Results for 'Jennifer A. Newberry'

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  1. Emergency Care Research Ethics in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.Joseph Millum, Blythe Beecroft, Timothy C. Hardcastle, Jon Mark Hirshon, Adnan A. Hyder, Jennifer A. Newberry & Carla Saenz - 2019 - BMJ Global Health 4:e001260.
    A large proportion of the total global burden of disease is caused by emergency medical conditions. Emergency care research is essential to improving emergency medicine but this research can raise some distinctive ethical challenges, especially with regard to (1) standard of care and risk–benefit assessment; (2) blurring of the roles of clinician and researcher; (3) enrolment of populations with intersecting vulnerabilities; (4) fair participant selection; (5) quality of consent; and (6) community engagement. Despite the importance of research to improve emergency (...)
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  2. On the Call for a Feminist Notion of Autonomy in Biomedical Ethics.Jennifer A. Parks - 1996 - Dissertation, Mcmaster University (Canada)
    In this thesis I argue that the received view of autonomy is insufficient for both biomedical ethics and feminist theory. I begin with an examination of the received view of autonomy; I then indicate the way in which this view of autonomy has been applied to health care ethics. A feminist relational approach to autonomy is explored: I argue that such an approach has many strengths in that it gives us a more accurate picture of the self-in-relationships and that it (...)
     
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  3.  25
    Review of Philip Pettit, A Theory of Freedom: From the Psychology to the Politics of Agency[REVIEW]Jennifer A. Rosner - 2002 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2002 (7).
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  4.  3
    Economics and the Virtues: Building a New Moral Foundation.Jennifer A. Baker & Mark D. White (eds.) - 2016 - Oxford University Press.
    A volume by leading economists and philosophers that explores the contributions that virtue ethics can make to economics. Provides historical and modern insights in both economics and philosophy and offers suggestions for incorporating the ethics of virtue into economics to make it more applicable to moral dilemmas in the world outside the models.
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  5. Elaborating "Dialogue" in Communities of Inquiry: Attention to Discourse as a Method for Facilitating Dialogue Across Difference.Jennifer A. Vadeboncoeur, Claire Alkouatli & Negar Amini - 2015 - Childhood and Philosophy 11 (22):299-318.
    In communities of inquiry, dialogue is central as both the means and the outcome of collective inquiry. Indeed, features of dialogue—including formulating and asking questions, developing hypotheses and explanations, and offering and requesting reasons—are often highlighted as playing a significant role in the quality of the dialogue that unfolds. We inquire further into the quality of dialogue by arguing that dialogue should enable the expansion of epistemic openness, rather than its contraction, and that this is especially important in multicultural communities (...)
     
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  6. The Paradoxical Home and Body in Jennifer Johnston’s The Christmas Tree.Jennifer A. Slivka - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Humanities:1-15.
    Jennifer Johnston’s fiction presents the conditions of Irish culture and society by exploring the separations between interior and exterior realms and past and present temporalities persisting within the insulating privacy of the familial home space. In The Christmas Tree, the home is both haven and prison for Johnston’s heroine. In this paper, I argue that the home—which assumes the form of the individual body and the familial home—is paradoxical. The protagonist leaves 1950s Ireland because of the country’s rigid gender (...)
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  7.  89
    David Hume: A Dissertation on the Passions; The Natural History of Religion. [REVIEW]Jennifer A. Herdt - 2010 - Hume Studies 36 (2):233-235.
    The present volume is the fifth out of eight total projected for the Clarendon Edition of the Works of David Hume. Its editor, Tom Beauchamp, is one of the general editors of the Clarendon Hume, together with David Fate Norton and M. A. Stewart. Beauchamp served as the editor for the Clarendon editions of An Enquiry concerning the Principle of Morals and An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, both of which have garnered critical acclaim. Like the previous volumes, this new edition (...)
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  8.  4
    Perspectives on Pedagogy-To Teach: The Journey of a Teacher, William Ayers.Jennifer A. Vadeboncoeur - 2003 - Educational Studies 34 (4):483-492.
