Results for 'Jennifer A. Bernstein'

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  1.  2
    Beyond Public Health Emergency Legal Preparedness: Rethinking Best Practices.Jennifer A. Bernstein - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (s1):13-16.
    It has now been 10 years since the framework for public health legal preparedness was put forth as a model to meet new public health challenges in the 21st century. Public health legal preparedness is defined as the “attainment by a public health system of specified legal of standards essential to the preparedness of the public health system.” The framework has continued to develop over time and four core elements have emerged to make up the basis for public health legal (...)
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  2.  35
    Major Trends in Public Health Law and Practice: A Network National Report.James G. Hodge, Leila Barraza, Jennifer Bernstein, Courtney Chu, Veda Collmer, Corey Davis, Megan M. Griest, Monica S. Hammer, Jill Krueger, Kerri McGowan Lowrey & Daniel G. Orenstein - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):737-745.
    Since its inception in September 2010, the Network for Public Health Law has responded to hundreds of public health legal technical assistance claims from around the country. Based on a review of these data, a series of major trends in public health practice and the law are analyzed, including issues concerning: the Affordable Care Act, tobacco control, emergency legal preparedness, health information privacy, food policy, vaccination, drug overdose prevention, sports injury law, public health accreditation, and maternal breastfeeding. These and other (...)
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  3.  7
    Major Trends in Public Health Law and Practice: A Network National Report.James G. Hodge, Leila Barraza, Jennifer Bernstein, Courtney Chu, Veda Collmer, Corey Davis, Megan M. Griest, Monica S. Hammer, Jill Krueger, Kerri McGowan Lowrey & Daniel G. Orenstein - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):737-745.
    Public health law research reveals significant complexities underlying the use of law as an effective tool to improve health outcomes across populations. The challenges of applying public health law in practice are no easier. Attorneys, public health officials, and diverse partners in the public and private sectors collaborate on the front lines to forge pathways to advance population health through law. Meeting this objective amidst competing interests requires strong practice skills to shift through sensitive and sometimes urgent calls for action (...)
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  4.  5
    Cross Sector Data Sharing: Necessity, Challenge, and Hope.Cason Schmit, Kathleen Kelly & Jennifer Bernstein - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (S2):83-86.
    Existing data sources have tremendous potential to inform public health activities. However, a patchwork of data protection laws impede data sharing efforts. Nevertheless, a data-sharing initiative in Peoria, IL was able to overcome challenges to set up a cross-sectoral data system to coordinate mental health, law enforcement, and healthcare services.
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  5. Beauty.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2020 - Oxford Encyclopedia of Literature.
    Literary beauty was once understood as intertwining sensations and ideas, and thus as providing subjective and objective reasons for literary appreciation. However, as theory and philosophy developed, the inevitable claims and counterclaims led to the view that subjective experience was not a reliable guide to literary merit. Literary theory then replaced aesthetics as did philosophy’s focus on literary truth. Along with the demise of the relevance of sensations, literary form also took a back seat. This suggested to some that either (...)
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  6. Social Effects of Oxytocin in Humans: Context and Person Matter.Jennifer A. Bartz, Jamil Zaki, Niall Bolger & Kevin N. Ochsner - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (7):301-309.
  7. Art and Ethics in a Material World: Kant’s Pragmatist Legacy.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2013 - Routledge.
    In this book, McMahon argues that a reading of Kant’s body of work in the light of a pragmatist theory of meaning and language leads one to put community reception ahead of individual reception in the order of aesthetic relations. A core premise of the book is that neo-pragmatism draws attention to an otherwise overlooked aspect of Kant’s "Critique of Aesthetic Judgment," and this is the conception of community which it sets forth. While offering an interpretation of Kant’s aesthetic theory, (...)
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  8. Beauty.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2019 - Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy.
    This is an 18,500 word bibliography of philosophical scholarship on Beauty which was published online in the Oxford Bibliographies Online. The entry includes an Introduction of 800 words, 21 x 400-word sub-themes and 168 annotated references. INTRODUCTION Philosophical interest in beauty began with the earliest recorded philosophers. Beauty was deemed to be an essential ingredient in a good life and so what it was, where it was to be found and how it was to be included in a life were (...)
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  9. Aesthetics and Film. By Katherine Thomson‐Jones. [REVIEW]Jennifer A. Mcmahon - 2012 - Philosophical Quarterly 62 (249):865-867.
    Each chapter covers one topic and largely consists of brief summaries of arguments for and against various themes. The topic of the first chapter is whether and on what basis a film can be considered art. Photography is used as an analogy. The arguments range from considering the mechanical form of cinema as an obstacle to arthood to arguments considering cinema’s mechanical nature as essential to its arthood; the former by those who ground art in human agency, the latter by (...)
