since the founding of the Journal of Business Ethics, the editors in chief of the journal have invited the editors to provide commentaries on the future of business ethics. This essay comprises a selection of commentaries aimed at creating dialogue around the theme Business versus Ethics?. The authors of these commentaries seek to transcend the age-old separation fallacy :409–421, 1994) that juxtaposes business and ethics/society, posing a forced choice or trade off. Providing a contemporary take on (...)
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