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  9. Towards a Unified Theory of Beauty.Jennifer A. McMahon - 1999 - Literature & Aesthetics 9:7-27.
    The Pythagorean tradition dominates the understanding of beauty up until the end of the 18th Century. According to this tradition, the experience of beauty is stimulated by certain relations perceived to be between an object/construct's elements. As such, the object of the experience of beauty is indeterminate: it has neither a determinate perceptual analogue (one cannot simply identify beauty as you can a straight line or a particular shape) nor a determinate concept (there are no necessary and sufficient conditions for (...)
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  10.  3
    Democracy’s Reasons: A Response to Franklin Gamwell.Jennifer A. Herdt - 2011 - Process Studies 40 (2):307-314.
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  11.  10
    Conversation Between Jennifer Herdt and Christopher Insole.Jennifer A. Herdt & Christopher Insole - 2021 - Studies in Christian Ethics 34 (3):283-289.
    This is a conversation held at the book launch for Christopher Insole’s Kant and the Divine: From Contemplation to the Moral Law, hosted jointly, in November 2020, by the Centre for Catholic Studies, Durham University, and the Australian Catholic University. The conversation covers the claim made by Insole that Kant believes in God, but is not a Christian, the way in which reason itself is divine for Kant, and the suggestion that reading Kant can open up new possibilities for dialogue (...)
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  12. Art and Ethics in a Material World: Kant’s Pragmatist Legacy.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2013 - Routledge.
    In this book, McMahon argues that a reading of Kant’s body of work in the light of a pragmatist theory of meaning and language leads one to put community reception ahead of individual reception in the order of aesthetic relations. A core premise of the book is that neo-pragmatism draws attention to an otherwise overlooked aspect of Kant’s "Critique of Aesthetic Judgment," and this is the conception of community which it sets forth. While offering an interpretation of Kant’s aesthetic theory, (...)
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  13. Deflating Metaphors and Emerging Contexts: Messing with Your Mind in a Material World.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2013 - In Natasha Bullock & Alexie Glass-Kantor (eds.), Adelaide Biennial 2012 Catalogue, Parallel Collisions. Art Gallery of South Australia. pp. 194-98.
    A discussion of the way the visual artists represented in Adelaide’s 2012 Biennale draw attention to new conceptions of place, time and self which highlight the contingent nature of the narratives that underlie our day to day existence. Disenchantment or re-enchantment are increasingly redundant conceptions. Such narratives are always fluid. Among the ebbs and flows, new conceptions emerge, providing in effect new ways of being in the world, and in turn prompting a reshuffling of what we thought we knew.
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  14.  5
    Disney, Culture, and Curriculum.Jennifer A. Sandlin & Julie C. Garlen (eds.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    A presence for decades in individuals’ everyday life practices and identity formation, the Walt Disney Company has more recently also become an influential element within the "big" curriculum of public and private spaces outside of yet in proximity to formal educational institutions. _Disney, Culture, and Curriculum_ explores the myriad ways that Disney’s curricula and pedagogies manifest in public consciousness, cultural discourses, and the education system. Examining Disney’s historical development and contemporary manifestations, this book critiques and deconstructs its products and perspectives (...)
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  15.  4
    Grin and Bare It: Philosophical Reflections on the “Public Breast”.Jennifer A. Parks - 2004 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 11 (1):45-53.
    This paper considers the issues surrounding women’s bare-breastedness and breastfeeding in public. I argue that women should have equal freedoms with men to bare their breasts in public, but not for the reasons commonly cited Proponents of “the public breast” tend to focus on the similarities between women’s and men’s breasts; I argue that the sameness versus difference debate is unhelpful in resolving this question. As I argue, women’s breasts differ from men’s in significant ways, and by dismissing these differences (...)
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  16.  50
    Envisioning a Kinder, Gentler World: On Recognition and Remuneration for Care Workers.Jennifer A. Parks - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (6):489-499.