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  10. Care Ethics and the Global Practice of Commercial Surrogacy.Jennifer A. Parks - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (7):333-340.
    This essay will focus on the moral issues relating to surrogacy in the global context, and will critique the liberal arguments that have been offered in support of it. Liberal arguments hold sway concerning reproductive arrangements made between commissioning couples from wealthy nations and the surrogates from socioeconomically weak backgrounds that they hire to do their reproductive labor. My argument in this paper is motivated by a concern for controlling harms by putting the practice of globalized commercial surrogacy into the (...)
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  11.  84
    Culture, Power, and Institutions: A Multi-Institutional Politics Approach to Social Movements.Elizabeth A. Armstrong & Mary Bernstein - 2008 - Sociological Theory 26 (1):74 - 99.
    We argue that critiques of political process theory are beginning to coalesce into new approach to social movements--a "multi-institutional politics" approach. While the political process model assumes that domination is organized by and around one source of power, the alternative perspective views domination as organized around multiple sources of power, each of which is simultaneously material and symbolic. We examine the conceptions of social movements, politics, actors, goals, and strategies supported by each model, demonstrating that the view of society and (...)
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  12.  42
    Lifting the Burden of Women's Care Work: Should Robots Replace the “Human Touch”?Jennifer A. Parks - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (1):100-120.
    This paper treats the political and ethical issues associated with the new caretaking technologies. Given the number of feminists who have raised serious concerns about the future of care work in the United States, and who have been critical of the degree to which society “free rides” on women's caretaking labor, I consider whether technology may provide a solution to this problem. Certainly, if we can create machines and robots to take on particular tasks, we may lighten the care burden (...)
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  13. Towards a Unified Theory of Beauty.Jennifer A. McMahon - 1999 - Literature & Aesthetics 9:7-27.
    The Pythagorean tradition dominates the understanding of beauty up until the end of the 18th Century. According to this tradition, the experience of beauty is stimulated by certain relations perceived to be between an object/construct's elements. As such, the object of the experience of beauty is indeterminate: it has neither a determinate perceptual analogue (one cannot simply identify beauty as you can a straight line or a particular shape) nor a determinate concept (there are no necessary and sufficient conditions for (...)
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  14.  29
    How Do Young People with Cystic Fibrosis Conceptualize the Distinction Between Research and Treatment? A Qualitative Interview Study.Jennifer A. Dobson, Emily Christofides, Melinda Solomon, Valerie Waters & Kieran O’Doherty - 2015 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 6 (4):1-11.
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  15. Aesthetics and Material Beauty: Aesthetics Naturalized.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2007 - Routledge.
    In _Aesthetics and Material Beauty_, Jennifer A. McMahon develops a new aesthetic theory she terms Critical Aesthetic Realism - taking Kantian aesthetics as a starting point and drawing upon contemporary theories of mind from philosophy, psychology, and cognitive science. The creative process does not proceed by a set of rules. Yet the fact that its objects can be understood or appreciated by others suggests that the creative process is constrained by principles to which others have access. According to her (...)
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  16.  41
    Anscombe on Practical Knowledge and the Good.Jennifer A. Frey - 2019 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 6.
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  17.  48
    Cephalopod Consciousness: Behavioural Evidence.Jennifer A. Mather - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):37-48.
    Behavioural evidence suggests that cephalopod molluscs may have a form of primary consciousness. First, the linkage of brain to behaviour seen in lateralization, sleep and through a developmental context is similar to that of mammals and birds. Second, cephalopods, especially octopuses, are heavily dependent on learning in response to both visual and tactile cues, and may have domain generality and form simple concepts. Third, these animals are aware of their position, both within themselves and in larger space, including having a (...)
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  18.  14
    How to Be an Ethical Naturalist.Jennifer A. Frey - 2018 - In Micah Lott (ed.), Philippa Foot on Goodness and Virtue. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 47-84.
    The ethical naturalist asks us to take seriously the idea that practical norms are a species of natural norms, such that moral goodness is a kind of natural goodness. The ethical naturalist has not demonstrated, however, how it is possible for a power of reason to be governed by natural norms, because her own attempts to do this have led her into a dilemma. If she takes the first horn and stresses that ethical naturalism provides objective, natural norms of the (...)
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  19.  6
    Women Farmers in Developed Countries: A Literature Review.Jennifer A. Ball - 2020 - Agriculture and Human Values 37 (1):147-160.