    In this paper, I argue that thestatus of those who take care of persons withdisabilities, and persons with disabilities,are inextricably linked. That is, devaluingthe status of one necessarily devalues that ofthe other. Persons with disabilities and thosewho help care for them must form an alliance toadvance their common interests. This alliancecan gain insight and inspiration from feministthought insofar as caretaking is literallylinked to problems of the representation ofcaretaking as ``women's work,'' and morephilosophically, by borrowing from the toolboxof feminist social, political, (...)
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  17. Time Perception.Jennifer A. Mangels & Richard B. Ivry - 2001 - In B. Rapp (ed.), The Handbook of Cognitive Neuropsychology: What Deficits Reveal About the Human Mind. Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis. pp. 467--493.
     
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  18. Aesthetics and Material Beauty: Aesthetics Naturalized.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2007 - Routledge.
    In _Aesthetics and Material Beauty_, Jennifer A. McMahon develops a new aesthetic theory she terms Critical Aesthetic Realism - taking Kantian aesthetics as a starting point and drawing upon contemporary theories of mind from philosophy, psychology, and cognitive science. The creative process does not proceed by a set of rules. Yet the fact that its objects can be understood or appreciated by others suggests that the creative process is constrained by principles to which others have access. According to her (...)
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  19. Social Aesthetics and Moral Judgment: Pleasure, Reflection and Accountability.Jennifer A. Mcmahon (ed.) - 2018 - New York, USA: Routledge.
    This edited collection sets forth a new understanding of aesthetic-moral judgment organised around three key concepts: pleasure, reflection, and accountability. The overarching theme is that art is not merely a representation or expression like any other, but that it promotes shared moral understanding and helps us engage in meaning-making. This volume offers an alternative to brain-centric and realist approaches to aesthetics. It features original essays from a number of leading philosophers of art, aesthetics, ethics, and perception, including Elizabeth Burns Coleman, (...)
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  20.  27
    Religion and Faction in Hume's Moral Philosophy.Jennifer A. Herdt - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book explores Hume's concern with the destructiveness of religious factions and his efforts to develop, in his moral philosophy, a solution to factional conflict. Sympathy and the related capacity to enter into foreign points of view are crucial to the neutralization of religious zeal and the naturalization of ethics. Jennifer Herdt suggests that Hume's preoccupation with religious faction is the key which reveals the unity of his varied philosophical, aesthetic, political and historical works.
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  21.  3
    Putting on Virtue: The Legacy of the Splendid Vices.Jennifer A. Herdt - 2012 - University of Chicago Press.
    Augustine famously claimed that the virtues of pagan Rome were nothing more than splendid vices. This critique reinvented itself as a suspicion of acquired virtue as such, and true Christian virtue has, ever since, been set against a false, hypocritical virtue alleged merely to conceal pride. _Putting On Virtue_ reveals how a distrust of learned and habituated virtue shaped both early modern Christian moral reflection and secular forms of ethical thought. Jennifer Herdt develops her claims through an argument of (...)
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  22. Putting on Virtue: The Legacy of the Splendid Vices.Jennifer A. Herdt - 2008 - University of Chicago Press.
    Augustine famously claimed that the virtues of pagan Rome were nothing more than splendid vices. This critique reinvented itself as a suspicion of acquired virtue as such, and true Christian virtue has, ever since, been set against a false, hypocritical virtue alleged merely to conceal pride. _Putting On Virtue_ reveals how a distrust of learned and habituated virtue shaped both early modern Christian moral reflection and secular forms of ethical thought. Jennifer Herdt develops her claims through an argument of (...)
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  23.  11
    Relational Autonomy as a Theoretical Lens for Qualitative Health Research.Jennifer A. H. Bell - 2020 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 13 (2):69-92.
    As scholars integrate empirical approaches to ethical questions in healthcare, relational autonomy theory must inform research design and change practice. Qualitative approaches are well suited to issues where patient values play a central role, and they can be combined with relational autonomy theory to investigate the factors influencing autonomy-rich experiences. This paper draws upon my experience conducting bioethics research related to clinical trial decision-making to develop a systematic method for applying relational autonomy as a theoretical lens to qualitative health research. (...)
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  24. Jennifer A. Herdt, Religion and Faction in Hume's Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW]Thomas D. Kennedy - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20 (6):413-415.
  25.  57
    Indigenous Research: A Commitment to Walking the Talk. The Gudaga Study—an Australian Case Study.Jennifer A. Knight, Elizabeth J. Comino, Elizabeth Harris & Lisa Jackson-Pulver - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (4):467-476.
    Increasingly, the role of health research in improving the discrepancies in health outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations in developed countries is being recognised. Along with this comes the recognition that health research must be conducted in a manner that is culturally appropriate and ethically sound. Two key documents have been produced in Australia, known as The Road Map and The Guidelines, to provide theoretical and philosophical direction to the ethics of Indigenous health research. These documents identify research themes considered (...)
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  26.  16
    Disruption in Proprioception From Long-Term Thalamic Deep Brain Stimulation: A Pilot Study.Jennifer A. Semrau, Troy M. Herter, Zelma H. Kiss & Sean P. Dukelow - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  27.  14
    A Contextualized Approach to Patient Autonomy Within the Therapeutic Relationship.Jennifer A. Parks - 1998 - Journal of Medical Humanities 19 (4):299-311.
    Some authors have advanced a contractual model to protect patient autonomy within the therapeutic relationship. Such a conception of the physician–patient relationship is intended to serve both parties by respecting patients' choices and preserving physician integrity. I critique this contractual view and offer an alternative, feminist contextualized approach to autonomy within the therapeutic relationship. This approach places the physician-patient relationship within a larger social context, and indicates the many social inequalities that render insupportable the notion of physicians and patients as (...)
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  28.  28
    Transformative Resistance Through Critical Literacy: Where Are the Special Educators?Jennifer A. Michalenok - 2004 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 24 (1/2):41-46.
    The aim of this article is to bring together critical literacy or critical thinking and special education. Guided by Paulo Freire’s diligent work and my desire to work with inner-city students with special needs, my interest is twofold: first, to investigate the different ways in which inner-city youth can use critical literacy practices to have voice and affect personal and social change and, second, explore how critical literacy is connected to democratic principles essential to the foundation of progressive and transformative (...)
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  29.  6
    The X—a Sexy Chromosome.Jennifer A. Marshall Graves & Margaret L. Delbridge - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (12):1091-1094.
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  30. Fatal Divisions: Hume on Religion, Sympathy, and the Peace of Society.Jennifer A. Herdt - 1994 - Dissertation, Princeton University
    Epistemological issues are usually taken to be David Hume's central preoccupation. Attending to the role of sympathy in Hume's thought reveals, however, that his primary aim is to secure the conditions for social peace and prosperity in 18th-century Scotland and beyond, a peace particularly threatened by religious conflict. This perspective not only discloses the unity of Hume's ethical, political, aesthetic, and historical writings, it also suggests that the driving forces in the development of modern ethical and religious thought are ethical (...)
     
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  31.  37
    Ethical Androcentrism and Maternal Substance Addiction: Concerns of a Feminist Ethicist.Jennifer A. Parks - 1999 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (2):165-175.
    In this paper, I argue that bioethics suffers from a masculinist approach-what I call “ethical androcentrism.” Despite the genesis of other legitimate approaches to ethics, this masculinist tradition persists. The first part of my paper concerns the problem of ethical androcentrism, and how it is manifest in our typical ways of “doing” bioethics. After arguing that bioethics suffers from a masculinist ethic, I consider the case of maternal substance addiction to show how this ethic negatively affects the treatment of pregnant (...)
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  32.  9
    Historicism, Moral Judgment, and the Good Life.Jennifer A. Herdt - 2004 - Teaching New Histories of Philosophy:197-203.
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  33.  13
    Dying Well in Nursing Homes During COVID-19 and Beyond: The Need for a Relational and Familial Ethic.Jennifer A. Parks & Maria Howard - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (6):589-595.