    Very little research into women farmers in developed countries has been produced by economists, but much of what has been studied by scholars in other disciplines has economic implications. This article reviews such research produced by scholars in all disciplines to explore to what extent women farmers are becoming more equal to men farmers and to suggest further contributions to the literature. As examples, topics that has been widely researched in developing countries but have received almost no attention in developed (...)
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  20.  48
    Envisioning a Kinder, Gentler World: On Recognition and Remuneration for Care Workers.Jennifer A. Parks - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (6):489-499.
    In this paper, I argue that thestatus of those who take care of persons withdisabilities, and persons with disabilities,are inextricably linked. That is, devaluingthe status of one necessarily devalues that ofthe other. Persons with disabilities and thosewho help care for them must form an alliance toadvance their common interests. This alliancecan gain insight and inspiration from feministthought insofar as caretaking is literallylinked to problems of the representation ofcaretaking as ``women's work,'' and morephilosophically, by borrowing from the toolboxof feminist social, political, (...)
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  21.  3
    Stigma in Practice: Barriers to Health for Fat Women.Jennifer A. Lee & Cat J. Pausé - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  22.  10
    Strategies for Selecting, Managing, and Engaging Undergraduate Coauthors: A Multi-Site Perspective.Jenna L. Scisco, Jennifer A. McCabe, Albee Therese O. Mendoza, Marianne Fallon & Melanie M. Domenech Rodríguez - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  23.  72
    Autonomy and the Unintended Legal Consequences of Emerging Neurotherapies.Jennifer A. Chandler - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (2):249-263.
    One of the ethical issues that has been raised recently regarding emerging neurotherapies is that people will be coerced explicitly or implicitly in the workplace or in schools to take cognitive enhancing drugs. This article builds on this discussion by showing how the law may pressure people to adopt emerging neurotherapies. It focuses on a range of private law doctrines that, unlike the criminal law, do not come up very often in neuroethical discussions. Three doctrines—the doctrine of mitigation, the standard (...)
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  24.  34
    Genes, Women, Equality.Jennifer A. Parks - 2005 - Hypatia 20 (2):200-202.
  25.  25
    Religion and Faction in Hume's Moral Philosophy.Jennifer A. Herdt - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book explores Hume's concern with the destructiveness of religious factions and his efforts to develop, in his moral philosophy, a solution to factional conflict. Sympathy and the related capacity to enter into foreign points of view are crucial to the neutralization of religious zeal and the naturalization of ethics. Jennifer Herdt suggests that Hume's preoccupation with religious faction is the key which reveals the unity of his varied philosophical, aesthetic, political and historical works.
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  26.  14
    The Origin and Function of the Mammalian Y Chromosome and Y‐Borne Genes – an Evolving Understanding.Jennifer A. Marshall Graves - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (4):311-320.
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  27. From Kantianism to Aesthetic Hedonism: Aesthetic Pleasure Revised.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2017 - Australasian Philosophical Review 1 (1):1-5.
    No matter how unintuitive it might seem that aesthetic pleasure should be the point where art and morality meet, this is a noteworthy possibility that has been overshadowed by aestheticians’ more visible concerns. Here I briefly survey relevant strands in the literature over the past century, before introducing themes covered in this inaugural issue of Australasian Philosophical Review.
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  28.  23
    Why Gender Matters to the Euthanasia Debate: On Decisional Capacity and the Rejection of Women's Death Requests.Jennifer A. Parks - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (1):30-36.
  29.  34
    Against Autonomy: Why Practical Reason Cannot Be Pure.Jennifer A. Frey - 2018 - Manuscrito 41 (4):159-193.
    The perennial appeal of Kantian ethics surely lies in its conception of autonomy. Kantianism tells us that the good life is fundamentally about acting in accordance with an internal rather than an external authority: a good will is simply a will in agreement with its own rational, self-constituting law. In this paper, I argue against Kantian autonomy, on the grounds that it excessively narrows our concept of the good, it confuses the difference between practical and theoretical modes of knowing the (...)
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  30.  27
    She Works Hard for the Money: Women in Kansas Agriculture.Jennifer A. Ball - 2014 - Agriculture and Human Values 31 (4):593-605.
    Since 1997 there has been a significant increase in the number and percentage of Kansas farmers who are women. Using Reskin and Roos’ model of “job queues and gender queues” I analyze changes in the agricultural industry in Kansas that resulted in more women becoming “principal farm operators” in the state. I find there are three changes largely responsible for women increasing their representation in the occupation: an increase in the demand for niche products, a decrease in the average farm (...)
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  31. Imagination.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2018 - In Social Aesthetics and Moral Judgment: Pleasure, Reflection and Accountability. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 66-87.
    The standard cognitive theory of art claims that art can be insightful while maintaining that imagining is motivationally inert [Walton 1990] even when some epistemic advantage is claimed for it [Currie 1995]. However, if we assume art as art can be insightful, we also assume that the imagining it occasions has a lasting impact on belief. In this chapter, I argue that imagining of the kind occasioned by art can be held non-occurrently [Schellenberg 2013] without delusion and can motivate behaviour (...)
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  32. Beauty.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2007 - In Berys Gaut & Dominic Lopes (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Aesthetics. Routledge. pp. 307-319.
    Beauty is evil, a surreptitious diversion of earthly delights planted by the devil, according to the third century theologian-philosopher Tertullian. Beauty is a manifestation of the divine on earth, according to another third century philosopher, Plotinus. Could these two really be talking about the same thing? That beauty evokes an experience of pleasure is probably the only point on which all participants in the continuing debate on beauty agree. But what kinds of pleasure one considers relevant to an experience of (...)
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  33.  64
    Reflective Endorsement and the Self: A Response to Arpaly and Schroeder. [REVIEW]Jennifer A. Rosner - 2000 - Philosophical Studies 101 (1):107-112.
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  34.  71
    The Invention of Modern Moral Philosophy: A Review of "The Invention of Autonomy" by J. B. Schneewind. [REVIEW]Jennifer A. Herdt - 2001 - Journal of Religious Ethics 29 (1):145 - 173.
    This review essay assesses the significance of J. B. Schneewind's "The Invention of Autonomy" for the history of moral thought in general and for religious ethics in particular. The essay offers an overview of Schneewind's complex argument before critically discussing his four central themes: the primacy of Immanuel Kant, the fundamentality of conflict, the insufficiency of virtue, and community with God. Whereas Schneewind argues that an impasse between modern natural law and perfectionist ethics revealed irresolvable tensions within Christian ethics and (...)
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  35. On Jane Forsey’s Critique of the Sublime.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2017 - In Lars Aagaard-Mogensen (ed.), The Possibility of the Sublime: Aesthetic Exchanges. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. pp. 81-91.
    The sublime is an aspect of experience that has attracted a great deal of scholarship, not only for scholarly reasons but because it connotes aspects of experience not exhausted by what Descartes once called clear distinct perception. That is, the sublime is an experience of the world which involves us in orientating ourselves within it, and this orientation, our human orientation, elevates us in comparison to the non-human world according to traditional accounts of the sublime. The sublime tells us something (...)
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  36.  36
    Ethical Androcentrism and Maternal Substance Addiction: Concerns of a Feminist Ethicist.Jennifer A. Parks - 1999 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (2):165-175.
    In this paper, I argue that bioethics suffers from a masculinist approach-what I call “ethical androcentrism.” Despite the genesis of other legitimate approaches to ethics, this masculinist tradition persists. The first part of my paper concerns the problem of ethical androcentrism, and how it is manifest in our typical ways of “doing” bioethics. After arguing that bioethics suffers from a masculinist ethic, I consider the case of maternal substance addiction to show how this ethic negatively affects the treatment of pregnant (...)
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  37.  23
    Preventing Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder or Pathologizing Bad Memories?Jennifer A. Bell - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (9):29 – 30.
  38.  3
    Comfort Always: The Importance of Providing Psychological Support to Neurology Staff, Patients, and Families During COVID-19.Jennifer A. Foley, Edgar Chan, Natasja van Harskamp & Lisa Cipolotti - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  39.  38
    The Barnes Case: Taking Difficult Futility Cases Public.Ruth A. Mickelsen, Daniel S. Bernstein, Mary Faith Marshall & Steven H. Miles - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (1):374-378.
    Futility disputes are increasing and courts are slowly abandoning their historical reluctance to engage these contentious issues, particularly when confronted with inappropriate surrogate demands for aggressive treatment. Use of the judicial system to resolve futility disputes inevitably brings media attention and requires clinicians, hospitals, and families to debate these deep moral conflicts in the public eye. A recent case in Minnesota, In re Emergency Guardianship of Albert Barnes, explores this emerging trend and the complex responsibilities of clinicians and hospital administrators (...)
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  40.  23
    Neurolaw and Neuroethics.Jennifer A. Chandler - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (4):590-598.
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  41.  18
    Synesthesia and Number Cognition in Children.Jennifer A. K. Green & Usha Goswami - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):463-473.