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  34. The Effects of Combined Cognitive-Physical Interventions on Cognitive Functioning in Healthy Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Multilevel Meta-Analysis.Jennifer A. Rieker, José M. Reales, Mónica Muiños & Soledad Ballesteros - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Research has shown that both physical exercise and cognitive training help to maintain cognition in older adults. The question is whether combined training might produce additive effects when the group comparisons are equated in terms of exercise intensity and modality. We conducted a systematic electronic search in MEDLINE, PsycInfo, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases to identify relevant studies published up to February 2021. Seven hundred and eighty-three effect sizes were obtained from 50 published intervention studies, involving 6,164 (...)
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  35.  9
    Women Farmers in Developed Countries: A Literature Review.Jennifer A. Ball - 2020 - Agriculture and Human Values 37 (1):147-160.
    Very little research into women farmers in developed countries has been produced by economists, but much of what has been studied by scholars in other disciplines has economic implications. This article reviews such research produced by scholars in all disciplines to explore to what extent women farmers are becoming more equal to men farmers and to suggest further contributions to the literature. As examples, topics that has been widely researched in developing countries but have received almost no attention in developed (...)
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  36.  32
    How Do Young People with Cystic Fibrosis Conceptualize the Distinction Between Research and Treatment? A Qualitative Interview Study.Jennifer A. Dobson, Emily Christofides, Melinda Solomon, Valerie Waters & Kieran O’Doherty - 2015 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 6 (4):1-11.
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  37. The Romantic Spirit.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2009 - ArtLink 28 (2):13-15.
    A central idea of Romanticism in the arts is the idea that art or the aesthetic experience of nature reveals truth or insight about the human condition and relation to nature. What kind of truth could this be and how could perceptual objects reveal it?
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  38. The Ancient Quarrel Between Art and Philosophy in Contemporary Exhibitions of Visual Art.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2019 - Curator: The Museum Journal 62 (1):7-17.
    At a time when professional art criticism is on the wane, the ancient quarrel between art and philosophy demands fresh answers. Professional art criticism provided a basis upon which to distinguish apt experiences of art from the idiosyncratic. However, currently the kind of narratives from which critics once drew are underplayed or discarded in contemporary exhibition design where the visual arts are concerned. This leaves open the possibility that art operates either as mere stimulant to private reverie or, in the (...)
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  39.  10
    Joel B. Itzkowitz: Prolegomena to a New Text of Luciar's Vitarum Auctio and Piscator. (Spudasmata, 38.) Pp. Xii + 468. Hildesheim, Zürich and New York: Olms, 1986. Paper, DM 58. [REVIEW]Jennifer A. Hall - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (1):148-148.
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  40.  27
    Joel B. Itzkowitz: Prolegomena to a New Text of Luciar's Vitarum Auctio and Piscator. (Spudasmata, 38.) Pp. Xii + 468. Hildesheim, Zürich and New York: Olms, 1986. Paper, DM 58. [REVIEW]Jennifer A. Hall - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (01):148-.
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  41.  9
    Democracy’s Reasons: A Response to Franklin Gamwell.Jennifer A. Herdt - 2011 - Process Studies 40 (2):307-314.
  42. Backing Kant, with Interest.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2008 - Australian and New Zealand Journal of Art 9 (1/2):90-99.
    The idea of a ‘global’ concept of art might suggest a transcending of the categories which would locate an artwork relative to one place and one time. Is this possible? If we answer in the negative, this suggests that a global concept of art is not possible, but on the positive side, the significance of the particular is kept intact. If we answer in the affirmative, then a global concept of art is possible, but we lose the very aspect that (...)
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  43. Beauty.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2007 - In Berys Gaut & Dominic Lopes (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Aesthetics. Routledge. pp. 307-319.
    Beauty is evil, a surreptitious diversion of earthly delights planted by the devil, according to the third century theologian-philosopher Tertullian. Beauty is a manifestation of the divine on earth, according to another third century philosopher, Plotinus. Could these two really be talking about the same thing? That beauty evokes an experience of pleasure is probably the only point on which all participants in the continuing debate on beauty agree. But what kinds of pleasure one considers relevant to an experience of (...)