  42.  23
    Where's the Virtue? Where's the Grace? A Discussion of the Social Production of Gender Relations in and Through Sport.Jennifer A. Hargreaves - 1986 - Theory, Culture and Society 3 (1):109-121.
  43.  82
    Another Look at the Legal and Ethical Consequences of Pharmacological Memory Dampening: The Case of Sexual Assault.Jennifer A. Chandler, Alexandra Mogyoros, Tristana Martin Rubio & Eric Racine - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (4):859-871.
    Research on the use of propranolol as a pharmacological memory dampening treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder is continuing and justifies a second look at the legal and ethical issues raised in the past. We summarize the general ethical and legal issues raised in the literature so far, and we select two for in-depth reconsideration. We address the concern that a traumatized witness may be less effective in a prosecution emerging from the traumatic event after memory dampening treatment. We analyze this (...)
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  44.  7
    Neoliberal Mothering and Vaccine Refusal: Imagined Gated Communities and the Privilege of Choice.Jennifer A. Reich - 2014 - Gender and Society 28 (5):679-704.
    Neoliberal cultural frames of individual choice inform mothers’ accounts of why they refuse state-mandated vaccines for their children. Using interviews with 25 mothers who reject recommended vaccines, this article examines the gendered discourse of vaccine refusal. First, I show how mothers, seeing themselves as experts on their children, weigh perceived risks of infection against those of vaccines and dismiss claims that vaccines are necessary. Second, I explicate how mothers see their own intensive mothering practices—particularly around feeding, nutrition, and natural living—as (...)
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  45.  15
    Revitalizing Difference in the HapMap: Race and Contemporary Human Genetic Variation Research.Jennifer A. Hamilton - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):471-477.
    Through an examination of the International Haplotype Map , this paper explores some of the ways in which relationships among categories of race and genetic variation are being reconfigured in contemporary genetic research.
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  46.  12
    On the Use of IVF by Post-Menopausal Women.Jennifer A. Parks - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (1):77-96.
    Nonfeminist accounts of post-menopausal IVF reject the practice on four main grounds: I) scarcity of resources; 2) fairness; 3) the “inappropriateness” of post-menopausal motherhood; and 4) concerns for orphaned children. I argue that these grounds are insufficient for denying post-menopausal women IVF access. I then suggest that a feminist evaluation of the practice is more compelling; ultimately, however, we have no strong grounds for a policy denying post-menopausal women access to this technology.
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  47. G.E.M. Anscombe on the Analogical Unity of Intention in Perception and Action.Christopher Frey & Jennifer A. Frey - 2017 - Analytic Philosophy 58 (3):202-247.
    Philosophers of action and perception have reached a consensus: the term ‘intentionality’ has significantly different senses in their respective fields. But Anscombe argues that these distinct senses are analogically united in such a way that one cannot understand the concept if one focuses exclusively on its use in one’s preferred philosophical sub-discipline. She highlights three salient points of analogy: (i) intentional objects are given by expressions that employ a “description under which;” (ii) intentional descriptions are typically vague and indeterminate; and (...)
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  48.  8
    Overgeneral Autobiographical Memory and Chronic Interpersonal Stress as Predictors of the Course of Depression in Adolescents.Jennifer A. Sumner, James W. Griffith, Susan Mineka, Kathleen Newcomb Rekart, Richard E. Zinbarg & Michelle G. Craske - 2011 - Cognition and Emotion 25 (1):183-192.
  49. On the Use of IVF by Post-Menopausal Women.Jennifer A. Parks - 1999 - Hypatia 14 (1):77-96.
    : Nonfeminist accounts of post-menopausal IVF reject the practice on four main grounds: 1) scarcity of resources; 2) fairness; 3) the "inappropriateness" of post-menopausal motherhood; and 4) concerns for orphaned children. I argue that these grounds are insufficient for denying post-menopausal women IVF access. I then suggest that a feminist evaluation of the practice is more compelling; ultimately, however, we have no strong grounds for a policy denying post-menopausal women access to this technology.
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  50.  12
    Did Sex Chromosome Turnover Promote Divergence of the Major Mammal Groups?Jennifer A. M. Graves - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (8):734-743.
    Comparative mapping and sequencing show that turnover of sex determining genes and chromosomes, and sex chromosome rearrangements, accompany speciation in many vertebrates. Here I review the evidence and propose that the evolution of therian mammals was precipitated by evolution of the male‐determining SRY gene, defining a novel XY sex chromosome pair, and interposing a reproductive barrier with the ancestral population of synapsid reptiles 190 million years ago (MYA). Divergence was reinforced by multiple translocations in monotreme sex chromosomes, the first of (...)
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