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  44. The Possibility of Objectivity in Aesthetic Evaluation in the Visual Arts.Jennifer A. McMahon - 1990 - Dissertation, The University of Melbourne
    In order to establish a rational framework within which to discuss aesthetic matters, I attempt to find grounds to support the notion that objectivity in aesthetic evaluation is possible, within the visual arts. I begin by exploring the possibility that the foundations of our aesthetic response are innate, because, if this is the case, it would indicate that aesthetic considerations have a common basis within us all, rather than belonging to a purely personal and subjective realm. In Part One, in (...)
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  45. Review of The Metaphysics of Beauty. [REVIEW]Jennifer A. McMahon - 2002 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 60 (4):358-60.
    This book is a compilation of papers that Zangwill has had published previously in a number of journals; this journal among them. The topics of these papers centre on the nature of aesthetic properties. Read as such, the papers are, for the most part, erudite and illuminating, presenting as they do a very clear synthesis of various well known positions on the relation of aesthetic properties to non-aesthetic properties; the relation of beauty to other aesthetic concepts; and the nature of (...)
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  46. Review of Revealing Art. [REVIEW]Jennifer A. McMahon - 2006 - Philosophical Quarterly 56 (224):471-73.
    Matthew Kieran addresses a number of key topics in aesthetics including the nature of originality, beauty, artistic knowledge and truth, the moral content of art, and the standards of taste. His treatment of each topic is informed by the thesis that the value of art is to be found in the insights that it provides. The structure of each chapter is to canvas a few positions (usually including one that would represent a counter position to his thesis), before presenting an (...)
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  47. Perceptual Principles, Aesthetic Form and Notions of Unity.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 29 (1):S64 - S102.
    There are a number of problems associated with the classic notion of beauty understood as an experience of perceptual form. These problems are that there is an apparent incompatibility between beauty’s objectivity and subjectivity; and an incompatibility between the two self-evident theses that (i) there are no principles of beauty and (ii) there are genuine judgements of beauty. There is also the problem of explaining the possibility of a disinterested pleasure. To solve these problems I draw upon the work of (...)
     
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  48. Between Philosophy and Art.Jennifer A. McMahon, Elizabeth B. Coleman, David Macarthur, James Phillips & Daniel von Sturmer - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Popular Culture 5 (2/3):135-150.
    Similarity and difference, patterns of variation, consistency and coherence: these are the reference points of the philosopher. Understanding experience, exploring ideas through particular instantiations, novel and innovative thinking: these are the reference points of the artist. However, at certain points in the proceedings of our Symposium titled, Next to Nothing: Art as Performance, this characterisation of philosopher and artist respectively might have been construed the other way around. The commentator/philosophers referenced their philosophical interests through the particular examples/instantiations created by the (...)
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  49. Beauty as Harmony of the Soul: The Aesthetic of the Stoics.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2012 - In Marietta Rosetto, Michael Tsianikas, George Couvalis & Maria Palaktsoglou (eds.), Proceedings of the 8th International Conference of Greek Studies 2009. Flinders University. pp. 33-42.
    Aesthetics is not an area to which the Stoics are normally understood to have contributed. I adopt a broad description of the purview of Aesthetics according to which Aesthetics pertains to the study of those preferences and values that ground what is considered worthy of attention. According to this approach, we find that the Stoics exhibit an Aesthetic that reveals a direct line of development between Plato, the Stoics, Thomas Aquinas and the eighteenth century, specifically Kant’s aesthetics. I will reveal (...)
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  50. Beauty.Jennifer A. McMahon - 2020 - Oxford Encyclopedia of Literature.
    Literary beauty was once understood as intertwining sensations and ideas, and thus as providing subjective and objective reasons for literary appreciation. However, as theory and philosophy developed, the inevitable claims and counterclaims led to the view that subjective experience was not a reliable guide to literary merit. Literary theory then replaced aesthetics as did philosophy’s focus on literary truth. Along with the demise of the relevance of sensations, literary form also took a back seat. This suggested to some that either (...)
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